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1.
Int J Med Inform ; 186: 105426, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531256

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this review are to clarify the current state of research in terms of assessment tools and assessors of the quality of health science-related short videos on TikTok, to identify limitations in existing research; and to provide a reference for future studies. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, EBSCO, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data, and CBM databases were searched from September 2016 to November 2022. Manual searching was also performed to identify additional eligible studies. A total of 2620 documents were initially retrieved, and 29 were ultimately included. The literature was screened and collected, and data were extracted and summarized by 2 researchers. RESULTS: (1) The quality evaluation tools used in the 29 papers included the DISCERN, PEMAT(A/V), GQS, JAMA, HONcode, guidelines and self-developed tools. Twenty-four of the included articles used the DISCERN for quality assessment, which was the most frequently used evaluation tool. However, most of these tools were not developed to assess health science-related short videos, lacked credibility tests, and had poor applicability; therefore, the accuracy of the evaluation results might be biased. (2) The assessors of the quality of health science-related short videos on TikTok were mainly experts in related fields and medical students, with doctors (12/14) being the most common evaluators. Fifteen studies did not report the identity of the evaluators, and 12 studies did not report interrater reliability. CONCLUSION: This scoping review found that there is a lack of specific quality assessment tools for health science-related short videos on TikTok. Second, the current quality assessors of health science-related short videos on TikTok are limited. Future research should focus on the development of reliable, scientific quality assessment tools for health science-related short videos; unifying the evaluation standards; inviting users with different backgrounds and different health literacy levels to conduct quality assessments; exploring the quality assessment of health science-related short videos on TikTok from different perspectives.

2.
Phytomedicine ; 127: 155487, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490078

RESUMO

AIM: To extend and form the "Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation in Traditional Chinese Medicine" (GRADE-TCM). METHODS: Methodologies were systematically reviewed and analyzed concerning evidence-based TCM guidelines worldwide. A survey questionnaire was developed based on the literature review and open-end expert interviews. Then, we performed expert consensus, discussion meeting, opinion collection, external examination, and the GRADE-TCM was formed eventually. RESULTS: 265 Chinese and English TCM guidelines were included and analyzed. Five experts completed the open-end interviews. Ten methodological entries were summarized, screened and selected. One round of consensus was conducted, including a total of 22 experts and 220 valid questionnaire entries, concerning 1) selection of the GRADE, 2) GRADE-TCM upgrading criteria, 3) GRADE-TCM evaluation standard, 4) principles of consensus and recommendation, and 5) presentation of the GRADE-TCM and recommendation. Finally, consensus was reached on the above 10 entries, and the results were of high importance (with voting percentages ranging from 50 % to 81.82 % for "very important" rating) and strong reliability (with the Cr ranging from 0.93 to 0.99). Expert discussion meeting (with 40 experts), opinion collection (in two online platforms) and external examination (with 14 third-party experts) were conducted, and the GRADE-TCM was established eventually. CONCLUSION: GRADE-TCM provides a new extended evidence-based evaluation standard for TCM guidelines. In GRADE-TCM, international evidence-based norms, characteristics of TCM intervention, and inheritance of TCM culture were combined organically and followed. This is helpful for localization of the GRADE in TCM and internationalization of TCM guidelines.


Assuntos
Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Povo Asiático
3.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 20: 207-216, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38524686

RESUMO

Purpose: Despite the implementation of various insulation measures, the incidence of hypothermia during thyroid surgery remains high. This randomized controlled study aimed to evaluate the effects of aggressive thermal management combined with resistive heating mattresses to prevent perioperative hypothermia in patients undergoing thyroid surgery. Patients and Methods: 142 consecutive patients scheduled for elective thyroid surgery were enrolled in the study. They were randomly and equally allocated to the aggressive warming or routine care groups (n = 71). The patients' body temperature was monitored before the induction of anesthesia until they returned to the ward. The primary outcome was the incidence of perioperative hypothermia. Secondary outcomes included postoperative complications, such as mortality, cardiovascular complications, wound infection, shivering, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores, fever, headache and hospital length of stay (LOS). Results: In our study, the results showed that a significantly higher rate of hypothermia was observed in the routine care group compared with the aggressive warming group. The incidence of perioperative hypothermia was 19.72% (14/71) in the aggressive warming group and 35.21% (25/71) in the routine care group (P < 0.05). The incidence of shivering in the aggressive warming group (1.41%) was significantly lower than that in the routine care group (11.27%) (P < 0.05), and a one-day reduction in hospital length of stay was observed in the aggressive warming group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in mortality or other postoperative complications, such as cardiovascular complications, wound infection, PONV, pain, fever or headache, between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Our results suggest that aggressive thermal management combined with resistive heating mattresses provided improved perioperative body temperature and reduced the incidence of perioperative hypothermia and shivering compared to routine thermal management.


