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Transforming growth factor alpha promotes tumorigenesis and regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition modulation in colon cancer.

Yu, Chao-Yuan; Chang, Wei-Chiao; Zheng, Jia-Huei; Hung, Wei-Hung; Cho, Er-Chieh.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun; 506(4): 901-906, 2018 12 02.
Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30392905
Colon cancer is one of the most common cancers in the developed countries. The association between transforming growth factor TGFα and human cancer incidence has been suggested, yet, the regulatory roles of TGFα and the molecular mechanisms remain unknown, especially in colon cancer. We aim to investigate the functional regulations of TGFα in colon cancer progression. Two colon cancer cell lines were applied, and plasmid overexpression and siRNA-mediated depletion techniques were used to verify the role of TGFα in colon cancer. Cell proliferation was analyzed by MTS assay and colony formation assay, and western blot assay was used to examine protein expression. Migration, invasion, and reporter assays were also carried out to study the regulations of TGFα in colon cancer. Our results evidenced that expression of TGFα facilitates short-term and long-term proliferations of colon cancer cells. Moreover, TGFα was suggested as a migration-and-invasion promoting factor of colon cancer. Finally, our data indicated that TGFα modulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and NFκB signaling pathway in colon cancer cells. We provide the first time evidence of the promoting role TGFα plays in colon cancer tumorigenesis with proposed regulatory mechanisms involving EMT alteration and NFκB signaling pathway.