Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 6 de 6
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
Gut Microbes ; 11(4): 962-978, 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167021


Nutrition during pregnancy plays an important role in maternal-neonatal health. However, the impact of specific dietary components during pregnancy on maternal gut microbiota and the potential effects on neonatal microbiota and infant health outcomes in the short term are still limited. A total of 86 mother-neonate pairs were enrolled in this study. Gut microbiota profiling on maternal-neonatal stool samples at birth was carried out by 16S rRNA gene sequencing using Illumina. Maternal dietary information and maternal-neonatal clinical and anthropometric data were recorded during the first 18 months. Longitudinal Body Mass Index (BMI) and Weight-For-Length (WFL) z-score trajectories using the World Health Organization (WHO) curves were obtained. The maternal microbiota was grouped into two distinct microbial clusters characterized by Prevotella (Cluster I) and by the Ruminococcus genus (Cluster II). Higher intakes of total dietary fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and polyphenols were observed in Cluster II compared to Cluster I. Higher intakes of plant-derived components were associated with a higher presence of the Christensellaceae family, Dehalobacterium and Eubacterium, and lower amounts of the Dialister and Campylobacter species. Maternal microbial clusters were also linked to neonatal microbiota and infant growth in a birth-dependent manner. C-section neonates from Cluster I showed the highest BMI z-score at age 18 months, along with a higher risk of overweight. Longitudinal BMI and WL z-score trajectories from birth to 18 months were shaped by maternal microbial cluster, diet, and birth mode. Diet was an important perinatal factor in early life that may impact maternal microbiota; in particular, fiber, lipids and proteins, and exert a significant effect on the neonatal microbiome and contribute to infant development during the first months of life. ABBREVIATIONS: NCDs: Non-Communicable Diseases, C-section: Cesarean Section, BMI: Body Mass Index; WL: Weight for length; EPA: Eicosapentanoic Acid; DHA: Docosahexaenoic Acid; DPA: Docosapentaenoic Acid; SCFA: Short Chain Fatty Acids; MD: Mediterranean Diet; FFQ: Food Frequency Questionnaire; CHI: Calinski Harabasz Index.

Nutrients ; 11(10)2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623169


Walnuts are rich in polyphenols ellagitannins, modulate gut microbiota (GM), and exert health benefits after long-term consumption. The metabolism of ellagitannins to urolithins via GM depends on urolithin metabotypes (UM-A, -B, or -0), which have been reported to predict host responsiveness to a polyphenol-rich intervention. This study aims to assess whether UMs were associated with differential GM modulation after short-term walnut consumption. In this study, 27 healthy individuals consumed 33 g of peeled raw walnuts over three days. GM profiling was determined using 16S rRNA illumina sequencing and specific real-time quantitative polymerase chain reactions (qPCRs), as well as microbial activity using short-chain fatty acids analysis in stool samples. UMs stratification of volunteers was assessed using ultra performance liquid chromatography-electro spray ionization-quadrupole time of flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS) analysis of urolithins in urine samples. The gut microbiota associated with UM-B was more sensitive to the walnut intervention. Blautia, Bifidobacterium, and members of the Coriobacteriaceae family, including Gordonibacter, increased exclusively in UM-B subjects, while some members of the Lachnospiraceae family decreased in UM-A individuals. Coprococcus and Collinsella increased in both UMs and higher acetate and propionate production resulted after walnuts intake. Our results show that walnuts consumption after only three days modulates GM in a urolithin metabotype-depending manner and increases the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA).

Bactérias/metabolismo , Cumarínicos/urina , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/metabolismo , Juglans/metabolismo , Nozes/metabolismo , Adulto , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Biomarcadores/urina , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
Nutrients ; 11(9)2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484413


The metabolism of dietary polyphenols ellagitannins by the gut-microbiota allows the human stratification in urolithin metabotypes depending on the final urolithins produced. Metabotype-A only produces urolithin-A, metabotype-B yields urolithin-B and isourolithin-A in addition to urolithin-A, and metabotype 0 does not produce urolithins. Metabotype-A has been suggested to be 'protective', and metabotype-B dysbiotic-prone to cardiometabolic impairments. We analyzed the gut-microbiome of 40 healthy women and determined their metabotypes and enterotypes, and their associations with anthropometric and gut-microbial changes after 3 weeks, 4, 6, and 12 months postpartum. Metabotype-A was predominant in mothers who lost weight (≥2 kg) (75%) versus metabotype-B (54%). After delivery, the microbiota of metabotype-A mothers changed, unlike metabotype-B, which barely changed over 1 year. The metabotype-A discriminating bacteria correlated to the decrease of the women's waist while some metabotype-B bacteria were inversely associated with a reduction of body mass index (BMI), waist, and waist-to-hip ratio. Metabotype-B was associated with a more robust and less modulating microbial and anthropometric profiles versus metabotype-A, in which these profiles were normalized through the 1-year follow-up postpartum. Consequently, urolithin metabotypes assessment could be a tool to anticipate the predisposition of women to normalize their anthropometric values and gut-microbiota, significantly altered during pregnancy and after childbirth.

