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Understanding sickness presenteeism through the experience of immigrant workers in a context of economic crisis.

Galon, Tanyse; Briones-Vozmediano, Erica; Agudelo-Suárez, Andrés A; Felt, Emily B; Benavides, Fernando G; Ronda, Elena.
Am J Ind Med ; 57(8): 950-9, 2014 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24890757

BACKGROUND:

Previous economic recessions show that immigrant workers may experience longer periods of unemployment, a situation that may lead employees to presenteeism, the act of working in spite of a health problem. This study explored perceptions about the factors that lead to presenteeism in immigrant workers considering the context of economic crisis.

METHODS:

Six focus group discussions were held (February 2012), with men and women from Colombia, Ecuador, and Morocco (n=44) living in Spain and selected by theoretical sample. A qualitative content analysis was performed.

RESULTS:

Four categories were identified as factors that influence the occurrence of presenteeism in a context of economic crisis: poor employment conditions, fear of unemployment, employer/employee relationship, and difficulties in finding temporary replacement workers. Furthermore, musculoskeletal, respiratory, and mental problems were related to presenteeism.

CONCLUSIONS:

It is important to develop strategies to protect workers from negative working conditions that are associated with deterioration of health.