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1.
Gene ; 806: 145922, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454032

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC)-derived cell lines were generally used in basic cancer research and drug screening. However, it is always concerned about the difference between cultured cells and primary tumor by oncologists. To address this question, we compared differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in primary cancers, healthy tissues, and cell lines both in vitro and in silico. Seven reported genes with decreased expression in GCs by DNA methylation were analyzed in our cohort studies and experimentally validation. Selected datasets from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas), CCLE (The Broad Institute Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia), and GTEx (The Genotype-Tissue Expression project) were used to represent GCs, GC-derived cell lines, and healthy tissues respectively in the in silico analysis. Thirty gastric tissues together with six cell lines were used for validations. Unexpectedly, we experimentally found that reported cancer-related downregulated genes were only found in cancer cell lines but not in biopsies. The unchanged gene expressions in primary GCs were generally consistent with our cohort study, using information from cancerous (TCGA) and healthy tissues (GETx). Substantial differences were also found between DEGs of cancer tissues (TGCA)/ healthy tissues (GTEx) pair and cell lines (CCLE)/ healthy tissues (GTEx) pair, which confirmed the significant differences between primary cancer and cancer cell lines. Moreover, elevated expression of YWHAQ (14-3-3 δ) and THBS1 were observed in the GC biopsies, which might be potential biomarkers for GC diagnosis, considering the increased YWHAQ and THBS1 associated with poor survival rates in gastric cancer patients. In sum, it is suggested that cautions should be taken when using GC cell lines to study genes that show great differences between cell lines and tissues.


Assuntos
Proteínas 14-3-3/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Trombospondinas/genética , Proteínas 14-3-3/metabolismo , Idoso , Atlas como Assunto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Metilação de DNA , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Cultura Primária de Células , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Trombospondinas/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
2.
Gene ; 806: 145935, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478821

RESUMO

Soluble molecules of programmed death ligand 1 (sPD-L1) are known to modulate T-cell depletion, an important mechanism of hepatitis B virus (HBV) persistence and liver disease progression. In addition, PD-L1 polymorphisms in the 3'-UTR can influence PD-L1 expression and have been associated with cancer risk, although not definitively. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of PD-L1 polymorphisms and circulating levels of sPD-L1 in HBV infection and live disease progression. In this study, five hundred fifty-one HBV infected patients of the three clinically well-defined subgroups chronic hepatitis B (CHB, n = 186), liver cirrhosis (LC, n = 142) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, n = 223) and 240 healthy individuals (HC) were enrolled. PD-L1 polymorphisms (rs2297136 and rs4143815) were genotyped by in-house validated ARMS assays. Logistic regression models were applied in order to determine the association of PD-L1 polymorphisms with HBV infection as well as with progression of related liver diseases. Plasma sPD-L1 levels were quantified by ELISA assays. The PD-L1 rs2297136 AA genotype was associated with HBV infection susceptibility (HBV vs. HC: OR = 1.6; 95%CI = 1.1-2.3; p = 0.0087) and disease progression (LC vs. CHB: OR = 1.8; 95%CI = 1.1-2.9; p = 0.018). Whereas, the rs2297136 GG genotype was a protective factor for HCC development. Plasma sPD-L1 levels were significantly high in HBV patients (p < 0.0001) and higher in the LC followed by CHB and HCC groups. High sPD-L1 levels correlated with increased liver enzymes and with advanced liver disease progression (Child-pugh C > B > A, p < 0.0001) and BCLC classification (BCLC D > C > B > A, p = 0.031). We could, for the first time, conclude that PD-L1 rs2297136 polymorphism and plasma sPD-L1 protein levels associate with HBV infection and HBV-related liver disease progression.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/patogenicidade , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Adulto , Idoso , Antígeno B7-H1/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Vírus da Hepatite B/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/virologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
3.
Infectio ; 25(4): 276-283, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286722