●The incidence of perioperative hypothermia during thyroid surgery was high. ●The use of resistive heating mattresses during thyroid surgery can effectively reduce the occurrence of perioperative hypothermia. ●It is recommended to take aggressive thermal protection during the operation of minor and medium surgeries, and to continuously monitor the temperature.

4.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 12: e52169, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409754

RESUMO

Background: As the Chinese society ages and the concern for health and quality of life grows, the demand for care services in China is increasing. The widespread use of internet technology has greatly improved the convenience and efficiency of web-based services. As a result, the Chinese government has been implementing "Internet+Nursing Services" since 2019, with mobile apps being the primary tools for users to access these services. The quality of these apps is closely related to user experience and the smooth use of services. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the functionality, services, and quality of "Internet+Nursing Service" apps; identify weaknesses; and provide suggestions for improving service programs and the research, development, improvement, and maintenance of similar apps. Methods: In December 2022, two researchers searched for "Internet+Nursing Service" apps by applying the search criteria on the Kuchuan mobile app monitoring platform. After identifying the apps to be included based on ranking criteria, they collected information such as the app developer, app size, version number, number of downloads, user ratings, and number and names of services. Afterward, 5 trained researchers independently evaluated the quality of the apps by using the Chinese version of the user version of the Mobile App Rating Scale (uMARS-C). The total uMARS-C score was based on the average of the five evaluators' ratings. Results: A total of 17 "Internet+Nursing Service" apps were included. Among these, 12 (71%) had been downloaded more than 10,000 times, 11 (65%) had user ratings of 4 or higher, the median app size was 62.67 (range 22.71-103; IQR 37.51-73.47) MB, 16 (94%) apps provided surgical wound dressing change services, 4 (24%) covered first-tier cities, and only 1 (6%) covered fourth-tier cities. The median total uMARS-C score was 3.88 (range 1.92-4.92; IQR 3.71-4.05), which did not correlate with app store user ratings (r=0.003; P=.99). The quality of most apps (11/17, 65%) was average. Most apps (12/17, 71%) were rated as "good" or above (≥4 points) in terms of information quality, layout, graphics, performance, and ease of use; however, the vast majority of apps were rated as "fair" or even "poor" (<4 points) in terms of credibility (14/17, 82%) and demand (16/17, 94%). Conclusions: "Internet+Nursing Service" apps need to broaden their service coverage, increase service variety, and further optimize their service structure. The overall quality of these apps is generally poor. App developers should collaborate with medical professionals and communicate with target users before launching their products to ensure accurate content, complete functionality, and good operation that meets user needs.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , China
5.
Insights Imaging ; 15(1): 17, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38253739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess lung deformation in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) using with elastic registration algorithm applied to three-dimensional ultrashort echo time (3D-UTE) MRI and analyze relationship of lung deformation with the severity of IPF. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with IPF (mean age: 62 ± 6 years) and 62 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (mean age: 58 ± 4 years) were prospectively enrolled. End-inspiration and end-expiration images acquired with a single breath-hold 3D-UTE sequence were registered using elastic registration algorithm. Jacobian determinants were calculated from deformation fields and represented on color maps. Jac-mean (absolute value of the log means of Jacobian determinants) and the Dice similarity coefficient (Dice) were compared between different groups. RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls, the Jac-mean of IPF patients significantly decreased (0.21 ± 0.08 vs. 0.27 ± 0. 07, p < 0.001). Furthermore, the Jac-mean and Dice correlated with the metrics of pulmonary function tests and the composite physiological index. The lung deformation in IPF patients with dyspnea Medical Research Council (MRC) ≥ 3 (Jac-mean: 0.16 ± 0.03; Dice: 0.06 ± 0.02) was significantly lower than MRC1 (Jac-mean: 0. 25 ± 0.03, p < 0.001; Dice: 0.10 ± 0.01, p < 0.001) and MRC 2 (Jac-mean: 0.22 ± 0.11, p = 0.001; Dice: 0.08 ± 0.03, p = 0.006). Meanwhile, Jac-mean and Dice correlated with health-related quality of life, 6 min-walk distance, and the extent of pulmonary fibrosis. Jac-mean correlated with pulmonary vascular-related indexes on high-resolution CT. CONCLUSION: The decreased lung deformation in IPF patients correlated with the clinical severity of IPF patients. Elastic registration of inspiratory-to-expiratory 3D UTE MRI may be a new morphological and functional marker for non-radiation and noninvasive evaluation of IPF. CRITICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: This prospective study demonstrated that lung deformation decreased in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients and correlated with the severity of IPF. Elastic registration of inspiratory-to-expiratory three-dimensional ultrashort echo time (3D UTE) MRI may be a new morphological and functional marker for non-radiation and noninvasive evaluation of IPF. KEY POINTS: • Elastic registration of inspiratory-to-expiratory three-dimensional ultrashort echo time (3D UTE) MRI could evaluate lung deformation. • Lung deformation significantly decreased in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients, compared with the healthy controls. • Reduced lung deformation of IPF patients correlated with worsened pulmonary function and the composite physiological index (CPI).

6.
SSM Popul Health ; 25: 101588, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225953

RESUMO

Sleep disturbances are highly prevalent during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially among older adults. We aimed to evaluate sleep heath during COVID-19 pandemic and assess the differences among geographical regions and pandemic periods. We searched three databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science) to find articles up to March 12, 2023. We included observational studies that reported the prevalence of sleep disturbances among adults aged 60 years or older in any setting. Two researchers independently reviewed the literature and retrieved the data. We used Der Simonian-Laird random effects meta-analyses to pool the data, followed by subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, and meta-regression. A total of 64 studies with 181,224 older adults during the pandemic were included. The prevalence of poor sleep quality, short sleep duration, long sleep duration, and insomnia symptoms were 47.12% (95% CI: 25.97%, 68.27%), 40.81% (95% CI: 18.49%, 63.12%), 31.61% (95% CI: 24.83%, 38.38%), and 21.15% (95% CI: 15.30%, 27.00%), respectively. The prevalence of sleep problems reported by self-constructed items was 26.97% (95% CI: 20.73%, 33.22%). When compared to America (64.13%), Europe (20.23%) and the Western Pacific (21.31%) showed a lower prevalence of sleep problems (all P < 0.0001). The prevalence of worsened sleep problems was 27.88% (95% CI: 11.94%, 43.82%). Compared to 2020 (15.14%), it increased to 47.42% in 2021 (P < 0.05). Eight studies on sleep disturbances among 672 older COVID-19 patients were included. The prevalence of sleep problems and insomnia symptoms among older COVID-19 patients were 41.58% (95% CI: 21.97%, 61.20%) and 41.56% (95% CI: 28.11%, 58.02%), respectively. A significant burden related to poor sleep has been observed among older adults worldwide over the past three years, with variations across different regions and time periods. It is important to make more efforts in prevention and intervention to identify the risk factors, treatment, and rehabilitation of sleep disturbances for healthy aging.

7.
J Int Med Res ; 52(1): 3000605231223454, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38235690

RESUMO

Gastroscopy, a critical tool for the diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal diseases, has recently incorporated artificial intelligence (AI) technology to alleviate the challenges involved in endoscopic diagnosis of some lesions, thereby enhancing diagnostic accuracy. This narrative review covers the current status of research concerning various applications of AI technology to gastroscopy, then discusses future research directions. By providing this review, we hope to promote the integration of gastroscopy and AI technology, with long-term clinical applications that can assist patients.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Gastroscopia , Humanos
8.
Int J Environ Health Res ; 34(2): 767-778, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649482

