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Experimental validation of cardiac index measurement using transpulmonary thermodilution technique in neonatal total liquid ventilation.

Bossé, Dominick; Walti, Hervé; Robert, Raymond; Lebon, Johan; Lesur, Olivier; Praud, Jean-Paul; Micheau, Philippe.
ASAIO J ; 56(6): 557-62, 2010.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21245803
This study aimed to assess the precision and the interchangeability of cardiac index measurement by transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) and pulmonary thermodilution (PTD) devices on a neonatal animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome under total liquid ventilation (TLV) and conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV). After acute respiratory distress induction by tracheal instillation of hydrochloric acid, transpulmonary (CI(TPTD)) and pulmonary (CI(PTD)) cardiac index were simultaneously measured every 30 minutes for a 240-minute experiment. Reproducibility of both thermodilution techniques was very good to excellent in both groups of ventilation with intrainstrument intraclass correlation coefficient >0.60. Disagreement was found between TPTD and PTD in TLV and CMV. Bland-Altman analysis revealed mean biases of 0.98 L/min/m² (22.8%) with limits of agreement of -1.33 to 3.25 L/min/m² in CMV and 1.28 L/min/m² (17.3%) with limits of agreement of -1.17 to 3.72 L/min/m² in TLV. Bias between TPTD and PTD was not statistically different in TLV than in CMV (p = 0.11). Transpulmonary thermodilution and PTD remained precise but not interchangeable techniques under TLV as well as CMV. Because TLV does not bring additional bias between both thermodilution techniques, we advocate the use of the less-invasive TPTD under TLV as currently recommended in CMV.