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Phosphorus Regulated Cobalt Oxide@Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanowires for Flexible Quasi-Solid-State Supercapacitors.

Liu, Shude; Yin, Ying; Shen, Yang; Hui, Kwan San; Chun, Young Tea; Kim, Jong Min; Hui, Kwun Nam; Zhang, Lipeng; Jun, Seong Chan.
Small; 16(4): e1906458, 2020 Jan.
Article in En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894633
Battery-type materials are promising candidates for achieving high specific capacity for supercapacitors. However, their slow reaction kinetics hinders the improvement in electrochemical performance. Herein, a hybrid structure of P-doped Co3 O4 (P-Co3 O4 ) ultrafine nanoparticles in situ encapsulated into P, N co-doped carbon (P, N-C) nanowires by a pyrolysis-oxidation-phosphorization of 1D metal-organic frameworks derived from Co-layered double hydroxide as self-template and reactant is reported. This hybrid structure prevents active material agglomeration and maintains a 1D oriented arrangement, which exhibits a large accessible surface area and hierarchically porous feature, enabling sufficient permeation and transfer of electrolyte ions. Theoretical calculations demonstrate that the P dopants in P-Co3 O4 @P, N-C could reduce the adsorption energy of OH- and regulate the electrical properties. Accordingly, the P-Co3 O4 @P, N-C delivers a high specific capacity of 669 mC cm-2 at 1 mA cm-2 and an ultralong cycle life with only 4.8% loss over 5000 cycles at 30 mA cm-2 . During the fabrication of P-Co3 O4 @P, N-C, Co@P, N-C is simultaneously developed, which can be integrated with P-Co3 O4 @P, N-C for the assembly of asymmetric supercapacitors. These devices achieve a high energy density of 47.6 W h kg-1 at 750 W kg-1 and impressive flexibility, exhibiting a great potential in practical applications.