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1.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 79: 102192, 2022 May 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35653937

RESUMEN

Secondary tumours to the thyroid gland are uncommon with an overall prevalence of 5.9% in autopsy studies. In recent clinical series, secondary thyroid cancer is seen in only 1.9% of malignant thyroids. There is no gender predominance both overall (female to male 1.07:1) and when stratified by common histological subtypes (renal cell carcinoma, lung adenocarcinoma and colorectal adenocarcinoma). The median age of patients diagnosed with metastatic thyroid tumours in major studies ranges from 54 to 68 years. Metastases are more frequent in patients with pre-existing or concurrent thyroid pathology. In autopsy studies, the most common primary sites are breast carcinoma and lung carcinoma. Renal cell carcinoma, lung carcinoma and breast carcinoma predominate in clinical series. Upper aerodigestive tract primaries often directly infiltrate the thyroid gland. The underlying frequency of a histological subtype, geographic prevalence and aggressiveness of primary cancer likely contributes to the incidence of metastasis in the thyroid gland. This is seen in case series from Asia where gastric and oesophageal primary cancers predominate. Secondary thyroid cancer can present metachronously (60%), synchronously (34%), or as the first presentation of the underlying cancer (6%). Late metastases and first clinical presentations of disease often originate from renal cell carcinomas while synchronous cases tend to originate from the lungs. Other common primary sites for first presentation of secondary thyroid cancer include the lung and oesophagus. Although rare, secondary thyroid cancer should be considered as a differential particularly in patients with previous malignancy, such as from the kidney, lung, or breast.

2.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 11(6)2022 Jun 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35740194

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of candidemia and evaluate the clinical characteristics, risk factors and outcomes among different species. We conducted a retrospective study by univariate and multivariate analysis between Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida (NAC) species in a Chinese national medical center from 2016 to 2020. Among the 259 episodes, C. albicans (38.6%) was the leading species, followed by C. tropicalis (24.3%), C. parapsilosis (20.5%), and C. glabrata (12.4%). Most C. albicans and C. parapsilosis were susceptible to nine tested antifungal agents, whereas C. tropicalis showed 30.2~65.9% resistance/non-wild-type to four azoles with great cross-resistance, indicating that fluconazole should not be used for empirical antifungal treatment. In multivariable models, the factor related to an increased risk of NAC was glucocorticoid exposure, whereas gastrointestinal hemorrhage and thoracoabdominal drainage catheters were associated with an increased risk in C. albicans. Subgroup analysis revealed leukemia and lymphoma, as well as glucocorticoid exposure, to be factors independently associated with C. tropicalis in comparison with C. albicans candidemia. No significant differences in 7-day mortality or 30-day mortality were observed between C. albicans and NAC. This study may provide useful information with respect to choosing empirical antifungal agents and exploring differences in molecular mechanisms.

3.
Biomedicines ; 10(6)2022 May 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35740306

RESUMEN

More than 30% of people in the United States (US) are classified as obese, and over 50% are considered significantly overweight. Importantly, obesity is a risk factor not only for the development of metabolic syndrome but also for many cancers, including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). PDAC is the third leading cause of cancer-related death, and 5-year survival of PDAC remains around 9% in the U.S. Obesity is a known risk factor for PDAC. Metabolic control and bariatric surgery, which is an effective treatment for severe obesity and allows massive weight loss, have been shown to reduce the risk of PDAC. It is therefore clear that elucidating the connection between obesity and PDAC is important for the identification of a novel marker and/or intervention point for obesity-related PDAC risk. In this review, we discussed recent progress in obesity-related PDAC in epidemiology, mechanisms, and potential cancer prevention effects of interventions, including bariatric surgery with preclinical and clinical studies.

