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Links Between Metabolic and Structural Changes in the Brain of Cognitively Normal Older Adults: A 4-Year Longitudinal Follow-Up.

Castellano, Christian-Alexandre; Hudon, Carol; Croteau, Etienne; Fortier, Mélanie; St-Pierre, Valérie; Vandenberghe, Camille; Nugent, Scott; Tremblay, Sébastien; Paquet, Nancy; Lepage, Martin; Fülöp, Tamàs; Turcotte, Éric E; Dionne, Isabelle J; Potvin, Olivier; Duchesne, Simon; Cunnane, Stephen C.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 11: 15, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828297
We aimed to longitudinally assess the relationship between changing brain energy metabolism (glucose and acetoacetate) and cognition during healthy aging. Participants aged 71 ± 5 year underwent cognitive evaluation and quantitative positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans at baseline (N = 25) and two (N = 25) and four (N = 16) years later. During the follow-up, the rate constant for brain extraction of glucose (Kglc) declined by 6%-12% mainly in the temporo-parietal lobes and cingulate gyri (p ≤ 0.05), whereas brain acetoacetate extraction (Kacac) and utilization remained unchanged in all brain regions (p ≥ 0.06). Over the 4 years, cognitive results remained within the normal age range but an age-related decline was observed in processing speed. Kglc in the caudate was directly related to performance on several cognitive tests (r = +0.41 to +0.43, all p ≤ 0.04). Peripheral insulin resistance assessed by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was significantly inversely related to Kglc in the thalamus (r = -0.44, p = 0.04) and in the caudate (r = -0.43, p = 0.05), and also inversely related to executive function, attention and processing speed (r = -0.45 to -0.53, all p ≤ 0.03). We confirm in a longitudinal setting that the age-related decline in Kglc is directly associated with declining performance on some tests of cognition but does not significantly affect Kacac.