RESUMO

Resumen Objetivo: Describir la supervivencia a siete años y los principales factores asociados a esta, en las personas con VIH que fueron atendidas en el sistema de salud colombiano entre 2011 a 2018. Métodos: Análisis de supervivencia de una cohorte de 64 039 personas diagnosticadas con VIH en Colombia. Se aplicó el método de Kaplan-Meier para estimar la probabilidad de supervivencia a partir de la fecha del diagnóstico. Se ajustó un modelo de supervivencia paramétrico flexible de Royston Parmar. Resultados: La estimación de la supervivencia global a 7 años fue de 94,8% (IC 95%: 94,5-95,2). El mayor riesgo de muerte se presentó en los hombres (HR: 1,2; IC 95%: 1,1-1,4; p: 0,010); en personas ≥50 años de edad (HR: 3,1; IC 95%: 1,6-6,3; p: 0,002); en el régimen subsidiado (HR: 2,2; IC 95%: 1,9-2,5; p: <0,001); en la etapa sida (HR: 2,8; IC 95%: 2,1-3,7; p: <0,001); en quienes presentaron la última carga viral detectable (HR: 7,1; IC 95%: 6,0-8,3; p: <0,001); y en quienes mostraron conteo de linfocitos T CD4+ <350 células/μL (HR: 1,9; IC 95%: 1,4-2,4; p: <0,001). Conclusión: La probabilidad de la supervivencia de las personas que viven con VIH aumenta al ser diagnosticados en edades jóvenes, en quienes presenten un recuento de linfocitos T CD4+ ≥350 células/μL, una carga viral indetectable (< 50 copias/mL) y no se encuentren en etapa sida.


Summary Objective: to describe the seven-year survival and predictors of mortality among people with HIV who were treated in the Colombian health system between 2011 and 2018. Methods: 64 039 people diagnosed with HIV in Colombia were included. Kaplan-Meier analysis estimated the probability of survival from the date of diagnosis. A Royston Parmar flexible parametric survival model was fitted. Results: The overall survival at 7 years was 94.8% (95% CI: 94.5-95.2). Survival was related to sex (men, HR: 1.2; 95% CI: 1.1-1.4; p: 0.010); people ≥50 years of age (HR: 3.1; 95% CI: 1.6-6.3; p: 0.002); subsidized regime (HR: 2.2; 95% CI: 1.9-2.5; p: <0.001); AIDS stage (HR: 2.8; 95% CI: 2.1-3.7; p: <0.001); a detectable viral load (HR: 7.1; 95% CI: 6.0-8.3; p: <0.001); and a CD4+ Lymphocyte count <350 cells/μL (HR: 1.9; 95% CI: 1.4-2.4; p: <0.001). Conclusion: The probability of survival of people living with HIV increases when they are diagnosed at a young age, in those with a CD4+ T Lymphocyte count ≥350 cells/μL, an undetectable viral load (<50 copies/mL) and are not in the AIDS stage.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sobrevida , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Sexo , Linfócitos T , Probabilidade , HIV , Colômbia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Carga Viral , Sobrevivência
4.
Infectio ; 25(4): 262-269, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286720

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To analyse the clinic characteristics, risk factors and evolution of the first cohort of hospitalised patients with confirmed infection by COVID-19 in 5 Colombian institutions. Materials and methods: Is a retrospective observational study of consecutive hospitalized patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19 confirmed from March 01 to May 30, 2020 in Colombia. Results: A total of 44 patients were included. The median age was 62 years. 43.2% had a history of smoking, while 69.8% were overweight or obese. 88.6% had at least one comorbidity and 52.3% had three or more comorbidities. Hypertension and dyslipidaemia were the most frequent comorbidities (40.9% and 34.1%, respectively). The 30-day mortality rate was 47.7% with a median of 11 days. The composite outcome occurred in the 36.4%. The biomarkers associated with mor tality risk included troponin higher than 14 ng/L (RR: 5.25; 95% CI 1.37-20.1, p = 0.004) and D-dimer higher than 1000 ng/ml (RR: 3.0; 95% CI 1.4-6.3, p = 0.008). Conclusions: The clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection in hospitalized Colombian was characterised by a more advanced stage of the infection.


Resumen Objetivo: Analizar las características, clínicas, factores de riesgo, y la evolución de pacientes hospitalizados con infección confirmada por COVID-19 en 5 Institu ciones de Colombia. Material y método: Es un estudio observacional retrospectivo de pacientes consecutivos hospitalizados con diagnóstico de COVID-19 confirmado entre 01 de Febrero de 2020 y 30 de Mayo de 2020 en Colombia. Resultados: Un total de 44 pacientes fueron incluidos. La mediana de edad fue de 62 años y la mayoría del sexo masculino. El 43.2% tenían historia de tabaquismo, mientras que el 69.8% tenían sobrepeso u obesidad. El 88.6% tenían al menos una comorbilidad y el 52.3% tenían tres o más comorbilidades. La hipertensión arterial fue la comorbilidad más frecuente (40.9%), seguido de la dislipidemia (34.1%). La tasa de letalidad a 30 días fue de 47.7% y ocurrió con una mediana de 11 días. El 36.4% presentó el desenlace compuesto. Los biomarcadores asociados con el riesgo de muerte fue troponina > 14 ng/mL (RR:5.25, IC95% 1.37-20.1, p=0.004) y dímero D mayor a 1000 mg/dL (RR: 3.0, IC95% 1.4-6.3, p=0.008). Conclusiones: El curso clínico de la infección por SARS-CoV-2 en colombianos hospitalizados fue un estadio más avanzado de la infección.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Biomarcadores , COVID-19 , Pacientes , Tabagismo , Comorbidade , Risco , Fatores de Risco , Mortalidade , Colômbia , Sobrepeso , Cursos , Infecções , Obesidade
5.
Infectio ; 25(4): 207-211, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286715

