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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200769

RESUMO

Few estimates are available of the need for assistive devices (ADs) in African settings. This study aimed to estimate population-level need for glasses and hearing aids in The Gambia based on (1) clinical impairment assessment, and (2) self-reported AD awareness, and explore the relationship between the two methods. The Gambia 2019 National Eye Health Survey is a nationally representative population-based sample of 9188 adults aged 35+ years. Participants underwent standardised clinical vision assessments including the need for glasses (distance and near). Approximately 25% of the sample underwent clinical assessment of hearing and hearing aid need. Data were also collected on self-reported awareness, need and access barriers to vision and hearing ADs. Overall, 5.6% of the study population needed distance glasses (95% CI 5.0-6.3), 45.9% (95% CI 44.2-47.5) needed near glasses and 25.5% (95% CI 22.2-29.2) needed hearing aids. Coverage for each AD was very low (<4%). The agreement between self-report and clinical impairment assessment for AD need was poor. In conclusion, there is high prevalence and very low coverage for distance glasses, near glasses and hearing aids in The Gambia. Self-report measures alone will not provide an accurate estimate of AD need.


Assuntos
Auxiliares de Audição , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Óculos , Gâmbia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Autorrelato
2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(12)2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205803

RESUMO

To achieve optimal mobility, visually impaired people have to deal with obstacle detection and avoidance challenges. Aside from the broadly adopted white cane, electronic aids have been developed. However, available electronic devices are not extensively used due to their complexity and price. As an effort to improve the existing ones, this work presents the design of a low-cost aid for blind people. A standard low-cost HC-SRF04 ultrasonic range is modified by adding phase modulation in the ultrasonic pulses, allowing it to detect the origin of emission, thus discriminating if the echo pulses come from the same device and avoiding false echoes due to interference from other sources. This improves accuracy and security in areas where different ultrasonic sensors are working simultaneously. The final device, based on users and trainers feedback for the design, works with the user's own mobile phone, easing utilization and lowering manufacturing costs. The device was tested with a set of twenty blind persons carrying out a travel experiment and satisfaction survey. The main results showed a change in total involuntary contacts with unknown obstacles and high user satisfaction. Hence, we conclude that the device can fill a gap in the mobility aids and reduce feelings of insecurity amongst the blind.


Assuntos
Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Bengala , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Ultrassom
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33800131

RESUMO

Selection of assistive technology devices (ATDs), which are imperative for persons with disabilities to improve their quality of life, requires collaboration of users and multidisciplinary professionals. However, it is still unknown how to design and implement an adequate collaborative work flow and a professional team. Under Japanese governmental ATD provision system, based on the application by clients, ATDs are mainly selected through collaborative processes with the clients and health professionals in public organizations, rehabilitation counseling centers (RCCs). By employing qualitative study methods in this study, we investigated the ATD selection process in which health professionals in RCCs collaboratively assess clients with physical disabilities so as to support them in selecting the adequate ATDs. To identify the perspectives required for ATD selection completely, the assessment processes were recorded and analyzed with a pseudo setting in two RCCs. Content analysis of the conversations between the client and professionals revealed the characteristics of the information exchanged in the assessment processes. A total of 760 assessment items were identified, thus indicating a broad array of interest. Despite the richness of information collected for the assessment, half of the assessment items did not have corresponding items in the documents that were employed during the prescription process. Thematic analysis of the interviews that followed revealed the common values and collaborative processes in ATD selection, which were shared and elaborated among the staff in daily social interactions. To facilitate implementation of ATD provision in various areas with few resources, it may be effective to convert this tacit-to-tacit knowledge sharing into a more explicit sharing by promoting analyses of good practices.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Aconselhamento , Humanos , Japão , Qualidade de Vida
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assistive Technology (AT) refers to "assistive products and related systems and services developed for people to maintain or improve functioning and thereby to promote well-being". Improving the process of design and creation of assistive products is an important step towards strengthening AT provision. PURPOSE: (1) to present a framework for designing and creating Low-Cost AT; (2) to display the preliminary results and evidence derived from applying the framework. METHODOLOGY: First, an evidence-based process was applied to develop and conceptualize the framework. Then, a pilot project to validate the framework was carried out. The sample was formed by 11 people with disabilities. The measure instruments were specific questionnaire, several forms of the Matching Person-Technology model, the Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Device Scale, and a tool to assess the usability and universal design of AT. RESULTS: The framework integrates three phases: Identification (Design), Creation (Making the prototype), and Implementation (Outcome Measures), based on the principles of Design Thinking, and with a user-centered perspective. The preliminary results showed the coherence of the entire process and its applicability. The matching between person and device was high, representing the importance of involving the user in the design and selection of AT. CONCLUSIONS: The framework is a guide for professionals and users to apply a Low-Cost and Do-It-Yourself perspective to the provision of AT. It highlights the importance of monitoring the entire procedure and measuring the effects, by applying the outcome measures.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tecnologia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801985

RESUMO

Children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) participate less regularly in physical and social activities. Support walkers allow mobility for infants who need aid. The aim of this study is to explore the benefits of a low-cost walking device in children with CP. A qualitative study using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews was conducted. Eight participants (two parents, two educational professionals, and four physical therapists) who live or work with children with CP that use a low-cost walking device were questioned to examine the benefits of the practice. Thematic analysis denoted three key factors about the benefits: emotional welfare, physical wellbeing, and social enjoyment. To conclude, the use of a support walker in children with CP makes them feel happier, improves their self-confidence and autonomy, and promotes participation.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Andadores , Caminhada
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33916565

RESUMO

People with acquired brain injury (ABI) face limitations when performing activities of daily living, including sexuality. Despite the common use among this group of assistive technology to compensate for or neutralize the limitations deriving from their condition, there is very little literature on outcome measures in assistive technology for sexual functioning. The aim of this study was to explore the psychosocial impact of the use of low-cost assistive technology in people with ABI. The sample was made up of 18 users: 15 men and 3 women diagnosed with ABI. The PLISSIT model was used, as well as the Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Device Scale-PIADS as an assessment tool. Three types of low-cost assistive technology were developed: seat cushions, bed equipment, and back supports. All three types of AT obtained positive scores on the PIADS total scale and its three subscales: competence, adaptability, and self-esteem. Although the results of this study are positive, more research into outcome measures for products to improve sexual functioning in people with ABI is required.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Atividades Cotidianas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33918839

RESUMO

In this paper, we present a new low-cost robotic platform that has been explicitly developed to increase children with neurodevelopmental disorders' involvement in the environment during everyday living activities. In order to support the children and youth with both the sequencing and learning of everyday living tasks, our robotic platform incorporates a sophisticated online action detection module that is capable of monitoring the acts performed by users. We explain all the technical details that allow many applications to be introduced to support individuals with functional diversity. We present this work as a proof of concept, which will enable an assessment of the impact that the developed technology may have on the collective of children and youth with neurodevelopmental disorders in the near future.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento , Robótica , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Atividades Cotidianas , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos
8.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 13(1): 49-54, Abril/2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1252714

RESUMO

Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar, por meio da interposição de questionário, pontos favoráveis e pontos potencialmente impeditivos à compra da Smart Mobb® como tecnologia assistiva auxiliar à mobilidade de pessoas com deficiência visual. Métodos: A aplicação do questionário foi realizada na Fundação Dorina Nowill para Cegos, instituição especializada no atendimento e reabilitação de pessoas com deficiência visual. A entrevista consistiu em perguntas sobre o perfil socioeconômico, social, tecnológico, sob o contexto das tecnologias assistivas, e de saúde, relativas ao indivíduo e às dificuldades que ele enfrenta no dia a dia por causa do seu quadro de deficiência visual. Resultados: Foram entrevistados oito candidatos. Os resultados indicaram que a Smart Mobb® possui características que apresentam identidade com as preferências relatadas pelas pessoas que participaram do estudo, apresentando inconsistência apenas quanto ao valor médio mensal estimado para venda e ao que esses indivíduos estão dispostos a pagar. Conclusão: Verificou-se que existe o desejo, por parte dos potenciais demandantes, quanto a soluções em tecnologias assistivas que carreguem maior teor tecnológico e que surjam como proposta de solução para o problema da mobilidade urbana. Com relação ao preço, a maioria dos entrevistados está disposta a pagar um percentual médio mensal abaixo do mínimo estipulado para a aquisição da bengala eletrônica Smart Mobb® , o que configura um potencial fator impeditivo à adesão


