Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 10.430.412
Filtrar
Mais filtros











Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Cell Sci ; 136(5)2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531639

RESUMO

Most motile cilia have a stereotyped structure of nine microtubule outer doublets and a single central pair of microtubules. The central pair of microtubules are surrounded by a set of proteins, termed the central pair apparatus. A specific kinesin, Klp1 projects from the central pair and contributes to ciliary motility in Chlamydomonas. The vertebrate ortholog, Kif9, is required for beating in mouse sperm flagella, but the mechanism of Kif9/Klp1 function remains poorly defined. Here, using Xenopus epidermal multiciliated cells, we show that Kif9 is necessary for ciliary motility and the proper distal localization of not only central pair proteins, but also radial spokes and dynein arms. In addition, single-molecule assays in vitro reveal that Xenopus Kif9 is a long-range processive motor, although it does not mediate long-range movement in ciliary axonemes in vivo. Together, our data suggest that Kif9 is integral for ciliary beating and is necessary for proper axonemal distal end integrity.


Assuntos
Axonema , Cílios , Animais , Axonema/metabolismo , Cílios/metabolismo , Dineínas/metabolismo , Flagelos/metabolismo , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Xenopus
2.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 198-216, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510171

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) plays an important role in regulating various pathological processes such as protecting mammalian cell from harmful injuries, promoting tissue regeneration, and regulating the process of various diseases caused by physiological disorders. Studies have revealed that the physiological effects of H2S are highly associated with its concentrations. At relatively low concentration, H2S shows beneficial functions. However, long-time and high-dose donation of H2S would inhibit regular biological process, resulting in cell dysfunction and apoptosis. To regulate the dosage of H2S delivery for precision medicine, H2S delivery systems with intelligent characteristics were developed and a variety of biocompatibility polymers have been utilized to establish intelligent polymeric H2S delivery systems, with the abilities to specifically target the lesions, smartly respond to pathological microenvironments, as well as real-timely monitor H2S delivery and lesion conditions by incorporating imaging-capable moieties. In this review, we focus on the design, preparation, and therapeutic applications of intelligent polymeric H2S delivery systems in cardiovascular therapy, inflammatory therapy, tissue regenerative therapy, cancer therapy and bacteria-associated therapy. Strategies for precise H2S therapies especially imaging-guided H2S theranostics are highlighted. Since H2S donors with stimuli-responsive characters are vital components for establishing intelligent H2S delivery systems, the development of H2S donors is also briefly introduced.

3.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 237-250, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510176

RESUMO

The limited clinical response and serious side effect have been challenging in cancer immunotherapy resulting from immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) and inferior drug targeting. Herein, an active targeting TME nanoplatform capable of revising the immunosuppressive TME microenvironment is designed. Briefly, gold nanorods (GNRs) are covered with silica dioxide (SiO2) and then coated manganese dioxide (MnO2) to obtain GNRs@SiO2@MnO2 (GSM). Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) membrane is further camouflaged on the surface of GSM to obtain GNRs@SiO2@MnO2@MDSCs (GSMM). In this system, GSMM inherits active targeting TME capacity of MDSCs. The localized surface plasmon resonance of GNRs is developed in near-infrared II window by MnO2 layer coating, realizing NIR-II window photothermal imaging and photoacoustic imaging of GSMM. Based on the release of Mn2+ in acidic TME, GSMM can be also used for magnetic resonance imaging. In cancer cells, Mn2+ catalyzes H2O2 into ·OH for (chemodynamic therapy) CDT leading to activate cGAS-STING, but also directly acts on STING inducing secretion of type I interferons, pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Additionally, photothermal therapy and CDT-mediated immunogenic cell death of tumor cells can further enhance anti-tumor immunity via exposure of CRT, HMGB1 and ATP. In summary, our nanoplatform realizes multimodal cancer imaging and dual immunotherapy.

4.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 626-641, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600968

RESUMO

Over 300 billion of cells die every day in the human body, producing a large number of endogenous apoptotic extracellular vesicles (apoEVs). Also, allogenic stem cell transplantation, a commonly used therapeutic approach in current clinical practice, generates exogenous apoEVs. It is well known that phagocytic cells engulf and digest apoEVs to maintain the body's homeostasis. In this study, we show that a fraction of exogenous apoEVs is metabolized in the integumentary skin and hair follicles. Mechanistically, apoEVs activate the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway to facilitate their metabolism in a wave-like pattern. The migration of apoEVs is enhanced by treadmill exercise and inhibited by tail suspension, which is associated with the mechanical force-regulated expression of DKK1 in circulation. Furthermore, we show that exogenous apoEVs promote wound healing and hair growth via activation of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in skin and hair follicle mesenchymal stem cells. This study reveals a previously unrecognized metabolic pathway of apoEVs and opens a new avenue for exploring apoEV-based therapy for skin and hair disorders.