5.
Front Oncol ; 12: 895618, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646702

RESUMEN

Background: Epidemiological evidence on the relationship between benign ovarian tumors and ovarian cancer risk has been controversial; therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated this association. Methods: The PubMed and Web of Knowledge databases were searched for eligible studies published up to April 30, 2020. The study-specific risk estimates were pooled using a random-effects model. Results: Ten articles (two cohorts, seven case-control studies, and one pooled analysis of eight case-control studies) with 10331 ovarian cancer patients were included. Benign ovarian tumors were associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer (pooled relative risk [RR]=1.39, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-1.90), with high heterogeneity among studies. The pooled RR was 2.02 (95%CI: 1.32-3.11) for two cohort studies, which was higher than the pooled result of eight case-control studies (pooled RR: 1.15; 95%CI: 0.92-1.44). When stratifying by histological type, the pooled RRs were 1.53 (95% CI: 0.37-6.29) and 3.62 (95%CI: 0.81-16.20) for serous and mucinous tumors, respectively. The pooled RRs were 1.61 (95%CI: 0.65-3.95) and 1.54 (95%CI: 1.29-1.84) for the associations of ovarian cyst with invasive and borderline cancers, respectively. Conclusions: Benign ovarian tumors were associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer. Due to the high heterogeneity among the studies and the risks of bias, more studies are warranted to confirm these findings.

6.
Am J Epidemiol ; 2022 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35650016

RESUMEN

Mechanistic and biologically based mathematical models of chronic and behavioral disease processes aim to capture the main mechanistic or biological features of the disease development, and to connect these with epidemiological outcomes. These approaches have a long history in epidemiological research and are complementary to traditional epidemiological or statistical approaches to investigate the role of risk factor exposures on disease risk. In the article by Simonetto et al. (Am J Epidemiol. XXXX;XXX(XX):XXXX-XXXX)), the authors present a mechanistic, process-oriented, model to investigate the role of smoking, hypertension and dyslipidemia on the development of atherosclerotic lesions and their progression to myocardial infarction (MI). Their approach builds on and brings to cardiovascular disease the ideas and perspectives of earlier mechanistic and biologically based models for the epidemiology of cancer and other chronic diseases, providing important insights into the mechanisms and epidemiology of smoking related MI. We argue that although mechanistic modeling approaches have demonstrated their value and place in epidemiology, they are highly underutilized. We call for efforts to grow mechanistic and biologically based modeling research, expertise and awareness in epidemiology, including the development of training and collaboration opportunities to attract more students and researchers from STEM areas into the epidemiology field.

7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652941

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate epidemiological, clinical and oncological outcomes of young patients with laryngeal cancer (LC). METHODS: PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library were searched by three researchers for studies investigating epidemiological, clinical and oncological outcomes of patients with age < 40 years old and LC. The following outcomes were investigated with PRISMA criteria: age; ethnicity; gender; tobacco/alcohol habits; anatomical, pathological, therapeutic and survival features. Authors performed a bias analysis of papers and provided recommendations for future studies. RESULTS: Seventeen papers published between 1982 and 2021 met our inclusion criteria, accounting for 928 patients with age < 40 years (female/male ratio: 2:5). There were on average 54.2 and 45.8% of smokers and drinkers. The tumor location mainly consisted of glottis (70.1%), supraglottis (27.7%) and subglottis (2.2%). Radiation therapy was the main therapeutic strategy used in young adults with LC. The 2-year overall survival ranged from 50 to 100% and depended on tumor stage, treatment, and cohort features. Four studies reported better overall survival in young compared with old adults, while there were no significant differences in three studies. There was an important heterogeneity between studies regarding the inclusion/exclusion criteria, epidemiological, clinical, pathological and treatment. CONCLUSION: It was suggested that young patients with LC had lower proportion of smokers and drinkers and better overall survival compared with older but both data of the current literature and heterogeneity between studies limit us to draw definitive conclusions.

8.
Med Trop Sante Int ; 2(1)2022 03 31.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35685844

RESUMEN

Aims: To study the epidemiological and histopathological characteristics of sarcomas. Procedure: This was a multi-center, descriptive, retrospective study realized over a 10-year period. We systematically recruited all medical reports of patients with histologically confirmed sarcoma. Results: 159 reports of sarcoma were retained. The average age was 38.9 years. There was a female predominance with a 0.9 estimated sex ratio. Soft tissue sarcomas were the most common (65.4%). The most frequent location was the lower limbs (30.2%). Conclusion: Better access to diagnosis would contribute to a better assessment of the burden of this pathology in Benin.


