Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 40
Filtrar
2.
Psicol Reflex Crit ; 34(1): 11, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33870471

RESUMO

The theoretical-methodological process of cross-cultural adaptation of scales is fundamental for the expansion of research possibilities related to a given area and population, as instrument adequacy allows for the consistent assessment of the construct being studied. This article aims to highlight the different theoretical-methodological processes of cross-cultural adaptations of scales for assessing body image among young university students. The articles were selected in February 2020, with the following search descriptors: ("body image") and (young or "college students" or graduating or graduat *) and ("cross-cultural validation" or "cross-cultural adaptation"), in three databases-Scopus, PsycINFO, and Web of Science, without any time restrictions. Altogether, 304 studies were surveyed on the different bases mentioned above, and 14 studies published between 2010 and 2019 were evaluated. This study highlighted the methodological procedures used in the process of cross-cultural adaptation, as well as the population, the types of validity and reliability, and also the main limitations, strengths, and results reported in each study included in this review. The information presented in this review will allow new researchers to make more appropriate choices about instruments for assessing body image in young university students, in addition to presenting the methodological evolution on this theme.

3.
Body Image ; 38: 1-9, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780888

RESUMO

A randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess the efficacy of the Body Project eating disorder prevention program in reducing eating disorder risk factors and symptoms in young Brazilian women. A total of 141 female university students aged 18-30 years old were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: assessment-only condition (n = 78) and Body Project condition (n = 63). Participants completed scales assessing body dissatisfaction, sociocultural influence, disordered eating attitudes and behaviors, eating disorders symptoms, body appreciation, depressive mood and negative affect at baseline, posttest, and at 1- and 6-month follow-ups. Body Project participants showed significantly greater reductions in body dissatisfaction, sociocultural influence, disordered eating, eating disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, and negative affect, and greater increases in body appreciation (d = .35-.48) compared to assessment-only participants. Most of the effects persisted through 6-month follow-up (d = .35-.74). Results provide evidence that the Body Project is an effective intervention to reduce eating disorder risk factors and eating disorder symptoms among Brazilian young women, and that this intervention is naturally culturally adaptive.


Assuntos
Insatisfação Corporal , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Adolescente , Adulto , Insatisfação Corporal/psicologia , Brasil , Dissonância Cognitiva , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Adulto Jovem
4.
Int J Eat Disord ; 54(3): 293-304, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Few prevention programs have been developed and empirically evaluated to address eating disorder (ED) and muscle dysmorphia (MD) symptoms in men. Furthermore, new strategies for the broad implementation of available programs are needed. We investigated the acceptability and efficacy of a dissonance-based (DB) intervention for Brazilian undergraduate men with body dissatisfaction to target risk and protective factors for ED and MD symptoms (the Body Project: More Than Muscles) after an online training for facilitators. METHOD: Participants were randomized to a two-session DB-intervention (n = 89) or assessment-only control (AOC) (n = 91), and completed validated measures assessing ED and MD risk and protective factors pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at 4- and 24-week follow-up post-intervention. RESULTS: Acceptability ratings were highly favorable. Regarding efficacy, the DB condition demonstrated significantly greater decreases in ED and MD risk factors compared to AOC from pre-intervention to 4-week (p-values <.05, between-condition Cohen's d = 0.35-1.10) and 24-week follow-up (p-values <.05, between-condition Cohen's d = 0.33-0.78). Results at post-intervention were not significant, with the exception that body appreciation showed significantly greater improvements in the DB condition (post-intervention: p < .01, between-condition Cohen's d = 0.40; 4-week: p < .001, between-condition Cohen's d = 0.80; and 24-week follow-up: p < .001, between-condition Cohen's d = 0.58). DISCUSSION: Results support the acceptability and efficacy of a DB-intervention delivered in-person after an online training for facilitators up to 24-week follow-up in Brazilian men.


Assuntos
Insatisfação Corporal , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Imagem Corporal , Dissonância Cognitiva , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes
5.
Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto, Online) ; 31: e3138, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1351177

RESUMO

Abstract Internalization is an important dimension of body image, which can be assessed using the Thin-Ideal Internalization Scale (TIIS). This study aims to carry out the cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric assessment of the TIIS for young Brazilian women. A total of 448 young university women participated in the research (M age = 21.4 years; SD = 2.91). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, association with body dissatisfaction (Body Shape Questionnaire-8) and eating attitudes (Eating Attitudes Test-26), and assessment of reliability (internal consistency and test-retest) were performed. The instrument had its semantic, idiomatic, cultural and conceptual equivalences ensured. The factor analysis demonstrated the presence of three factors and satisfactory adjustment indexes. In addition, the scale showed adequate values for convergent validity and reliability. The final version of the TIIS (18 items) obtained adequate psychometric properties for the evaluation of the body-ideal internalization among Brazilian young women. We suggest new studies to prove the factor structure for other populations.