RESUMO

To assess the impact of absolute humidity on influenza transmission in Beijing from 2014 to 2019, we estimated the influenza transmissibility via the instantaneous reproduction number (Rt), and evaluated its nonlinear exposure-response association and delayed effects with absolute humidity by using the distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM). Attributable fraction (AF) of Rt due to absolute humidity was calculated. The result showed a significant M-shaped relationship between Rt and absolute humidity. Compared with the effect of high absolute humidity, the low absolute humidity effect was more immediate with the most significant effect observed at lag 6 days. AFs were relatively high for the group aged 15-24 years, and was the lowest for the group aged 0-4 years with low absolute humidity. Therefore, we concluded that the component attributed to the low absolute humidity effect is greater. Young and middle-aged people are more sensitive to low absolute humidity than children and elderly.


Assuntos
Influenza Humana , Criança , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Pequim/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Umidade , China/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , Temperatura
9.
Psychiatry Res ; 331: 115668, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38101074

RESUMO

Depression is a common mental disorder and more women are affected by depression than men. In this study, we aimed to analyze the trends in the incidence of depression among women from 1990 to 2019 and their associations with sociodemographic and universal health coverage indices based on data from the Global Burden of Disease study 2019. It was observed that while the incidence rate of depression among women decreased by an average of 0.35% per year at the global level, the incidence rate increased at the regional level for the high sociodemographic index region by an average of 0.39% per year from 1990 to 2019. And the global downward trend in incidence rate from 1990 to 2019 was contributed by the downward trend from 2000 to 2009. In Spearman correlation analyzes at the level of country/territory, a negative correlation between the estimated annual percentage change in the incidence rate and the universal health coverage index was found (ρ=-0.15).


Assuntos
Carga Global da Doença , Transtornos Mentais , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Incidência , Depressão/epidemiologia , Saúde Global
10.
J Hazard Mater ; 465: 133226, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38103290

RESUMO

The release and accumulation of perchlorate into the environment have raised concerns about safety to food, however, the dietary risk of perchlorate in honey have not yet received attention. Herein, we investigated the pollution characteristics and assessed the human health risks of perchlorate in honey from China. A total of 151 honey samples collected from 20 provinces of China were analyzed, and overall detection frequencies was 95.4 %. The levels of perchlorate ranged from below limit of quantitation to 612 µg/kg, with a mean value of 34.5 µg/kg. Lychee honey samples had the highest mean perchlorate concentration (163 µg/kg). The mean concentration of perchlorate in the honey samples produced in South China was significantly higher than that in honey from Southwest China, East China and North China (P < 0.05). The health risk assessment showed that mean hazard quotient (HQ) values of different honey for children (ranged from 0.0108 to 0.400) and adults (ranged from 0.0123 to 0.453) were less than 1. This result indicated that mean pollution levels of perchlorate in various honey were unlikely to pose health risk. However, perchlorate concentrations in two lychee honey samples had associated HQ values were >1, suggesting potential health risks. This work not only offers valuable information for honey consumer, but also important reference for comparison of honey samples in the future. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATION: Perchlorate contamination has become a hot environmental issue in connection with human health due to its potential thyroid toxicity and widespread occurrence in environment and foods. Honey not only was widely beloved by consumers worldwide but also considered a potential indicator of environmental pollution. Here, a national investigation and risk assessment of perchlorate levels in different types of honey from China was conducted. The results describe the perchlorate contamination were extensive in honey samples, mean levels of perchlorate in various honey were unlikely to cause health risks. However, significantly high level of contamination in lychee honey should be of concern.


Assuntos
Mel , Criança , Adulto , Humanos , Percloratos , Poluição Ambiental , China , Medição de Risco
11.
Epidemiol Infect ; 152: e2, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38097398

