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1.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 22(2): 104-117, jul.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340816

RESUMO

RESUMO Este estudo apresenta o relato de uma experiência de enfrentamento de um caso de violência contra a criança, discutindo a condução do caso pelos profissionais. Foram utilizados registros de prontuários, supervisões e reuniões de equipe, estruturados como um relato de caso analisado por meio da literatura científica, técnica e legal. Os resultados evidenciaram divergências relativas à construção de uma linguagem comum entre os diferentes profissionais, bem como sobre a construção de uma estratégia conjunta de notificação e de enfrentamento, envolvendo questões sobre sigilo e a busca do menor prejuízo ao paciente. Salienta-se a importância de abordar tais questões na formação profissional inicial e continuada, para que situações de violação de direitos de crianças e adolescentes sejam enfrentadas com maior resolutividade.


ABSTRACT This study presents the report from a coping experience concerning about case of violence against the child, discussing the professionals’ handling of the situation. Medical records, supervisions, and team meetings were used to structure the case report, which was analyzed through scientific, technical, and legal literature. The results showed divergences regarding the construction of a common language among the different professionals involved. Even as divergences on how to elaborate a joint strategy of notification and coping, especially involving confidentiality matters, seeking for the least prejudice to the patient. It concludes by indicating the importance of addressing such issues in health professionals’ graduation, aiming to prepare them to face situations of violation of children’s and adolescents’ rights with better resolution.


RESUMEN Este estudio presenta un relato de experiencia de albardilla de un caso de violencia contra el niño, discutiendo el manejo de este por parte de los profesionales. Se utilizaron registros médicos, supervisión y reuniones de equipo. El caso fue analizado a través de la literatura científica, técnica y jurídica. Se evidenciaron divergencias relativas a la construcción de un lenguaje común entre los profesionales del servicio, así como sobre cómo construir una estrategia conjunta de notificación, involucrando especialmente cuestiones sobre secreto profesional y la búsqueda del menor perjuicio al paciente. Se concluye indicando la importancia de abordar tales cuestiones en la formación de profesionales de salud, a fin de que enfrenten las situaciones de violación de derechos con mayor resolución.


Assuntos
Feminino , Criança , Adaptação Psicológica , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Defesa da Criança e do Adolescente , Violência Doméstica , Relações Familiares , Desempenho Profissional
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770092

RESUMO

Social media has rapidly become an important tool in organizations and has a significant impact on employees' work and organizational operations. By applying social media to their daily work, employees gain access to important information resources that can help them get things done. Using the conservation of resources theory, this study examines the impact of work resources generated by employees' work-based social media use on work status, as well as job performance. Data were collected from the employees of Internet companies in Henan Province and Shanghai, China. We distributed 519 pairs of questionnaires, and 369 pairs of valid paired questionnaires were returned. To estimate the proposed relationships in the theoretical framework, we used SPSS and MPLUS. The results show that work-based social media use can increase employees' work engagement, which in turn increases task performance, job dedication and interpersonal facilitation. It also reduces the negative effects of work interruptions on task performance and job dedication. Therefore, we conclude the positive effects of work-based social media use on job performance can be achieved by increasing work engagement and by reducing work interruptions.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Desempenho Profissional , China , Humanos , Organizações , Engajamento no Trabalho
3.
Nutrients ; 13(10)2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684503

RESUMO

Tactical personnel (including military, law enforcement, and fire and rescue) are responsible for ensuring national and public safety. Dietary intake is an important consideration to support optimal health and performance. The aims of this systematic review were to: (1) describe the reported free-living dietary intake (energy and macronutrients) of tactical personnel, and (2) describe the practical implications of reported dietary intakes to support the physical and dietary requirements of tactical personnel. A systematic search of databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Web of Science) was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. English and full text research articles were identified and screened against inclusion and exclusion criteria. Demographic and dietary intake data were extracted, tabulated, and synthesized narratively. The quality of the studies was assessed using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Criteria Checklist. Twenty-two studies (15 military, 4 law enforcement, and 2 fire and rescue) were eligible to inform this review. The volume of evidence suggested that tactical personnel met dietary protein and exceeded dietary fat recommendations but failed to meet energy and carbohydrate recommendations. Therefore, practical approaches to support optimized energy, fat and carbohydrate intake in tactical personnel is important.


Assuntos
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Socorristas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Dieta/normas , Dietética/métodos , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recomendações Nutricionais , Desempenho Profissional
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639822

RESUMO

While COVID-19 has triggered a vast amount of research on the effect of the pandemic on employee outcomes, little information is known about how the family-to-work interface affects long-term work outcomes during the pandemic. Drawing on the work-home resources model, this study proposes that family support provided before the onset of COVID-19 has a positive indirect effect on job performance and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) after the onset, by decreasing emotional exhaustion. To test this proposition, we collected two-wave data from 211 South Korean employees over a 17-month period. As predicted, after controlling for employees' pre-COVID-19 emotional exhaustion, job performance, and OCB, pre-COVID-19 family support was found to exert a significant indirect effect on mid-COVID-19 job performance (b = 0.024, 95% CI = [0.003, 0.071], abcs = 0.027) and OCB (b = 0.031, 95% CI = [0.001, 0.084], abcs = 0.033), through mid-COVID-19 emotional exhaustion. This finding suggests that family support has a positive longitudinal effect on work outcomes for employees during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Desempenho Profissional , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Comportamento Social
5.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257197, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499675

RESUMO

Safety at work, both physical and psychological, plays a central role for workers and organizations during the ongoing outbreak of COVID-19. Building on the job demands-resources (JD-R) model applied to safety at work, in this study we proposed that the perceived risk of being infected with COVID-19 at work can be conceptualized as a job demand (i.e., a risk factor for work-related stress), whereas those characteristics of the job (physical and psychosocial) that help workers to reduce or manage this risk can be conceived as job resources (i.e., protective factors). We hypothesized that the perceived risk of being infected at work is positively associated with emotional exhaustion. Furthermore, we hypothesized that job resources, in terms of safety systems, communication, decision-making, situational awareness, fatigue management, and participation in decision-making, are negatively associated with emotional exhaustion. We also hypothesized that job resources buffer the association between perceived risk and emotional exhaustion. Overall, 358 workers (meanage = 36.3±12.2 years) completed a self-report questionnaire, and the hypothesized relationships were tested using moderated multiple regression. Results largely supported our predictions. The perceived risk of being infected at work was positively associated with emotional exhaustion, whereas all the job resources were negatively associated with it. Furthermore, safety systems, communication, decision-making, and participation in decision-making buffered the relationship between the perceived risk of being infected at work and emotional exhaustion. In a perspective of prevention and health promotion, this study suggested that organizations should reduce the potential risk of being infected at work, whenever possible. At same time, those characteristics of the job that can help workers to reduce or manage the risk of infection should be strengthened.


Assuntos
COVID-19/transmissão , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Estresse Ocupacional , Inquéritos e Questionários , Desempenho Profissional
6.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257637, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543342

RESUMO

We study how social preferences and norms of reciprocity are related to generalized (outgroup) and particularized (ingroup) trust among members of youth business groups in northern Ethiopia. The Ethiopian government promotes youth employment among land-poor rural youth by allocating them rehabilitated communal lands for the formation of sustainable businesses. The typical sustainable production activities that the groups can invest in include apiculture, forestry, horticulture, and livestock production. Our study used incentivized experiments to elicit social preferences, trust, and trustworthiness. We use data from 2427 group members in 246 functioning business groups collected in 2019. Altruistic and egalitarian preferences were associated with stronger norms to reciprocate, higher outgroup and ingroup trustworthiness and trust while spiteful and selfish preferences had opposite effects. The social preferences had both direct and indirect effects (through the norm to reciprocate) on trustworthiness and trust. Ingroup trust was positively correlated with a number of group performance indicators.


Assuntos
Comércio , Confiança , Desempenho Profissional , Adulto , Etiópia , Feminino , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Percepção Social
7.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256558, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495992

RESUMO

Despite the vast body of studies within self-determination theory, the impact of factors which influence performance in experimental paradigm is still underresearched. The aim of the two studies presented in this paper was to investigate the impact of basic psychological needs on performance with the simultaneous presence of external incentives. Study 1 tested whether the satisfaction of competence and relatedness during task performance (while external incentives were present) can impact individual's performance. Study 2, on the other hand, investigated whether the basic psychological needs and provision of external incentives can impact an individual's performance. Moreover, in both studies the mechanisms behind the need-performance relationship was checked. Our results showed that out of the three basic needs, competence had the strongest positive impact on performance, which was partially mediated by the subjective evaluation of the levels of difficulty and intrinsic motivation. The weak relationship between relatedness and task performance was fully mediated by the level of intrinsic motivation.


Assuntos
Competência Mental/psicologia , Motivação , Autonomia Pessoal , Teoria Psicológica , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal , Recompensa , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Desempenho Profissional , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574360

RESUMO

Recovery during yesterday's leisure time is beneficial for morning recovery, and morning recovery fosters employees' work engagement, a positive, motivational state associated with job performance. We extended existing research by assuming that both, morning recovery (considered a resource) and anticipated leisure time (considered an anticipated resource gain), relate to work engagement. Anticipated leisure time comprises two constructs: general anticipation of leisure time, which refers to employees' cognitive evaluation of their entire upcoming leisure time, and pleasant anticipation of a planned leisure activity, which describes a positive affective reaction because of one specific, upcoming leisure activity. We suggested that employees with high pleasant anticipation generate more thoughts of a planned leisure activity (ToPLA), which may distract them from their work, reducing their work engagement. A diary study over five days showed that morning recovery and general anticipation of leisure time were positively related to work engagement. Furthermore, employees with higher pleasant anticipation of a planned leisure activity reported more ToPLA. In contrast to our expectations, neither pleasant anticipation nor ToPLA was related to work engagement. In sum, this study introduced anticipated leisure time as a novel antecedent of work engagement and demonstrated that anticipated resource gains are important for high work engagement.


Assuntos
Engajamento no Trabalho , Desempenho Profissional , Coleta de Dados , Atividades de Lazer , Motivação
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501732

RESUMO

As improving the job performance of employees is becoming increasingly significant for organizational growth, a major challenge for organizational development managers is to understand and explore the important antecedents of job performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the structural relationships between organizational justice, empowerment, and job performance in the South Korean professional sports industry. Recently, many professional sports teams in South Korea have attempted to improve employees' job performance for the future survival of the teams. The research participants were 371 employees affiliated with 40 male professional sports teams. The validity and reliability of the measures involved were investigated by carrying out confirmatory factor, Cronbach's alpha, and correlation analyses. A structural equation-modeling test with a maximum likelihood estimation was performed to evaluate the structural relationships between distributive justice, procedural justice, interactional justice, empowerment and job performance, and the mediating effects of empowerment. The findings revealed the positive impacts of (a) distributive justice on empowerment, (b) procedural justice on empowerment, (c) interactional justice on empowerment, (d) procedural justice on job performance, and (e) interactional justice on job performance. Furthermore, empowerment fully mediated the relationship between interactional justice and job performance. These findings highlight the importance of increasing organizational justice and empowering employees when managing professional sports organizations.


Assuntos
Desempenho Profissional , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Cultura Organizacional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Justiça Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12277, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587662

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Decreased workforce productivity has a significant economic impact on healthcare systems. Presenteeism, the practice of working at reduced potential, is more harmful than absenteeism. Present workers most often experience musculoskeletal pain that is not mitigated by general exercise or stretching. We aimed to assess whether a regimen of pain neuroscience education (PNE) and exercise tailored to individual healthcare workers could reduce presenteeism and improve productivity. METHODS: An independent investigator randomized 104 medical professionals into two groups (intervention and control). The control group received general feedback after answering a questionnaire, while the intervention group received a 6-month plan of exercises and PNE created by a physical therapist with 10 years of experience. Our primary outcome was the scores of the Japanese version of the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (WHO-HPQ) to investigate presenteeism; and our secondary outcomes were pain intensity, widespread pain index (WPI), and EuroQol 5-dimension (EQ5D-5L). RESULTS: In the intervention group, post intervention, we observed significant improvement in presenteeism, pain intensity, WPI, physical and psychological stress, and EQ5D-5L (P < .05). In the control group, we noted significant improvement only in the physical and psychological stress post intervention (P < .05). The results showed significant between-group differences in presenteeism post-intervention (P < .05). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that a combination of PNE and exercise decreases presenteeism of healthcare workers. Our findings will help healthcare facilities carry out better employee management and ensure optimal productivity.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Dor Musculoesquelética/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Presenteísmo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Desempenho Profissional , Local de Trabalho
12.
Psychol Rep ; 124(6): 2739-2760, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396815

RESUMO

Recent studies have examined the association between personality and job performance; however, this relationship remains to be elucidated within the context of COVID-19 fear and intention to quit. Therefore, we aimed to develop a structural equation model (SEM) by exploring the effects of personality on job performance through COVID-19 fear and intention to quit. Accordingly, 447 employees participated in the study and completed the Job Performance Scale, the Scale of Intention to Quit, the COVID-19 Fear scale, and the Big Five Inventory. It was revealed that extroversion, conscientiousness, and neuroticism predicted job performance via COVID-19 fear, as well as intention to quit.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Desempenho Profissional , Medo , Humanos , Intenção , Personalidade , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Work ; 69(4): 1305-1316, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34366312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based services in vocational rehabilitation call for valid and reliable assessments of work performance for intervention planning and safe return to work for individuals with illness or injuries. Assessments that are easy to use, culturally adapted, and in a language professionals and clients understand is important for their utility. Translation and adaption of assessments to new languages and cultures are of importance to maintain high standards of assessments and the quality of services in the vocational rehabilitation setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP), into the Icelandic language and culture. Furthermore, to investigate the content validity and utility of the evaluation instrument. METHODS: The study was conducted in two phases. The first phase, based on the Dual-Panel translation method, included two expert panels performing translation and cultural adaption of the original Swedish AWP. In the second phase field testing of the translated instrument was followed by an online survey among vocational rehabilitation professionals for content validation and utility. RESULTS: The results of the study showed satisfactory opinions from experienced professionals toward the content validity, translation, cultural adaption, and utility of the Icelandic version of the AWP. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates that the Dual-Panel translation method is a valid method when translating instruments from one language and culture to another. Furthermore, the results of the study imply that the AWP can be regarded as content valid up to an acceptable degree for implementation in vocational rehabilitation services in Iceland.


Assuntos
Idioma , Desempenho Profissional , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tradução , Traduções
15.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 147(9): 804-810, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351425

RESUMO

Importance: A disordered voice can affect an individual across both work and non-work-related life domains. There is insufficient research on the effect of spasmodic dysphonia or its treatment with botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) injections on work productivity. Objective: To assess whether employed patients with spasmodic dysphonia experience voice-related work productivity impairment before BoNT injection, and had a 10% or greater improvement in productivity 1 month after treatment with BoNT injection. Design, Setting, and Particpants: This prospective case series carried out in 2 laryngology outpatient clinics from November 1, 2015, to August 30, 2018 included a consecutive sample of adult employed patients diagnosed with spasmodic dysphonia. Analysis was conducted between November 1, 2015, to July 31, 2018. Exposures: Treatment with BoNT injection into the intrinsic laryngeal musculature. Main Outcomes and Measures: Eligible participants completed the following validated outcomes instruments immediately before and 1 month after outpatient laryngeal BoNT injection: the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment instrument (WPAI), Voice Handicap Index (VHI), and WorkHoarse. Demographic, comorbidity, and occupational voice use data were also collected at baseline. The changes in outcome measures (primary, WPAI Work Productivity Impairment domain) were tested using a paired 2-tailed t test. Exploratory subgroup analyses were analyzed with multivariable linear regression, adjusting for demographic, comorbidity, and voice use variables. Results: Of the 101 patients enrolled, 75 completed the study. The mean (SD) age of the 75 completing participants was 55.7 (11.8) years and 53 (71%) were women. The participants who completed the study had mean (SD) voice-related work productivity impairment of 43% (27%) at baseline and 22% (23%) at 1 month after BoNT injection (difference, 20% [27%] improvement; 95% CI, 14%-27%; effect size, 0.74). Conclusions and Relevance: This case series study found that employed patients with spasmodic dysphonia reported voice-related work productivity impairment, which improved significantly 1 month after treatment with BoNT injection. The association of spasmodic dysphonia with voice-related work productivity appeared greater in women than men with comparable outcomes with BoNT treatment, but this exploratory sex-associated difference requires independent validation.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas/uso terapêutico , Disfonia/tratamento farmacológico , Eficiência , Fármacos Neuromusculares/uso terapêutico , Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Absenteísmo , Adulto , Idoso , Avaliação da Deficiência , Disfonia/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Injeções Intramusculares , Músculos Laríngeos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Presenteísmo/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Horiz. enferm ; 32(2): 177-191, 20210831. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - enfermagem (Brasil) | ID: biblio-1290756

RESUMO

El recurso humano es el principal activo con el cual cuenta una institución pública o privada; esto se debe a que las organizaciones necesariamente están compuestas por personas, y sin ellas no podrían existir. Las corrientes modernas de administración en sistemas de salud están poniendo mayor atención al desempeño de las organizaciones, relacionándolas con el desempeño de su capital humano. OBJETIVO: Describir los conceptos y dimensiones del desempeño laboral planteado por diferentes autores en administración, mediante una revisión de literatura, y su relación con estudios realizados en enfermería. METODOLOGÍA: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica sistematizada sobre desempeño laboral en la Biblioteca Virtual Universitaria, en Centro de Recursos Académicos Informáticos Virtuales (CREATIVA), utilizando las bases de datos PubMed, Lilacs, Scielo y Scopus, en idioma portugués, inglés y español, entre los años 2010 y 2020. RESULTADOS: Se presentan dos áreas temáticas preestablecidas: La primera, es revisión de literatura en desempeño laboral y la segunda estudios en desempeño laboral de enfermería. Estas áreas se fueron relacionando con dimensiones teóricas del desempeño laboral. CONCLUSIÓN: Conocer el nivel el desempeño laboral del profesional de enfermería y las áreas que abarcan los conceptos teóricos en la literatura en administración y recurso humano, entrega mayores competencias, formación continua, y mayor profesionalismo (autonomía, comunicación y participación en organizaciones sanitarias). De esta forma, ayuda a establecer estrategias de abordaje para conocer las falencias del desempeño en enfermería, realizar un análisis del contexto en donde se desarrolla el fenómeno en los profesionales y poder entregar una solución, mejorando el desempeño del profesional o del equipo de salud.


The human resource is the main asset of a public or private institution; this is because organizations are necessarily made up of people, and without them, they could not exist. Modern management trends in health systems are paying greater attention to the performance of organizations, relating them to the performance of their human capital. OBJECTIVE: To describe the concepts and dimensions of work performance proposed by different authors in management, through a review of the literature, and their relationship with studies carried out in nursing. METHODOLOGY: A systematized bibliographic search on work performance was carried out in the Virtual University Library, in the Virtual Academic Computer Resource Centre (CREATIVA), using the databases PubMed, Lilacs, Scielo, and SCOPUS, in Portuguese, English and Spanish, between 2010 and 2020. RESULTS: two pre-established thematic areas are presented: the first is a review of the literature on work performance and the second studies on nursing work performance. These areas were related to theoretical dimensions of job performance. CONCLUSION: Knowing the level of nursing professional job performance and the areas covered by the theoretical concepts in the literature on administration and human resources, provides greater competencies, continuous training, and greater professionalism (autonomy, communication and participation in health organizations). In this way, it helps to establish strategies to address the shortcomings of nursing performance, to carry out an analysis of the context in which the phenomenon develops in professionals, and to be able to provide a solution, improving the performance of the professional or the health team.