Resumo A internalização é uma importante dimensão da imagem corporal, que pode ser avaliada através da Thin-Ideal Internalization Scale (TIIS). O presente estudo teve como objetivo realizar a adaptação transcultural e a avaliação psicométrica da TIIS para jovens mulheres brasileiras. Participaram 448 jovens universitárias (M idade = 21.4 anos; DP = 2.91). Foram realizadas análise fatorial exploratória e confirmatória, associação com a insatisfação corporal (Body Shape Questionnaire-8) e atitudes alimentares (Eating Attitudes Test-26), e avaliação da confiabilidade (consistência interna e teste-reteste). O instrumento teve asseguradas suas equivalências semântica, idiomática, cultural e conceitual. A análise fatorial revelou presença de três fatores e índices de ajustamento satisfatórios. Além disso, a escala apresentou valores adequados para a validade convergente e confiabilidade. A versão final da TIIS (18 itens) apresentou adequadas qualidades psicométricas para a avaliação da internalização de padrões corporais ideais entre jovens brasileiras. Sugerem-se novos estudos que comprovem a estrutura fatorial para outras populações.


Resumen La internalización es una dimensión importante de la imagen corporal, que puede evaluarse utilizando la Thin-Ideal Internalization Scale (TIIS). El presente estudio tiene como objetivo realizar la adaptación transcultural y la evaluación psicométrica de la TIIS para mujeres jóvenes brasileñas. Participaron 448 jóvenes universitarias (M edad = 21.4 años; DP = 2.91). Se realizaron análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio, asociación con insatisfacción corporal (Body Shape Questionnaire-8) y actitudes alimentarias (Eating Attitudes Test-26), y evaluación de la confiabilidad (consistencia interna y prueba-reprueba). El instrumento tuvo aseguradas sus equivalencias semánticas, idiomáticas, culturales y conceptuales. El análisis factorial reveló la presencia de tres factores e índices de ajuste satisfactorios. Además, la escala mostró valores adecuados de validez convergente y confiabilidad. La versión final de la TIIS (18 ítems) obtuvo propiedades psicométricas adecuadas para la evaluación de la internalización del cuerpo ideal entre las jóvenes brasileñas. Se sugieren nuevos estudios para probar la estructura factorial a otras poblaciones.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Psicometria , Universidades , Imagem Corporal , Adaptação Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ingestão de Alimentos , Insatisfação Corporal
6.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 34: 11, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340491

RESUMO

Abstract The theoretical-methodological process of cross-cultural adaptation of scales is fundamental for the expansion of research possibilities related to a given area and population, as instrument adequacy allows for the consistent assessment of the construct being studied. This article aims to highlight the different theoretical-methodological processes of cross-cultural adaptations of scales for assessing body image among young university students. The articles were selected in February 2020, with the following search descriptors: ("body image") and (young or "college students" or graduating or graduat *) and ("cross-cultural validation" or "cross-cultural adaptation"), in three databases—Scopus, PsycINFO, and Web of Science, without any time restrictions. Altogether, 304 studies were surveyed on the different bases mentioned above, and 14 studies published between 2010 and 2019 were evaluated. This study highlighted the methodological procedures used in the process of cross-cultural adaptation, as well as the population, the types of validity and reliability, and also the main limitations, strengths, and results reported in each study included in this review. The information presented in this review will allow new researchers to make more appropriate choices about instruments for assessing body image in young university students, in addition to presenting the methodological evolution on this theme.


