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Alteration of benzo(a)pyrene biotransformation by resveratrol in ApcMin/+ mouse model of colon carcinogenesis.

Huderson, Ashley C; Rekha Devi, P V; Niaz, Mohammad S; Adunyah, Samuel E; Ramesh, Aramandla.
Invest New Drugs; 37(2): 238-251, 2019 04.
Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29931584
Epidemiological surveys have revealed that environmental and dietary factors contribute to most of the human cancers. Our earlier studies have shown that resveratrol (RVT), a phytochemical reduced the tumor number, size and incidence of dysplasias induced by benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), an environmental toxicant in the ApcMin/+ mouse model of colon cancer. In this study we investigated to ascertain whether the preventive effects of RVT on BaP-induced colon carcinogenesis is a result of altered BaP biotransformation by RVT. For the first group of mice, 100 µg BaP/kg bw was administered in peanut oil via oral gavage over a 60 day period. For the second group, 45 µg RVT/kg bw was co-administered with BaP. For the third group, RVT was administered for 1 week prior to BaP exposure. Blood, colon and liver were collected from control and BaP/RVT-treated mice at 60 days post-BaP & RVT exposure. We have assayed activities and expression (protein & mRNA) of drug metabolizing enzymes such as cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1), CYP1B1, and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) in colon and liver samples from the treatment groups mentioned above. An increased expression of CYP1A1 in liver and colon and of CYP1B1 in liver of BaP-treated mice was seen, while RVT inhibited the extent of biotransformation mediated by these enzymes in the respective tissue samples. In the case of GST, an increased expression in colon of BaP alone-treated mice was noted when RVT was administered prior to BaP or simultaneously with BaP. However, there is no change in liver GST expression between BaP and RVT treatment groups. The concentrations of BaP aqueous (phase II) metabolites were found to be greater than the organic (phase I) metabolites, suggesting that RVT slows down the phase I metabolism (metabolic activation) of BaP, while enhancing phase II metabolism (detoxification). Additionally, the BaP-DNA adduct concentrations measured in colon and liver of BaP + RVT-treated mice were low relative to their BaP counterparts. Taken together, our findings strongly suggest that RVT alleviates BaP-induced colon carcinogenesis by impairing biotransformation pathways and DNA adduct formation, and therefore holds promise as a chemopreventive agent.