RESUMO

Resumen Objetivo: Describir la proporción, características clínicas, demográficas y programáticas de casos fatales de coinfección TB/VIH de Cali-Colombia, en 2017. Material y Método: Estudio de corte transversal, con información de las bases de datos del programa de tuberculosis, las historias clínicas y unidades de análisis de mortalidad disponibles. Resultados: Se depuraron 257 casos fatales por TB, el 24,5% (63/257) falleció con coinfección TB/VIH. La mediana de edad fue 43 años (Rango Intercuartílico: 30-52), 73% (46/63) eran hombres, 76,2% (48/63) no pertenecían al régimen contributivo, 28,6% eran habitantes de calle. 81,2% (39/48) eran casos nuevos de TB, 76,6% (37/47), inició tratamiento; al 74,6% (47/63) se les realizó unidad de análisis de mortalidad. La presentación pulmonar fue frecuente (75,9%-44/58), en 60% de los registros se observó desnutrición (Índice de Masa Corporal <20), en 39,7% (25/63) dependencia al alcohol, tabaco o farmacodependencia. Conclusiones: La mortalidad asociada a TB/VIH es prevenible, pero en 2017 representó la cuarta parte de la mortalidad por TB en Cali. Hombres adultos con condiciones de vulnerabilidad social, diagnosticados en estados avanzados de enfermedad, fueron blanco de fatalidad. Mejorar los sistemas de información e integrar los programas de TB/VIH, deben ser estrategias prioritarias para la salud pública en Colombia.


Abstract Objective: To describe the proportion, clinical, demographic and programmatic characteristics of fatal cases of TB/HIV coinfection from Cali-Colombia, in 2017. Material and Method: Cross-sectional study, with information from the TB program databases, clinical records and mortality analysis units available. Results: 257 TB fatal cases were cleared in Cali in 2017, 24.5% (63/257) of these died with TB/HIV coinfection. The median age was 43 years (Interquartile Range: 30-52), 73% (46/63) were men, 76.2% (48/63) did not belong to the contributory health regimen, 28.6% were homeless. 81.2% (39/48) were new TB cases, 76.6% (37/47) started treatment; 74.6% (47/63) had mortality analysis register. Pulmonary presentation was frequent (75.9% -44 / 58), in 60% of the registries malnutrition was observed (Body Mass Index <20), in 39.7% (25/63), dependence on alcohol, tobacco or drug dependence was registered. Conclusions: Mortality associated with TB/HIV is preventable, but in 2017 it represented a quarter of the TB mortality in Cali. Adult men with conditions of social vulnerability, diagnosed in advanced stages of disease, were fatally targeted. Improving information systems and integrating TB/HIV programs should be priority strategies for public health in Colombia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tuberculose , HIV , Índice de Massa Corporal , Infecções por HIV , Saúde Pública , Estudos Transversais , Mortalidade , Estratégias de Saúde , Colômbia , Vulnerabilidade Social , Desnutrição
6.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 21-24, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284111

RESUMO

Introdução: os cistos radiculares são as lesões císticas mais comuns nos maxilares. Eles surgem dos Restos Epiteliais de Malassez, presos no ligamento periodontal e podem ser ativados por um processo inflamatório na região pulpar. Geralmente são descobertos em exames radiográficos de rotina, apresentando-se como uma imagem radiolúcida, bem delimitada, envolvendo o periápice de um ou mais dentes. Objetivo: apresentar o tratamento de um extenso cisto radicular, em região de maxila, com acompanhamento de 18 meses. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 49 anos, foi encaminhada para avaliação e tratamento na Clínica Odontológica da Faculdade Sete Lagoas (FACSETE), apresentando lesão extensa em região maxilar anterior direita ao exame radiográfico. Ao exame clínico, observou-se leve assimetria facial e ausência de sintomas dolorosos. Tomografia computadorizada, punção aspirativa e biópsia incisional foram utilizadas para se chegar ao diagnóstico compatível com cisto radicular. Optou-se por uma técnica conservadora, em que foi realizada a descompressão da lesão. Após 05 meses de tratamento, um novo procedimento cirúrgico foi realizado para enuclear o restante da patologia. Conclusão: a descompressão, com utilização de cânula, é um tratamento auxiliar fácil, conservador, eficaz e reduz a morbidade causada por diferentes cistos odontogênicos(AU)