Assuntos
Competência Profissional , Desempenho Profissional/educação , Desempenho Profissional/história , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200397

RESUMO

Alcohol-related presenteeism (impaired work performance caused by alcohol use) is an important but under-researched topic. The aim of this study was to explore whether psychosocial work environment factors were associated with alcohol-related presenteeism. A cross sectional study of Norwegian employees (n = 6620) was conducted. Logistic regression analyses were used for estimating associations with alcohol-related presenteeism, which was reported among 473 (7.1%) of the employees. Adjusted by age, gender, education level and managerial level, higher levels of overcommitment to work were associated with alcohol-related presenteeism. Higher age, male gender and higher education were also associated with alcohol-related presenteeism. Occupational health services and employers should especially focus on overcommitted employees when designing workplace health promotion programs. Modifying attitudes towards alcohol-related presenteeism among overcommitted employees may be of importance for safety at work.


Assuntos
Presenteísmo , Desempenho Profissional , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281022

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and the work performance of nursing staff. This cross-sectional study used the Checklist for Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs), the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), and the Work Ability Index to survey the prevalence of MSDs, as well as to determine the impact of MSDs on 117 nursing staff working in an emergency department, an intensive care unit, and general wards. The findings indicate that the nursing staff were exposed to a workplace environment with a high risk of MSDs. Nursing staff in the emergency department were at a particularly high risk of MSDs in their upper and lower limbs, while those working in the intensive care unit had a particularly high risk of injuries caused by manual material handling. Analyzing the relationship between MSD risk factors and NMQ scores showed a 6 times, 3.25 times, and 2.28 times increase in MSD conditions with a high workload compared to a low workload in the hand and wrist, the lower back or waist, and the knee, respectively. Medium and high workloads were found to increase the risk of MSD, which in turn affected the work ability of the nurses.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Doenças Profissionais , Desempenho Profissional , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070101

RESUMO

Despite the large body of research on workplace mistreatment, surprisingly few studies have examined the interaction effect of multiple interpersonal stressors on employee outcomes. To fill this gap, our research aimed to test the moderating effects of coworker incivility and customer incivility on the relationship between abusive supervision, emotional exhaustion, and job performance. Analyses conducted on 651 South Korean frontline service employees revealed that abusive supervision exerted a significant indirect effect on job performance through emotional exhaustion. Customer incivility strengthened the positive relationship between abusive supervision and emotional exhaustion, as well as the indirect effect of abusive supervision on job performance through emotional exhaustion. Our post hoc analysis demonstrated a three-way interaction between abusive supervision, coworker incivility, and customer incivility; the relationship between abusive supervision and emotional exhaustion was significantly positive only when coworker incivility was high and customer incivility was low. We discuss the implications of our findings for theory and practice.


Assuntos
Incivilidade , Desempenho Profissional , Emoções , Relações Interpessoais , Local de Trabalho
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064785

RESUMO

The preventive systems required to ensure workers are protected from occupational accidents and injuries dwell heavily on effective occupational health and safety management (OHSM) systems and practices. In this study, the concepts of the job demand-resource model (JD-R), self-determination theory (SDT), and perceived organizational support for safety (POSS) theory were adopted to develop a holistic conceptual model that seeks to unravel moderating and mediating effects of work motivation on the causal link between OHSM practices and work performance in the oil and gas sector. The study measured OHSM practices from six distinct safety dimensional perspectives and work performance using a two-dimensional distinct construct that assesses different aspects of positive work behaviours. A quantitative research approach through the structural equation modelling analysis technique was applied. A total of 1310 participants were selected across three major organizations that represent downstream, upstream, and middle stream of the Ghanaian oil and gas sector. Respondents were recruited through stratified, purposive, and convenient sampling techniques. The findings from the path estimate through the SEM analysis suggested that OHSM practices positively and significantly influenced both safety performance and task performance of employees. However, OHSM practices indicated a higher positive significant influence on task performance than safety performance. The significant influence of OHSM practices on both task and safety performance was significantly moderated and partially mediated by work motivation, while both task performance and safety performance were significantly determined by work motivation. In this study, the dimensions for assessing work performance extend the performance theories established in previous literature, whereas the integrated multifaceted OHSM practices employed diverge from the traditional individualistic approach by providing insights into more flexible managerial practices that are employee-centred and outcome-oriented. The findings from this study address the need for organizations to appreciate the importance of managing workers' perception of OHSM practices as a motivational drive that induces work performance.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Desempenho Profissional , Gana , Humanos , Motivação , Gestão da Segurança
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