5.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 550-568, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600969

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is an overwhelming and incurable disabling event accompanied by complicated inflammation-related pathological processes, such as excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by the infiltrated inflammatory immune cells and released to the extracellular microenvironment, leading to the widespread apoptosis of the neuron cells, glial and oligodendroctyes. In this study, a thioketal-containing and ROS-scavenging hydrogel was prepared for encapsulation of the bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), which promoted the neurogenesis and axon regeneration by scavenging the overproduced ROS and re-building a regenerative microenvironment. The hydrogel could effectively encapsulate BMSCs, and played a remarkable neuroprotective role in vivo by reducing the production of endogenous ROS, attenuating ROS-mediated oxidative damage and downregulating the inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), resulting in a reduced cell apoptosis in the spinal cord tissue. The BMSCs-encapsulated ROS-scavenging hydrogel also reduced the scar formation, and improved the neurogenesis of the spinal cord tissue, and thus distinctly enhanced the motor functional recovery of SCI rats. Our work provides a combinational strategy against ROS-mediated oxidative stress, with potential applications not only in SCI, but also in other central nervous system diseases with similar pathological conditions.

6.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 678-689, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600970

RESUMO

Osteochondral injury is a common and frequent orthopedic disease that can lead to more serious degenerative joint disease. Tissue engineering is a promising modality for osteochondral repair, but the implanted scaffolds are often immunogenic and can induce unwanted foreign body reaction (FBR). Here, we prepare a polypept(o)ide-based PAA-RGD hydrogel using a novel thiol/thioester dual-functionalized hyperbranched polypeptide P(EG3Glu-co-Cys) and maleimide-functionalized polysarcosine under biologically benign conditions. The PAA-RGD hydrogel shows suitable biodegradability, excellent biocompatibility, and low immunogenicity, which together lead to optimal performance for osteochondral repair in New Zealand white rabbits even at the early stage of implantation. Further in vitro and in vivo mechanistic studies corroborate the immunomodulatory role of the PAA-RGD hydrogel, which induces minimum FBR responses and a high level of polarization of macrophages into the immunosuppressive M2 subtypes. These findings demonstrate the promising potential of the PAA-RGD hydrogel for osteochondral regeneration and highlight the importance of immunomodulation. The results may inspire the development of PAA-based materials for not only osteochondral defect repair but also various other tissue engineering and bio-implantation applications.

7.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 642-652, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600972

RESUMO

Nanoscale ultrasound contrast agents, or nanobubbles, are being explored in preclinical applications ranging from vascular and cardiac imaging to targeted drug delivery in cancer. These sub-micron particles are approximately 10x smaller than clinically available microbubbles. This allows them to effectively traverse compromised physiological barriers and circulate for extended periods of time. While various aspects of nanobubble behavior have been previously examined, their behavior in human whole blood has not yet been explored. Accordingly, herein we examined, for the first time, the short and long-term effects of blood components on nanobubble acoustic response. We observed differences in the kinetics of backscatter from nanobubble suspensions in whole blood compared to bubbles in phosphate buffered saline (PBS), plasma, or red blood cell solutions (RBCs). Specifically, after introducing nanobubbles to fresh human whole blood, signal enhancement, or the magnitude of nonlinear ultrasound signal, gradually increased by 22.8 ± 13.1% throughout our experiment, with peak intensity reached within 145 s. In contrast, nanobubbles in PBS had a stable signal with negligible change in intensity (-1.7 ± 3.2%) over 8 min. Under the same conditions, microbubbles made with the same lipid formulation showed a -56.8 ± 6.1% decrease in enhancement in whole blood. Subsequent confocal, fluorescent, and scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed attachment of the nanobubbles to the surface of RBCs, suggesting that direct interactions, or hitchhiking, of nanobubbles on RBCs in the presence of plasma may be a possible mechanism for the observed effects. This phenomenon could be key to extending nanobubble circulation time and has broad implications in drug delivery, where RBC interaction with nanoparticles could be exploited to improve delivery efficiency.

