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The overexpression of TcAP1 endonuclease confers resistance to infective Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes against oxidative DNA damage.

Valenzuela, Lucía; Sepúlveda, Soía; Ponce, Iván; Galanti, Norbel; Cabrera, Gonzalo.
J Cell Biochem ; 119(7): 5985-5995, 2018 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29575156
Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease survives to DNA damage generated by ROS/RNS inside to their different hosts. In recent eukaryotes, oxidative DNA damage is repaired mainly by the Base Excision Repair (BER) pathway, being essential the apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease activity. Using a pTREX-gfp vector, the nucleotide sequence that encodes T. cruzi AP endonuclease TcAP1 (orthologue of human APE1) and a putative TcAP1 dominant negative (TcAP1DN), were transfectedand expressed in T. cruzi epimastigotes. TcAP1-GFP and TcAP1DN-GFP were expressed in those modified epimastigotes and found in the parasite nucleus. The endonucleases were purified under native conditions and the AP endonuclease activity was evaluated. While TcAP1 presents the expected AP endonuclease activity TcAP1DN does not. Moreover, TcAP1DN partially inhibits in vitro TcAP1 enzymatic activity. Transfected epimastigotes expressing TcAP1-GFP and TcAP1DN-GFP were differentiated to infective trypomastigotes. The infective parasites maintained both proteins (TcAP1-GFP and TcAP1DN-GFP) in the nucleus. The overexpression of TcAP1-GFP in epimastigotes and trypomastigotes increases the viability of both parasite forms when exposed to oxidative stress while the expression of TcAP1DN-GFP did not show any in vivo inhibitory effect, suggesting that endogenous TcAP1 constitutive expression overcomes the TcAP1DN inhibitory activity. Our results show that TcAP1 is important for trypomastigote survival under oxidative conditions similar to those found in infected mammalian cells, then increasing its permanence in the infected cells and the possibility of development of Chagas disease.