Objective: The objective of this work was to identify, through the questionnaire, favorable points and potentially impeding points for the purchase of Smart Mobb® as an auxiliary mobility technology for people with visual impairments. Methods: The questionnaire was applied at the Dorina Nowill Foundation for the Blind, an institution specialized in the care and rehabilitation of visually impaired people. The interview consisted of questions about the socioeconomic profile; Social; technological, in the context of assistive technologies; and health, including the individual and the difficulties he faces on a daily basis using his visual impairment. Results: Eight candidates were interviewed. The results indicate that Smart Mobb® has features that display the identity with respect to the people who study, showing inconsistency only in terms of the estimated average monthly value for sale and that these items are available for payment. Conclusion: It was found that it exists or desires, on the part of users who demand as much solutions in assisted technologies that carry greater technological content, and that appear as a solution proposal for the problem of urban mobility. With regard to price, most respondents are willing to pay an average monthly percentage below the minimum stipulated for the purchase of the Smart Mobb® electronic cane, or to set up a potential impediment to adherence


Assuntos
Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual
9.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 102(7): 1340-1346.e3, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The energy cost of walking with a lower limb prosthesis is higher than able-bodied walking and depends on both cause and level of amputation. This increase might partly be related to problems with balance control. In this study we investigated to what extent energy cost can be reduced by providing support through a handrail or cane and how this depends on level and cause of amputation. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. SETTING: Rehabilitation gait laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six people with a lower limb amputation were included: 9 with vascular and 17 with nonvascular causes, 16 at transtibial, and 10 at transfemoral or knee disarticulation level (N=26). INTERVENTIONS: Participants walked on a treadmill with and without handrail support and overground with and without a cane. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Energy cost was assessed using respirometry. RESULTS: On the treadmill, handrail support resulted in a 6% reduction in energy cost on average. This effect was attributed to an 11% reduction in those with an amputation attributable to vascular causes, whereas the nonvascular group did not show a significant difference. No interaction with level of amputation was found. Overground, no main effect of cane support was found, although an interaction effect with cause of amputation demonstrated a small nonsignificant decrease in energy cost (3%) in the vascular group and a significant increase (6%) in the nonvascular group when walking with a cane. The effect of support was positively correlated with self-selected walking speed. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that providing external support can contribute to a reduction in energy cost in people with an amputation due to vascular causes with reduced walking ability while walking in the more challenging condition of the treadmill. Although it is speculated that this effect might be related to problems with balance control, this will need further investigation.


Assuntos
Amputados/reabilitação , Membros Artificiais , Bengala , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Caminhada/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia
10.
Age Ageing ; 50(3): 882-890, 2021 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The use of assistive technology and telecare (ATT) has been promoted to manage risks associated with independent living in people with dementia but with little evidence for effectiveness. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to receive an ATT assessment followed by installation of all appropriate ATT devices or limited control of appropriate ATT. The primary outcomes were time to institutionalisation and cost-effectiveness. Key secondary outcomes were number of incidents involving risks to safety, burden and stress in family caregivers and quality of life. RESULTS: Participants were assigned to receive full ATT (248 participants) or the limited control (247 participants). After adjusting for baseline imbalance of activities of daily living score, HR for median pre-institutionalisation survival was 0.84; 95% CI, 0.63 to 1.12; P = 0.20. There were no significant differences between arms in health and social care (mean -£909; 95% CI, -£5,336 to £3,345, P = 0.678) and societal costs (mean -£3,545; 95% CI, -£13,914 to £6,581, P = 0.499). ATT group members had reduced participant-rated quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) at 104 weeks (mean - 0.105; 95% CI, -0.204 to -0.007, P = 0.037) but did not differ in QALYs derived from proxy-reported EQ-5D. DISCUSSION: Fidelity of the intervention was low in terms of matching ATT assessment, recommendations and installation. This, however, reflects current practice within adult social care in England. CONCLUSIONS: Time living independently outside a care home was not significantly longer in participants who received full ATT and ATT was not cost-effective. Participants with full ATT attained fewer QALYs based on participant-reported EQ-5D than controls at 104 weeks.