Introduction: root cysts are the most common cystic lesions in the jaw. They arise from the Epithelial Remains of Malassez, trapped in the periodontal ligament and can be activated by an inflammatory process in the pulp region. They are usually discovered in routine radiographic examinations, presenting as a well-defined radiolucent image involving the periapex of one or more teeth. Objective: to present the treatment of an extensive root cyst, in the maxillary region, with a follow-up of 18 months. Case report: A 49-year-old female patient was referred for evaluation and treatment at the Dental Clinic of Faculdade Sete Lagoas (FACSETE), with an extensive lesion in the right anterior maxillary region on radiographic examination. On clinical examination, mild facial asymmetry and absence of painful symptoms were observed. Computed tomography, aspiration puncture and incisional biopsy were used to reach a diagnosis compatible with radicular cyst. We opted for a conservative technique, in which the lesion was decompressed. After 05 months of treatment, a new surgical procedure was performed to enucleate the rest of the pathology. Conclusion: decompression, using a cannula, is an easy, conservative, effective auxiliary treatment and reduces the morbidity caused by different odontogenic cysts.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cisto Radicular , Descompressão , Ligamento Periodontal , Cistos Odontogênicos , Cisto Radicular/cirurgia , Cisto Radicular/diagnóstico , Cisto Radicular/terapia , Cisto Radicular/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e52717, jan.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224536

RESUMO

Objetivo: compreender a construção dos significados da morte pelos profissionais de saúde frente ao cuidado à pessoa com câncer. Método: estudo qualitativo realizado em ambiente online, com a participação de 34 profissionais de saúde. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas, interpretadas segundo análise temática. Resultados: duas categorias analíticas emergiram dos dados, indicando que os significados atribuídos à morte pelos participantes foram: como um processo inerente ao ciclo da vida humana, passagem para a outra vida, e fim do sofrimento tanto do paciente quanto dos profissionais de saúde. As dificuldades que apontaram em lidar com a morte se referem à falta de suporte psicológico, escassez de conhecimento sobre morte, cuidados paliativos e comunicação de más notícias. Conclusão: os profissionais construíram diferentes significados à morte de seus pacientes, tais como um processo natural da vida, vontade de um ser superior, passagem para uma nova existência e término do sofrimento dessas pessoas.


Objective: to understand the construction of meanings of death by healthcare professionals caring for people with cancer. Method: this qualitative study was carried out in an online environment through semi-structured interviews of 34 health professionals, which were interpreted using thematic analysis. Results: two analytical categories emerged from the data, indicating that the meanings attributed to death by the participants were: a process inherent in the human life cycle, a transition to the next life, and an end to the suffering of both patient and health professionals. The difficulties they pointed to in dealing with death related to lack of psychological support, lack of knowledge about death, palliative care, and communicating bad news. Conclusion: the professionals constructed different meanings to their patients' deaths: a natural process of life, the will of a higher being, a transition to a new existence, and an end to these people's suffering.


Objetivo: comprender la construcción de los significados de la muerte desde el punto de vista de los profesionales de la salud ante el cuidado a la persona con cáncer. Metodología: estudio cualitativo realizado en un entorno online, con la participación de 34 profesionales de la salud. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, interpretadas según análisis temático. Resultados: de los datos surgieron dos categorías analíticas que indicaron que los significados atribuidos a la muerte por los participantes fueron: como u proceso inherente al ciclo de vida humano, transición a otra vida y fin al sufrimiento tanto del paciente como de los profesionales de la salud. Las dificultades que señalaron para afrontar la muerte se refieren a la falta de apoyo psicológico, escasez de conocimiento sobre la muerte, cuidados paliativos y comunicación de malas noticias. Conclusión: los profesionales han construido diferentes significados para la muerte de sus pacientes: un proceso natural de la vida, la voluntad de un ser superior, un paso a una nueva existencia y el fin del sufrimiento de estas personas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prática Profissional , Atitude Frente a Morte , Pessoal de Saúde , Morte , Oncologistas , Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Oncologistas/psicologia , Hospitais , Neoplasias/psicologia
8.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e56924, jan.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224444

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever a incidência de complicações em feridas operatórias de mastectomia e identificar fatores associados. Método: estudo retrospectivo desenvolvido em uma coorte hospitalar de 545 mulheres mastectomizadas por câncer de mama no ano 2018 em um centro de assistência de alta complexidade em oncologia da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, após aprovação por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Os dados foram coletados a partir dos prontuários, permitindo cálculos da taxa de incidência e da razão da taxa de incidência para cada complicação. Resultados: a complicação que apresentou maior taxa de incidência foi o sangramento (57,14/100 mastectomias-dia), tendo como fatores associados a raça/cor da pele não branca (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 3,11) e a diabetes mellitus (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 0,48). Conclusão: os fatores associados ao sangramento da ferida operatória apontam para a necessidade de novas práticas no cuidado ao pós-operatório de mulheres mastectomizadas.