Assuntos
Traduções , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudantes , Educação Superior
7.
Psicol Reflex Crit ; 33(1): 12, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) is one of the most investigated instruments for the evaluation of sociocultural pressure and internalization of the beauty standard, and it is considered to be one of the most robust instruments for this purpose. The most recent version of this questionnaire is the SATAQ-4R, originally designed for adults and teenagers, which has been used in different countries, contexts, and populations. The cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the SATAQ-4R for Brazilian children are appropriate and necessary. OBJECTIVE: The general objective of this study was to translate, adapt, and verify the psychometric qualities of the SATAQ-4R for Brazilian girls and boys aged between 7 and 11 years old. METHODS: Study 1 describes the cross-cultural adaptation, from the translation stage to the pretest in children of both sexes (n = 36, M = 8.76, SD = 1.59 years). SATAQ-4R has been demonstrated to be easily understood by Brazilian children. Studies 2 and 3 analyze the psychometric qualities of such an instrument in 566 girls (M = 9.18, SD = 1.23 years) and in 592 boys (M = 9.18, SD = 1.23), respectively. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses have been performed with independent samples. RESULTS: Both instruments presented factor structures composed of five factors, good reliability, and convergent validity. CONCLUSION: We concluded that SATAQ-4R-Female and SATAQ-4R-Male are useful tools for evaluating the internalization of beauty standards and of sociocultural pressure on Brazilian children.

8.
Motrivivência (Florianópolis) ; 32(63): [1-18], Jul. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117985

RESUMO

O estudo objetivou avaliar em qual direção a participação em uma intervenção foi capaz de modificar a percepção de futuros professores de Educação Física em lidar com assuntos relacionados à imagem corporal em suas aulas. Participaram do estudo 14 acadêmicos do curso de Licenciatura em Educação Física do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Sudeste de Minas Gerais ­ Campus Barbacena. Os voluntários responderam a entrevistas semi-estruturadas antes do início e após a realização de quatro encontros, os quais buscaram situar o corpo no âmbito das práticas pedagógicas. Os resultados apontaram que a participação nas oficinas foi capaz de promover mudanças na opinião dos futuros professores a respeito da abordagem de temas relacionados ao corpo e à imagem corporal nas aulas de educação física, no sentido de incentivar a reflexão sobre esses temas, ampliando o acesso a informações científicas e a elaboração de estratégias didáticas para a abordagem do tema na escola.


The present study aimed to evaluate in which way an intervention was able to modify the perception of future Physical Education teachers in dealing with themes related to body image in their classes. Participants of the study were 14 undergraduate students in the Physical Education Degree course of the Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Sudeste de Minas Gerais ­ Campus Barbacena. The volunteers responded to semi-structured interviews prior to the start and after four meetings, which sought to place the body within the scope of pedagogical practices. Our results pointed out that the participation in the meetings was able to promote changes in the opinion of future teachers regarding the approach to themes related to the body and body image in physical education classes, in the sense of encourage thinking on these themes, expanding access to scientific information and the elaboration of didactic strategies to approach such themes at school.


El objetivo fue evaluar en qué dirección la participación en una intervención fue capaz de modificar la percepción de futuros profesores de Educación Física en lidiar con asuntos relacionados a la imagen corporal en sus clases. Participaron 14 académicos del curso de Licenciatura en Educación Física del Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Sudeste de Minas Gerais - Campus Barbacena. Los voluntarios respondieron a entrevistas semiestructuradas antes del inicio y después de la realización de cuatro encuentros, los cuales buscaron situar el cuerpo en el ámbito de las prácticas pedagógicas. Nuestros resultados señalaron que la participación en las reuniones fue capaz de promover cambios en la opinión de los futuros profesores con respecto al enfoque de los temas relacionados con el cuerpo y la imagen corporal en las clases de educación física, en el sentido de alentar a pensar sobre estos temas, ampliando el acceso a la información científica y la elaboración de estrategias didácticas para abordar dichos temas en la escuela.

9.
Body Image ; 32: 199-217, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032822

RESUMO

The Breast Size Satisfaction Survey (BSSS) was established to assess women's breast size dissatisfaction and breasted experiences from a cross-national perspective. A total of 18,541 women were recruited from 61 research sites across 40 nations and completed measures of current-ideal breast size discrepancy, as well as measures of theorised antecedents (personality, Western and local media exposure, and proxies of socioeconomic status) and outcomes (weight and appearance dissatisfaction, breast awareness, and psychological well-being). In the total dataset, 47.5 % of women wanted larger breasts than they currently had, 23.2 % wanted smaller breasts, and 29.3 % were satisfied with their current breast size. There were significant cross-national differences in mean ideal breast size and absolute breast size dissatisfaction, but effect sizes were small (η2 = .02-.03). The results of multilevel modelling showed that greater Neuroticism, lower Conscientiousness, lower Western media exposure, greater local media exposure, lower financial security, and younger age were associated with greater breast size dissatisfaction across nations. In addition, greater absolute breast size dissatisfaction was associated with greater weight and appearance dissatisfaction, poorer breast awareness, and poorer psychological well-being across nations. These results indicate that breast size dissatisfaction is a global public health concern linked to women's psychological and physical well-being.


Assuntos
Insatisfação Corporal/psicologia , Mama , Saúde Global , Satisfação Pessoal , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Tamanho do Órgão
10.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 33: 12, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1135892

RESUMO

Abstract Background The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) is one of the most investigated instruments for the evaluation of sociocultural pressure and internalization of the beauty standard, and it is considered to be one of the most robust instruments for this purpose. The most recent version of this questionnaire is the SATAQ-4R, originally designed for adults and teenagers, which has been used in different countries, contexts, and populations. The cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the SATAQ-4R for Brazilian children are appropriate and necessary. Objective The general objective of this study was to translate, adapt, and verify the psychometric qualities of the SATAQ-4R for Brazilian girls and boys aged between 7 and 11 years old.Methods: Study 1 describes the cross-cultural adaptation, from the translation stage to the pretest in children of both sexes (n = 36, M = 8.76, SD = 1.59 years). SATAQ-4R has been demonstrated to be easily understood by Brazilian children. Studies 2 and 3 analyze the psychometric qualities of such an instrument in 566 girls (M = 9.18, SD = 1.23 years) and in 592 boys (M = 9.18, SD = 1.23), respectively. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses have been performed with independent samples. Results Both instruments presented factor structures composed of five factors, good reliability, and convergent validity. Conclusion We concluded that SATAQ-4R-Female and SATAQ-4R-Male are useful tools for evaluating the internalization of beauty standards and of sociocultural pressure on Brazilian children.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Traduções , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Psicometria , Brasil
11.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 68(1): 16-22, jan.-mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002447

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar os fatores que influenciam a apreciação corporal entre adolescentes e mulheres jovens. Métodos: As participantes (n = 242) responderam a questionários que avaliaram apreciação corporal, insatisfação corporal, influência sociocultural, atitudes alimentares e autoestima. Resultados: A análise de correlação revelou que todas as variáveis se associaram à apreciação corporal. O modelo de regressão linear múltipla apontou a satisfação corporal como principal preditor de maior apreciação corporal, seguido da autoestima, das atitudes alimentares e de menor influência da mídia. Conclusões: Esses resultados contribuem para o entendimento da imagem corporal positiva entre adolescentes e jovens brasileiras, apontando importantes questões e desafios para pesquisas futuras.


ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the factors that influence the body appreciation among adolescents and young women. Methods: Participants (n = 242) answered questionnaires that assessed body appreciation, body dissatisfaction, sociocultural influence, eating attitudes and self-esteem. Results: The correlation analysis revealed that all variables were associated with body appreciation. The multiple linear regression model pointed to body satisfaction as the main predictor of greater body appreciation, followed by self-esteem, eating attitudes and a lower influence of the media. Conclusions: These results contribute to the understanding of positive body image among Brazilian adolescents and youngsters, pointing out important issues and challenges for future research.

12.
Psicol Reflex Crit ; 32(1): 13, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given that most young women with eating disorders do not receive treatment, implementing effective prevention programs is a public health priority. The Body Project is a group-based eating disorder prevention program with evidence of both efficacy and effectiveness. This trial evaluated the efficacy of this prevention program with Brazilian girls, as no published study has tested whether this intervention is culturally sensitive and efficacious with Latin-American adolescents. METHODS: Female students were allocated to a dissonance-based intervention (n = 40) or assessment-only (n = 22) condition. The intervention was a dissonance-based program, consisted of four group sessions aimed to reduce thin-ideal internalization. The sessions included verbal, written, and behavioral exercises. The intervention group was evaluated at pretest and posttest; assessment-only controls completed measures at parallel times. RESULTS: Compared to assessment-only controls, intervention participants showed a significantly greater reduction in body dissatisfaction, sociocultural influence of the media, depressive symptoms, negative affect, as well as significantly greater increases in body appreciation. There were no significant effects for disordered eating attitudes and eating disorder symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that this dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program was culturally sensitive, or at least culturally adaptive, and efficacious with Brazilian female adolescents. Indeed, the average effect size was slightly larger than has been observed in the large efficacy trial of this prevention program and in recent meta-analytic reviews. TRIAL REGISTRATION: RBR-7prdf2 . Registered 13 August 2018 (retrospectively registered).

