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4.
Lung Cancer ; 153: 11-20, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429159

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer mortality worldwide and, while tobacco smoke remains the primary cause, there is increasing concern that vaping and E-cigarette use may also increase lung cancer risk. This review concentrates on the current data, scholarship and active foci of research regarding potential cancer risk and oncogenic mechanisms of vaping and lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a literature review of current and historical publications on lung cancer oncogenesis, vaping device/e-liquid contents and daughter products, molecular oncogenic mechanisms and the fundamental, potentially oncogenic, effects of electronic cigarette smoke/e-liquid products. RESULTS: E-cigarette devices and vaping fluids demonstrably contain a series of both definite and probable oncogens including nicotine derivatives (e.g. nitrosnornicotine, nitrosamine ketone), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, heavy metals (including organometal compounds) and aldehydes/other complex organic compounds. These arise both as constituents of the e-liquid (with many aldehydes and other complex organics used as flavourings) and as a result of pyrolysis/complex organic reactions in the electronic cigarette device (including unequivocal carcinogens such as formaldehyde - formed from pyrolysis of glycerol). Various studies demonstrate in vitro transforming and cytotoxic activity of these derivatives. E-cigarette device use has been significantly increasing - particularly amongst the younger cohort and non-smokers; thus, this is an area of significant concern for the future. CONCLUSION: Although research remains somewhat equivocal, there is clear reason for concern regarding the potential oncogenicity of E-Cigarettes/E-Liquids with a strong basic and molecular science basis. Given lag times (extrapolating from tobacco smoke data) of perhaps 20 years, this may have significant future public health implications. Thus, the authors feel further study in this field is strongly warranted and consideration should be made for tighter control and regulation of these products.

5.
J Surg Res ; 261: 130-138, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive gastric cancer (GC) has been described as a distinct molecular subtype of the disease, especially associated with gastric carcinoma with lymphoid stroma (GCLS). The possibility that EBV associated GC (EBVaGC) had better prognosis and may be susceptible to immunotherapy has increased the interest in this subtype. However, immune checkpoint and survival of EBVaGC are still controversial, especially with regard to GCLS and conventional gastric adenocarcinoma (CGA). This study aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics, immunohistochemical profiles and prognosis of EBVaGC according to the histological type GCLS and CGA. METHODS: we retrospectively evaluated a series of EBVaGC who underwent gastrectomy with D2-lymphadenectomy. Biomarkers and tumor-infiltrating cells were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. PD-L1 was evaluated using a combined positive score (CPS). RESULTS: From a total of 30 EBVaGC, 14 (46.7%) were identified as GCLS and 16 (53.3%) as CGA (9 Intestinal, 6 diffuse, 1 undetermined). There were no significant differences in age, sex, and pTNM between GCLS and CGA. CPS-positivity and high-CD8+ was significantly higher in GCLS compared with CGA (P = 0.007 and P = 0.005, respectively). Diffuse EBVaGC had worse survival than intestinal type (P = 0.020). There was no difference in survival between GCLS and intestinal CGA (P = 0.260). In multivariate analysis, CPS and pN status were related with survival in EBVaGC. CONCLUSIONS: CGLS was associated with a predominance of CD8+ cell infiltration and PD-L1 expression. CPS and lymph node metastasis were independent factors associated with prognosis in EBVaGC. These results suggest that specifically EBV-positive GCLS may be prime candidates for PD-1 directed therapy.

6.
Curr Opin Genet Dev ; 66: 57-62, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429291

RESUMO

CRISPR/Cas9 systems have revolutionised the field of gene editing, allowing for precise modifications to be generated in vivo to mimic the genetic events found in human cancer cells. These systems may be used to generate germline or somatic loss-of-function of events, and also chromosomal rearrangements, either constitutively or in a spatiotemporally controlled manner. Forward genetic screens have also been performed using CRISPR/Cas9 systems to identify new driver genes and approaches using catalytically inactive Cas9 fused to base editors have enabled genome editing with single-base precision. Here we discuss the many 'flavours' of the CRISPR/Cas9 system and give examples of their use for the generation of clinically-relevant mouse models of cancer.

7.
Surg Oncol ; 37: 101519, 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components (high blood pressure, BMI≥30, altered fasting glucose, low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides) may undermine early perioperative outcomes after radical prostatectomy (RP). We tested this hypothesis. MATERIALS & METHODS: Within the National Inpatient Sample database (2008-2015) we identified RP patients. The effect of MetS was tested in four separate univariable analyses, as well as in multivariable regression models predicting: 1) overall complications, 2) length of stay, 3) total hospital charges and 4) non-home based discharge. All models were weighted and adjusted for clustering, as well as all available patient and hospital characteristics. RESULTS: Of 91,618 patients: 1) 50.2% had high blood pressure, 2) 8.0% had BMI≥30, 3) 13.0% had altered fasting glucose, 4) 22.8% had high triglycerides and 5) 0.03% had low HDL cholesterol. Respectively, one vs. two vs. three vs. four MetS components were recorded in 36.2% vs. 19.0% vs. 5.5% vs. 0.8% patients. Of all patients, 6.3% exhibited ≥3 components and qualified for MetS diagnosis. The rates of MetS increased over time (EAPC:+9.8%; p < 0.001). All four tested MetS components (high blood pressure, BMI≥30, altered fasting glucose and high triglycerides) achieved independent predictor status in all four examined endpoints. Moreover, a highly statistically significant dose-response was also confirmed for all four tested endpoints. CONCLUSION: MetS and its components consistently and strongly predict early adverse outcomes after RP. Moreover, the strength of the effect was directly proportional to the number of MetS components exhibited by each individual patient, even if formal MetS diagnosis of ≥3 components has not been met.

8.
Surg Oncol ; 37: 101514, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429325

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer has proposed a new classification of N descriptor based on the number of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) stations, including skip metastasis. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of removed LNs on the adequacy of this new classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The material was collected retrospectively based on the database of the Polish Lung Cancer Group, including information on 8016 patients with non-small cell lung cancer operated in 23 thoracic surgery centers in Poland. The material covered the period from January 2005 to September 2015. We divided patients into two groups: ≤6LNs and >6LNs removed. RESULTS: In the whole group, an average of 13.4 nodes and 4.54 nodal stations were removed. 5-year survivals in the >6LNs group vs ≤ 6LNs group were: 62.3% and 55.1% (N0), 44.5% and 35.9% (N1a), 34.1% and 31,7% (N1b), 37.3% and 26.3% (N2a1), 32.4% and 26.7% (N2a2), 29.4% and 29.2% (N2b1), and 22.0% and 23.0% (N2b2), respectively. Comparing these groups, we detected significant differences at N0 (p < 0.001) and N2a1 (p = 0.022). In the ≤6LNs group, the survival curves for N2a1, N2a2, N2b1, and N2b2 overlapped (p > 0.05). In the >6LNs group, the survival curves were significantly different between grades, with survival for N2a1 better than N1b (p = 0.232). CONCLUSION: The proposed classification N descriptor is potentially better at differentiating patients into different stages. The accuracy of the classification depends on the number of lymph nodes removed. Therefore, the extent of lymphadenectomy has a significant impact on the staging of surgically-treated lung cancer.

9.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 92: 107355, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429333

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The role of microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) as small (19-25 nucleotides in length) non-coding RNA molecules that modify gene expression has been shown in several types of cancer. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) and oxaliplatin (Ox) are two common chemotherapeutic agents used to treat cancer. The present study aimed to evaluate the expression levels of miR-193a-5p in CRC, and its effect on the C-X-C Motif Chemokine Receptor 4 (CXCR4) target gene alone and in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs, to determine its possible role in chemoresistance. CRC tissues and adjacent non-cancerous tissue were obtained from 67 patients who had undergone surgery to determine the expression levels of miR-193a-5p and CXCR4. Subsequently, qPCR and Western blotting were performed to determine the effect of miR-193a-5p and chemotherapy drugs on CXCR4. َAlso, MTT assay, and flow cytometry was performed to determine their role in cell viability and apoptosis. Besides, the relationship between miR-193a-5p and CXCR4 with patients' clinical features was investigated. The results of the present study showed that miR-193a-5p was significantly downregulated, whereas CXCR4 was significantly upregulated in tumor tissues obtained from patients with CRC compared with the adjacent non-tumor healthy controls. In addition, the upregulation of miR-193-5p reduced the expression levels of CXCR4, particularly in combination with 5-FU and OX. Besides, using rescue experiments, the present study showed that miR-193a-5p replacement was able to suppress CXCR4-induced CRC cell proliferation by directly targeting CXCR4. Furthermore, there was a significant association between miR-193a-5p and CXCR4 with certain clinicopathological characteristics, particularly with metastasis-related features. These results suggest that miR-193a-5p serves a tumor-suppressive function in CRC and can directly target CXCR4 and decrease its mRNA and protein expression levels. Additionally, miR-193a-5p in combination with 5-FU and Ox potentiated reducing CXR4 expression, which may reveal its contribution to tumor chemoresistance. In conclusion, miR-193-5p may be applicable as a prognostic and diagnostic marker, and also serve as a therapeutic factor by reducing CXCR4 in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs.

10.
Mol Cancer ; 20(1): 13, 2021 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430880

RESUMO

Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, particularly because of its high mortality rate in patients who are diagnosed at late stages. Conventional biomarkers originating from blood are widely used for cancer diagnosis, but their low sensitivity and specificity limit their widespread application in cancer screening among the general population. Currently, emerging studies are exploiting novel, highly-accurate biomarkers in human body fluids that are obtainable through minimally invasive techniques, which is defined as liquid biopsy. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a newly discovered class of noncoding RNAs generated mainly by pre-mRNA splicing. Following the rapid development of high-throughput transcriptome analysis techniques, numerous circRNAs have been recognized to exist stably and at high levels in body fluids, including plasma, serum, exosomes, and urine. CircRNA expression patterns exhibit distinctly differences between patients with cancer and healthy controls, suggesting that circRNAs in body fluids potentially represent novel biomarkers for monitoring cancer development and progression. In this study, we summarized the expression of circRNAs in body fluids in a pan-cancer dataset and characterized their clinical applications in liquid biopsy for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. In addition, a user-friendly web interface was developed to visualize each circRNA in fluids ( https://mulongdu.shinyapps.io/circrnas_in_fluids/ ).

11.
Eur J Cancer ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How corticosteroid use affects treatment response to chemotherapy and immune-checkpoint inhibitors (CICPIs) remains unknown. We assessed how systemic corticosteroid exposure before CICPI modifies the effect of CICPI on outcomes among patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC) or extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic health records to examine patients with mNSCLC or ES-SCLC who received chemotherapy (CT) between 1st April 2015 and 31st January 2018 or CICPI between 1st February 2018 and 31st August 2019. We excluded those with an actionable driver mutation. Baseline corticosteroid use was defined as systemic corticosteroids within 28 days before the initiation of CT or CICPI, not including premedications. Coprimary outcomes included overall survival (OS), real-world progression (rwP), and real-world progression-free survival (rwPFS) in CICPI-treated corticosteroid users versus non-users. We used inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPW) to adjust for potential confounding. RESULTS: The cohort of 316 patients (median [interquartile range] age, 67 [61-73] years; 156 [49%] male) included 228 CT-treated and 88 CICPI-treated patients. After applying IPW, characteristics were well-balanced between the CT and CICPI groups, and steroid users and non-users. Using CT-treated steroid non-users as a common comparator, CICPI-treated steroid users were as likely as CICPI-treated steroid non-users to die (users IPW hazard ratio [HR] = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.35-1.28 versus non-users IPW-HR = 0.88, 95% C = I0.55-1.42; p = 0.49), have rwP (IPW-HR = 0.35, 95% C = I0.12-0.99 versus IPW-HR = 0.41, 95% C = I0.24-0.70; p = 0.77), or experience rwPFS (IPW-HR = 0.56, 95% C = I0.29-1.09 versus IPW-HR = 0.69, 95% CI0.46-1.03; p = 0.59). CONCLUSION: Corticosteroid use before CICPIs was not associated with worse outcomes, suggesting that corticosteroids should be used with CICPIs when indicated.

12.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431441

RESUMO

Taboo surrounding cancer has continued to be a stubborn and refractory public health issue especially in South Asian countries. Disparities in cancer care remain ubiquitous. Differences in the manner in which cancer is perceived, addressed, and treated might partly be a result of varying cultural influences. This case report highlights the clinical course of a female patient with neurofibromatosis who later developed a large facial malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour. The case particularly addresses the catastrophic impact of the 'cancer-related social taboos' on various dimensions of cancer care ranging from primary and secondary prevention to definitive management. The financial issues in low-income to medium-income groups as potential deterrents to optimum treatment have also been highlighted. Approach to the common challenges faced by an oncologist practising in a society plagued by misconceptions about health and disease and potential remedial measures to debunk these myths have also been discussed.

13.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431443

RESUMO

Pubic osteomyelitis is a rare and often late-onset complication of radiation therapy and surgery for vulvar and vaginal carcinoma. It typically presents with vulvar pain, fever, vaginal discharge and/or gait disorders. Pubic osteomyelitis is often accompanied by fistulas or wound dehiscence in the pelvic area. Its accurate diagnosis and treatment are challenging and require a multidisciplinary team effort. In our patients, multiple combined surgical procedures, long-term antibiotic treatment and days to weeks of hospital admission were necessary to treat pubic osteomyelitis. We emphasise the importance of timely and adequate diagnosis and multidisciplinary approach resulting in a course of treatment that is as effective as possible, limiting the impact on quality of life, which is generally high in this group of patients.

14.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431444

RESUMO

A 71-year-old man, living with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer to the lymph nodes, spine and skull, presented with acute on chronic left eye vision loss. Examination revealed no-light-perception vision, a relative afferent pupillary defect and optic disc cupping. MRI brain revealed optic canal narrowing from metastatic sphenoid bone expansion and extraosseous tumour compressing the intracanalicular optic nerve. The optic disc cupping and excavation without significant pallor of the remaining neuroretinal rim was likely secondary to chronic compression of the optic nerve. The patient was treated with radiation therapy, but did not regain vision and was referred to palliative care as his condition continued to worsen. As patients live longer with advanced cancer, there is a greater risk of metastasis to atypical areas of the body including the optic nerve. This case demonstrates the unique combination of optic disc cupping from optic canal metastasis due to prostate cancer.

15.
BMJ Open ; 11(1): e042235, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431493

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Monitoring how patients feel and what they experience during the care process gives health professionals data to improve the quality of care, and gives health systems information to better design and implement care pathways. To gain new insights about specific gaps and/or strengths in breast cancer care, we measure patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and patient-reported experiences (PREs) for women receiving immediate breast reconstruction (iBR). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Prospective, multicentre, cohort study with continuous and systematic web-based data collection from women diagnosed with breast cancer, who have an indication for iBR after mastectomy treated at any Breast Unit (BU) in Tuscany Region (Italy). Patients are classified into one of two groups under conditions of routine clinical practice, based on the type of iBR planned (implant and autologous reconstruction). Patient-reported information are obtained prior to and after surgery (at 3-month and 12-month follow-up). We estimate that there are around 700 annual eligible patients.Descriptive analyses are used to assess trends in PROs over time and differences between types of iBR in PROs and PREs. Additionally, econometric models are used to analyse patient and BU characteristics associated with outcomes and experiences. PREs are evaluated to assess aspects of integrated care along the care pathway. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been reviewed and obtained a nihil obstat from the Tuscan Ethics Committees of the three Area Vasta in 2017. Dissemination of results will be via periodic report, journal articles and conference presentations.

16.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e038902, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431520

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis of cohort studies to evaluate the association of coffee consumption with the risk of prostate cancer. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science and Embase were searched for eligible studies up to September 2020. STUDY SELECTION: Cohort studies were included. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Two researchers independently reviewed the studies and extracted the data. Data synthesis was performed via systematic review and meta-analysis of eligible cohort studies. Meta-analysis was performed with the "metan" and "glst" commands in Stata 14.0. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Prostate cancer was the main outcome. It was classified as localised prostate cancer which included localised or non-aggressive cancers; advanced prostate cancer which included advanced or aggressive cancers; or fatal prostate cancer which included fatal/lethal cancers or prostate cancer-specific deaths. RESULTS: Sixteen prospective cohort studies were finally included, with 57 732 cases of prostate cancer and 1 081 586 total cohort members. Higher coffee consumption was significantly associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer. Compared with the lowest category of coffee consumption, the pooled relative risk (RR) was 0.91 (95% CI 0.84 to 0.98), I2= 53.2%) for the highest category of coffee consumption. There was a significant linear trend for the association (p=0.006 for linear trend), with a pooled RR of 0.988 (95% CI 0.981 to 0.995) for each increment of one cup of coffee per day. For localised, advanced and fatal prostate cancer, the pooled RRs were 0.93 (95% CI 0.87 to 0.99), 0.88 (95% CI 0.71 to 1.09) and 0.84 (95% CI 0.66 to 1.08), respectively. No evidence of publication bias was indicated in this meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that a higher intake of coffee may be associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer.

17.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(1)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431631

RESUMO

The past decade has witnessed major breakthroughs in cancer immunotherapy. This development has been largely motivated by cancer cell evasion of immunological control and consequent tumor resistance to conventional therapies. Immunogenic cell death (ICD) is considered one of the most promising ways to achieve total tumor cell elimination. It activates the T-cell adaptive immune response and results in the formation of long-term immunological memory. ICD can be triggered by many anticancer treatment modalities, including photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this review, we first discuss the role of PDT based on several classes of photosensitizers, including porphyrins and non-porphyrins, and critically evaluate their potential role in ICD induction. We emphasize the emerging trend of ICD induction by PDT in combination with nanotechnology, which represents third-generation photosensitizers and involves targeted induction of ICD by PDT. However, PDT also has some limitations, including the reduced efficiency of ICD induction in the hypoxic tumor microenvironment. Therefore, we critically evaluate strategies for overcoming this limitation, which is essential for increasing PDT efficiency. In the final part, we suggest several areas for future research for personalized cancer immunotherapy, including strategies based on oxygen-boosted PDT and nanoparticles. In conclusion, the insights from the last several years increasingly support the idea that PDT is a powerful strategy for inducing ICD in experimental cancer therapy. However, most studies have focused on mouse models, but it is necessary to validate this strategy in clinical settings, which will be a challenging research area in the future.

18.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 227, 2021 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431814

RESUMO

The clinical relevance of immune landscape intratumoural heterogeneity (immune-ITH) and its role in tumour evolution remain largely unexplored. Here, we uncover significant spatial and phenotypic immune-ITH from multiple tumour sectors and decipher its relationship with tumour evolution and disease progression in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Immune-ITH is associated with tumour transcriptomic-ITH, mutational burden and distinct immune microenvironments. Tumours with low immune-ITH experience higher immunoselective pressure and escape via loss of heterozygosity in human leukocyte antigens and immunoediting. Instead, the tumours with high immune-ITH evolve to a more immunosuppressive/exhausted microenvironment. This gradient of immune pressure along with immune-ITH represents a hallmark of tumour evolution, which is closely linked to the transcriptome-immune networks contributing to disease progression and immune inactivation. Remarkably, high immune-ITH and its transcriptomic signature are predictive for worse clinical outcome in HCC patients. This in-depth investigation of ITH provides evidence on tumour-immune co-evolution along HCC progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , DNA/genética , Edição de Genes , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Filogenia , Prognóstico , RNA/genética , Análise de Sobrevida , Transcriptoma/genética , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
19.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 240, 2021 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431832

RESUMO

CAR-T cell therapy targeting CD19 demonstrated strong activity against advanced B cell leukemia, however shows less efficacy against lymphoma with nodal dissemination. To target both B cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHLs) and follicular T helper (Tfh) cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME), we apply here a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) that recognizes human CXCR5 with high avidity. CXCR5, physiologically expressed on mature B and Tfh cells, is also highly expressed on nodal B-NHLs. Anti-CXCR5 CAR-T cells eradicate B-NHL cells and lymphoma-supportive Tfh cells more potently than CD19 CAR-T cells in vitro, and they efficiently inhibit lymphoma growth in a murine xenograft model. Administration of anti-murine CXCR5 CAR-T cells in syngeneic mice specifically depletes endogenous and malignant B and Tfh cells without unexpected on-target/off-tumor effects. Collectively, anti-CXCR5 CAR-T cells provide a promising treatment strategy for nodal B-NHLs through the simultaneous elimination of lymphoma B cells and Tfh cells of the tumor-supporting TME.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/imunologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Receptores CXCR5/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Células HEK293 , Células Hep G2 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
20.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate shear wave elastography (SWE) technology diagnosis value of endometrial cancer (EC) and atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH), and to establish predictive logistic regression models for the diagnosis of EC and AEH. METHODS: Clinical information collection, transvaginal conventional ultrasonography, and SWE check were performed on 122 patients, who were perimenopausal or postmenopausal vaginal bleeding with ≥4.5 mm thick endometrium. The maximal (Emax) and mean (Emean) of Young's modulus for the endometrium were obtained. Using pathology as the gold standard, ROC curves were plotted to evaluate Young's modulus on the diagnostic effectiveness of EC and AEH. Single-factor analysis and bivariate logistic regression methods were applied to assess the clinical variables, transuaginal conventional ultrasonography variables, and Young's modulus on the identification of EC and AEH. RESULTS: Out of 122 cases of endometrial lesions, 85 cases were benign lesions, and the remaining 37 cases were EC and AEH. The Emax and Emean for the benign group were 29.80 ± 11.40 and 17.96 ± 8.05 kPa, respectively. The Emax and Emean values for EC and AEH group were 59.49 ± 16.95 and 38.46 ± 17.10 kPa, respectively. Emax and Emean for both groups were statistically significant, with p <.001. In the logistical regression analysis, endometrial thickness, Color score, and Young's modulus were identified as independent risk factors for EC and AEH. CONCLUSIONS: SWE technology plays an important role in the diagnosis of EC and AEH, and the diagnostic effectiveness would be higher when combined with conventional ultrasonography.

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