Objective: to describe the incidence of complications in mastectomy surgical wounds and to identify associated factors. Method: this retrospective study was conducted in a hospital cohort of 545 women mastectomized for breast cancer in 2018 at a high-complexity cancer care center Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil, after approval by the research ethics committee. Data were collected from medical records, allowing incidence rate and incidence rate ratio to be calculated for each complication. Results: the complication with the highest incidence rate was bleeding (57.14/100 mastectomies-day), associated factors being non-white race/skin color (incidence rate ratio 3.11) and diabetes mellitus (incidence rate ratio 0.48). Conclusion: the factors associated with bleeding from the surgical wound point to the need for new practices in post-operative care for women with mastectomies.


Objetivo: describir la incidencia de complicaciones en heridas quirúrgicas de mastectomía e identificar factores asociados. Método: estudio retrospectivo desarrollado en una cohorte hospitalaria de 545 mujeres mastectomizadas por cáncer de mama en 2018 en un centro de atención de alta complejidad en oncología de la ciudad de Río de Janeiro, Brasil, previa aprobación del Comité de Ética en Investigación. Los datos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas, lo que permitió calcular la tasa de incidencia y el cociente de la tasa de incidencia para cada complicación. Resultados: la complicación que presentó mayor tasa de incidencia fue el sangrado (57,14 / 100 mastectomías-día), con factores asociados a la raza / color de piel no blanca (índice de tasa de incidencia: 3,11) y diabetes mellitus (índice de tasa de incidencia: 0,48). Conclusión: los factores asociados al sangrado de la herida quirúrgica apuntan a la necesidad de nuevas prácticas en el cuidado al postoperatorio de las mujeres con mastectomía.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Ferida Cirúrgica/complicações , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia
9.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 295, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laennec's capsule has been found for about 200 years. However, laparoscopic anatomical right and left hemihepatectomy (LARH and LALH) using Laennec's approach are rarely reported. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the technical details and the surgical outcomes of 15 patients who underwent LAH via Laennec's approach between May 2017 and July 2020. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, and hospital stay were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: Four of 15 patients were diagnosed with hepatic hemangioma, 2 had hepatolithiasis, and 9 patients had primary liver cancer. During the surgery, Laennec's approach was used for LAH without conversion to open surgery. Four patients were treated with LARH, and 11 patients were cured with LALH. The mean age of the patients was 62.1 ± 6.5 years, and four were male. The mean operative time, blood loss, and length of the postoperative hospital stay were 193 ± 49 min, 247 ± 120 mL, and 8.7 ± 2.0 days, respectively. There was no incidence of postoperative bile leakage and bleeding. No mortality occurred. We also demonstrated that Laennec's capsule does exist around the peripheral hepatic veins with histological confirmation. CONCLUSIONS: Laennec's approach is safe and feasible for LAH. Precise isolation of Laennec's approach based on Laennec's capsule helps to standardize the surgical techniques for laparoscopic anatomical hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Litíase , Hepatopatias , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
BMJ ; 374: n2209, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593374

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine if virtual care with remote automated monitoring (RAM) technology versus standard care increases days alive at home among adults discharged after non-elective surgery during the covid-19 pandemic. DESIGN: Multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 8 acute care hospitals in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 905 adults (≥40 years) who resided in areas with mobile phone coverage and were to be discharged from hospital after non-elective surgery were randomised either to virtual care and RAM (n=451) or to standard care (n=454). 903 participants (99.8%) completed the 31 day follow-up. INTERVENTION: Participants in the experimental group received a tablet computer and RAM technology that measured blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, temperature, and body weight. For 30 days the participants took daily biophysical measurements and photographs of their wound and interacted with nurses virtually. Participants in the standard care group received post-hospital discharge management according to the centre's usual care. Patients, healthcare providers, and data collectors were aware of patients' group allocations. Outcome adjudicators were blinded to group allocation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was days alive at home during 31 days of follow-up. The 12 secondary outcomes included acute hospital care, detection and correction of drug errors, and pain at 7, 15, and 30 days after randomisation. RESULTS: All 905 participants (mean age 63.1 years) were analysed in the groups to which they were randomised. Days alive at home during 31 days of follow-up were 29.7 in the virtual care group and 29.5 in the standard care group: relative risk 1.01 (95% confidence interval 0.99 to 1.02); absolute difference 0.2% (95% confidence interval -0.5% to 0.9%). 99 participants (22.0%) in the virtual care group and 124 (27.3%) in the standard care group required acute hospital care: relative risk 0.80 (0.64 to 1.01); absolute difference 5.3% (-0.3% to 10.9%). More participants in the virtual care group than standard care group had a drug error detected (134 (29.7%) v 25 (5.5%); absolute difference 24.2%, 19.5% to 28.9%) and a drug error corrected (absolute difference 24.4%, 19.9% to 28.9%). Fewer participants in the virtual care group than standard care group reported pain at 7, 15, and 30 days after randomisation: absolute differences 13.9% (7.4% to 20.4%), 11.9% (5.1% to 18.7%), and 9.6% (2.9% to 16.3%), respectively. Beneficial effects proved substantially larger in centres with a higher rate of care escalation. CONCLUSION: Virtual care with RAM shows promise in improving outcomes important to patients and to optimal health system function. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04344665.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente/métodos , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/enfermagem , Telemedicina/métodos , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Erros de Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Alta do Paciente , Período Pós-Operatório , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/mortalidade
11.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 361, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ixekizumab is monoclonal antibody targeted against interleukin-17 (IL-17) and has been approved for use in chronic plaque psoriasis. Despite its efficacy in treating psoriasis, concerns have been raised regarding Ixekizumab's potential to induce and exacerbate inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report the new onset of severe drug-associated colitis with surgical complications in a 45-year-old male patient who was receiving Ixekizumab therapy for chronic plaque psoriasis. Review of the patient's colonic pathology demonstrated acute inflammatory changes with features of Crohn's disease. The patient remained disease-free 9-months following his hospitalization and cessation of Ixekizumab. CONCLUSIONS: This case raises suspicion for an association between Ixekizumab and IBD and calls on clinicians to have heightened awareness of potential risks before prescribing anti-IL-17 agents.


Assuntos
Colite , Doença de Crohn , Fármacos Dermatológicos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Psoríase , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 360, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Synchronous colorectal cancer (SCRC) is featured by the presence of multiple primary tumor lesions in a single patient at initial diagnosis. It is less common with the prevalence of approximately 3.5% among colorectal cancer (CRC). Some studies of SCRC have been performed in patients with two tumor lesions. However, SCRC cases with three or more tumor lesions were rare and remained to be investigated. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case report, we presented a 56-year-old male SCRC case with quadruple tumor lesions which is rarely seen in clinical practice. After laparoscopic radical resection of sigmoid carcinoma and partial rectum resection, the four tumor samples were subjected to pathological evaluation and next-generation sequencing (NGS) based genetic profiling. The four tumor lesions included two adenocarcinomas with moderate differentiation at sigmoid colon and rectum respectively, a grade 1 neuroendocrine tumor (NET) at rectum and a high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia at ascending colon. Each tumor exhibited distinct histology types and mutation profiles. After surgical resection, the patient remained disease-free after four cycles of chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and capecitabine (XELOX). CONCLUSIONS: The tumor lesions in this case showed different pathological and genetic features which indicats the heterogeneity of SCRC. The genomic profilling might provide novel insights to understand SCRC at molecular level.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Genômica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1046, 2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic diseases have increased needs for assistance and care. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics and use of primary care (PC) and hospital care (HC) health services by chronic patients according to risk level based on adjusted morbidity groups (AMG) and to analyze the associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive observational study. Patients from a basic health area classified as chronically ill by the AMG classification system of the Madrid PC electronic medical record were included. Sociodemographic, clinical-care characteristics (classified as predisposing factors or need factors) and service utilization variables were collected. Univariate, bivariate and simple linear regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 9866 chronic patients and 8332 (84.4%) used health services. Of these service users, 63% were women, mean age was 55.7 (SD = 20.8), 439 (5.3%) were high risk, 1746 (21.2%) were medium risk, and 6041(73.4%) were low risk. A total of 8226 (98.7%) were PC users, and 4284 (51.4%) were HC users. The average number of annual contacts with PC was 13.9 (SD = 15); the average number of contacts with HC was 4.8 (SD = 6.2). Predisposing factors associated with services utilization at both care levels were: age (B coefficient [BC] = 0.03 and 0.018, 95% CI = 0.017-0.052 and 0.008-0.028, respectively, for PC and HC) and Spanish origin (BC = 0.962 and 3.396, 95% CI = 0.198-1.726 and 2.722-4.070); need factors included: palliative care (BC = 10,492 and 5047; 95% CI = 6457-14,526 and 3098-6995), high risk (BC = 4631 and 2730, 95% CI = 3022-6241 and 1.949-3.512), number of chronic diseases (BC = 1.291 and 0.222, 95% CI = 1.068-1.51 and 0.103-0.341) and neoplasms (BC = 2.989 and 4.309, 95% CI = 1.659-4.319 and 3.629-4.989). CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics and PC and HC service utilization of chronic patients were different and varied according to their AMG risk level. There was greater use of PC services than HC services, although utilization of both levels of care was high. Service use was related to predisposing factors such as age and country of origin and, above all, to need factors such as immobility, high risk, and number and type of chronic diseases that require follow-up and palliative care.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Cuidados Paliativos , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade
14.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 488, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome is a rare disease characterized by the triad of recurrent orofacial swelling with facial paralysis and fissured dorsal tongue. Histologically, noncaseating granulomatous inflammation occurs that confirms the diagnosis. Overlaps between granulomatous diseases such as sarcoidosis and Crohn's disease are described. Systemic corticosteroid therapy is the treatment of choice for acute attacks. CASE PRESENTATION: We here present a case of a 59-year-old White woman suffering from Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome with a past history of sarcoidosis on therapy with leflunomide in combination with low-dose tacrolimus successfully treated with the anti-leprosy drug clofazimine after failure of systemic steroid therapy. CONCLUSIONS: We propose clofazimine as an alternative treatment in steroid-refractory cases.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Paralisia Facial , Síndrome de Melkersson-Rosenthal , Sarcoidose , Terapia Comportamental , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome de Melkersson-Rosenthal/complicações , Síndrome de Melkersson-Rosenthal/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Melkersson-Rosenthal/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoidose/complicações , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico , Sarcoidose/tratamento farmacológico
15.
J Int Med Res ; 49(10): 3000605211042988, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605304