Asunto(s)
Sarcoma , Neoplasias de los Tejidos Blandos , Adulto , Benin/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/epidemiología
9.
Surg Clin North Am ; 102(3): 335-344, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35671760

RESUMEN

Lung Cancer remains the leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States and Worldwide. Incidence and mortality have been on the decline in the United States, while worldwide cases continue to increase. Risk factor modification and screening are critical to improving survival in patients with lung cancer. Identifying at-risk populations for access to care and screening programs will improve overall outcomes. Understanding environmental and carcinogenic sources are integral to public health policy and education. Innovations in population health and translational research will be essential in the future to improve lung cancer survival.


Asunto(s)
Detección Precoz del Cáncer , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Incidencia , Pulmón , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiología , Tamizaje Masivo , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
10.
11.
World J Clin Oncol ; 13(5): 352-365, 2022 May 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35662983

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC) is a rare and distinct type of hepatocellular carcinoma that frequently presents in an advanced stage in younger patients with no underlying liver disease. Currently, there is a limited understanding of factors that impact outcomes in FL-HCC. AIM: To characterize the survival of FL-HCC by age, race, and surgical intervention. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. We identified patients with FL-HCC between 2000-2018 by using an ICD-O-3 site code C22.0 and a histology code 8171/3: Hepatocellular carcinoma, fibrolamellar. In addition, demographics, tumor characteristics, types of surgical procedure, stages, and survival data were obtained. We conducted three separate survival analyses by age groups; ≤ 19, 20-59, and ≥ 60-year-old, and race; White, Black, Hispanic, Asian and Pacific islanders (API), and surgical types; Wedge resection or segmental resection, lobectomy, extended lobectomy (lobectomy + locoregional therapy or resection of the other lobe), and transplant. The Chi-Square test analyzed categorical variables, and continuous variables were examined using the Mann-Whitney U test. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to compare survival. Multivariate analysis was done with Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: We identified 225 FL-HCC patients with a mean age of 36.9. Overall median survival was 34 (95%CI: 27-41) mo. Patients ≤ 19-years-old had more advanced disease with positive lymph nodes status. However, they received more surgical interventions such as a wedge, segmental resection, lobectomy, extended lobectomy, and transplant. Survival for ≤ 19 was 85 (95%CI: 37-137) mo, age 20-59 was 29 (95%CI: 18-41) mo, and age ≥ 60 years was 12 (95%CI: 7-31) mo (P < 0.001). There were no differences in stage, lymph node status, metastasis status, and surgical treatment among races. The median survival were; Whites had 39 (95%CI: 29-63), Blacks 26 (95%CI: 5-92), Hispanics 31 (95%CI: 11-54), and APIs 28 (95%CI: 5-39) mo (P = 0.28). Of 225 patients, 111 FL-HCC patients had surgical procedures. Median survivals for a wedge or segmental resection was 112 (95%CI: 78-NA), lobectomy was 92 (95%CI: 57-NA), extended lobectomy was 54 (95%CI: 23-NA), and a transplant was 63 (95%CI: 20-NA) mo (P < 0.001). The median survival was better in patients who had surgical treatments regardless of lymph nodes or metastasis status (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: FL-HCC occurs in a primarily younger population, but survival can be prolonged despite the aggressive disease. There were no racial differences in the survival of FL-HCC; however, Asians with FL-HCC tended to be older than in other races. Surgical treatment provided better survival even in those patients with nodal disease or metastases. Although future studies are needed to explore other therapies for FL-HCC, surgical options should be considered in all cases of FL-HCC unless contraindicated.

12.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(14): 4404-4413, 2022 May 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35663052

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Due to dietary patterns, the aging population, and other high-risk factors, the occurrence of pancreatic cancer (PC) has been rapidly increasing in China. AIM: To present the epidemiological trends of PC in China over the past decade and the estimated trend in 2025 and to compare the international differences in PC morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This study used a series of nationally representative data from the National Central Cancer Registry of China (NCCR), the International Agency for Research on Cancer and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation databases. Age-standardized data of the PC incidence and mortality from 2006 to 2015 in China were extracted from the NCCR database. Linear regression models were used to estimate the incidence and mortality rates of PC in 2025. RESULTS: The age-standardized rates of PC in China increased from 3.65 per 100000 in 2006 to 4.31 per 100000 in 2015 and were estimated to reach up to 5.52 per 100000 in 2025. The mortality went from 3.35 per 100000 in 2006 to 3.78 per 100000 in 2015, estimated to reach up to 4.6 per 100000 in 2025. The number of new cases and deaths was low before 45 years and the peak age of onset was 85-89 years. The incidence and mortality rates in men were higher than those in women regardless of the region in China. In addition, the incidence and mortality rates in China were higher than the average level around the world. Likewise, disability-adjusted life years attributed to PC in China were 197.22 years per 100000, above the average level around the world. CONCLUSION: This study presented an increasing trend of PC in China and differences in morbidity, mortality and disability-adjusted life years between Chinese and global populations. Efforts need to be made to decrease the PC incidence and improve patient outcomes.

13.
Cancer Manag Res ; 14: 1837-1844, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35668743

RESUMEN

Background: There is a scarcity of studies regarding renal cell carcinoma (RCC) reported from Sub-Saharan Africa. Objective: The present study is the first report evaluating the prevalence and clinical and histopathological features of RCC at a tertiary hospital in Somalia. Methods: This retrospective study included 84 patients with histologically confirmed RCC over 5-years. The investigated parameters were sociodemographic features, radiological and histopathological characteristics, mortality, and overall 5-year survival rate. Results: The prevalence of RCC in our study was 0.7%. The mean age of the patients was 53.74±5.5 years, 67.9% were male, and 32.1% were female, with a 2:1 male-to-female ratio. The mean tumor size was 6.38±2.4 cm. Clear cell RCC was the most common histological type in 67.8%, followed by papillary RCC (15.6%), unclassified RCC (9.5%), and chromophobe RCC was the least common in 7.1% of the cases. About one-third of the case had locally advanced RCC with positive nodal involvement, 26.2% of the patients had metastatic disease, and a further 6% progressed to metastatic cancer despite surgical resection. Eight percent of our cases returned with local recurrence. The mortality rate was 37.2%. More than eighty percent of females had a low-stage and a low-grade RCC, while males held higher stages and higher grades RCC in 37% and 63%, respectively (p<0.001). Smokers were male-only, while obesity was common in female patients (p=0.02). Conclusion: The study findings showed a satisfactory outcome, 71.4% of our patients presented with localized RCC, the five-year survival rate of the patients was 62.8%, and the mortality rate was substantially higher for patients with a higher stage, a higher grade tumor, and metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis.

14.
PeerJ ; 10: e13430, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35669956

RESUMEN

Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a bacterium implicated in the development of peptic ulcer and gastric cancer, is estimated to infect around half the world's population. Its prevalence in Australia is unclear. This scoping review aimed to evaluate all Australian literature providing estimates of the prevalence of H. pylori. Methods: Australian studies examining H. pylori prevalence from 1982 onwards were eligible for inclusion. Medline, Embase and Scopus databases, and grey literature sources, were searched. Two independent reviewers undertook a two-stage screening process. Data were extracted by two independent reviewers using a pre-specified template. Results: Of 444 identified studies, 75 were included in the review. H. pylori prevalence in Australian population-based studies (n = 8) ranged from 38.0% in 1991 to 15.1% in 2002; however, estimated prevalence across all non-clinical population studies in diverse sub-groups (n = 29) has varied dramatically. Decreased prevalence has been more marked in populations with gastrointestinal symptoms and conditions compared to non-clinical populations. Data on H. pyloriprevalence in vulnerable populations are lacking. Conclusions: This is the first scoping review of Australian studies reporting H. pylori prevalence. A wide range of study designs, population groups, geographic regions, and diagnostic methods was included, involving data collected over a 50-year period (1969 to 2018). The summary of H. pylori prevalence estimates over time in this review points to a decrease in prevalence in Australia, particularly among populations with gastrointestinal symptoms and illnesses; however, it is unknown whether there is inequity in prevalence trends across vulnerable sub-groups of the Australian population. Future research and interventions supporting the health and wellbeing of vulnerable populations is required to ensure equitable health gains are made for all.

15.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(6)2022 Jun 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35741800

RESUMEN

Prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and mortality vary across territories and populations. This can be explained by the genetic factor of this disease. This article aims to correlate the epidemiological data, worldwide incidence, and mortality of PCa with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the susceptibility and severity of this neoplasm in different populations. Eighty-four genetic variants associated with prostate cancer susceptibility were selected from the literature through genome association studies (GWAS). Allele frequencies were obtained from the 1000 Genomes Project, and epidemiological data were obtained from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER). The PCa incidence, mortality rates, and allele frequencies of variants were evaluated by Pearson's correlation. Our study demonstrated that 12 SNPs (rs2961144, rs1048169, rs7000448, rs4430796, rs2066827, rs12500426, rs6983267, rs11649743, rs2075110, rs114798100, rs855723, and rs2075109) were correlated with epidemiological data in different ethnic groups. Ten SNPs (rs2961144, rs1048169, rs7000448, rs4430796, rs2066827, rs12500426, rs11649743, rs2075110, rs114798100, and rs2075109) were positively correlated with the mortality rate. Seven SNPs (rs1048169, rs2961144, rs7000448, rs4430796, rs2066827, rs12500426, and rs114798100) were positively correlated with incidence. Positive correlations of incidence and mortality rates were more frequent in the African population. The genetic variants investigated here are likely to predispose to PCa and could play a role in its progression and aggressiveness. This genetic study demonstrated here is promising for implementing personalized strategies to screen for prostate cancer in diverse populations.

16.
Nutrients ; 14(12)2022 Jun 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745105

RESUMEN

The median overall survival of patients with metastatic breast cancer is only 2-3 years, and for patients with untreated liver metastasis, it is as short as 4-8 months. Improving the survival of women with breast cancer requires more effective anti-cancer strategies, especially for metastatic disease. Nutrients can influence tumor microenvironments, and cancer metabolism can be manipulated via a dietary modification to enhance anti-cancer strategies. Yet, there are no standard evidence-based recommendations for diet therapies before or during cancer treatment, and few studies provide definitive data that certain diets can mediate tumor progression or therapeutic effectiveness in human cancer. This review focuses on metastatic breast cancer, in particular liver metastatic forms, and recent studies on the impact of diets on disease progression and treatment.

17.
Viruses ; 14(6)2022 May 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35746663

RESUMEN

In 2022, the Lithuanian health authorities decided to pay general practitioners a fee for performing serological tests for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies in the population born from 1945 to 1994 once per life and annual HCV testing for PWID and HIV infected patients. This study aimed to assess trends in HCV-related mortality in the country and the prevalence of HCV infection among patients with liver diseases and evaluate possibilities of screening for HCV infection at a primary health care center. Age-standardized mortality rates in 2010-2020 were calculated for deaths caused by chronic hepatitis C and some liver diseases. Data on HCV infection among patients with liver cirrhosis, cancer and transplant patients were collected from the tertiary care hospital Kauno Klinikos. The prevalence of anti-HCV and risk factors of HCV infection was assessed among patients registered with the health care center in Klaipeda, where a pilot study of screening was performed. No steady trend in mortality was observed. Analysis of medical documentation showed that 40.5% of patients with liver cirrhosis, 49.7% with cancers and 36.9% of transplant patients were HCV infected. Over the year, 4867 patients were screened in the primary health care center. Positive anti-HCV prevalence was 1.7% (2.1% in men and 1.3% in women). Blood transfusion and being a blood donor before 1993 also having tattoos were associated with higher odds of HCV infection. The study revealed the active participation of individuals in HCV screening.

18.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e248913, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730809

RESUMEN

Helicobacter pylori (HP) is a vital element in the etiology of peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. This research aimed to determine the frequency, distribution, and determinants of HP infection in adults and adolescents with gastric symptoms in district Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. This cross-sectional study was performed from June 2018 to June 2020 at the Medical Laboratory Technology Department, The University of Haripur, Pakistan. Presence of HP was a research variable, while sex, age groups, education status, overcrowding, dining habits, milk intake, drinking water source and animal contact were grouping variables. Immuno-chromatographic technique (ICT) was used to for serological detection of HP antibodies. All variables were represented by frequency and percentage with 95%CI. Prevalence of HP and its distribution by eight socio-demographic variables was testified by the chi-square goodness-of-fit test while association was testified by chi-square test of association. Out of total 1160 cases, 557 (48%) were positive for HP. Population prevalence was higher in men, in the age group 20-40 years, illiterate, family size ≤ 10 persons, taking restaurant food, using tetra pack, using municipal water, and having animal contact. The observed prevalence of HP was similar to its expected prevalence in the population. The observed distribution of HP in the sample was different from its expected distribution in population by eight socio-demographic variables. Presence of HP was associated with all eight socio-demographic variables besides age groups.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Infecciones por Helicobacter/complicaciones , Infecciones por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Helicobacter/epidemiología , Humanos , Pakistán/epidemiología , Prevalencia
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732821