13.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 32: 13, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1012853

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Given that most young women with eating disorders do not receive treatment, implementing effective prevention programs is a public health priority. The Body Project is a group-based eating disorder prevention program with evidence of both efficacy and effectiveness. This trial evaluated the efficacy of this prevention program with Brazilian girls, as no published study has tested whether this intervention is culturally sensitive and efficacious with Latin-American adolescents. Methods: Female students were allocated to a dissonance-based intervention (n = 40) or assessment-only (n = 22) condition. The intervention was a dissonance-based program, consisted of four group sessions aimed to reduce thin-ideal internalization. The sessions included verbal, written, and behavioral exercises. The intervention group was evaluated at pretest and posttest; assessment-only controls completed measures at parallel times. Results: Compared to assessment-only controls, intervention participants showed a significantly greater reduction in body dissatisfaction, sociocultural influence of the media, depressive symptoms, negative affect, as well as significantly greater increases in body appreciation. There were no significant effects for disordered eating attitudes and eating disorder symptoms. Conclusions: These results suggest that this dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program was culturally sensitive, or at least culturally adaptive, and efficacious with Brazilian female adolescents. Indeed, the average effect size was slightly larger than has been observed in the large efficacy trial of this prevention program and in recent meta-analytic reviews. Trial registration: RBR-7prdf2. Registered 13 August 2018 (retrospectively registered). (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/prevenção & controle
14.
Body Image ; 22: 32-38, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28570920

RESUMO

We conducted a longitudinal investigation of body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls, in order to evaluate the influence of biological, psychological, and sociocultural predictors for body dissatisfaction, and its association with eating disorder symptoms. Validated self-administered scales were selected, thereby assessing the various aspects of body image, symptoms of eating disorders, depression, and self-esteem. Four hundred and ninety-eight adolescents (236 girls) participated in the study. Most of the evaluated outcomes remained stable for over a year. Overall, results pointed to sociocultural influence, as evaluated by SATAQ-3, as the main influencing factor on body dissatisfaction in both boys and girls, with less drastic effects seen for both biological and psychological variables. Body dissatisfaction also predicted symptoms of eating disorders. These results produce longitudinal evidence of the importance of sociocultural influence on body image among Brazilian boys and girls.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Adolescente , Brasil , Cultura , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino
15.
Psicol. rev. (Belo Horizonte) ; 22(1): 1-13, maio 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-955781

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o comportamento alimentar de adolescentes de Juiz de Fora-MG, comparando-o de acordo com o sexo e o estado nutricional. Participaram 322 adolescentes com idades entre 10 e 19 anos, de ambos os sexos. Utilizou-se o eating attitudes test (EAT-26) para avaliar o comportamento alimentar. Aferiram-se o peso e a estatura para calcular o índice de massa corporal (IMC). O estado nutricional foi obtido pelos pontos de corte do IMC. Conduziu-se análise Manova para comparar os três fatores do EAT-26 em razão do sexo e estado nutricional. Os resultados demonstraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas nas subescalas dieta e autocontrole oral


The aim of this study was to evaluate the eating habits of adolescents in Juiz de Fora-MG, comparing them according to sex and nutritional state. Participants 322 adolescents aged between 10 and 19 years, of both sexes. We used the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) to evaluate the eating habits. Measure body weight and height to calculate the body mass index (BMI). Nutritional status was obtained by points BMI cutoff. Manova analysis was conducted to compare the three factors of the EAT-26 according to sex and nutritional status. The results showed differences statistically significant on the scales Self-control oral and Diet


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el comportamiento alimentario de los adolescentes en Juiz de Fora-MG, comparándolos en función del sexo y el estado nutricional. Participaron 322 adolescentes de entre 10 y 19 años, de ambos sexos. Se utilizó el Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) para evaluar el comportamiento alimentario. Se registraron la altura y el peso para calcular el índice de masa corporal (IMC). El estado nutricional se obtuvo por los puntos de corte del IMC. Se realizó el análisis Manova para comparar los tres factores EAT-26 según el sexo y el estado nutricional. Los resultados mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los apartados de dieta y autocontrol oral


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Adolescente
16.
Psicol. teor. pesqui ; 32(3): e323220, 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-955921

RESUMO

RESUMO A pesquisa objetivou avaliar as qualidades psicométricas do Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) para adolescentes brasileiros do sexo masculino. A amostra foi composta por 357 jovens, com idade entre 10 e 19 anos. Os resultados evidenciaram que 32,8% variância dos dados foram explicados por um único fator e o instrumento foi capaz de diferenciar seus escores em função do estado nutricional (p<0,05), além de correlacionar-se com as medidas de insatisfação corporal (rho=0,50). Confirmou sua consistência interna (α>0,88), não registrando diferença entre os escores (teste-reteste) (p<0,68) e apresentando o coeficiente de correlação intra-classe de 0,93. Concluiu-se que o EAT-26 comprovou suas qualidades psicométricas para o grupo estudado.


ABSTRACT This research aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) for male Brazilian adolescents. The sample consisted of 357 young people, aged between 10 and 19 years. The results showed that 32.8% of the data variance was explained by a single factor and the instrument was able to differentiate their scores as a function of nutritional status (p<0.05), and correlate with measures of body dissatisfaction (rho=0.50). Confirmed its internal consistency (α>0.88), no difference between scores (test-retest) (p<0.68) and introducing the coefficient of intra-class correlation of 0.93. It was concluded that the EAT-26 demonstrated its psychometric qualities for the group studied.

17.
Psicol. teor. pesqui ; 31(4): 471-479, out.-dez. 2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-769878

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivou-se avaliar as qualidades psicométricas do Questionário de Atitudes Socioculturais em Relação à Aparência-3 para adolescentes brasileiros. A amostra total foi composta por 600 adolescentes (254 meninos), os quais participaram em fases distintas da pesquisa: avaliação da compreensão verbal da escala, avaliação da validade de construto, validade e confiabilidade, e a terceira etapa referiu-se à avaliação da reprodutibilidade (teste-reteste). Todos os itens apresentaram adequada compreensão verbal entre os adolescentes. O instrumento apresentou estrutura fatorial composta por sete fatores (α > 0,40), cujos índices de ajustamento foram aceitáveis, correlação positiva e significativa com a satisfação corporal (r = 0,41, p < 0,001) e estabilidade. As qualidades psicométricas do SATAQ-3 para adolescentes foram parcialmente confirmadas, sendo sua utilização indicada para essa população.


ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to obtain estimates of the psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 in a sample of Brazilian adolescents. The sample consisted of 600 adolescents (254 boys), who participated in different stages of the research: assessment of verbal comprehension, construct validity, convergent validity and reliability, and evaluation of the reproducibility (test-retest). The adolescents showed adequate verbal comprehension of all items. The scale presented a factor structure composed of seven factors (α > 0,40), with acceptable values of the fit indices of the model, significant positive correlation for the measures of body satisfaction (r = 0,41, p < 0,001), and reproducibility. The psychometric quality of the SATAQ-3 among adolescents was partially confirmed, and its use is indicated for this population.

18.
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(11): 2291-2301, Nov. 2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-772091

RESUMO

Resumo O estudo objetivou analisar a validade de construto, consistência interna e reprodutibilidade do Questionário de Mudança Corporal (QMC). Foram avaliados 439 meninas e meninos (13 a 22 anos). A validade de construto foi avaliada por meio da análise fatorial exploratória e correlações entre os escores do QMC, Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) e Escala de Silhuetas (ES). A confiabilidade foi acessada usando-se a consistência interna, e a reprodutibilidade pelo teste-reteste e pela correlação intraclasse. A escala apresentou estrutura fatorial composta por seis fatores, os quais representaram quase em sua totalidade as subescalas do instrumento. As correlações para a amostra total entre o QMC e as outras escalas variaram de 0,37 a 0,46. A consistência interna apresentou valores entre 0,78 e 0,96 para cada um dos fatores, e a correlação intraclasse foi condizente com uma boa reprodutibilidade. Os escores do teste-reteste não apresentaram diferenças significantes para a amostra total e entre os sexos. Conclui-se que o QMC apresenta boas qualidades psicométricas para os adolescentes brasileiros.