RESUMO

Several clinical trials have proven that immunotherapy can improve survival and benefit non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In patients who progress after chemotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) monotherapy can prolong overall survival compared with patients receiving single-agent chemotherapy. A 61-year-old man diagnosed with advanced NSCLC and without driver variants received first-line chemotherapy but experienced recurrence. During subsequent treatment, the disease progressed rapidly, and his general condition deteriorated; therefore, toripalimab monotherapy was initiated. Surprisingly, he responded well, and symptoms were relieved after several treatment cycles despite pseudoprogression, shown in chest images. For driver gene-negative NSCLC patients who progress after chemotherapy and who develop poor performance status (PS), ICIs are an option to alleviate symptoms and improve survival. Furthermore, immunotherapy in patients with pseudoprogression may also provide a survival benefit.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
16.
J Med Microbiol ; 70(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596013

RESUMO

Introduction. Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces quorum sensing signalling molecules including 2-alkyl-4-quinolones (AQs), which regulate virulence factor production in the cystic fibrosis (CF) airways.Hypothesis/Gap statement. Culture can lead to condition-dependent artefacts which may limit the potential insights and applications of AQs as minimally-invasive biomarkers of bacterial load.Aim. We aimed to use culture-independent methods to explore the correlations between AQ levels and live P. aeruginosa load in adults with CF.Methodology. Seventy-five sputum samples at clinical stability and 48 paired sputum samples obtained at the beginning and end of IV antibiotics for a pulmonary exacerbation in adults with CF were processed using a viable cell separation technique followed by quantitative P. aeruginosa polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Live P. aeruginosa qPCR load was compared with the concentrations of three AQs (HHQ, NHQ and HQNO) detected in sputum, plasma and urine.Results. At clinical stability and the beginning of IV antibiotics for pulmonary exacerbation, HHQ, NHQ and HQNO measured in sputum, plasma and urine were consistently positively correlated with live P. aeruginosa qPCR load in sputum, compared to culture. Following systemic antibiotics live P. aeruginosa qPCR load decreased significantly (P<0.001) and was correlated with a reduction in plasma NHQ (plasma: r=0.463, P=0.003).Conclusion. In adults with CF, AQ concentrations correlated more strongly with live P. aeruginosa bacterial load measured by qPCR compared to traditional culture. Prospective studies are required to assess the potential of systemic AQs as biomarkers of P. aeruginosa bacterial burden.


Assuntos
4-Quinolonas/isolamento & purificação , Fibrose Cística/complicações , Infecções por Pseudomonas/complicações , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolamento & purificação , Percepção de Quorum , 4-Quinolonas/sangue , 4-Quinolonas/urina , Adolescente , Adulto , Carga Bacteriana , Biomarcadores , Fibrose Cística/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Pseudomonas/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Escarro/química , Adulto Jovem
17.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 4771-4779, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: P53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) is one of the DNA damage response (DDR) molecules. This study aimed to assess 53BP1 expression by immunofluorescence (IF) as a biomarker to differentiate between oral squamous epithelial lesions (OSELs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 129 archival oral biopsy samples, including 18 benign squamous lesions (BSLs), 37 low-grade dysplasias (LGDs), 22 high-grade dysplasias (HGDs), and 52 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs). 53BP1 and Ki-67 expressions were examined by double IF to assess the type of 53BP1 expression. RESULTS: We found that OSCC exhibited several 53BP1 nuclear foci, particularly high-DNA damage response (HDDR) and large focus (LF)-type, suggesting the presence of endogenous DNA double-strand breaks in the cancer genome, which could disrupt DDR and induce genomic injury. We also found a difference in 53BP1 expression between LGD and HGD, but not between BSL and LGD. Among the Ki-67-positive cells, HDDR- and LF-type expressions were higher in OSELs of higher grades. CONCLUSION: 53BP1 expression can be a valuable biomarker for OSELs to help estimate the grade of oral epithelial dysplasia.


Assuntos
Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Doenças da Boca/metabolismo , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/metabolismo , Proteína 1 de Ligação à Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Instabilidade Genômica , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/patologia
18.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 4857-4865, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: M1 macrophages have antitumour effects, while M2 macrophages promote tumour proliferation and invasion. The clinical significance of the M2-specific marker CD204 has not been elucidated in colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the prognostic significance of CD204- and CD68-positivity in specimens from patients with CRC and examined the effects of M2 polarized-macrophages on the proliferative and invasive potentials of CRC cell lines in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical tumour specimens from 206 patients with Stage II and III CRC were examined by immunohistochemistry. Proliferation and invasion assays and flow cytometry were used to investigate CD204 expression in macrophages co-cultured with three CRC cell lines. RESULTS: Infiltration of CD204-positive cells was significantly associated with shorter overall survival and relapse-free survival; no association was observed for CD68. M2-polarized macrophages significantly promoted proliferation and invasion of CRC cells. CONCLUSION: Higher infiltration of CD204-positive macrophages into the tumour-microenvironment might be prognostically important in CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Receptores Depuradores Classe A/imunologia , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor/imunologia , Idoso , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Ativação de Macrófagos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
19.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5065-5069, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Many patients with head-and-neck cancer are scheduled for irradiation. This study was performed to determine the frequency of and risk factors for pre-radiotherapy sleep disturbances in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 103 patients with head-and-neck cancer scheduled for radiotherapy were included in this retrospective study. Eighteen characteristics were evaluated including timing of start of radiotherapy relative to COVID-19 pandemic; age; gender; Karnofsky performance score; Charlson comorbidity index; history of another malignancy; family history of malignancy; distress score; number of emotional, physical or practical problems; request for psychological support; tumor site and stage; upfront surgery; planned chemotherapy; and brachytherapy boost. RESULTS: The frequency of pre-radiotherapy sleep disturbances was 42.7%. This was significantly associated with age ≤63 years (p=0.049), Karnofsky performance score ≤80 (p=0.002), Charlson comorbidity index ≥3 (p=0.005), history of another malignancy (p=0.012), emotional (p=0.001) or physical (p<0.001) problems, and request for psychological support (p=0.002). CONCLUSION: Sleep disturbances were frequent in patients assigned to radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancer. Recognizing risk factors for sleep disturbance helps identify patients requiring psychological support.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/psicologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
20.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 851, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The principal aim of this study was to investigate the presence of factors affecting Baker's cyst volume in young and middle-aged populations. METHODS: Open cyst excision with valve and capsule repair, as well as knee arthroscopy, were used to treat eighty-five patients. The cases were categorized in terms of age, effusion, chondral lesion degree, meniscal tear degree, and Lindgren scores. An ultrasonography (USG) device was used to calculate the cyst volume. The IBM-SPSS 22 program was used for statistical analysis and to assess the relationships between variables using Spearman's correlation tests. RESULTS: The degree of chondral lesion was moderately and positively correlated with cyst volume in the total population (correlation coefficient: 0.469; p < 0.05). The degree of the chondral lesion was moderately and positively correlated with the degree of effusion (correlation coefficient: 0.492; p < 0.005). The cyst volume was weakly and positively correlated with the degree of effusion (correlation coefficient: 0.20; the correlation was at the limits of statistical significance p = 0.07 < 0.08). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that an increase in chondral lesion severity increases the amount of effusion and cyst volume.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Joelho , Cisto Popliteal , Cartilagem , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cisto Popliteal/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisto Popliteal/epidemiologia , Cisto Popliteal/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia
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