Assuntos
Demência , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Atividades Cotidianas , Análise Custo-Benefício , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/terapia , Inglaterra , Humanos , Vida Independente , Qualidade de Vida , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
11.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 176: 112946, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412429

RESUMO

Wearable sensors have evolved from body-worn fitness tracking devices to multifunctional, highly integrated, compact, and versatile sensors, which can be mounted onto the desired locations of our clothes or body to continuously monitor our body signals, and better interact and communicate with our surrounding environment or equipment. Here, we discuss the latest advances in textile-based and skin-like wearable sensors with a focus on three areas, including (i) personalised health monitoring to facilitate recording physiological signals, body motions, and analysis of body fluids, (ii) smart gloves and prosthetics to realise the sensation of touch and pain, and (iii) assistive technologies to enable disabled people to operate the surrounding motorised equipment using their active organs. We also discuss areas for future research in this emerging field.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica , Têxteis
12.
Integr Psychol Behav Sci ; 55(3): 541-565, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423142

RESUMO

The development of welfare assistive devices for frail elderly people has attracted significant attention for its effort to improve the quality of life and reduce the burden on caregivers. However, it is challenging to conduct multiple user tests because of the significant burden on the elderly; thus, we need efficient ways to extract insight through different approaches. In this study, we aim to elucidate real-time transitions in users' emotions and achievement motivation while using such a device. We synthesize an utterance analysis method based on attribution theory, in which all users' utterances are attributed to four categories (ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck) that follow the developed coding rules. Knowing the transitions in causal attribution allows us to extract salient experiences for users, especially by extracting shifts from them and analyzing why the shift occurred and what exactly was happening before and after the shift. If only salient user experiences can be referenced from the aggregate data, useful information can be extracted in a short time to improve system characteristics and the environment. We discussed the validity and reliability of the proposed method by conducting a user test of an electric-assisted four-wheeled cycle for frail elderly people in Kakegawa city in Shizuoka, Japan. We also succeeded in marking the points that need attention, which is about 33% of the total amount of utterance data (1626 utterances), and thus confirmed the potential of the proposed method. Future research should examine how the developed methodology can help designers improve assistive device development, as well as how it can contribute to other fields such as education and social assistance.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Idoso , Causalidade , Humanos , Japão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Trop Med Int Health ; 26(2): 146-158, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166008

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate population need and coverage for distance glasses, hearing aids and wheelchairs in India and Cameroon, and to explore the relationship between assistive product (AP) need measured through self-report and clinical impairment assessment. METHODS: Population-based surveys of approximately 4000 people each were conducted in Mahabubnagar district, India and Fundong district, Cameroon. Participants underwent standardised vision, hearing and musculoskeletal impairment assessment to assess need for distance glasses, hearing aids, wheelchairs. Participants with moderate or worse impairment and/or self-reported difficulties in functioning were also asked about their self-reported AP need. RESULTS: 6.5% (95% CI 5.4-7.9) in India and 1.9% (95% CI 1.5-2.4) in Cameroon of the population needed at least one of the three APs based on moderate or worse impairments. Total need was highest for distance glasses [3.7% (95% CI 2.8-4.7) India; 0.8% (95% CI 0.5-1.1), Cameroon] and lowest for wheelchairs (0.1% both settings; 95% CI 0.03-0.3 India, 95% CI 0.04-0.3 Cameroon). Coverage for each AP was below 40%, except for distance glasses in India, where it was 87% (95% CI 77.1-93.0). The agreement between self-report and clinical impairment assessment of AP need was poor. For instance, in India, 60% of people identified through clinical assessment as needing distance glasses did not self-report a need. Conversely, in India, 75% of people who self-reported needing distance glasses did not require one based on clinical impairment assessment. CONCLUSIONS: There is high need and low coverage of three APs in two low-and middle-income settings. Methodological shortcomings highlight the need for improved survey methods compatible with the international classification of functioning, disability and health to estimate population-level need for AP and related services to inform advocacy and planning.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Óculos/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamentos de Autoajuda/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Camarões , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais
14.
Mil Med ; 186(3-4): 379-386, 2021 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33247589