RESUMO

We aimed to assess the burden and trend of the HIV/AIDS epidemic among older adults over the past three decades at different geographical levels, based on the data collected from the Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) study 2019. This assessment identified the average annual percentage changes (AAPCs) using Joinpoint regression analysis. Globally, the incidence of HIV/AIDS has decreased (AAPC = -3.107); however, the overall prevalence has consistently increased (AAPC = 5.557). Additionally, both mortality (AAPC = 2.166) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs; AAPC = 2.429) have increased. The highest increasing trends in female HIV/AIDS incidence and prevalence were observed in the Central Asia region. However, for males, these trends were observed in the Oceania region and the high-income Asia Pacific region, respectively. In recent decades, females aged 70-74 years had the highest incidence and prevalence, while males aged 70-74 years had highest mortality and DALYs in low social development index (SDI) regions. Unsafe sex resulted in 15 381.16 deaths, accounting for 90.73% of all HIV/AIDS deaths, and 331 140.56 DALYs, accounting for 91.12% of all HIV/AIDS DALYs. The HIV/AIDS disease burden differs by region, age, and sex among older adults. Sexual health education and targeted screening for older adults are recommended.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Carga Global da Doença , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Saúde Global
12.
Small Methods ; : e2301337, 2023 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38135880

RESUMO

CO2 capture and storage have been regarded as promising concepts to reduce anthropogenic CO2 emissions. However, the high cost, inferior adsorption capacity, and higher effective activation temperature of traditional sorbents limit their practical application in efficient CO2 capture. Here, a C-S-H@ZIF-8 (C-S-Z) sorbent is fabricated by in situ growth of the ZIF-8 shell on the C-S-H (calcium-silicate-hydrate) surface for ultra-high CO2 adsorption and storage. Among the C-S-Z, the outer ZIF-8 shell acts as a transport channel that promotes CO2 absorption toward the underlying C-S-H substrate for accelerated carbonation while preventing nitrogen and water from reaching the interior C-S-H. As a consequence, C-S-Z possesses the merits of ample pyrrolic nitrogen, porous structure, and ultra-high surface area (577.18 m2  g-1 ), that contribute to an ultra-high CO2 capture capacity, reaching 293.6 mg g-1 . DFT calculations show a high CO2 adsorption energy and the mineral carbonation is dominant by the adsorption process. In particular, the advantages of the outstanding adsorption capacity, low cost, and high CO2 selectivity make this C-S-H-based sorbent hold great potential in the practical application for direct air CO2 capture and storage.

13.
Nutrients ; 15(21)2023 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37960308

RESUMO

Obesity is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, type II diabetes, hypertension, and certain cancers. Obesity in women at the reproductive stage adversely affects contraception, fertility, maternal well-being, and the health of their offspring. Being a major protein component in chylomicrons and high-density lipoproteins, apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV) is involved in lipid metabolism, food intake, glucose homeostasis, prevention against atherosclerosis, and platelet aggregation. The goal of the present study is to determine the impact of apoA-IV deficiency on metabolic functions in 129X1/SvJ female mouse strain. After chronic high-fat diet feeding, apoA-IV-/- mice gained more weight with a higher fat percentage than wild-type (WT) mice, as determined by measuring their body composition. Increased adiposity and adipose cell size were also observed with a microscope, particularly in periovarian fat pads. Based on plasma lipid and adipokine assays, we found that obesity in apoA-IV-/- mice was not associated with hyperlipidemia but with higher leptin levels. Compared to WT mice, apoA-IV deficiency displayed glucose intolerance and elevated insulin levels, according to the data of the glucose tolerance test, and increased HOMA-IR values at fasting, suggesting possible insulin resistance. Lastly, we found obesity in apoA-IV-/- mice resulting from reduced energy expenditure but not food intake. Together, we established a novel and excellent female mouse model for future mechanistic study of obesity and its associated comorbidities.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistência à Insulina , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Apolipoproteínas A , Obesidade/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Metabolismo Energético , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(100): 14803-14806, 2023 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38015474

RESUMO

During the electrocatalytic CO2 reduction reaction, the faradaic efficiency of products seriously deviates from 100% due to the misjudgment of outlet flow, especially at industrial-level large current density. In this work, several modified equations and internal standard methods are recommended to calibrate the thermal mass flowmeter and establish benchmarks for CO2 reduction performance assessment.

15.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 2120, 2023 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37891500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of acute neurological symptoms in children with significant long-term neurological sequelae. However, data of diseases burden on stroke among children was lack. We aimed to be dedicated to analyze and compare global trends as well as regional and sociodemographic differences in stroke prevalence, incidence, mortality and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) among children aged 0 ~ 14 years. METHOD: We obtained data on annual number of incident strokes, prevalent strokes, deaths, and DALYs, age-standardized incidence rates (ASIRs), prevalence rates (ASPRs), mortality rates (ASMRs) and DALY rates (ASDRs) of stroke among individuals aged 14 years and younger during 1990-2019 from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease Study. To quantify the temporal trends, we calculated changes (%) in number, and used joinpoint regression analysis to identify the average annual percentage changes (AAPCs) of age standardized rates. RESULT: Globally, the incident strokes and prevalent strokes increased by 18.51% and 31.97%, respectively, but DALYs due to stroke and deaths due to stroke decreased by 60.18% and 65.03%, respectively, from 1990 to 2019. During the same period, ASIR increased by 0.21% (95%CI: 0.17, 0.24) from 18.02 to 100,000 population in 1990 to 19.11 per 100,000 in 2019; ASPR increased by 0.66% (95%CI: 0.36, 0.96) from 68.88 to 100,000 population in 1990 to 81.35 per 100,000 in 2019; while ASMR (AAPC= -3.94; 95%CI: -4.07, -3.81) and ASDR (AAPC= -3.50; 95%CI: -3.64, -3.36) both decreased. In 2019, the highest age standardized incidence, prevalence, mortality, and DALY rates all occurred in low sociodemographic index (SDI) regions. The greatest increase of age standardized incidence rate (AAPC = 0.21; 95%CI: 0.18, 0.25) and prevalence rate (AAPC = 1.15; 95%CI: 0.34, 1.96) both were in high SDI regions. Eastern Sub-Saharan Africa had the highest ASIR and ASPR in 2019, and Oceania had the highest ASMR and ASDR in 2019 across 21 GBD regions. High-income North America had the largest increase in ASIR (AAPC = 0.63; 95%CI: 0.59, 0.66) and ASPR (AAPC = 1.58; 95%CI: 0.54, 2.63). Against the overall decreasing trend of ASMR, an increasing trend of ASMR was found in Zimbabwe (AAPC = 0.91; 95%CI: 0.44, 1.37) and Botswana (AAPC = 0.74; 95%CI: 0.02, 1.47). CONCLUSION: The overall increasing stroke incidence and prevalence indicated that prevention and management of stroke among younger population should be critical in the future. Despite stroke mortality with falling trend worldwide, specific countries or territories present worrying increase in stroke mortality. Without urgent implementation of effective primary prevention strategies, the stroke burden of children will probably continue to grow across the world, particularly in high-SDI countries.


Assuntos
Carga Global da Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Criança , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Saúde Global , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Incidência
16.
Arch Esp Urol ; 76(7): 525-531, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37867338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of multidisciplinary assessment in paediatric patients with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE). METHODS: From July 2018 to June 2021, 242 patients with enuresis who received diagnosis and treatment in our hospital were retrospectively enrolled. They were divided into the multidisciplinary assessment group (n = 130) and routine assessment group (n = 112). Multidisciplinary assessments were completed by a multidisciplinary team, and the data included structured medical history, physical and neurological examinations, bladder and bowel diaries, sleep diaries, questionnaires, psychological assessments, urinary ultrasonography, blood and urine laboratory tests, polysomnography and balance assessments. RESULTS: A higher proportion of patients with enuresis associated with other conditions was identified in the multidisciplinary assessment group than in the routine assessment group (27.7% vs 15.2%, p = 0.019). With regard to treatment response to the enuresis alarm, the treatment response rate was 52.9% (17/33) in the conventional assessment group, whereas such a response was significantly higher in the multidisciplinary assessment group (82.1%, 32/39; p = 0.028). Compared with the routine assessment group, the multidisciplinary assessment group had a significantly higher treatment response rate for desmopressin (83.3% vs 52.0%; p = 0.022) and alarms combined with desmopressin (74.2% vs 44.4%; p = 0.045). After treatment, the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0) score in the multidisciplinary assessment group was significantly higher than that in the routine assessment group (91.9 ± 6.3 vs 87.1 ± 7.3; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Multidisciplinary evaluation can identify more children with enuresis caused by other diseases, which promotes the differential diagnosis of MNE. In addition, multidisciplinary assessment can determine the appropriate treatment response in children with MNE.


Assuntos
Enurese Noturna , Criança , Humanos , Enurese Noturna/diagnóstico , Enurese Noturna/terapia , Enurese Noturna/psicologia , Desamino Arginina Vasopressina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Bexiga Urinária
17.
Environ Geochem Health ; 45(12): 9669-9690, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37801211

RESUMO

The organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are with features of persistence, high toxicity, bioaccumulation and adverse impact on ecosystems and human beings. Although OCPs pollutions have been observed in the plateau lakes, comprehensive understandings in the distribution characteristics and human health risks of OCPs in these valuable but fragile ecosystems are limited. We here investigated the distribution, bioaccumulation process and health risks of OCPs in the Jianhu lake, a representative plateau lake in China. The endrin ketone, endrin aldehyde and heptachlor were the most dominant species in surface and columnar sediments. Their total contents ranged between 0 ~ 1.92 × 103 ng·g-1. The distribution of OCPs in sediment cores combined with chronology information indicated that the fast accumulation of OCPs happened during the last decades. Combining the distribution features of OCPs in different sources with mixing model results of carbon isotope (δ13C), farming area was identified as the main source (46%), and the OCPs were transported to lake by inflow-rivers (37%). The enrichment of OCPs in sediments caused considerable bioaccumulation of OCPs in local fish (∑OCPs 0-3199.93 ng·g-1, dw) with the bio-sediment accumulation factor (BSAF) ranging from ND to 9.41. Moreover, growing time was another key factor governing the accumulation in specific species (Carassius auratus and Cyprinus carpio). Eventually, the carcinogenic risk index (CRI) and exposure risk index (ERI) of the endrin category and aldrin exceeded the reference value, indicating relatively high health risks through consumption of fish. Overall, this study systematically illustrated the bioaccumulation process and health risks of OCPs in the typical plateau lake, providing theoretical support for the better protection of this kind of lakes.


Assuntos
Carpas , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Humanos , Lagos , Endrin , Ecossistema , Bioacumulação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Sedimentos Geológicos
18.
J Thorac Imaging ; 2023 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37732685

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To quantitatively analyze lung elasticity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) using elastic registration based on 3-dimensional pulmonary magnetic resonance imaging (3D-PMRI) and to assess its' correlations with the severity of IPF patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty male patients with IPF (mean age: 62±6 y) and 30 age-matched male healthy controls (mean age: 62±6 y) were prospectively enrolled. 3D-PMRI was acquired with a 3-dimensional ultrashort echo time sequence in end-inspiration and end-expiration. MR images were registered from end-inspiration to end-expiration with the elastic registration algorithm. Jacobian determinants were calculated from deformation fields on color maps. The log means of the Jacobian determinants (Jac-mean) and Dice similarity coefficient were used to describe lung elasticity between 2 groups. Then, the correlation of lung elasticity with dyspnea Medical Research Council (MRC) score, exercise tolerance, health-related quality of life, lung function, and the extent of pulmonary fibrosis on chest computed tomography were analyzed. RESULTS: The Jac-mean of IPF patients (-0.19, [IQR: -0.22, -0.15]) decreased (absolute value), compared with healthy controls (-0.28, [IQR: -0.31, -0.24], P<0.001). The lung elasticity in IPF patients with dyspnea MRC≥3 (Jac-mean: -0.15; Dice: 0.06) was significantly lower than MRC 1 (Jac-mean: -0.22, P=0.001; Dice: 0.10, P=0.001) and MRC 2 (Jac-mean: -0.21, P=0.007; Dice: 0.09, P<0.001). In addition, the Jac-mean negatively correlated with forced vital capacity % (r=-0.487, P<0.001), forced expiratory volume 1% (r=-0.413, P=0.004), TLC% (r=-0.488, P<0.001), diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide % predicted (r=-0.555, P<0.001), 6-minute walk distance (r=-0.441, P=0.030) and positively correlated with respiratory symptoms (r=0.430, P=0.042). Meanwhile, the Dice similarity coefficient positively correlated with forced vital capacity % (r=0.577, P=0.004), forced expiratory volume 1% (r=0.526, P=0.012), diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide % predicted (r=0.435, P=0.048), 6-minute walk distance (r=0.473, P=0.016), final peripheral oxygen saturation (r=0.534, P=0.004), the extent of fibrosis on chest computed tomography (r=-0.421, P=0.021) and negatively correlated with activity (r=-0.431, P=0.048). CONCLUSION: Lung elasticity decreased in IPF patients and correlated with dyspnea, exercise tolerance, health-related quality of life, lung function, and the extent of pulmonary fibrosis. The lung elasticity based on elastic registration of 3D-PMRI may be a new nonradiation imaging biomarker for quantitative evaluation of the severity of IPF.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 253(Pt 1): 126639, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37657570

