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Tobacco cultivation in the Reconcavo Baiano:sociodemographic profile and workers’ healthconditions / Cultivo do tabaco no Recôncavo Baiano: perfil sociodemográfico econdições de saúde dos trabalhadores

Cerqueira, Tiana Pereira dos Santos; Paluch, Larissa Rolim Borges; Jacobi, Cláudia Cecília Blaszkowski; Teles, André Lacerda Braga; Vila Nova, Meiriana Zavier.
Mundo saúde (Impr.) ; 40(2): [239-248], fev., 25, 2016. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-972982
Despite the economic importance of tobacco farming in Brazil, pesticides and wet tobacco leaf handling affect workers´health. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the socio-demographic profile, health and behavioral aspects of tobaccogrowers in a Reconcavo da Bahia county. It was a descriptive and experimental research within a quantitative approach. Itstarget population were members of the Quixabeiras´ Tobacco Growers Association located in the county of Cabaceirasdo Paraguaçú, Bahia. Data were collected by means of questionnaires from April to September of 2014. Most tobaccogrowers were women, 46 years old in average, with incomplete basic education, who had been working as tobaccogrowers for over 20 years. With regard to pesticides, 54.54% used pyrethroids (Decis 25) in combination with herbicides(Sempra). Of the interviewed workers, 18.18% reported absence of health symptoms, while 57.57% complained ofbody aches, 33.36% suffered from headaches and 27.27% from tiredness. Personal protection equipment (PPE) was notused by 60.60% of the farmers due to its high cost, and correct pesticide packaging disposal was performed by 12.12%of them. The results of this study indicate that tobacco farmers are exposed to health risks and that the use of PPE andthe correct packaging disposal is of the utmost importance to prevent nicotine and pesticide intoxication.
Biblioteca responsable: BR599.1