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Telehealth is an increasingly common approach to improve healthcare delivery, especially within the Veterans Health Administration and Department of Defense (DoD). Telehealth has diminished many challenges to direct access for clinical follow-up; however, the use of mobile telehealth for specialty rehabilitative care is emerging and is referred to as telerehabilitation. As early adopters of telehealth, the Veterans Affairs and DoD have supported collaborated efforts for programs designed to increase the access and quality of rehabilitative care while improving the functional ability of our service members (SMs) and veterans with lower limb amputation (LLA). The DoD and Veterans Health Administration collaborated on a Mobile Device Outcomes-based Rehabilitation Program (MDORP) to help injured SMs and veterans with LLA. The MDORP project utilized a mobile health system called the Rehabilitative Lower Limb Orthopedic Accommodating Device (ReLOAD) to assess walking quality. The ReLOAD system includes real-time auditory biofeedback to notify the user of their most prominent gait deviation and then recommends exercises that address specific balance and strength impairments. The purpose of this study was to describe the responses to a postintervention survey evaluating the feasibility and usability of ReLOAD completed by SMs and veterans with LLA who used the system for 5 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A link to an anonymous usability survey was emailed to all participants who completed MDORP. The survey was modeled after the System Usability Scale, with agreeableness to items rated on a 5-point Likert-style questionnaire in addition to open feedback. Data visualization of Likert-style questionnaires was conducted using ggplot2 and reshape2 statistical packages and was analyzed using R. We obtained institutional review board approval through both Miami Veterans Affairs Healthcare System and Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. RESULTS: The majority of participants reported that they would use the system again for home rehabilitation (65%) and that auditory biofeedback helped them walk better (59%). Participants also suggested that future work should include a greater variety of exercise options and the use of smart phones for the ReLOAD application in addition to the iPad tablet. CONCLUSIONS: The participants provided positive and constructive feedback that will enhance the value and usability of telerehabilitation interventions like the ReLOAD system for future users.


Assuntos
Amputados , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Veteranos , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Interface Usuário-Computador
17.
Geneva; World Health Organization; 2021. (WHO/MHP/HPS/ATM/2021.1).
em Inglês, Chinês, Português, Russo | WHOLIS | ID: who-341939
18.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3212-3215, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018688

