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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e56113, jan.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224567

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever a escolha do parto domiciliar planejado acompanhado por enfermeira obstétrica em um centro urbano de grande porte, na perspectiva de mulheres brasileiras. Métodos: estudo qualitativo guiado pela Grounded Theory. Foram entrevistadas dez mulheres com idade entre 20 e 41 anos que tiveram parto domiciliar planejado acompanhadas por enfermeiras obstétricas. As participantes foram recrutadas por meio de rede social, acessando um grupo de mulheres que escreveram sobre seu parto domiciliar. Resultados: Emergiram duas categorias: Não vendo possibilidade de parir naturalmente no ambiente hospitalar e Pensando na segurança do parto domiciliar planejado. O hospital representou vários aspectos desfavoráveis como intervenções desnecessárias e solidão. As mulheres consideravam o lar um lugar seguro para parir, conectado aos cuidados de enfermeiras obstétricas. Conclusão: há mulheres que não desejam parir no hospital, preferindo parir em casa e do ponto de vista dos direitos humanos e dos cuidados desmedicalizados, as enfermeiras obstétricas devem apoiar as mulheres nessa sua decisão.


Objective: to describe the choice of planned homebirth attended by a nurse midwife in a large urban centre, from the perspective of Brazilian women. Methods: in this Grounded Theory study, ten women aged 20 to 41 years, who had a planned homebirth accompanied by a nurse midwife, were interviewed. Participants were recruited through a social network by accessing a group of women who wrote about their homebirth. Results: two categories emerged: seeing no possibility of giving birth naturally in the hospital environment; and thinking about the safety of a planned homebirth. Hospital represented several unfavourable aspects, such as unnecessary interventions and loneliness. Women thought of home as a safe place to give birth, connected with nurse midwife care. Conclusion: there are women who do not wish to give birth in hospital, but prefer to give birth at home and, from the point of view of human rights and de-medicalized care, nurse midwives should support women in their decision.