Cumarínicos/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Adulto , Antropometria , Feminino , Humanos , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 63(4): e1800958, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30471188


SCOPE: The gut microbiota ellagitannin-metabolizing phenotypes (i.e., urolithin metabotypes [UMs]) are proposed as potential cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk biomarkers because the host blood lipid profile is reported to be associated with specific UMs. However, the link for this association remains unknown so far. METHODS AND RESULTS: The gut microbiome of 249 healthy individuals is analyzed using 16S rDNA sequencing analysis. Individuals are also stratified by UMs (UM-A, UM-B, and UM-0) and enterotypes (Bacteroides, Prevotella, and Ruminococcus). Associations of UMs discriminating bacteria with CVD risk markers are investigated. Distribution and gut microbiota composition of UMs and enterotypes are not coincident. Almost half of the discriminating genera between UM-A and UM-B belongs to the Coriobacteriaceae family. UM-B individuals present higher blood cholesterol levels and higher alpha-diversity, including Coriobacteriaceae family, than those of UM-A. Coriobacteriaceae, whose abundance is the highest in UM-B, is positively correlated with total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and body mass index. CONCLUSIONS: Results herein suggest that the family Coriobacteriaceae could be a link between individuals' UMs and their blood cholesterol levels. Further research is needed to explore the mechanisms of the host metabolic phenotype, including cholesterol excretion products, to modulate this bacterial family.

Doenças Cardiovasculares/microbiologia , Cumarínicos/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Microbiota/fisiologia , Sobrepeso/microbiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/metabolismo , Juglans , Lythraceae , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/dietoterapia
Front Microbiol ; 9: 890, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29867803


There is increasing evidence for the interaction between gut microbiome, diet, and health. It is known that dysbiosis is related to disease and that most of the times this imbalances in gut microbial populations can be promoted through diet. Western dietary habits, which are characterized by high intakes of calories, animal proteins, saturated fats, and simple sugars have been linked with higher risk of obesity, diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about the impact of dietary patterns, dietary components, and nutrients on gut microbiota in healthy people. The aim of our study is to determine the effect of nutrient compounds as well as adherence to a dietary pattern, as the Mediterranean diet (MD) on the gut microbiome of healthy adults. Consequently, gut microbiota composition in healthy individuals, may be used as a potential biomarker to identify nutritional habits as well as risk of disease related to these habits. Dietary information from healthy volunteers (n = 27) was recorded using the Food Frequency Questionnaire. Adherence to the MD was measured using the PREDIMED test. Microbiota composition and diversity were obtained by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Microbial metabolic activity was determined by quantification of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) on high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The results indicated that a higher ratio of Firmicutes-Bacteroidetes was related to lower adherence to the MD, and greater presence of Bacteroidetes was associated with lower animal protein intake. High consumption of animal protein, saturated fats, and sugars affected gut microbiota diversity. A significant higher presence of Christensenellaceae was found in normal-weight individuals compared to those who were overweight. This was also the case in volunteers with greater adherence to the MD compared to those with lower adherence. Butyricimonas, Desulfovibrio, and Oscillospira genera were associated with a BMI <25 and the genus Catenibacterium with a higher PREDIMED score. Higher bifidobacterial counts, and higher total SCFA were related to greater consumption of plant-based nutrients, such as vegetable proteins and polysaccharides. Better adherence to the MD was associated with significantly higher levels of total SCFA. Consequently, diet and specific dietary components could affect microbiota composition, diversity, and activity, which may have an effect on host metabolism by increasing the risk of Western diseases.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 64(5): 789-798, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27602704


OBJECTIVES: Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are considered to play an important role for the infant. As the biotechnical production of some HMOs is feasible today and clinical studies are being designed, the individual variation of the total amount of HMOs and of single components is of particular importance. Our objectives were to investigate whether differences exist between term and preterm milk, milk from mothers with secretor or nonsecretor status, and a Lewis blood group (a+b-), (a-b+), or (a-b-) pattern. METHODS: Within a longitudinal study 96 milk samples (colostrum, transitional, and mature milk) from 32 mothers with preterm (n = 18) and term (n = 14) infants were collected. Delipidated and deproteinized milk was subjected to porous graphitized carbon cartridges followed by high pH anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection. RESULTS: Quantitation of 16 single HMOs revealed changes during the first weeks of lactation without discrepancies between term and preterm milk. Significant differences occurred between "secretor" and "nonsecretor" milk (median approximately 10 vs 5 g/L total HMOs). Lacto-N-tetraose (LNT) and lacto-N-fucopentaose (LNFP) II comprised > 55% of the total HMO content in Lewis blood group (a+b-), "nonsecretor" milk and LNT together with 2'fucosyllactose, LNFP I, and difucosyllactose approximately 60% in Lewis (a-b+), "secretor" milk. In Lewis (a-b-), "secretor" milk 80% of oligosaccharides are due to LNT, 2'fucosyllactose, and LNFP I. CONCLUSIONS: There are marked differences in total HMOs and single HMOs in milk depending on Lewis blood group and secretor status, which need to be taken into account in clinical studies.

Idade Gestacional , Antígenos do Grupo Sanguíneo de Lewis , Leite Humano/química , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos