Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 245.731
Filtrar
Mais filtros











Filtros aplicados
  • Temas
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Food Chem ; 335: 127649, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738538

RESUMO

Rosa rugosa Thunb. seed oil (RR) extracted by supercritical CO2 was investigated. RR chemical composition, radical scavenging effect and oxidative stability were evaluated. RR aqueous emulsions were examined for cell cytotoxicity, proliferation, redox state and migration using mouse embryonic fibroblast Balb/3T3, human dermal fibroblast NHDF cell lines, and on neoplastic cell lines: acute monocytic leukemia THP-1 and lung adenocarcinoma A549. RR total contents of phytosterols, tocopherols, carotenoids and phenolics were 10115.23, 784.16, 40.32 and 10.30 mg/kg, respectively. Rich antioxidant composition of RR was reflected in its high antioxidant activity (2.1 mM/kg Trolox equivalent) as well as oxidative stability (activation energy 105.6 kJ/mol). The RR emulsions led to marked augmentation of the total cell protein content in BALB/3T3 and NHDF cultures, inhibited cancer cell migration and reduced ROS formation. The studied RR oil proved to have a remarkable combination of bioactive compounds and to exert an antioxidative and chemopreventive effects.

2.
Food Chem ; 334: 127565, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717686

RESUMO

The chemical composition, antioxidant activity (AA), cytotoxic activity, antihemolytic effects, and enzyme inhibition (EI) of lyophilized jabuticaba (Myrciaria jaboticaba) seed extract (LJE) was studied. The main compounds found were castalagin, vescalagin, procyanidin A2, and ellagic acid. LJE was more toxic to cancer cells than to normal cells, meaning relative toxicological safety. This cytotoxic effect can be attributed to the pro-oxidant effect observed in the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation assay. LJE inhibited α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and ACE-I activities and protected human erythrocytes from hemolysis. LJE was incorporated into yogurts at different concentrations and the total phenolic content, AA, and EI increased in a dose-dependent manner. LJE-containing yogurt presented 86% sensory acceptance. The yogurt was administered to Wistar rats bearing cancer and it modulated the gut bacterial microbiota, having a prebiotic effect. LJE is a potential functional ingredient for food companies looking for TPC, AA, and prebiotic effect in vivo.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885958

RESUMO

Radiation therapy (RT)-mediated tumor immunogenicity offers an opportunity for synergistic combination RT and immunotherapy. One of the challenges in the clinic is to attain the optimum efficacy of combination RT and immunotherapy with minimized overlapping toxicities. Here, to achieve synergistic therapeutic efficacy of combinational RT and anti-programmed death ligand 1 (aPD-L1) immunotherapy, RT-responsive splintery snowflake-like Au nanocarriers (S-AuNC) were synthesized with a method for hierarchical bimetallic supra-nanostructures. Primary Au nanocrystals interconnected with Ag nanocrystals in S-AuNC showed RT-responsive structural deformation resulting in RT-triggered release of cargo aPD-LI in S-AuNC. The local combination of RT and aPD-L1 loaded S-AuNC significantly enhanced the immunogenic cell death for tumor microenvironment conversion. RT-triggered local aPD-L1 release allowed a controlled spatiotemporal combination RT and aPD-L1 immunotherapy resulting in a synergistic anticancer adaptive immune response with minimized systemic immune-related adverse effects.

4.
Langmuir ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903006

RESUMO

This work focuses on evaluation of the effectiveness of double layered microbubbles loaded with doxorubicin and curcumin for cell invasion arrest from 3D spheroid models of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), MDA-MB-231 cell line. Albumin microbubbles coated in drug-laden oil layer were synthesized using a new method of connecting two microfluidic T-mixers in series. Double-layered microbubbles thus produced consist of an innermost core of nitrogen gas encapsulated in an aqueous layer of bovine serum albumin (BSA) which in turn, is coated with an outer layer of silicone oil. In order to identify the process conditions leading to the formation of double-layered microbubbles, a regime map was constructed based on Capillary numbers for aqueous and oil phases. The microbubble formation regime transitions from double-layered to single layer microbubbles and then to formation of single oil droplets upon gradual change in flow rates of aqueous and oil phases. In-vitro dissolution studies of double-layered microbubbles in an air-saturated environment indicated that a complete dissolution of such bubbles produces an oil droplet devoid of gas bubble. Incorporation of doxorubicin and curcumin was found to produce a synergistic effect, which resulted in higher cell deaths in 2D monolayers of TNBC cells and inhibition of cell proliferation from 3D spheroid models of TNBC cells compared to control.

5.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e926260, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND We used echo-tracking (ET) technique to observe short-term dynamic changes of the carotid artery in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients after intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-one NPC patients received IMRT. In the irradiation group, the carotid artery was examined by ultrasonography before radiotherapy, at 2, 4, and 6 weeks after the start of radiotherapy, and at 3 and 6 months after the end of radiotherapy. In the control group, the carotid artery was examined by ultrasonography before radiotherapy of patients in the irradiation group, and at 3 and 6 months after the end of radiotherapy of patients in the irradiation group. RESULTS During radiotherapy for the 61 patients, the maximum dose on the carotid artery was 65.14±4.35 Gy, the average dose was 57.46±4.12 Gy, and the 50% volume dose was 51.80±5.32 Gy. At the end of irradiation, Ep (kPa) and ß values were significantly different from those before treatment. CONCLUSIONS The present study demonstrates that the elastic function of the carotid artery can be significantly affected when the irradiation dose exceeds 45 Gy.

7.
J Food Sci Technol ; : 1-10, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32904843

RESUMO

Mango (Mangifera Indica L.) is a major tropical fruit rich in sugar, organic acids and flavonoids, making it suitable fruit for wine making. In the present study, five varieties of mango (Baganpalli, Langra, Dashehari, Alphonso, and Totapuri) were utilized for wine production using two different yeast strains namely, Saccharomyces cerevisiae MTCC 178 and isolated yeast. The physiochemical analysis of wine produced from chosen mango varieties showed that North Indian local mango variety (Dashehari) gave better results in terms of organoleptic and functional attributes. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae MTCC 178 treated Dashehari wine possessed 6.1 ± 0.26% TSS, 2.1 ± 0.08% reducing sugar, 0.657% titratable acidity, 0.11 ± 0.00% volatile acidity, 12% ethanol (v/v) and pH 3.7 ± 0.10 comparable to Baganpalli mango wine. HPLC analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae MTCC 178 inoculated Dashehari mango wine revealed the presence of primarily; gallic acid (RT-4.4 min), Galloyl-A-type, procyanidin (RT-5.2 min), 2,2,6-Trimethyl-6-vinyltetrahydropyran (RT-8.91 min), ß-Pinene (RT-11.47 min) and Caffeoyl-quinic acid (RT-12.15 min) showing potential antioxidant, anti-cancerous, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. The local mango varieties wine showed significant (p < 0.05) physicochemical properties, antioxidant potential and ethanol content comparable to Baganpalli wine and was cost effective.

8.
Curr Oncol ; 27(4): 179-189, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905234

RESUMO

Background: Radiation-induced chest wall pain (cwp) and rib fracture (rf) are late adverse effects after stereotactic body radiation therapy (sbrt) for stage i non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc); however, the literature about their incidence and risk factors shows variability. We performed a systematic review to determine the pooled incidence of cwp and rf in the relevant population. Methods: A literature search using the prisma (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines considered English publications in medline and embase from January 1996 to August 2017. Abstracts were screened, followed by full-text review and data extraction. Results: The database searches identified 547 records. Twenty-eight publications comprising 3892 patients met the inclusion criteria. Median reported ages and follow-up durations fell into the ranges 67-82 years and 12-84 months. Prescriptions fell into the range of 40-70 Gy in 3-10 fractions. Despite study heterogeneity, the pooled incidences of cwp and rf were estimated to be 8.94% and 5.27% respectively. Nineteen studies reported cwp grade: 58 of 308 patients (18.8%) experienced grades 3-4 cwp (no grade 5 events reported). Thirteen studies reported rf grade: grades 3-4 rf were observed in 9 of 113 patients (7.96%). A high chest wall V 30 was an important predictor of cwp and rf. Conclusions: In patients with stage i nsclc, rates of cwp and rf after sbrt are low; however, tumour location, accurate toxicity reporting, and dose-fractionation schemes might alter those rates. Prospective correlation with dosimetry and quality of life assessment will further improve the understanding of cwp and rf after sbrt.

9.
Hum Mutat ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CHEK2 variants are associated with intermediate breast cancer risk among other cancers. We aimed to comprehensively describe CHEK2 variants in a Spanish hereditary cancer (HC) cohort and adjust American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology (ACMG-AMP) guidelines for their classification. METHODS: First, three CHEK2 frequent variants were screened in a retrospective Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer cohort of 516 patients. After, the whole CHEK2 coding region was analyzed by next-generation sequencing in 1,848 prospective patients with HC suspicion. We refined ACMG-AMP criteria and applied different combined rules to classify CHEK2 variants and define risk alleles. RESULTS: We identified 10 CHEK2 null variants, 6 missense variants with discordant interpretation in ClinVar database, and 35 additional variants of unknown significance. Twelve variants were classified as (likely)-pathogenic; two can also be considered "established risk-alleles" and one as "likely risk-allele". The prevalence of (likely)-pathogenic variants in the HC cohort was 0.8% (1.3% in breast cancer patients and 1.0% in hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer patients). CONCLUSIONS: Here we provide ACMG adjustment guidelines to classify CHEK2 variants. We hope that this work would be useful for variant classification of other genes with low effect variants. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Ann ICRP ; : 146645320946629, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907341

RESUMO

Medical exposures form the largest manmade contributor to total ionising radiation exposure of the UK population. In recent years, new technologies have been developed to improve treatment and prognosis of individuals treated with radiation for diseases such as cancer. However, there is evidence of public, patient, and medical professional concern that radiation protection regulations and practices, as well as understanding of potential long-term adverse health effects of radiation exposure (in the context of other health risks), have not always 'kept pace' with technological developments in this field. This is a truly complex, multi-disciplinary problem for the modern world.The 'Radiation Theme' of the Public Health England and Newcastle University Health Protection Research Unit on 'Chemical and Radiation Threats and Hazards' is addressing this need, with a key focus on a genuinely interdisciplinary approach bringing together world-leading epidemiologists, radiation biologists, clinicians, statisticians, and artists. In addition, the project has a strong grounding in public, patient, and medical professional involvement in research. Similarly, the EU-CONCERT-funded LDLensRad project seeks to understand the mechanisms of action of low-dose ionising radiation in the lens of the eye, and the potential contribution to the development of cataract - in contemporary research, such projects will only be considered successful when they make use of expertise from a variety of fields and when they are able to demonstrate that the outputs are not only of benefit to society, but that society understands and welcomes the benefits. Finally, successful engagement, training, and retention of early career scientists within this field is crucial for sustainability of the research. Herein, the contribution of embedded interdisciplinary working, stakeholder involvement, and training of early career scientists to recent advancements in the field of medical (and wider) radiation protection research is discussed and considered.

11.
Mol Med ; 26(1): 85, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to ionizing radiation induces complex stress responses in cells, which can lead to adverse health effects such as cancer. Although a variety of studies investigated gene expression and affected pathways in human fibroblasts after exposure to ionizing radiation, the understanding of underlying mechanisms and biological effects is still incomplete due to different experimental settings and small sample sizes. Therefore, this study aims to identify the time point with the highest number of differentially expressed genes and corresponding pathways in primary human fibroblasts after irradiation at two preselected time points. METHODS: Fibroblasts from skin biopsies of 15 cell donors were exposed to a high (2Gy) and a low (0.05Gy) dose of X-rays. RNA was extracted and sequenced 2 h and 4 h after exposure. Differentially expressed genes with an adjusted p-value < 0.05 were flagged and used for pathway analyses including prediction of upstream and downstream effects. Principal component analyses were used to examine the effect of two different sequencing runs on quality metrics and variation in expression and alignment and for explorative analysis of the radiation dose and time point of analysis. RESULTS: More genes were differentially expressed 4 h after exposure to low and high doses of radiation than after 2 h. In experiments with high dose irradiation and RNA sequencing after 4 h, inactivation of the FAT10 cancer signaling pathway and activation of gluconeogenesis I, glycolysis I, and prostanoid biosynthesis was observed taking p-value (< 0.05) and (in) activating z-score (≥2.00 or ≤ - 2.00) into account. Two hours after high dose irradiation, inactivation of small cell lung cancer signaling was observed. For low dose irradiation experiments, we did not detect any significant (p < 0.05 and z-score ≥ 2.00 or ≤ - 2.00) activated or inactivated pathways for both time points. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to 2 h after irradiation, a higher number of differentially expressed genes were found 4 h after exposure to low and high dose ionizing radiation. Differences in gene expression were related to signal transduction pathways of the DNA damage response after 2 h and to metabolic pathways, that might implicate cellular senescence, after 4 h. The time point 4 h will be used to conduct further irradiation experiments in a larger sample.

12.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e035615, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907893

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether smoking duration alone can replace pack-years to predict the risk of oncogenic mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using the baseline dataset from the Japan Molecular Epidemiology for Lung Cancer Study. SETTING: Forty-three medical institutions nationwide in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: From July 2012 to December 2013, 957 patients with newly diagnosed stage I-IIIB NSCLC who underwent surgery were enrolled, and molecular analyses were performed on 876 samples (from 441 ever-smokers and 435 never-smokers). MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURED: We calculated the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values using logistic regression to compare between the predictive values of smoking duration and pack-years for mutational frequencies in the v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS), tumour suppressor p53 (TP53), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) genes and for cytosine-to-adenine base substitution (C>A). RESULTS: For predicting KRAS mutations, the AUC values for smoking duration and pack-years were 0.746 (95% CI 0.682 to 0.800) and 0.759 (95% CI 0.700 to 0.810), respectively (p=0.058). For predicting KRAS mutations in smokers, the AUC values for smoking duration and pack-years were 0.772 (95% CI 0.697 to 0.833) and 0.787 (95% CI 0.714 to 0.845), respectively (p=0.036). There were no significant differences between the AUC values for smoking duration and pack-years in terms of predicting TP53 and EGFR mutations and C>A. Pack-years was a significantly better predictor of KRAS mutations than smoking duration. CONCLUSION: Smoking duration was not significantly different from pack-years in predicting the likelihood of smoking-related gene mutations. Given the recall bias in obtaining smoking information, smoking duration alone should be considered for further investigation as a simpler alternative to pack-years.

14.
EMBO Rep ; : e50078, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909687

RESUMO

The dynamic interplay between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) is regulated by multiple signaling pathways, which can lead to cancer progression and therapy resistance. We have previously demonstrated that hMENA, a member of the actin regulatory protein of Ena/VASP family, and its tissue-specific isoforms influence a number of intracellular signaling pathways related to cancer progression. Here, we report a novel function of hMENA/hMENAΔv6 isoforms in tumor-promoting CAFs and in the modulation of pro-tumoral cancer cell/CAF crosstalk via GAS6/AXL axis regulation. LC-MS/MS proteomic analysis reveals that CAFs that overexpress hMENAΔv6 secrete the AXL ligand GAS6, favoring the invasiveness of AXL-expressing pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Reciprocally, hMENA/hMENAΔv6 regulates AXL expression in tumor cells, thus sustaining GAS6-AXL axis, reported as crucial in EMT, immune evasion, and drug resistance. Clinically, we found that a high hMENA/GAS6/AXL gene expression signature is associated with a poor prognosis in PDAC and NSCLC. We propose that hMENA contributes to cancer progression through paracrine tumor-stroma crosstalk, with far-reaching prognostic and therapeutic implications for NSCLC and PDAC.

15.
Int J Radiat Biol ; : 1-61, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909875

RESUMO

Purpose: Adverse outcome pathways (AOPs) provide a modular framework for describing sequences of biological key events (KEs) and key event relationships (KERs) across levels of biological organization. Empirical evidence across KERs can support construction of quantified AOPs (qAOPs). Using an example AOP of energy deposition from ionizing radiation onto DNA leading to lung cancer incidence, we investigate the feasibility of quantifying data from KERs supported by all types of stressors. The merits and challenges of this process in the context of AOP construction are discussed.Materials and methods: Empirical evidence across studies of dose-response from four KERs of the AOP were compiled independently for quantification. Three upstream KERs comprised of evidence from various radiation types in line with AOP guidelines. For these three KERs, a focused analysis of data from alpha-particle studies was undertaken to better characterize the process to the adverse outcome (AO) for a radon gas stressor. Numerical information was extracted from tables and graphs to plot and tabulate the response of KEs. To complement areas of the AOP quantification process, Monte Carlo (MC) simulations in TOPAS-nBio were performed to model exposure conditions relevant to the AO for an example bronchial compartment of the lung with secretory cell nuclei targets.Results: Quantification of AOP KERs highlighted the relevance of radiation types under the stressor-agnostic intent of AOP design, motivating a focus on specific types. For a given type, significant differences of KE response indicate meaningful data to derive linkages from the MIE to the AO is lacking and that better response-response focused studies are required. The MC study estimates the linear energy transfer (LET) of alpha-particles emitted by radon-222 and its progeny in the secretory cell nuclei of the example lung compartment to range from 94-5+5 - 192-18+15 keV/µm.Conclusion: Quantifying AOP components provides a means to assemble empirical evidence across different studies. This highlights challenges in the context of studies examining similar endpoints using different radiation types. Data linking KERs to a MIE of 'deposition of energy' is shown to be non-compatible with the stressor-agnostic principles of AOP design. Limiting data to that describing response-response relationships between adjacent KERs may better delineate studies relevant to the damage that drives a pathway to the next KE and still support an 'all hazards' approach. Such data remains limited and future investigations in the radiation field may consider this approach when designing experiments and reporting their results and outcomes.

16.
Pediatr Radiol ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ionizing radiation use for medical diagnostic purposes has substantially increased over the last three decades. Moderate to high doses of radiation are well established causes of cancer, especially for exposure at young ages. However, cancer risk from low-dose medical imaging is debated. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on cancer risks associated with prenatal and postnatal medical diagnostic ionizing radiation exposure among children and to assess this risk through a meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search of five electronic databases supplemented by a hand search was performed to retrieve relevant epidemiological studies published from 2000 to 2019, including patients younger than 22 years of age exposed to medical imaging ionizing radiation. Pooled odds ratio (ORpooled) and pooled excess relative risk (ERRpooled) representing the excess of risk per unit of organ dose were estimated with a random effect model. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies were included. For prenatal exposure (radiographs or CT), no significant increased risk was reported for all cancers, leukemia and brain tumors. For postnatal exposure, increased risk was observed only for CT, mostly for leukemia (ERRpooled=26.9 Gy-1; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.7-57.1) and brain tumors (ERRpooled=9.1 Gy-1; 95% CI: 5.2-13.1). CONCLUSION: CT exposure in childhood appears to be associated with increased risk of cancer while no significant association was observed with diagnostic radiographs.

17.
Arch Toxicol ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910239

RESUMO

Current in vitro genotoxicity tests can produce misleading positive results, indicating an inability to effectively predict a compound's subsequent carcinogenic potential in vivo. Such oversensitivity can incur unnecessary in vivo tests to further investigate positive in vitro results, supporting the need to improve in vitro tests to better inform risk assessment. It is increasingly acknowledged that more informative in vitro tests using multiple endpoints may support the correct identification of carcinogenic potential. The present study, therefore, employed a holistic, multiple-endpoint approach using low doses of selected carcinogens and non-carcinogens (0.001-770 µM) to assess whether these chemicals caused perturbations in molecular and cellular endpoints relating to the Hallmarks of Cancer. Endpoints included micronucleus induction, alterations in gene expression, cell cycle dynamics, cell morphology and bioenergetics in the human lymphoblastoid cell line TK6. Carcinogens ochratoxin A and oestradiol produced greater Integrated Signature of Carcinogenicity scores for the combined endpoints than the "misleading" in vitro positive compounds, quercetin, 2,4-dichlorophenol and quinacrine dihydrochloride and toxic non-carcinogens, caffeine, cycloheximide and phenformin HCl. This study provides compelling evidence that carcinogens can successfully be distinguished from non-carcinogens using a holistic in vitro test system. Avoidance of misleading in vitro outcomes could lead to the reduction and replacement of animals in carcinogenicity testing.

19.
Int J Radiat Biol ; : 1-23, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910717

RESUMO

Purpose Long-term exposure to low dose radiation may trigger immune response and stimulate hormesis. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) play a crucial role in immune function. We aimed to explore the possible association of IL-2 and IL-2R gene polymorphisms with low dose radiation exposure, as well as the relationship with IL-2 gene expression in people residing in areas with a high background radiation in Yangjiang, China.Materials and methods We recruited and assigned 54 native men residing in Yangxi County, Yangjiang city to the high natural background radiation (HNBR) group, and 53 native men residing in Hengpi County, Enping city to the control area (CA) group. All the participants wore a thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) for 90 days, and answered questionnaires. The serum levels of IL2, IL4, IL5, sIL2R, and tumor growth factor (TGF), and expression levels of IL2RA, IL2RB, IL2RG, and IL2 were also analyzed. Additionally, we tested 10 polymorphic loci associated with the IL-2 gene.Results The annual effective radiation doses in the HNBR and CA groups were 6.24 mSv y-1 and 1.95 mSv y-1, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, the serum levels of IL-2 and IL-5 were higher in the HNBR group than the CA group (р<0.05), while the serum level of TGFß was lower in the HNBR group (р<0.05). The IL-2 gene mRNA expression level was higher in the HNBR group than the CA group (p < 0.05). The IL-2RB rs76206423 AA allele showed significant variations in the HNBR group (p = 0.0381).Conclusions Long-term exposure to low dose radiation may enhance immune function, and IL-2RB rs76206423 may be related to the expression of IL-2 by other coding variants. Moreover, our data provide a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of the immune response to low dose radiation.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA