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Investigation of Safety Profile of Four Copaifera Species and of Kaurenoic Acid by Salmonella/Microsome Test.

Damasceno, Jaqueline Lopes; Arnet, Yadira Fernández; Fortunato, Giovanna Capaldi; Girotto, Luiza; Marena, Gabriel Davi; Rocha, Beatriz Patti; Resende, Flávia Aparecida; Ambrosio, Sergio Ricardo; Veneziani, Rodrigo Cássio Sola; Bastos, Jairo Kenupp; Martins, Carlos Henrique Gomes.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med; 2019: 7631531, 2019.
Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30733813
Trees of the Copaifera genus are native to the tropical regions of Latin America and Western Africa. Copaifera sp is widely used as a popular medicine and it has various ethnopharmacological indications, including gonorrhea, bronchitis, asthma, skin ulcers, ulcers, sore throat, uterine infections, general inflammations, cancer, and leishmanioses. Kaurenoic acid is a naturally occurring diterpene found in Copaifera and has been used as an anti-inflammatory, treatment of ulcer, leishmaniasis, and cancer. Bearing in mind the fact that the Ames test is an excellent tool to assess the safety of extracts, oils, and phytochemicals isolated from medicinal plants, from it, we evaluate the mutagenic potential of four species, between oleoresins (C. oblongifolia; C. langsdorffii) and leaves extracts (C. lucens; C. multijuga), of the Copaifera genus and also of kaurenoic acid, which is one of its major compounds. The results showed that the Copaifera spp. and kaurenoic acid did not induce an increase in the number of revertant colonies, without mutagenic effect in experiments, in the all concentrations evaluated by Ames test. The results obtained in our study support the safe use of the Copaifera genus medicinal plants selected and of kaurenoic acid.