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Household conditions, eczema symptoms and rhinitis symptoms: relationship with wheeze and severe wheeze in adolescents living in the Polokwane area, South Africa.

Wichmann, Janine; Wolvaardt, Jacqueline E; Maritz, Chantelle; Voyi, Kuku V V.
J Asthma ; 44(8): 659-66, 2007 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17943578

OBJECTIVE:

Determine the prevalence and risk factors of wheeze and severe wheeze in 13-to 14-year-old children.

METHODS:

The study was conducted August 2004 to February 2005 in the Polokwane area, South Africa.

RESULTS:

The 12-month prevalence rate was 18.9% for wheeze and 9.2% for severe wheeze (n = 3,926). The presence of other allergic symptoms and industrial activities appear to increase the likelihood of wheeze, even more so for severe wheeze. Socioeconomic-related factors appear to have a protective effect on wheeze.

CONCLUSIONS:

Wheeze appears to be a substantial public health problem in the Polokwane area.