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1.
Nervenarzt ; 95(1): 18-27, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38110535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Germany different offers of social support are available for families that are provided by different sectors, e.g., the youth welfare and the healthcare systems. OBJECTIVE: Documentation of the utilized help, child-related factors that are associated with the utilization and the parental desires for support. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Survey of 160 parents undergoing (partial) inpatient treatment in psychiatric hospitals via an oral interview using standardized and semi-standardized instruments. RESULTS: The results show that nonprofessional help by family and friends as well as support offers provided by the healthcare system are used most frequently. Families that perceived their children as more burdened receive more help than families with children judged as being less burdened. There are regional differences especially in the utilization of high-threshold help by the healthcare system. DISCUSSION: Support offers seem to reach families with mental illnesses, especially those that are particularly burdened; however, there are regional differences regarding the utilization of support as well as the wishes for specific support offers.


Assuntos
Filho de Pais Incapacitados , Transtornos Mentais , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes , Adolescente , Humanos , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Família , Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia
2.
Psychiatr Prax ; 48(1): 19-24, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To meet mental health needs in men with depression, gender sensitive services are needed and recommended. Therefore, mental health professionals' views on care needs among men with depression that should be met by gender-sensitive services were assessed and consequences for inpatient treatment are considered. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 33 mental health professionals focusing on men's specific needs in depression treatment against the background of male gender role expectations. Qualitative Content Analysis was performed using MAXqda-Software. RESULTS: Men with depression benefit from individual talk with staff and structured activity during treatment. Men-only groups are assessed as enabling critical reflection of aspects of masculinity. Physical activities and handicraft enable men to examine their performance level. Services focusing on men's specific needs are assessed as helpful but largely inexistent. CONCLUSION: Expectations of social gender roles and their implications for mental health treatment should be considered in both mental health professional training and mental health treatment.


Assuntos
Depressão , Saúde Mental , Alemanha , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Masculinidade
3.
Trials ; 21(1): 275, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The German guideline on psychosocial interventions for people with severe mental disorders recommends a broad spectrum of evidence-based treatments. Structured implementation of the associated patient version of the guideline is missing to date. The study aims to assess whether structured implementation of a patient guideline improves the empowerment of patients with severe mental disorders, as well as knowledge, attitudes and experiences regarding psychosocial interventions, service use, treatment satisfaction, treatment needs, quality of life and burden of care. METHODS: The study is a multicentre, cluster-randomised, controlled study with two parallel groups. Inpatients and day hospital patients (all sexes; 18-65 years) with severe mental disorders will be included. Additionally, relatives of patients with mental disorders (all sexes; ≥ 18 years) will be included. In the experimental group, the patient guideline will be implemented using a multimodal strategy. Participants in the control group will receive treatment as usual but will be made aware of the patient guideline. The primary outcome is the change of empowerment, assessed by using the 'empowerment in the process of psychiatric treatment of patients with affective and schizophrenia disorders' (EPAS) scale. In addition, knowledge, attitudes and experiences regarding psychosocial interventions will be assessed as secondary outcomes, as well as service use, satisfaction with care, patient need and quality of life and participation and social inclusion. For relatives, the perceived burden of care also will be recorded. Results will be analysed using hierarchical linear models. For the health economic evaluation, the incremental cost-utility ratios will be computed using the differences in total costs of illness and the differences in quality-adjusted life years (QALY) between study groups. DISCUSSION: The study will be the first to assess the effects of a structured implementation of the patient version of a psychiatric treatment guideline. The study has some limitations regarding the transferability of the results to other patients and other regions. Furthermore, problems with the recruitment of patients and relatives and with the implementation of intervention could occur during the study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study is registered in the German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS) and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) under registration number DRKS00017577 (Date of registration: 23 October 2019.


Assuntos
Hospital Dia , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Hospitalização , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Psicoterapia/normas , Análise Custo-Benefício , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
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