Objetivo: describir la elección del parto domiciliario planificado con enfermera obstétrica en un gran centro urbano, desde la perspectiva de mujeres brasileñas. Métodos: estudio cualitativo guiado por la Grounded Theory. Se entrevistó a diez mujeres entre 20 y 41 años que tuvieron parto domiciliario planificado, siendo acompañadas de enfermeras obstétricas. Las participantes fueron reclutadas a través de red social, accediendo a un grupo de mujeres que escribieron sobre su parto en domicilio. Resultados: surgieron dos categorías: las que no veían posibilidad de dar a luz naturalmente en el hospital y las que pensaron en la seguridad del parto domiciliario planificado. El hospital representó varios aspectos desfavorables como intervenciones innecesarias y soledad. Las mujeres consideraban que el hogar era un ambiente seguro para dar a luz, vinculado al cuidado de enfermeras obstétricas. Conclusión: hay mujeres que no desean dar a luz en el hospital, prefieren hacerlo en casa y, desde el punto de vista de los derechos humanos y de los cuidados sin la intervención de un médico, las enfermeras obstétricas deben apoyarlas en esa decisión.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Parto Domiciliar/enfermagem , Parto Normal/enfermagem , Enfermeiras Obstétricas , Gestantes/psicologia , Segurança do Paciente , Parto Domiciliar/psicologia , Parto Normal/psicologia
2.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 667, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women across the world value choice and control throughout their maternity care experiences. In response to this health policy and frameworks are adapting and developing. The concepts of choice and control are extrinsically complex and open to interpretation by healthcare professionals and service users, with the two not necessarily aligning. Depending on a number of factors, women's experiences of choice and control within the same maternity care system may be very different. This study aimed to investigate the factors influencing women's perceptions of choice and control during pregnancy and birth in Ireland. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an adapted version of the UK national maternity experience survey (National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit). During March - July 2017, a sample of 1277 women were recruited from the postnatal wards of three maternity units and a tertiary maternity hospital. Poisson regression was used to assess the association between twelve factors and a series of measures of the women's perception of choice and control. RESULTS: Most women reported not having choice in the model or location of their maternity care but most reported being involved enough in decision-making, especially during birth. Women who availed of private maternity care reported higher levels of choice and control than those who availed of public maternity care. This factor was the most influential factor on almost all choice and control measures. CONCLUSION: Most women experiencing maternity care in Ireland report not having choice in the model and location of care. These are core elements of the Irish maternity strategy and significant investment will be required if improved choice is to be provided. Availing of private maternity care has the strongest influence on a woman's perceived choice and control but many women cannot afford this type of care, nor may they want this model of care.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Maternidades , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Cuidado Pós-Natal/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irlanda , Gravidez
3.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 664, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic caused great uncertainty about causes, treatment and mortality of the new virus. Constant updates of recommendations and restrictions from national authorities may have caused great concern for pregnant women. Reports suggested an increased number of pregnant women choosing to give birth at home, some even unassisted ('freebirth') due to concerns of transmission in hospital or reduction in birthplace options. During April and May 2020, we aimed to investigate i) the level of concern about coronavirus transmission in Danish pregnant women, ii) the level of concern related to changes in maternity services due to the pandemic, and iii) implications for choice of place of birth. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional online survey study, inviting all registered pregnant women in Denmark (n = 30,009) in April and May 2020. RESULTS: The response rate was 60% (n = 17,995). Concerns of transmission during pregnancy and birth were considerable; 63% worried about getting severely ill whilst pregnant, and 55% worried that virus would be transmitted to their child. Thirtyeight percent worried about contracting the virus at the hospital. The most predominant concern related to changes in maternity services during the pandemic was restrictions on partners' attendance at birth (81%). Especially nulliparous women were concerned about whether cancelled antenatal classes or fewer physical midwifery consultations would affect their ability to give birth or care for their child postpartum.. The proportion of women who considered a home birth was equivalent to pre-pandemic home birth rates in Denmark (3%). During the temporary discontinue of public home birth services, 18% of this group considered a home birth assisted by a private midwife (n = 125), and 6% considered a home birth with no midwifery assistance at all (n = 41). CONCLUSION: Danish pregnant womens' concerns about virus transmission to the unborn child and worries about contracting the virus during hospital appointments were considerable during the early pandemic. Home birth rates may not be affected by the pandemic, but restrictions in home birth services may impose decisions to freebirth for a small proportion of the population.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Entorno do Parto , COVID-19/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Parto/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , COVID-19/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tocologia , Gravidez , SARS-CoV-2 , Cônjuges , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1056, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610842

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Malaria interventions including use of Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine as Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPTp-SP) and distribution of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) have been implemented through ante-natal clinic (ANC) services in Ghana. Yet, the high ANC attendance is not commensurate with the uptake of these interventions, with missed opportunities to deliver the interventions. This study sought to assess the health system factors affecting access and delivery of IPTp-SP and ITN as defined by the Ghana Malaria Policy Guideline to eligible pregnant women attending ANC clinic sessions. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted in the Volta Region of Ghana, with data collected across three levels of health care delivery facilities, including hospitals, health centres and Community-Based Health Planning Service (CHPS) compounds. Data collection included structured observation checklists to document the communication and interaction between the ANC health staff and pregnant women. Additionally, structured questionnaires were used to elicit information on cadre, trainings attended, knowledge and delivery practices of health workers on IPTp-SP and ITN. Stata 16 was used for data analysis, and a defined delivery algorithm was used to compute appropriate and inappropriate delivery practices, using the Ghana policy directive as a guide. Predictors of appropriate delivery were determined using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Approximately 97% of the 680 ANC observations had complete information for analysis. Of these, 78% (511/657) were eligible for IPTp-SP after excluding women who have less than 16 weeks of gestation, G6PD deficient, malaria positive and have taken 5 doses of IPTp-SP prior to day of observation. Appropriate delivery of IPTp-SP was 76% (390/511). Despite the availability of SP, 15% (75/511) of all eligible women were not offered the medication and 37% (44/119) of inappropriate delivery was recorded during periods of stock out. ITNs were appropriately delivered to 59% (139) out of 237 eligible women. Thirty-two percent (77/237) of eligible women, mostly continuing ANC clients, were not given ITN despite stock availability. CONCLUSIONS: IPTp-SP was appropriately delivered to most of the eligible pregnant women compared to ITN. While stock out of both intervention could account for inappropriate delivery, despite stock availability, IPTp-SP and ITN were not delivered to some eligible women.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos , Malária , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Malária/tratamento farmacológico , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Gestantes , Estados Unidos
5.
Ann Parasitol ; 67(2): 321-328, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598404

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies of vaginalis trichomonosis, especially in pregnant women are rare in Africa due to the lack of screening programs. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of T. vaginalis infection and its associated factors in pregnant women who attended the antenatal care clinics in three primary health centers of Bobo-Dioulasso. We carried out a cross-sectional study for descriptive and analytical purposes from February to April 2015 in pregnant women seen in prenatal consultations. The study took place in 3 primary public health centers: Guimbi (Central Urban), Bolomakoté (Peri-urban) and Yéguérésso (rural). The trophozoites of Trichomonas vaginalis was carried out by microscopy on vaginal swabs and urine samples. Sociodemographic, obstetric and biological variables were also collected. A total of 315 pregnant women were included in the study. The overall prevalence of urogenital trichomonosis was 3.2%. It was 1.9% in Guimbi, 2.9% in Bolomakoté, and 4.7% in Yéguérésso. The prevalence of HIV infection was 2.2%. Married women were less exposed to T. vaginalis infection than single women (p=0.03). The prevalence of urogenital trichomonosis obtained was considered lower compared to the previously reported from Burkina Faso. Thus, it is essential to extend this study to the whole country periodically by integrating other STIs not subject to a surveillance system and by integrating molecular epidemiology tools.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Trichomonas vaginalis , Burkina Faso/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Gestantes , Prevalência
6.
J Nepal Health Res Counc ; 19(2): 431-433, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601546

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer during pregnancy is a rare event. Little is known about the treatment of this condition due to the lack of randomized trials and cohort studies. A case of 28 years female, from Kathmandu, visited Out-Patients Department with complaint of amenorrhea for 8 weeks associated with nausea and occasional pain abdomen. Dating scan was done which showed a single live intrauterine pregnancy corresponding to 8 weeks 4 days of gestation with incidental finding of adnexal cysts in both adnexa, measuring 3.6 x 3.6 cm on right and on left 3.2 x 3.6 cm. The cysts did not show any septations. At 38 weeks, she underwent caesarean section and delivered a healthy baby girl. Intra-operatively, bilateral ovarian cysts were identified, both 2x2 cm simple-looking cysts. Enucleation of bilateral ovarian cysts was done. The specimen was sent for histopathology which showed serous carcinoma of low grade in bilateral ovaries. Staging surgery was then carried out after 6 weeks. Histopathology report showed serous carcinoma of low grade in both ovaries. We present here the case of ovarian cancer during pregnancy. Keywords: Ovarian cancer; pregnancy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Nepal , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Gravidez , Gestantes
7.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55: e20200544, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze immunization errors in pregnant women from Minas Gerais, according to the absence and presence of Adverse Events Following Immunization. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out with data on immunization errors in pregnant women, between 2015 and 2019, registered in the Information System for the Surveillance of Adverse Events, in Minas Gerais. The trend of the incidence rate of immunization error per 100,000 doses applied was checked using Prais-Winsten models. RESULTS: Of all notifications, 3.72% were vaccination errors with adverse events following immunization. The highest proportion of immunization errors with no adverse events (32.40%) was in the macro-region Centro and, with adverse events (27.78%), in Triângulo do Sul, both with a stationary trend in the period. Regarding the incidence rate, the macro-region with the highest immunization errors with no adverse events was Vale do Aço and the macro-region with the highest incidence rate of immunization errors with adverse events was Triângulo do Sul. CONCLUSION: In this study, the notifications of Adverse Events Following Immunization resulting from vaccination errors with and without adverse events occurred with no significant trend within the years of the study.


Assuntos
Imunização , Gestantes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Gravidez , Vacinação/efeitos adversos
8.
J Health Commun ; 26(7): 473-479, 2021 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528499

RESUMO

Pregnant women are especially vulnerable to COVID-19 while the short- and long-term impact of COVID-19 on maternal and infant health is only partially understood. We assessed the amount of uncertainty and anxiety pregnant women experienced about COVID-19 and whether, and the extent to which, they engaged in information seeking about COVID-19. In total, 320 pregnant women from 38 states took part in this research. The results showed that pregnant women experienced uncertainty and anxiety about pregnancy and breastfeeding and engaged in information seeking from their healthcare providers. Pregnant women's uncertainty influenced information seeking via anxiety, but the effect varied depending on participants' assessments of coping, communication, and target efficacy. While healthcare providers need to discuss ways to avoid COVID-19 infection, participants were assured that their providers had a plan to help them if they became infected with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Pandemias , Gestantes/psicologia , Incerteza , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Médico-Paciente , Gravidez/psicologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
J Natl Black Nurses Assoc ; 32(1): 1-9, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562346

RESUMO

Pregnancy in the presence of COVID-19 increases the risk for illness severity. Data suggest that pregnant women with COVID-19 are more likely to be hospitalized, to be admitted to the intensive care unit, and to require life support. Vaccination is currently considered the most effective preventive intervention against COVID-19 in the United States. However, the unsurprising exclusion of pregnant women as participants in initial COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials has led to a gap in the scientific data regarding the safety profile and subsequent use of COVID-19 vaccine for women who are pregnant. Experts believe current COVID-19 vaccines developed using either mRNA or viral vector vaccine technologies and authorized for emergency use by the United States Food and Drug Administration are unlikely to pose obstetrical or neonatal risks. Still, current vaccination recommendations for women who are pregnant have been both mixed and contradictory. The need to expeditiously identify, collate, and disseminate available vaccine-related safety data is critical to preventing severe illness while also advancing the health and wellness of an underserved high-risk population subgroup.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Gestantes , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos , Vacinação
10.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(8): 814-821, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565724

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy is a kind of disease that seriously endangers the health of pregnant women and fetuses with high incidence. This study aims to analyze the prevalence of pregnant women with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy and the influential factors for critical pregnant women, and to provide basis for intervention measures. METHODS: In an institution-based cross-sectional study, 100 683 pregnant women, who gave birth in all maternal and child health hospitals of Hunan Province from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019, were collected, and 6 579 pregnant women with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy were monitored. All data were analyzed through SAS9.4 software. The basic situation, clinical data, outcome, and complications of pregnant women were analyzed, and the risk factors for critical pregnant women with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy were analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence rate of hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy was increased from 4.3% in 2012 to 7.1% in 2019, and the proportion of hypertensive disorder complicating pregnant women with complications in the hypertensive disorder complicating pregnant women was increased from 28.1% in 2012 to 83.7% in 2019. Elderly pregnant women accounted for 22.2%, married women accounted for 99.9%, women with university degree accounted for 49.5%, one pregnancy accounted for 38%, and zero delivery accounted for 63.5%. In the past, 18.4% of pregnant women had more than one cesarean section, accounting for 18.4%. About 99.0% of pregnant women had 5-10 antenatal check-ups, 72.6% had complications, and 93.8% were terminated when they were discharged. The first 3 complications were anemia in 2 355 cases (29.3%), gestational diabetes in 1 886 cases (23.4%), and subclinical hypothyroidism in 947 cases (11.8%). Logistic regression analysis showed that uterine rupture, placental abruption, placenta previa, anemia, and heart disease were independent risk factors for critical pregnant women. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy is on the rise. Pregnancy examination should be enhanced to identify the complications such as hypothyroidism, gestational diabetes, and anemia. Prevention and treatment measures should be actively taken for uterine rupture, placental abruption, placenta previa, anemia, and heart disease.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Idoso , Cesárea , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Masculino , Placenta , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Gestantes , Prevalência
11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(9)2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577900

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Pregnant women are more likely to develop a more severe course of COVID-19 than their non-pregnant peers. There are many arguments for the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in pregnant women. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review concerning the approach of pregnant women towards vaccination against COVID-19, with particular regard to determinants of vaccination acceptance. Materials and Methods: Articles were reviewed in which the aim was to evaluate-via a survey or questionnaire-the acceptance and decision to undergo vaccination against COVID-19. The articles were subjected to review according to recommendations of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement (PRISMA). Results: In various studies, the percentage of pregnant women accepting the COVID-19 vaccine was between 29.7% and 77.4%. The strongest factors co-existing with the acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccination in pregnancy were trust in the importance and effectiveness of the vaccine, explicit communication about the safety of COVID-19 vaccines for pregnant women, acceptance of other vaccinations such as those for influenza, belief in the importance of vaccines/mass vaccination in one's own country, anxiety about COVID-19, trust in public health agencies/health science, as well as compliance to mask guidelines. The remaining factors were older age, higher education, and socioeconomic status. Conclusions: This review allowed us to show that geographic factors (Asian, South American countries) and pandemic factors (different threats and risks from infection) significantly influence the acceptance of vaccines. The most significant factors affecting acceptance are those related to public awareness of the risk of infection, vaccine safety, and the way in which reliable information about the need and safety of vaccines is provided. Professional and reliable patient information by obstetricians and qualified medical personnel would significantly increase the level of confidence in vaccination against COVID-19.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Gestantes , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
12.
Health Informatics J ; 27(3): 14604582211043146, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569327

RESUMO

This study aims to examine the characteristics of pregnant women who used and intended to use mobile applications (apps) for health and parenting information. We used data from a randomised controlled trial, Communicating Healthy Beginnings Advice by Telephone (CHAT), conducted in Australia. Telephone surveys were conducted in 2017 to collect information on women's demographic characteristics, sources of health and parenting information and willingness to use mobile apps. Multiple logistic regression was used to examine the associations of women's socio-demographic backgrounds, their mobile apps usage and their willingness to use such apps. Data included 1155 pregnant women in their third trimester. Women from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and with lower income appeared to have lower uptake of mobile apps despite high ownership of smart devices. Development of evidence-based and culturally-adapted mobile apps represent an important opportunity for healthcare providers to optimise maternal and birth outcomes.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Poder Familiar , Gravidez , Gestantes
13.
BMC Womens Health ; 21(1): 343, 2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends quality antenatal care (ANC) for all pregnant women, as one of the strategies for achieving targets 3.1 and 3.2 of the sustainable development goals. Maternal mortality ratio remains high in Cameroon (782 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births). Extant literature suggest a positive association between women empowerment indicators and maternal healthcare utilisation in general. In Cameroon, this association has not received scholarly attention. To fill this knowledge gap, we investigated the association between women empowerment indicators and quality ANC in Cameroon. METHODS: Data of 4615 women of reproductive age were analysed from the women's file of the 2018 Cameroon Demographic and Health Survey. Quality ANC (measured by six indicators) was the outcome of interest. Binary Logistic Regression was conducted. All results of the Binary Logistic Regression analysis were presented as adjusted odds ratios (aORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). All analyses were done using Stata version 14. RESULTS: In all, 13.5% of the respondents received quality ANC. Women with low knowledge level (aOR = 0.66, CI 0.45, 0.98) had a lesser likelihood of receiving quality ANC compared to those with medium knowledge level. Women who highly approved wife beating (aOR = 0.54, CI 0.35, 0.83) had lesser odds of receiving quality ANC compared to those with low approval of wife beating. CONCLUSION: The study has pointed to the need for multifaceted approaches aimed at enhancing the knowledge base of women. The Ministry of Public Health should collaborate and intensify female's reproductive health education. The study suggests that women advocacy and maternal healthcare interventions in Cameroon must strive to identify women who approve of wife beating and motivate them to disapprove all forms of violence.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Materna , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Camarões , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Gravidez , Gestantes
15.
Nursing ; 51(10): 50-54, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580264

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Recommendations for social distancing and avoidance of mass gatherings during the COVID-19 pandemic have correlated with increased depressive symptoms in some individuals, such as loss of interest in daily activities, sleeplessness, or sadness. Perinatal depression screening using established, validated tools can aid with early diagnosis, guide management strategies, and optimize outcomes for pregnant women and their families. Identifying at-risk patients early in pregnancy and implementing a plan of care with appropriate mental health resources such as counseling or therapy have been shown to decrease clinical depression by more than 40%.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Programas de Rastreamento/enfermagem , Assistência Perinatal , Gestantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
16.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 941, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503508

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite prioritization, routine antenatal influenza vaccine coverage is < 16% in South Africa. We aimed to describe maternal influenza vaccine coverage in 27 antenatal clinics (ANCs) in Gauteng and Western Cape (WC) Provinces, where in collaboration with the Department of Health (DoH), we augmented the annual influenza vaccination programme among pregnant women. METHODS: From 2015 through 2018, 40,230 additional doses of influenza vaccine were added to the available stock and administered as part of routine antenatal care. Educational talks were given daily and data were collected on women attending ANCs. We compared characteristics of vaccinated and unvaccinated women using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: We screened 62,979 pregnant women during the period when Southern Hemisphere influenza vaccines were available (27,068 in Gauteng and 35,911 in WC). Vaccine coverage at the targeted clinics was 78.7% (49,355/62682), although pregnant women in WC were more likely to be vaccinated compared to those in the Gauteng (Odds ratio (OR) =3.7 p < 0.001). Women aged 25-29 and > 35 years were less likely to be vaccinated than women aged 18-24 years (OR = 0.9 p = 0.053; OR = 0.9 p < 0.001). HIV positive status was not associated with vaccination (OR = 1.0 p = 0.266). Reasons for not vaccinating included: vaccine stock-outs where ANCs depleted available stock of vaccines and/or were awaiting delivery of vaccines (54.6%, 6949/12723), refusal/indecision (25.8%, 3285), and current illness that contraindicated vaccination (19.6%, 2489). CONCLUSION: Antenatal vaccination uptake was likely improved by the increased vaccine supply and vaccine education offered during our campaign.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Humana , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Imunização , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Gestantes , África do Sul , Vacinação
17.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1610, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a risk factor for child survival in both the short and long term. In Zimbabwe, the prevalence of preterm birth is rising, and there are growing concerns about the adverse consequences. This study explored the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy and preterm birth in Zimbabwe. METHODS: Using data from the 2015 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey, we applied propensity score matching to estimate the effect of IPV during pregnancy on preterm birth among women of reproductive age (15-49 years). A total of 4833 pregnant women who gave birth during the five years preceding the survey were analysed. RESULTS: We successfully matched 79 women who were exposed to IPV during pregnancy to 372 unexposed during pregnancy. Using the matched sample, the probability of preterm delivery was significantly higher among women who were exposed to IPV during pregnancy than those who were not exposed. The findings showed that 7 out of 79 (8.9%) of women exposed to IPV during pregnancy experienced preterm delivery, and 11 out of 372 (3.0%) of those who were not exposed to IPV during pregnancy experienced preterm delivery. In the urban areas, those exposed to IPV during pregnancy were almost five times more likely to experience preterm delivery (OR = 4.8, 95% CI 2.0-11.6), but the association was not significantly different among women in rural areas. CONCLUSION: The findings showed that women exposed to IPV during pregnancy were at increased risk of preterm birth. Some of the risk factors associated with IPV were urban residence, low economic status and unemployment. Effective policies and programmes are required to address the issue of IPV in Zimbabwe.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Nascimento Prematuro , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Gestantes , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 59(234): 180-183, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506455

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is one of the predisposing factors for carpal tunnel syndrome, which may manifest as swelling of the median nerve. The purpose of this study was to obtain the mean cross-sectional area of median nerve using ultrasound in pregnant females at carpal tunnel inlet and its variations with different trimesters. METHODS: A total of 102 pregnant females at first, second and third trimesters were evaluated for median nerve with ultrasonography. Mean cross sectional area of median nerve was calculated in both hands by using two methods- direct and indirect. The study was conducted after obtaining ethical clearance from Institutional Review Board of Institute of Medicine, and after obtaining the written informed consent from the subjects. Convenience sampling technique was used. Data obtained were compiled and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20. RESULTS: The overall mean cross-sectional area was 6.84±1.09 mm2 using direct method and 7.09±1.19 mm2 using indirect method. The values obtained with indirect method were greater than that obtained with direct method. Mean cross-sectional area of the median nerve were higher at third trimester in both hands and by both direct and indirect methods. CONCLUSIONS: From the study conducted, the normal value of mean cross-sectional area of median nerve in pregnant females was established.


Assuntos
Nervo Mediano , Gestantes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Nervo Mediano/diagnóstico por imagem , Nepal , Gravidez , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Estados Unidos
19.
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 59(234): 152-155, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506472

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 is a beta coronavirus that is transmitted by physical interaction or close contact. This Coronavirus Pandemic has also created stress and anxiety among pregnant women all over the world. The disease was first identified in Wuhan city, China, in late December 2019 and was declared pandemic by the World Health Organization on 11th March 2020. Concern and stress in pregnancy are associated with pre-eclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, preterm labour, depression etc. Pregnancy is an immune-compromised state and poses a high risk to this risk. This study aims to identify anxiety about the coronavirus infection among pregnant women visiting a tertiary care centre in Kathmandu, Nepal, during this COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at Kathmandu Medical College and Teaching Hospital from 15th July 2020 to 30th July 2020 after taking the ethical clearance from the Institutional Review Committee of Kathmandu Medical College (reference no. 207202002). Convenient sampling method was used. All the data were entered in Statistical Package for the Social Sciences data 20.0 and analyzed. Data was presented in frequencies, charts and percentage. RESULTS: Among the total 273 cases, only 2 (0.73%) cases had a score between 25-30 corresponding to moderate to severe anxiety, 21 (7.69%) had a score between 18-24, which corresponds to mild to moderate anxiety and 250 (91.57%) had score 0-17 which corresponds mild status. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the participants in the study reported a mild status of anxiety. Very few participants reported moderate to severe anxiety.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Nepal/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Gestantes , SARS-CoV-2 , Centros de Atenção Terciária
20.
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 59(237): 468-472, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508429

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac disease in pregnancy is a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity in women, particularly in resource limited countries like Nepal. Rheumatic Heart Disease is the commonest cardiac disease complicating pregnancy. There is very limited data and evidence from Nepal regarding rheumatic heart disease complicating the pregnancy. The study aims to find out the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease among cardiac disease patients in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 41 women with cardiac disease who delivered babies at Chitwan Medical College from 1st January 2018 to 31st December 2019, after taking ethical approval from the Institutional Review Committee. A convenient sampling method was used. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences was used for data analysis. Point estimate at 95% Confidence Interval was calculated along with frequency and proportion for binary data. RESULTS: Among 41 pregnant women with cardiac disease, 32 (78%) (95% Confidence Interval = 65.32-90.68) had rheumatic heart disease. The mean age of the affected pregnant women was 24.9±4.49 years. Out of 32 patients with rheumatic heart disease, postpartum haemorrhage was the most common maternal complication 5 (15.6%) followed by hypertension 4 (9.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Rheumatic Heart Disease was highly common among pregnant women with cardiac disease.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias , Cardiopatia Reumática , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Nepal/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Gestantes , Cardiopatia Reumática/complicações , Cardiopatia Reumática/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
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