8.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 594-610, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600975

RESUMO

Cancer metastases are the most common causes of cancer-related deaths. The formation of secondary tumors at different sites in the human body can impair multiple organ function and dramatically decrease the survival of the patients. In this stage, it is difficulty to treat tumor growth and spreading due to arising therapy resistances. Therefore, it is important to prevent cancer metastases and to increase subsequent cancer therapy success. Cancer metastases are conventionally treated with radiation or chemotherapy. However, these treatments elicit lots of side effects, wherefore novel local treatment approaches are currently discussed. Recent studies already showed anticancer activity of specially designed degradable magnesium (Mg) alloys by reducing the cancer cell proliferation. In this work, we investigated the impact of these Mg-based materials on different steps of the metastatic cascade including cancer cell migration, invasion, and cancer-induced angiogenesis. Both, Mg and Mg-6Ag reduced cell migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells in coculture with fibroblasts. Furthermore, the Mg-based materials used in this study diminished the cancer-induced angiogenesis. Endothelial cells incubated with conditioned media obtained from these Mg and Mg-6Ag showed a reduced cell layer permeability, a reduced proliferation and inhibited cell migration. The tube formation as a last step of angiogenesis was stimulated with the presence of Mg under normoxia and diminished under hypoxia.

9.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 538-549, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600977

RESUMO

Nanoprobes that offer both fluorescence imaging (FI) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide supplementary information and hold synergistic advantages. However, synthesis of such dual-modality imaging probes that simultaneously exhibit tunability of functional groups, high stability, great biocompatibility and desired dual-modality imaging results remains challenging. In this study, we used an amphiphilic block polymer from (ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (OEGMA) and N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide (HPMA) derivatives as a carrier to conjugate a MR contrast agent, Gd-DOTA, and a two-photon fluorophore with an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) effect, TPBP, to construct a MR/two-photon fluorescence dual-modality contrast agent, Gd-DOTA-TPBP. Incorporation of gadolinium in the hydrophilic chain segment of the OEGMA-based carrier resulted in a high r 1 value for Gd-DOTA-TPBP, revealing a great MR imaging resolution. The contrast agent specifically accumulated in the tumor region, allowing a long enhancement duration for vascular and tumor contrast-enhanced MR imaging. Meanwhile, coupling TPBP with AIE properties to the hydrophobic chain segment of the carrier not only improved its water solubility and reduced its cytotoxicity, but also significantly enhanced its imaging performance in an aqueous phase. Gd-DOTA-TPBP was also demonstrated to act as an excellent fluorescence probe for two-photon-excited bioimaging with higher resolution and greater sensitivity than MRI. Since high-resolution, complementary MRI/FI dual-modal images were acquired at both cellular and tissue levels in tumor-bearing mice after application of Gd-DOTA-TPBP, it has great potential in the early phase of disease diagnosis.

10.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 690-702, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600978

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) therapy faces many challenges, especially the poor survival rate once metastasis occurs. Therefore, it is crucial to explore new OS treatment strategies that can efficiently inhibit OS metastasis. Bioactive nanoparticles such as zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) can efficiently inhibit OS growth, however, the effect and mechanisms of them on tumor metastasis are still not clear. In this study, we firstly prepared well-dispersed ZnO NPs and proved that ZnO NPs can inhibit OS metastasis-related malignant behaviors including migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). RNA-Seqs found that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in ZnO NP-treated OS cells were enriched in wingless/integrated (Wnt) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) signaling pathway. We further proved that Zn2+ released from ZnO NPs induced downregulation of ß-catenin expression via HIF-1α/BNIP3/LC3B-mediated mitophagy pathway. ZnO NPs combined with ICG-001, a ß-catenin inhibitor, showed a synergistic inhibitory effect on OS lung metastasis and a longer survival time. In addition, tissue microarray (TMA) of OS patients also detected much higher ß-catenin expression which indicated the role of ß-catenin in OS development. In summary, our current study not only proved that ZnO NPs can inhibit OS metastasis by degrading ß-catenin in HIF-1α/BNIP3/LC3B-mediated mitophagy pathway, but also provided a far-reaching potential of ZnO NPs in clinical OS treatment with metastasis.

11.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 53-63, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35633871

RESUMO

A combination of the viscoelastic properties of hyaluronic acid (HA) and the elastic properties of star shaped 8-arm poly(ethylene glycol) (8-arm PEG) was used to design in-situ forming hydrogels. Hydrogels were prepared by the enzymatic crosslinking of a partially tyramine modified 8-arm PEG and a tyramine conjugated HA using horseradish peroxidase in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogels of the homopolymer conjugates and mixtures thereof were rapidly formed within seconds under physiological conditions at low polymer and enzyme concentrations. Elastic hydrogels with high gel content (≥95%) and high storage moduli (up to 22.4 kPa) were obtained. An in vitro study in the presence of hyaluronidase (100 U/mL) revealed that with increasing PEG content the degradation time of the hybrid hydrogels increased up to several weeks, whereas hydrogels composed of only hyaluronic acid degraded within 2 weeks. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) incorporated in the hybrid hydrogels remained viable as shown by a PrestoBlue and a live-dead assay, confirming the biocompatibility of the constructs. The production of an extracellular matrix by re-differentiation of encapsulated human chondrocytes was followed over a period of 28 days. Gene expression indicated that these highly elastic hydrogels induced an enhanced production of collagen type II. At low PEG-TA/HA-TA ratios a higher expression of SOX 9 and ACAN was observed. These results indicate that by modulating the ratio of PEG/HA, injectable hydrogels can be prepared applicable as scaffolds for tissue regeneration applications.

12.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 29-40, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35633872

RESUMO

Tendon-bone healing is essential for an effective rotator cuff tendon repair surgery, however, this remains a significant challenge due to the lack of biomaterials with high strength and bioactivity. Inspired by the high-performance exoskeleton of natural organisms, we set out to apply natural fish scale (FS) modified by calcium silicate nanoparticles (CS NPs) as a new biomaterial (CS-FS) to overcome the challenge. Benefit from its "Bouligand" microstructure, such FS-based scaffold maintained excellent tensile strength (125.05 MPa) and toughness (14.16 MJ/m3), which are 1.93 and 2.72 times that of natural tendon respectively, allowing it to well meet the requirements for rotator cuff tendon repair. Additionally, CS-FS showed diverse bioactivities by stimulating the differentiation and phenotypic maintenance of multiple types of cells participated into the composition of tendon-bone junction, (e.g. bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), chondrocyte, and tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs)). In both rat and rabbit rotator cuff tear (RCT) models, CS-FS played a key role in the tendon-bone interface regeneration and biomechanical function, which may be achieved by activating BMP-2/Smad/Runx2 pathway in BMSCs. Therefore, natural fish scale -based biomaterials are the promising candidate for clinical tendon repair due to their outstanding strength and bioactivity.

13.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 93-110, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35633874

RESUMO

The revolutionary role of tissue adhesives in wound closure, tissue sealing, and bleeding control necessitates the development of multifunctional materials capable of effective and scarless healing. In contrast to the use of traditionally utilized toxic oxidative crosslinking initiators (exemplified by sodium periodate and silver nitrate), herein, the natural polyphenolic compound tannic acid (TA) was used to achieve near instantaneous (<25s), hydrogen bond mediated gelation of citrate-based mussel-inspired bioadhesives combining anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities (3A-TCMBAs). The resulting materials were self-healing and possessed low swelling ratios (<60%) as well as considerable mechanical strength (up to ∼1.0 MPa), elasticity (elongation ∼2700%), and adhesion (up to 40 kPa). The 3A-TCMBAs showed strong in vitro and in vivo anti-oxidant ability, favorable cytocompatibility and cell migration, as well as photothermal antimicrobial activity against both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli (>90% bacterial death upon near-infrared (NIR) irradiation). In vivo evaluation in both an infected full-thickness skin wound model and a rat skin incision model demonstrated that 3A-TCMBAs + NIR treatment could promote wound closure and collagen deposition and improve the collagen I/III ratio on wound sites while simultaneously inhibiting the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Further, phased angiogenesis was observed via promotion in the early wound closure phases followed by inhibition and triggering of degradation & remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the late stage (supported by phased CD31 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1) PDGF (platelet-derived growth factor) and VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) expression as well as elevated matrix metalloprotein-9 (MMP-9) expression on day 21), resulting in scarless wound healing. The significant convergence of material and bioactive properties elucidated above warrant further exploration of 3A-TCMBAs as a significant, new class of bioadhesive.

14.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 88-102, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441114

RESUMO

Autologous mosaicplasty is a common approach used to treat osteochondral defects in clinical practice. Gap integration between host and transplanted plugs requires bone tissue reservation and hyaline cartilage regeneration without uneven surface, graft necrosis and sclerosis. However, poor gap integration is a serious concern, which eventually leads to deterioration of joint function. To deal with such complications, this study has developed a strategy to effectively enhance integration of the gap region following mosaicplasty by applying injectable bioactive supramolecular nanofiber-enabled gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) hydrogel (BSN-GelMA). A rabbit osteochondral defect model demonstrated that BSN-GelMA achieved seamless osteochondral healing in the gap region between plugs of osteochondral defects following mosaicplasty, as early as six weeks. Moreover, the International Cartilage Repair Society score, histology score, glycosaminoglycan content, subchondral bone volume, and collagen II expression were observed to be the highest in the gap region of BSN-GelMA treated group. This improved outcome was due to bio-interactive materials, which acted as tissue fillers to bridge the gap, prevent cartilage degeneration, and promote graft survival and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells by releasing bioactive supramolecular nanofibers from the GelMA hydrogel. This study provides a powerful and applicable approach to improve gap integration after autologous mosaicplasty. It is also a promising off-the-shelf bioactive material for cell-free in situ tissue regeneration.

15.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 1-11, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415315

RESUMO

The emergence of multidrug treatment resistance presents a hurdle for the successful chemotherapy of tumours. Ferroptosis, resulting from the iron-dependent accumulation of lipid peroxides, has the potential to reverse multidrug resistance. However, simultaneous delivery of the iron sources, ferroptosis inducers, drugs, and enhanced circulation carriers within matrices remains a significant challenge. Herein, we designed and fabricated a defect self-assembly of metal-organic framework (MOF)-red blood cell (RBC) membrane-camouflaged multi-drug-delivery nanoplatform for combined ferroptosis-apoptosis treatment of multidrug-resistant cancer. Ferroptosis and chemotherapeutic drugs are embedded in the centre of the iron (III)-based MOF at defect sites by coordination with metal clusters during a one-pot solvothermal synthesis process. The RBC membrane could camouflage the nanoplatform for longer circulation. Our results demonstrate that this defect self-assembly-enabled MOF-membrane-camouflaged nanoplatform could deplete the glutathione, amplify the reactive oxidative species oxidative stress, and enable remarkable anticancer properties. Our work provides an alternative strategy for overcoming multidrug resistance, which could regulate the fluidity and permeability of the cell membrane by ferroptosis to downregulate of P-glycoprotein protein expression by ferroptosis. This defect self-assembly-enabled MOF-membrane-camouflaged multi-drug-delivery nanoplatform has great therapeutic potential.

16.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 271-285, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35702608

RESUMO

Postoperative endophthalmitis (POE) has been the most threatening complication after cataract surgery, which perhaps can be solved by the antibiotic-loaded intraocular lens (IOL). However, most drug-loaded IOLs demonstrate insufficient drug quantity, short release time, increased implantation-related difficulties or other noticeable drawbacks. To prevent POE and to address these deficiencies, a drug-loaded copolymer IOL, prepared from poly (urethane acrylate) prepolymer, isobornyl methacrylate (IBOMA), N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP), Irgacure 819, RUVA-93, and gatifloxacin (GAT), was rapidly fabricated via photocuring and by using a 3D-printed mold. This composite displayed an outstanding and controllable GAT release behavior in vitro, a high light transmittance, and a moderate refractive index. Also, it demonstrated improved strain stress and elongation compared with the reference commercial acrylic IOL material. In vivo tests demonstrated satisfying released drug concentration at the early treatment stage. In vitro and in vivo studies further confirmed the remarkable bacterial inhibition and prevention of POE by the proposed IOL, which also displayed good biocompatibility. These findings suggested that the GAT-loaded IOL could be a promising implant to prevent and cure POE, also the proposed methods could inspire more designs for various medical applications.

17.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 259-270, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35702611

RESUMO

Rationale: Hypoxia in tumor microenvironment (TME) represents an obstacle to the efficacy of immunotherapy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) through several aspects such as increasing the expression of immune checkpoints or promoting fibrosis. Reversing hypoxic TME is a potential strategy to improve the validity of immune checkpoint blockade (ICB). Methods: Here, we synthesized polydopamine-nanoparticle-stabilized oxygen microcapsules with excellent stabilization, bioavailability, and biocompatibility for direct oxygen delivery into tumor sites by interfacial polymerization. Results: We observed oxygen microcapsules enhanced the oxygen concentration in the hypoxia environment and maintained the oxygen concentration for a long period both in vitro and in vivo. We found that oxygen microcapsules could significantly improve the efficiency of ICB against PDAC in vivo. Mechanismly, combined treatments using oxygen microcapsules and ICB could reduce the infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and polarized pro-tumor M2 macrophages into anti-tumor M1 macrophages. In addition, combined treatments could elevate the proportion of T helper subtype 1 cells (Th1 cells) and cytotoxic T lymphocytes cells (CTLs) to mediate anti-tumor immune response in TME. Conclusion: In summary, this pre-clinical study indicated that reversing hypoxia in TME by using oxygen microcapsules was an effective strategy to improve the performances of ICB on PDAC, which holds great potential for treating PDAC in the future.

18.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 474-485, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574049

RESUMO

The 3D printing technique is suitable for patient-specific implant preparation for bone repair after bone tumor resection. However, improving the survival rate due to tumor recurrence remains a challenge for implants. The macrophage polarization induction to M2-type tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) by the tumor microenvironment is a key factor of immunosuppression and tumor recurrence. In this study, a regenerative scaffold regulating the macrophage immune microenvironment and promoting bone regeneration in a dual-stage process for the postoperative treatment of bone tumors was constructed by binding a colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1R) inhibitor GW2580 onto in situ cosslinked hydroxybutylchitosan (HBC)/oxidized chondroitin sulfate (OCS) hydrogel layer covering a 3D printed calcium phosphate scaffold based on electrostatic interaction. The hydrogel layer on scaffold surface not only supplied abundant sulfonic acid groups for stable loading of the inhibitor, but also acted as the cover mask protecting the bone repair part from exposure to unhealthy growth factors in the microenvironment at the early treatment stage. With local prolonged release of inhibitor being realized via the functional material design, CSF-1R, the main pathway that induces polarization of TAMs, can be efficiently blocked, thus regulating the immunosuppressive microenvironment and inhibiting tumor development at a low therapeutic dose. At the later stage of treatment, calcium phosphate component of the scaffold can facilitate the repair of bone defects caused by tumor excision. In conclusion, the difunctional 3D printed bone repair scaffold regulating immune microenvironment in stages proposed a novel approach for bone tumor postoperative treatment.

19.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 418-428, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574059

RESUMO

Labeling of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) has emerged as a potential method for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tracking of transplanted cells in tissue repair studies and clinical trials. Labeling of MSCs using clinically approved SPIONs (ferumoxytol) requires the use of transfection reagents or magnetic field, which largely limits their clinical application. To overcome this obstacle, we established a novel and highly effective method for magnetic labeling of MSC spheroids using ferumoxytol. Unlike conventional methods, ferumoxytol labeling was done in the formation of a mechanically tunable biomimetic hydrogel-induced MSC spheroids. Moreover, the labeled MSC spheroids exhibited strong MRI T2 signals and good biosafety. Strikingly, the encapsulated ferumoxytol was localized in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the spheroids instead of the cytoplasm, minimizing the cytotoxicity of ferumoxytol and maintaining the viability and stemness properties of biomimetic hydrogel-induced MSC spheroids. This demonstrates the potential of this method for post-transplantation MRI tracking in the clinic.

20.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 50(3): E100-E106, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870907

RESUMO

Glomus tumors make up 1% of stromal tumors of the stomach. Radiologic diagnosis of glomus tumors can be challenging as they share imaging characteristics with other neuroendocrine tumors and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) has been reported as a useful method for the evaluation of gastrointestinal lesions. We report two cases of gastric glomus tumors in which EUS-FNA diagnosis was challenging. Cytologically, neoplastic cells were round to oval, uniform, bland appearing epithelioid cells with delicate chromatin and inconspicuous to vague nucleoli. Both samples lacked worrisome features such as high nuclear grade, high mitotic rate, and necrosis. Neoplastic cells were negative for Cam5.2 and AE1/AE3 with focal expression of synaptophysin in one of the cases. A definitive diagnosis was not made based on FNA. Familiarity with glomus tumors in the GI system and procurement of adequate material for cell block allowing the use of immunohistochemistry may allow an accurate preoperative diagnosis.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Tumor Glômico , Neoplasias Gástricas , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/métodos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Tumor Glômico/diagnóstico , Tumor Glômico/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA