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Kinetics of pore formation by the Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac.

Fortier, Mélanie; Vachon, Vincent; Marceau, Lucie; Schwartz, Jean-Louis; Laprade, Raynald.
Biochim Biophys Acta ; 1768(5): 1291-8, 2007 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17382289
After binding to specific receptors, Cry toxins form pores in the midgut apical membrane of susceptible insects. The receptors could form part of the pore structure or simply catalyze pore formation and consequently be recycled. To discriminate between these possibilities, the kinetics of pore formation in brush border membrane vesicles isolated from Manduca sexta was studied with an osmotic swelling assay. Pore formation, as deduced from changes in membrane permeability induced by Cry1Ac during a 60-min incubation period, was strongly dose-dependent, but rapidly reached a maximum as toxin concentration was increased. Following exposure of the vesicles to the toxin, the osmotic swelling rate reached a maximum shortly after a delay period. Under these conditions, at relatively high toxin concentrations, the maximal osmotic swelling rate increased linearly with toxin concentration. When vesicles were incubated for a short time with the toxin and then rapidly cooled to prevent the formation of new pores before and during the osmotic swelling experiment, a plateau in the rate of pore formation was observed as toxin concentration was increased. Taken together, these results suggest that the receptors do not act as simple catalysts of pore formation, but remain associated with the pores once they are formed.