Abstract This study aimed to examine construct validity, internal consistency, and reproducibility of the Body Change Questionnaire (BCQ). A total of 439 female and male adolescents (13-22 years of age) were evaluated. Construct validity was assessed by exploratory factor analysis and correlation between the scores of the BCQ and the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) and Scale Silhouettes (SS). Reliability was assessed through internal consistency and reproducibility using test-retest and intra-class correlation. The scale presented a six-factor structure that almost entirely accounted for the instrument’s subscales. Correlations for the total sample between BCQ and scores of the other questionnaires ranged from 0.37 to 0.46. Internal consistency varied from 0.78 to 0.96 for each of the factors, and intra-class correlation was consistent with good reproducibility. The test-retest scores showed no statistically significant differences for the total sample or according to sex. The BCQ showed good psychometric qualities for Brazilian adolescents.


Resumen El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la validez de constructo, la consistencia interna y la reproducibilidad del Cuestionario de Cambios Físicos (QMC por sus siglas en portugués). Se evaluaron a 439 niñas y niños (13-22 años). La validez de constructo se evaluó mediante análisis factorial exploratorio y las correlaciones entre las puntuaciones de la QMC, Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) y la Escala Silhouettes (ES). La confiabilidad se consiguió por la consistencia interna y la reproducibilidad test-retest y la correlación intra-clase. La escala tiene una estructura factorial compuesta por seis factores, que representaron casi en su totalidad las subescalas del instrumento. Las correlaciones de la muestra total entre QMC y las puntuaciones de los otros de cuestionarios oscilaron 0,37-0,46. La consistencia interna varió de 0,78 y 0,96 para cada uno de los factores y la correlación intraclase fue consistente con buena reproducibilidad. Las puntuaciones de test-retest mostraron diferencias significativas para la muestra total y de género. La conclusión es que el QMC tiene buenas cualidades psicométricas en adolescentes brasileños.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Idioma , Inquéritos e Questionários , Brasil , Análise Fatorial , Inquéritos e Questionários/classificação , Traduções
19.
Cad Saude Publica ; 31(11): 2291-301, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26840810

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine construct validity, internal consistency, and reproducibility of the Body Change Questionnaire (BCQ). A total of 439 female and male adolescents (13-22 years of age) were evaluated. Construct validity was assessed by exploratory factor analysis and correlation between the scores of the BCQ and the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) and Scale Silhouettes (SS). Reliability was assessed through internal consistency and reproducibility using test-retest and intra-class correlation. The scale presented a six-factor structure that almost entirely accounted for the instrument's subscales. Correlations for the total sample between BCQ and scores of the other questionnaires ranged from 0.37 to 0.46. Internal consistency varied from 0.78 to 0.96 for each of the factors, and intra-class correlation was consistent with good reproducibility. The test-retest scores showed no statistically significant differences for the total sample or according to sex. The BCQ showed good psychometric qualities for Brazilian adolescents.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Idioma , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários/classificação , Traduções , Adulto Jovem
20.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 27(4): 700-709, Oct-Dec/2014. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: lil-728838

RESUMO

Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ), com recurso à análise fatorial exploratória e confirmatória, validade convergente e discriminante, e reprodutibilidade (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse e α-Cronbach), realizadas com 287 universitários brasileiros entre 18 e 30 anos de idade. O MBCQ obteve estrutura fatorial adequada, com quatro fatores que explicam 64,32% da variância dos resultados, validade convergente - associação significativa (p < 0,01) com a insatisfação e checagem corporal (r igual a 0,51 e 0,35, respectivamente), e discriminante. Obteve satisfatória consistência interna (α-Cronbach variando de 0,89 a 0,94) e coeficiente de correlação intraclasse de 0,87. O MBCQ comprovou ser um instrumento válido e confiável para avaliação da checagem corporal para indivíduos do sexo masculino do Brasil. (AU)


This study aimed to analyze the psychometric properties of the Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ) applying exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, concurrent and discriminant validity, and reliability (intra-class coefficient correlation and Cronbach's alpha). Two hundred and eighty seven Brazilian undergraduate students between 18 and 30 years old were evaluated. The MBCQ showed adequate factor structure with four factors that explain 64.32% of total variance, concurrent validity - significant association with body dissatisfaction (p < .01) and body-checking (r = .51 and .35, respectively), and discriminant validity. The MBCQ also showed good internal consistence (Cronbach's α between .89 and .94) and intra-class correlation coefficient (.87). In conclusion, it is a valid and reliable instrument to evaluate body-checking behaviors of Brazilian males. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Fatorial , Psicometria , Estudantes , Educação Superior
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA