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1.
Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol ; 72(2): 149-161, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506702

RESUMO

Objective: To report four cases of hydrops fetalis secondary to congenital syphilis and carry out a review of the literature to answer the question, What is the antibiotic regimen used in cases of gestational syphilis with hydrops fetalis as a complication? Materials and Methods: Four cases of congenital syphilis with hydrops fetalis are presented. Maternal age ranged between 17 and 28 years, gestational age at the time of diagnosis varied between 25 and 30 weeks, and two of the mothers had not initiated prenatal care at that time. Treatment with crystalline penicillin for gestational syphilis was given immediately 6 to 12 weeks before delivery in three cases and partners were prescribed treatment with benzathine penicillin. As for the neonates, two had no active infection or sequelae and one of them was considered to have congenital syphilis based on non-treponemal test titers. In one case, the patient was unable to receive syphilis treatment before delivery and her newborn had signs of active infection. A review of the literature was conducted in the Medline, LILACS and Google Scholar databases using the search terms "hydrops fetalis," "Lues", "syphilis ­ prenatal diagnosis - ultrasound - penicillin ­ treatment". The search included case reports and case series or cohorts of newborns with gestational syphilis and hydrops fetalis. Information regarding treatment in the mothers and in the newborns was extracted. Results: Overall, 119 articles were identified. Of these, 13 met the inclusion criteria, three were discarded because the full text could not be accessed. Ten studies with a total of 16 reported cases of hydrops fetalis secondary to congenital infection were reported. Of these, three presented with severe fetal anemia and required intrauterine transfusion; 5 cases received intrauterine penicillin treatment. In four cases the mother received weekly intramuscular injections of benzathine penicillin for 3 weeks, one received additional intravenous crystalline penicillin for 13 days, while another one received intravenous crystalline penicillin for 14 days. Treatment during gestation was not given in a total of 11 cases; and 6 of the 16 cases (37.5%) resulted in perinatal death. Conclusion: Delays in prenatal care and late diagnosis and treatment of gestational syphilis are important causes of persistent congenital syphilis. Randomized studies are required to identify the best treatment in fetuses with congenital syphilis 30 days before delivery and in fetuses with systemic compromise during the second half of gestation.


Assuntos
Sífilis Congênita , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Hidropisia Fetal/diagnóstico , Hidropisia Fetal/tratamento farmacológico , Hidropisia Fetal/etiologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Penicilina G Benzatina/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Sífilis Congênita/complicações , Sífilis Congênita/diagnóstico , Sífilis Congênita/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(2): 149-161, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289313

RESUMO

RESUMEN Objetivo: Realizar un reporte de 4 casos de hídrops fetal secundario a sífilis congénita y hacer una revisión de la literatura para responder la siguiente pregunta: ¿cuál es el esquema antibiótico utilizado en los casos de sífilis gestacional complicada con hídrops fetal? Materiales y métodos: Se presentan 4 casos de sífilis congénita con hídrops fetal. La edad materna varió entre 17 y 28 años, la edad gestacional al momento del diagnóstico estuvo entre 25 y 30 semanas, dos de ellas no habían iniciado control prenatal en ese momento. En tres casos se dio tratamiento para sífilis gestacional inmediatamente con penicilina cristalina entre 6 y 12 semanas antes del parto y se formuló tratamiento a la pareja con penicilina benzatínica. Respecto a los recién nacidos, dos de ellos no tenían infección activa o secuelas, se consideró que uno de ellos tenía sífilis congénita por títulos de prueba no treponémica. En uno de los casos, la paciente no alcanza a recibir tratamiento para la sífilis gestacional antes del parto, este recién nacido tenía signos de infección activa. Se hizo una revisión de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline, LILACS y google scholar; los términos de búsqueda fueron los siguientes: "hídrops fetal", "lues", "syphilis - prenatal diagnosis- ultrasound - penicilina - treatment". Se buscaron reportes y series de casos o cohortes de recién nacidos con sífilis gestacional con hídrops fetalis. Se extrajo información sobre la madre y el recién nacido respecto al tratamiento. Resultados: Se identificaron 119 artículos, de estos 13 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, tres fueron descartados por no tener acceso al texto completo. Se incluyeron diez estudios de un total de 16 casos reportados con diagnóstico prenatal de hídrops fetal secundarios a infección congénita. De ellos, tres presentaron anemia fetal severa y requirieron transfusión intrauterina; 5 casos recibieron tratamiento intrauterino con penicilina. En cuatro casos la madre recibió penicilina benzatínica intramuscular por 3 semanas, uno recibió además penicilina cristalina endovenosa por 13 días, otro recibió penicilina cristalina endovenosa por 14 días. Un total de 11 casos no recibieron tratamiento durante la gestación; 6 de los 16 casos (37,5%) presentaron muerte perinatal. Conclusión: El retraso en acudir al control prenatal y la tardanza del diagnóstico y tratamiento de la sífilis gestacional son causas importantes de la persistencia de la sífilis congénita. Se requieren estudios aleatorizados para determinar el mejor tratamiento del feto con sífilis congénita en los 30 días previos al parto y del feto con compromiso sistémico durante la segunda mitad de la gestación.


ABSTRACT Objective: To report four cases of hydrops fetalis secondary to congenital syphilis and carry out a review of the literature to answer the question, What is the antibiotic regimen used in cases of gestational syphilis with hydrops fetalis as a complication? Materials and Methods: Four cases of congenital syphilis with hydrops fetalis are presented. Maternal age ranged between 17 and 28 years, gestational age at the time of diagnosis varied between 25 and 30 weeks, and two of the mothers had not initiated prenatal care at that time. Treatment with crystalline penicillin for gestational syphilis was given immediately 6 to 12 weeks before delivery in three cases and partners were prescribed treatment with benzathine penicillin. As for the neonates, two had no active infection or sequelae and one of them was considered to have congenital syphilis based on non-treponemal test titers. In one case, the patient was unable to receive syphilis treatment before delivery and her newborn had signs of active infection. A review of the literature was conducted in the Medline, LILACS and Google Scholar databases using the search terms "hydrops fetalis," "Lues", "syphilis - prenatal diagnosis - ultrasound - penicillin - treatment". The search included case reports and case series or cohorts of newborns with gestational syphilis and hydrops fetalis. Information regarding treatment in the mothers and in the newborns was extracted. Results: Overall, 119 articles were identified. Of these, 13 met the inclusion criteria, three were discarded because the full text could not be accessed. Ten studies with a total of 16 reported cases of hydrops fetalis secondary to congenital infection were reported. Of these, three presented with severe fetal anemia and required intrauterine transfusion; 5 cases received intrauterine penicillin treatment. In four cases the mother received weekly intramuscular injections of benzathine penicillin for 3 weeks, one received additional intravenous crystalline penicillin for 13 days, while another one received intravenous crystalline penicillin for 14 days. Treatment during gestation was not given in a total of 11 cases; and 6 of the 16 cases (37.5%) resulted in perinatal death. Conclusion: Delays in prenatal care and late diagnosis and treatment of gestational syphilis are important causes of persistent congenital syphilis. Randomized studies are required to identify the best treatment in fetuses with congenital syphilis 30 days before delivery and in fetuses with systemic compromise during the second half of gestation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Sífilis Congênita , Hidropisia Fetal , Sífilis
3.
Infectio ; 25(2): 114-119, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250077

RESUMO

Resumen Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de sífilis, hepatitis B y virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana en una población privada de la libertad de un establecimiento carcelario masculino de Bogotá D.C.-Colombia en 2019. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal en un establecimiento carcelario masculino de Bogotá, se incluyeron personas privadas de la libertad, mayores de 18 años. Los sujetos fueron sometidos a pruebas de detección de anticuerpos contra el Treponema pallidum, Antígenos de Superficie contra hepatitis B (HBsAg) y Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH) y respondieron un cuestionario estructurado para la descripción de conductas de riesgo. Resultados: Participaron 447 sujetos, ubicados en 7 pabellones del establecimiento carcelario. La prevalencia de sífilis fue del 5.8% (IC95% 3.8 - 8.4), del 1.1% para VIH (IC95% 0.4 - 2.6), y del 0.45% para hepatitis B crónica (IC95% 0.05 - 1.6). Discusión: A pesar de que la prevalencia documentada para estas patologías es más alta que en la población general, los resultados son más bajos que los reporta dos en instituciones de condiciones similares en otras latitudes. Se recomienda que el establecimiento continúe desarrollando políticas de promoción y prevención de estas patologías dentro de su población.


Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence of syphilis, hepatitis B and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the male prison population in Bogotá, Colombia in 2019. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a male prison center in Bogotá, in which sequential sampling, stratified by ward, included people deprived of liberty, over 18 years of age and who voluntarily agreed to participate in the investigation. Subjects underwent tests for antibodies to Treponema pallidum, Surface Antigens against hepatitis B (HBsAg) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and they answered a structured questionnaire for the description of risk behaviors. Results: A total of 447 subjects were included, belonging to 7 prison wards. The prevalence of syphilis was 5.8% (95% CI 3.8 - 8.4), 0.5% for chronic hepatitis B (95% CI 0.05 - 1.6) and 1.1% for HIV (95% CI 0.4 - 2.6). Discussion: Although the documented prevalence for these pathologies is higher than in the general population, the results are lower than those reported in other institutions with similar conditions in other latitudes. It is recommended that the institution continue to strengthen its policies for the promotion and prevention of these pathologies within its population.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sífilis , Prevalência , HIV , Hepatite B , Prisões , Colômbia , Políticas , Anticorpos , Antígenos de Superfície
8.
Odontoestomatol ; 23(37): e401, 2021. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250424

RESUMO

Resumen La sífilis es una enfermedad de transmisión sexual causada por el Treponema pallidum. Sin tratamiento es crónica y altamente contagiosa. Sus variadas manifestaciones clínicas dificultan su diagnóstico. Presentamos el caso de una lesión sifilítica en cavidad oral con alta sugerencia clínica de carcinoma de células escamosas. Caso clínico: hombre de 31 años que presenta gran úlcera en mucosa labial inferior derecha de bordes indurados, 2 meses de evolución, asociada a dos adenopatías en cuello. Se realiza una minuciosa anamnesis y exámenes de laboratorio, confirmando el diagnóstico de una infección treponémica. Se le brindó tratamiento y la lesión resolvió. Los títulos de seguimiento fueron no reactivos. Conclusiones: Se demuestra la importancia de mantener sospecha de infección sifilítica cuando un paciente presenta linfoadenopatía y una lesión oral, fundamentar un diagnóstico correcto proporciona una pronta atención y recuperación del paciente, evitando complicaciones que afecten su calidad de vida y a sus parejas sexuales.


Resumo A sífilis é uma doença sexualmente transmissível causada por Treponema pallidum. Sem tratamento, é crônico e altamente contagioso. Suas variadas manifestações clínicas dificultam seu diagnóstico. Apresentamos o caso de uma lesão sifilítica na cavidade oral com uma alta sugestão clínica de carcinoma de células escamosas. Caso clínico: homem de 31 anos de idade, com úlcera grande na mucosa do lábio inferior direito, com bordas endurecidas, 2 meses de evolução, associado a linfadenopatia do pescoço. Uma anamnese completa e exames laboratoriais são realizados, confirmando o diagnóstico de uma infecção treponêmica. O tratamento foi realizado e a lesão resolvida. Os títulos de acompanhamento não foram reativos. Conclusões: A importância de manter uma suspeita de infecção sifilítica quando um paciente apresenta linfadenopatia e uma lesão oral é demonstrada, justificando um diagnóstico correto, proporcionam atenção e recuperação imediatas do paciente, evitando complicações que afetam sua qualidade de vida e seus parceiros sexuais.


Abstract Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum. Without treatment, it is chronic and highly contagious. Its varied clinical manifestations make it challenging to diagnose. We present the case of a syphilis oral lesion with a strong clinical suggestion of squamous cell carcinoma. Clinical case: a 31-year-old man with a large ulcer in the right lower lip mucosa with indurated edges, two months of evolution, associated with two enlarged neck lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy). A thorough history is taken, and laboratory tests are run, confirming the treponemal infection diagnosis. He was treated, and the injury resolved. Follow-up tests were nonreactive. Conclusions . It is important to suspect a syphilitic infection when a patient has lymphadenopathy and an oral lesion. Making the correct diagnosis allows for the proper care and recovery, avoiding complications that affect the patient's quality of life and sexual partners.


Assuntos
Treponema pallidum , Sífilis , Boca/patologia
9.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(3): 136-142, 2020 08 21.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991112

RESUMO

Introducción La sífilis constituye un problema de salud mundial. Objetivo: establecer la prevalencia de sífilis y la distribución según estadio en pacientes asistidos en el Servicio de Dermatología de Junio 2010 a Junio 2018, y comparar las características epidemiológicas que pudieran influir en el aumento de la prevalencia. Métodos Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo de pacientes ≥ 15 años, con diagnóstico de sífilis adquirida. Para el análisis de los datos se consideraron dos periodos: P1: 2010-2015 y P2: 2015-2018, de acuerdo al aumento de prevalencia observado en la vigilancia mensual, y la comparación entre variables considerando sífilis temprana y tardía. Resultados  Se incluyeron 1582 pacientes, 51% (805) en P1 y 49% (777) en P2. La prevalencia de sífilis global en nuestro servicio fue de 7,1 %, con un alto porcentaje de pacientes embarazadas y puérperas (54% del total de las mujeres). La prevalencia en P1 fue de 5,8%, y 9,3 % en P2 (p < 0,01). En P2 la sífilis temprana ascendió a un 53% (p< 0,01), disminuyeron los tratamientos completos y aumentaron los casos sin seguimiento. La sífilis temprana se asoció con menor edad, ausencia de pareja estable, y más consultas espontáneas y tratamientos completos. Conclusión Observamos un aumento sostenido de la prevalencia de sífilis adquirida, con un incremento de la sífilis temprana, que implica mayor riesgo de transmisión. También se evidenció menor adherencia al tratamiento y controles necesarios. La alta tasa de sífilis gestacional pone en alerta el déficit importante en los controles prenatales en nuestro sistema de salud. Introduction: Syphilis constitutes a global health problem. Objective: to establish the prevalence of syphilis and the distribution according to stage in patients assisted in the Dermatology Service from June 2010 to June 2018, and compare the epidemiological characteristics that could influence the increase in prevalence. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients ≥ 15 years, with diagnosis of acquired syphilis. For the analysis of the data, two periods were considered: P1: 2010-2015 and P2: 2015-2018, according to the increase in prevalence observed in the monthly surveillance, and the comparison between variables considering early and late syphilis. Results: 1582 patients were included, 51% (805) in P1 and 49% (777) in P2. The prevalence of global syphilis in our service was 7.1%, with a high percentage of pregnant and postpartum patients (54% of all women). The prevalence in P1 was 5.8%, and 9.3% in P2 (p <0.01). In P2, early syphilis amounted to 53% (p <0.01), complete treatments decreased and cases without follow-up increased. Early syphilis was associated with younger age, absence of a stable partner, and more spontaneous consultations and complete treatments. Conclusion: We observed a sustained increase in the prevalence of acquired syphilis, with an increase in early syphilis, which implies a greater risk of transmission. There was also less adherence to treatment and necessary controls. The high rate of gestational syphilis puts the significant deficit in prenatal controls in our health system on alert.


Assuntos
Sífilis , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sífilis/epidemiologia
10.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 314-318, jul.-ago. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289231

RESUMO

Resumen La sífilis es una infección bacteriana producida por el Treponema pallidum (espiroqueta). Consta de varias etapas: primaria, secundaria y terciaria, según el tiempo de evolución desde el momento en que se adquiere la infección. Cada etapa comprende diferentes manifestaciones clínicas; los síntomas cardiovasculares forman parte de la sífilis terciaria, en cuyo caso la aortitis sifilítica es la principal forma de presentación. Se expone el caso de un paciente que consultó por déficit neurológico focal, en quien por medio de estudios de extensión se documentó neurosífilis e insuficiencia valvular aórtica severa secundaria a perforación de la válvula coronaria derecha, que requirió recambio valvular aórtico por bioprótesis. Adicionalmente, se hace una revisión de las principales manifestaciones cardiovasculares de esta enfermedad. Aunque en la era postantibiótica este tipo de manifestaciones tardías son cada vez menos frecuentes, es imperativo conocerlas.


Abstract Syphilis is a bacterial infection caused by Treponema pallidum (spirochete). It has various stages: primary, secondary and tertiary; depending on the time to progression from the moment the infection is acquired. Each stage involves various clinical manifestations; cardiovascular symptoms are part of tertiary syphilis, and syphilitic aortitis is the main form of presentation. We present the case of a patient who consulted with a focal neurological deficit, in whom extension studies reported neurosyphilis and severe aortic failure secondary to perforation of the right coronary valve, which required aortic valve replacement by bioprosthesis. We also undertake a review of the main cardiovascular manifestations of this disease. Although in the post-antibiotic era this type of late manifestation is increasingly less frequent, it is imperative that we are aware of it.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Sífilis Cardiovascular , Sífilis , Aortite/complicações
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(7): 956-962, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139397

RESUMO

Background: Syphilis continues to be a common sexually transmitted disease. Aim: To describe the epidemiologic features of patients with syphilis consulting in a Chilean sexually transmitted diseases clinic. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of patients with positive serology for syphilis, who attended a unit of sexually transmitted diseases between 2015 and 2017. Results: Of 266 cases, 61% were male and 74% were aged between 20 and 49 years. The highest incidence was observed in males aged between 20 and 30 years. Eighty five percent of cases were diagnosed in latent phases, 10% of the cases had a co-infection with HIV and 18%, a history of other sexually transmitted disease. The rate of coinfection was significantly higher in men than in women (78 and 28%, respectively; p < 0.01). Only 6.4% reported always using a condom. Men used it with higher frequency than women (72 and 28% respectively; p < 0.01). A low adherence to treatment and faulty follow-up and treatment of sexual contacts was observed. Twenty five percent of women diagnosed with syphilis were pregnant and 27% of them had a premature birth, with one neonatal death. Conclusions: A high incidence of syphilis was observed, especially in men of younger ages. The diagnosis is delayed, the treatment of sexual contacts and the use of condoms are uncommon. Although the treatment of pregnant women is appropriated, some perinatal complications are observed.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Chile/epidemiologia , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial
13.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 36(1): 19-25, jul.2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1119376

RESUMO

Se realizó una estudio descriptivo transversal de recolección retrospectiva de datos de 102 historias clinicas con el objetivo de describir las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de la sífilis congénita en neonatos registrados en el Servicio Desconcentrado Hospital Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga durante el período enero 2014 a junio 2017. Los resultados evidencian que el 52% de los neonatos eran del sexo masculino, el peso y longitud del neonato osciló entre 2501 a 4000 gramos y 46 a 55 cms, respectivamente; los neonatos pretérmino y a término tenían un tamaño adecuado; el APGAR fue normal al minuto, cinco y diez minutos. Las manifestaciones clínicas y paraclínicas más frecuentes fueron ictericia (41,2%), leucocitosis (16,7%) y periostitis (12,8%). El 78,4% de los casos presentaron VDRL no reactivo en LCR mientras que 72,5% mostraron VDRL reactivo en sangre. En conclusión, es importante aumentar el control prenatal e indicar de forma rutinaria el VDRL en sangre con la finalidad de detectar tempranamente los casos de sífilis materna y de esta manera prevenir la sífilis congénita(AU)


A descriptive, cross-sectional study, of retrospective review of data from 102 medical charts was carried out in order to describe clinical and epidemiological characteristics of congenital syphilis in neonates registered at the Servicio Desconcentrado Hospital Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga during the period January 2014 to June 2017. Male sex was predominant 52%, weight and height of newborns were between 2.501 to 4.000 grams and 46 to 55 cms, respectively; preterm and term neonates were of adequate size; APGAR score was normal at one, five and ten minutes. Most common clinical and paraclinical manifestations of congenital syphilis of the neonate at birth were jaundice (41,2%), leucocitosis (16,7%) and periostitis (12,8%). 78,4% had non-reactive VDRL in cerebrospinal fluid while 72,5% had reactive VDRL in blood. In conclusion, it is important to increase prenatal control and screen for maternal syphilis in order to detect early cases and prevent congenital syphilis(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Sífilis Congênita/etiologia , Sífilis Congênita/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido , Doenças Transmissíveis , Circulação Placentária , Relações Materno-Fetais
15.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 95(6): 284-288, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376127

RESUMO

Ocular syphilis can simulate various ophthalmic pathologies with multiple possible ophthalmic findings. Timely treatment of these patients can minimize visual damage, but its diagnosis is often a challenge for the ophthalmologist. We review a case report of a 45-year-old man with a rare and atypical clinical presentation of ocular syphilis, its clinical and imaging characteristics, its diagnosis, treatment and evolution. The patient presented with bilateral painless loss of vision, photopsia and peripheral scotomas with about 1 week evolution. There were no signs of ocular inflammation. The complementary ophthalmic study revealed an acute zonal occult outer retinopathy-like ("AZOOR-like") presentation. Ocular syphilis does not always present with ocular inflammation and its presentation as "AZOOR-like" is very rare. So, we should always maintain a high index of suspicion for this condition, as early diagnosis and treatment are essential for a better prognosis.


Assuntos
Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Escotoma/diagnóstico , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Síndrome dos Pontos Brancos/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Med. UIS ; 33(1): 73-80, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124988

RESUMO

Resumen En el mundo, se ha evidenciado un aumento de los casos de sífilis, de sífilis gestacional y de sífilis congénita. Se presenta el caso de un recién nacido con sífilis congénita, hijo de una madre con sífilis latente de duración indeterminada (VDRL 1:4 diluciones) diagnosticada y tratada a la semana 12 de gestación, VIH negativa, con compañero seronegativo para sífilis; a pesar del tratamiento con tres dosis de 2'400 000 U de penicilina benzatínica, no modificó los títulos del VDRL ni en el control de la semana 25 de gestación, ni en el momento del parto. En el posparto, la madre fue diagnosticada con neurosífilis y recibió tratamiento con penicilina cristalina durante 14 días. El recién nacido fue diagnosticado con sífilis congénita por presentar VDRL 1:4 diluciones, aumento de aminotransferasas, hematuria y proteinuria, recibiendo tratamiento con penicilina cristalina durante 10 días. La paciente evolucionó favorablemente y el control a los 6 meses fue normal. Deben fomentarse medidas útiles en la prevención de la sífilis gestacional: métodos de barrera, conocimiento de la enfermedad y asistencia a control prenatal. Es fundamental identificar y tratar a las gestantes con sífilis mediante tamizaje serológico para prevenir la sífilis congénita; el seguimiento serológico debe ser estricto para verificar la eficacia del tratamiento e investigar las gestantes que no modifican los títulos después del tratamiento. MÉD.UIS.2020;33(1):73-80.


Abstract In the world, there has been an increase in cases of syphilis, gestational syphilis and congenital syphilis. It's presented the case of a newborn with congenital syphilis, son of a mother with latent syphilis of indeterminate duration (VDRL 1: 4 dilutions) diagnosed and treated at week 12 of gestation, HIV negative, with seronegative partner for syphilis; despite treatment with three doses of 2'400 000 U of benzathine penicillin, the VDRL titres remained unaltered on both the control of the 25th week of gestation and at the time of delivery. The mother, in the postpartum period, was diagnosed with neurosyphilis and was treated with crystalline penicillin for 14 days. The newborn was diagnosed with congenital syphilis by presenting 1:4 VDRL dilutions, increased aminotransferases, hematuria and proteinuria; he was treated with crystalline penicillin for 10 days. Useful measures should be promoted in the prevention of gestational syphilis such as barrier methods, knowledge of the disease and assistance to prenatal control. It is mandatory to identify and treat pregnant women with syphilis by serological screening for the disease in order to prevent congenital syphilis. Serological follow-up should be strict to verify the effectiveness of the treatment and to investigate pregnant women who do not modify the titres after treatment. MÉD.UIS.2020;33(1):73-80.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Sífilis Congênita , Sífilis Latente , Penicilina G Benzatina , Proteinúria , Treponema pallidum , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Sífilis , Transaminases , Hematúria , Neurossífilis
17.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed) ; 38 Suppl 1: 7-11, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111369

RESUMO

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum with an increasing incidence in Spain and in the rest of the world. Diagnosis is based mainly on serology, since direct diagnosis by dark field microscopy presents difficulties that limit its widespread use. Molecular biology techniques can be a useful tool for diagnosis in primary and secondary syphilis, although not all types of samples show the same behaviour. These techniques are also useful for the diagnosis of congenital syphilis. They are not recommended, however, for neurosyphilis, due to the low sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction in cerebrospinal fluid. These techniques have been used to study the controversial origin of syphilis, and, through the enhanced Centers for Disease Control method, to perform typing, which helps to elucidate the epidemiology of this infection. Finally, molecular techniques can detect mutations related to macrolide resistance, which are present in a very high percentage of infections.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Macrolídeos , Espanha , Treponema , Treponema pallidum/efeitos dos fármacos , Treponema pallidum/genética
18.
Infectio ; 24(1): 15-19, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1090538

RESUMO

Resumen Objetivo: estandarizar una qPCR para la determinación de T. pallidum en muestras de suero de pacientes con sífilis gestacional y congénita. Materiales y métodos: se optimizó una qPCR con sonda para la amplificación del gen TpN47 en muestras de suero, se evaluó la sensibilidad, especificidad y eficiencia analítica de la técnica. Se comparó con pruebas serológicas (VDRL y TPPA) y se calculó índice de concordancia Kappa. Resultados: la qPCR mostró un límite de detección de 0.113 femtogramos, especificidad analítica del 100% y fidelidad de 104%. Se evidenció correlación optima en la prueba, sugerida por un r2 de 0.99 y un valor p <0,0001 de la qPCR. Se observó acuerdo entre las pruebas serológicas y moleculares. Conclusiones: se desarrolló una herramienta molecular prometedora con buena sensibilidad, óptima especificidad analítica y gran potencial diagnóstico para la detección y hallazgo de T. pallidum subsp. pallidum, a través de la amplificación del gen TpN47 en muestras clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico presuntivo de sífilis gestacional y congénita.


Abstract Objective: to evaluate a qPCR to detect T.pallidum in serum samples from patients with gestational and congenital syphilis. Methodology: qPCR with probe was optimized for the amplification of the TpN47 gene in serum samples, the sensitivity, specificity and analytical efficiency of the technique were evaluated. It was compared with the serological tests (VDRL and TPPA) and the Kappa concordance index was calculated. Results: the qPCR showed a detection limit of 0.113 femtograms, an analytical specificity of 100% and an accuracy of 104%. Optimal correlation was evidenced in the test, suggested by an r2 of 0.99 and a p value <0.0001 of the qPCR. An agreement was observed between serological and molecular tests. Conclusion: a promising molecular tool was developed with good sensitivity, excellent analytical specificity and great diagnostic potential for the detection and finding of T. pallidum subsp. pallidum, through the amplification of the TpN47 gene in serum from patients with gestational and congenital syphilis.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Adolescente , Adulto , Sífilis Congênita , Sífilis , Treponema pallidum , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Mortalidade Fetal , Infecções/epidemiologia
19.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20200300. 96 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1050085

RESUMO

La norma contiene la finalidad, objetivos, ámbito de aplicación, base legal y disposiciones generales y específicas para la prevención de la transmisión materno infantil del VIH, Sífilis y Hepatitis B.


Assuntos
Sífilis , Infecções por HIV , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Saúde Materno-Infantil , Normas Técnicas , Hepatite B
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