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Men using cholesterol-lowering statin medications have been found to have lower risks of both advanced and fatal prostate cancer in multiple registry-based studies and prospective cohort studies. Statin use has also been associated with longer survival among men already diagnosed with prostate cancer. Mechanisms responsible for purported anti-cancer effects of statins are not well understood but may offer insight into prostate cancer biology. METHODS: We summarise epidemiological data from studies of statins and prostate cancer and discuss to what extent these findings can be interpreted as causal. Additionally, lipid-mediated and non-lipid-mediated mechanisms that may contribute to potential anti-cancer effects of statins are reviewed. Finally, we consider treatment settings and molecular subgroups of men who might benefit more than others from statin use in terms of prostate cancer-specific outcomes. RESULTS: Data from prospective observational studies generally reported a lower risk of fatal prostate cancer among statin users. There is some evidence for serum cholesterol-lowering as an indirect mechanism linking statins with advanced and fatal prostate cancer. Window-of-opportunity clinical trials show measurable levels of statins in prostate tissue highlighting potential for direct effects, whilst observational data suggest possible statin-driven modulation of prostate microenvironment inflammation. Additionally, emerging data from registry studies support a potential role for statins within the context of androgen deprivation therapy and anti-androgen treatment. CONCLUSION: Prospective and registry-based studies support a lower risk of advanced and fatal prostate cancer in statin users relative to non-users, as well as better outcomes among prostate cancer patients. The few randomised-controlled trials conducted so far have short follow-up, lack identified molecular subgroups, and do not provide additional support for the observational results. Consequently, additional evidence is required to determine which men may experience greatest benefit in terms of prostate cancer-specific outcomes and how statin effects may vary according to molecular tumour characteristics.

20.
Dermatopathology (Basel) ; 9(2): 183-195, 2022 Jun 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35735659

RESUMEN

Background and Objectives: Basal carcinoma of the skin (BCC) is part of the nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) family and is the most frequently occurring type of skin cancer in humans. A combination of clinical and histopathological approaches is necessary in order to establish the best treatment regime for patients who have been diagnosed with this type of cancer. The objective of the present study was to establish the statistical value of prediction for certain sociodemographic characteristics (age category and environment of origin) and histopathological parameters of the subjects that could be related to the incidence of diagnosis with certain histopathological subtypes of BCC. Materials and Methods: In order to verify the veracity of the established research hypotheses, we conducted a retrospective study based on the histopathological reports of 216 patients who were treated at the Pathology Department of Mureș Clinical County Hospital. Results: Cystic BCC is higher in patients who are older than 71 years of age, and the superficial multicentric and keratotic subtypes are more frequently diagnosed in urban areas. Patients who have been diagnosed with the superficial multicentric BCC subtype are not usually very old in contrast to the patients who tend to be diagnosed with the cystic BCC subtype. The nodular BCC subtype is positively associated with ulceration (p = 0.004); the superficial multicentric BCC subtype is positively associated with intra- and peritumoral inflammatory infiltrate (p = 0.022, p = 0.034) and negatively associated with ulceration (r = -0.218, p = 0.001). The infiltrative BCC subtype is positively associated with ulceration (p = 0.021), and the keratotic BCC subtype is positively associated with peritumoral inflammatory infiltrate (p = 0.02). Conclusions: Depending on each patient's epidemiological and sociodemographic data, a pattern can be established regarding the appropriate clinical and treatment approaches for that patient, which can be supported based on the implications of the histopathological diagnostic. This can lead to an improvement in the patient's quality of life and increased satisfaction with the provided medical services.

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