RESUMO

A mobility scooter is a major assistive technology that replaces human ambulatory functions for people with disabilities. A license is often not required for driving a mobility scooter; therefore, less skilled drivers might create safety concerns. An effective way of reducing these safety risks is by assessing the driving skills of users. The existing assessment measures mostly score the task performance using manual observations. In this study, we have developed a novel assessment system that logs the driving operations by using add-on sensors. This system can monitor the operations of a mobility scooter including the angles of the throttle lever and the steering tiller. The subjects were seven older adults who participated in the driving test involving six tasks; the driver performances were video recorded, and the vehicle operation data were logged. The video analysis showed that two subjects crashed their scooters into objects or made contact with objects during the test course. To extract the characteristic patterns of the operations from the logs, 2D histograms of the operational status durations were investigated for each subject and task. Subsequent analysis of the operation logs identified the two subjects who had crashed their vehicles during the test drive. Our results proved that the driving operation logs could be used complementarily as a simple and low-cost tool for assessing a person's driving skills.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Pessoas com Deficiência , Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Idoso , Humanos , Licenciamento , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
19.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 68(12): 2872-2880, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of mobility device use in U.S. community-dwelling older adults including older adults with cancer history ("survivors") and to estimate mobility disability noting variation by cancer history, cancer site, and other factors to improve early detection of mobility limitations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study. SETTING: In-person interviews in the homes of study participants. PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative sample of community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries, aged 65 and older (n = 6,080 including 1,203 survivors). MEASUREMENTS: Participants were asked about cancer history, pain that limited activity, mobility device use (eg, canes, walkers, wheelchairs, and scooters), history of falls, and medical conditions plus they were assessed for approximate mobility disability using a 3-m gait speed test. The results were scored on a scale of 0 to 4 (0 = lowest, 4 = highest) using criteria from the National Institute on Aging. RESULTS: A total of 19% of older adults and 23% of survivors reported using one or more mobility device, most commonly a single-point cane. Approximately 10% of breast, 6% of prostate, and 3% of colorectal cancer survivors reported using two or more devices in the past month. Survivors had lower mean gait speed scores (2.27) than adults without cancer history (2.39). In regression models, survivors were 18% less likely than adults without cancer history to score high on the gait speed test (odds ratio = .82; P < .05). Prior mobility device use, history of multiple falls, unhealthy weight, Black race, multimorbidity, and pain that limited activity were associated with lower gait speed scores in all participants (all P < .05). CONCLUSION: A greater proportion of older survivors used mobility devices than adults without cancer history. Mobility device use varied by cancer site and was highest in survivors of breast, colorectal, and gynecological cancer. Survivors were also more likely to show signs of mobility disability, based on gait speed, compared with adults without cancer history. These indications, although modest, suggest that older survivors may require special attention to functional changes in survivorship.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Limitação da Mobilidade , Equipamentos de Autoajuda/estatística & dados numéricos , Velocidade de Caminhada/fisiologia , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Medicare , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
20.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 9(4): 21, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32818108

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess patient-reported quality of life outcome improvements in severely visually impaired (SVI) individuals using the Aira system over a 1-year follow-up period. Methods: Aira is an on-demand assistive technology designed for SVI. Aira subscribers were recruited and administered the validated 28-item Impact of Vision Impairment-Very Low Vision Questionnaire by phone before starting Aira with follow-ups at 3 months and 1 year. Total score and validated subset scores of activities of daily living, mobility, and safety (ADLMS) and emotional well-being (EWB) were assessed. Pearson correlation analyses and paired t-tests were used to examine the data. Results: Fifty participants (mean, age, 52.5 years; 25 males, 25 females) were recruited with a mean of 401 ± 66.3 days to follow-up. The initial total score (mean, 53.1 ± 18.9) significantly improved at 1 year (mean, 63.1 ± 16.2; P = 0.0002). The initial ADLMS score (mean, 30.7 ± 11.3) significantly improved at 1 year (mean, 37.2 ± 10.7; P = 0.001). The initial EWB score (mean, 22.5 ± 8.5) significantly improved at 1 year (mean, 25.9 ± 8.0; P = 0.0001). There was no significant difference between the 3-month and 1-year total (P = 0.972), ADLMS (P = 0.897), and EWB scores (P = 0.700). There was a significant correlation between minutes used and improvement in total (r = 0.371; P = 0.009), ADLMS (r = 0.302; P = 0.035), and EWB (r = 0.439; P = 0.002) scores. Conclusions: Aira use significantly improves Impact of Vision Impairment-Very Low Vision total, ADLMS, and EWB scores for SVI individuals at 3 months. This improvement is sustained at the 1-year follow-up and correlated with total minutes used. Translational Relevance: Aira technology may provide sustained improvement in quality of life for SVI, and further study to evaluate the usefulness of this technology to assist SVI may be beneficial.


Assuntos
Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Baixa Visão , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Atividades Cotidianas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
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