RESUMO

Solid dispersions (SDs) possess the potential to enhance the bioavailability of insoluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) by effectively converting them into amorphous state. However, SDs have a tendency to recrystallize unless appropriate excipients are employed. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of hypromellose acetate succinate HF (HPMCAS-HF) and Soluplus® to inhibit the recrystallization of ß-carotene and improve its in vivo bioavailability through the fabrication of ternary ß-carotene solid dispersions (SDs) with the aid of specific surfactant. Due to rapid micellization, the dissolution profiles of ß-carotene SDs based on HPMCAS-HF/Span 20 (5:5, w/w) or Soluplus®/Span 20 (6:4, w/w) combinations exhibited significant improvement, which were almost 7-10 times higher than ß-carotene bulk powder. DSC and PXRD analysis indicated a notable reduction in the crystallinity degree of ß-carotene within the SDs. The stability study demonstrated a half-life of ß-carotene in the SDs exceeding 30 days. Additionally, the in vivo pharmacokinetics analysis confirmed that the cellulose derivatives/surfactant combinations significantly enhanced the bioavailability of ß-carotene by 1.37-fold and 2.3-fold, respectively. Notably, the HPMCAS-HF/Span 20 combination exhibited superior performance. Consequently, the HPMCAS-HF/Span 20 combination held potential for the advancement of an effective drug delivery system for ß-carotene.


Assuntos
Tensoativos , beta Caroteno , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Solubilidade
20.
JMIR Form Res ; 7: e44031, 2023 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37610816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research assessing trends in online search activity related to mpox in China is scarce. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to provide evidence for an overview of online information searching during an infectious disease outbreak by analyzing trends in online search activity related to mpox at geographical and economic levels in China and explore influencing factors. METHODS: We used the Baidu index to present online search activity related to mpox from May 19 to September 19, 2022. Segmented interrupted time-series analysis was used to estimate trends in online search activity. Factors influencing these trends were analyzed using a general linear regression (GLM) model. We calculated the concentration index to measure economic-related inequality in online search activity and related trends. RESULTS: Online search activity was highest on the day the first imported case of mpox appeared in Chongqing compared to 3 other cutoff time points. After the day of the first imported mpox case in Taiwan, the declaration of a public health emergency of international concern, the first imported mpox case in Hong Kong, and the first imported mpox case in Chongqing, national online search activity increased by 0.642%, 1.035%, 1.199%, and 2.023%, respectively. The eastern regions had higher increases than the central and western regions. Across 31 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions, the top 3 areas with higher increases were Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin at 3 time points, with the exception of the day of the first imported mpox case in Chongqing (Chongqing replaced Tianjin on that day). When AIDS incidence increased by 1 per 100,000 people, there was an increase after the day of the first imported mpox case in Chongqing of 36.22% (95% CI 3.29%-69.15%; P=.04) after controlling for other covariates. Online search activity (concentration index=0.18; P<.001) was more concentrated among populations with a higher economic status. Unlike the central area, the eastern (concentration index=0.234; P<.001) and western areas (concentration index=0.047; P=.04) had significant economic-related disparities (P for difference <.001) in online search activity. The overall concentration index of changes in online search activity became lower over time. CONCLUSIONS: Regions with a higher economic level showed more interest in mpox, especially Beijing and Shanghai. After the day of the first imported mpox case in Chongqing, changes in online search activity were affected by AIDS incidence rate. Economic-related disparities in changes in online search activity became lower over time. It would be desirable to construct a reliable information source in regions with a higher economic level and higher AIDS incidence rate and promote public knowledge in regions with a lower economic level in China, especially after important public events.

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