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Copaifera of the Neotropics: A Review of the Phytochemistry and Pharmacology.

da Trindade, Rafaela; da Silva, Joyce Kelly; Setzer, William N.
Int J Mol Sci; 19(5)2018 May 18.
Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29783680
The oleoresin of Copaifera trees has been widely used as a traditional medicine in Neotropical regions for thousands of years and remains a popular treatment for a variety of ailments. The copaiba resins are generally composed of a volatile oil made up largely of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, such as ß-caryophyllene, α-copaene, ß-elemene, α-humulene, and germacrene D. In addition, the oleoresin is also made up of several biologically active diterpene acids, including copalic acid, kaurenoic acid, alepterolic acid, and polyalthic acid. This review presents a summary of the ecology and distribution of Copaifera species, the traditional uses, the biological activities, and the phytochemistry of copaiba oleoresins. In addition, several biomolecular targets relevant to the bioactivities have been implicated by molecular docking methods.