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1.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1361015, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841658

RESUMO

Introduction: Over the past decade, against the dual background of population aging and mobility, the older adult/adults floating population has become a new type of mobile group in China, continually congregating in large cities, posing significant challenges to the socio-economic development, eldercare services, and public management of these metropolises. Shanghai, as a mega-city and the economic center of the China, is typically representative of the national population. Methods: Based on the dynamic monitoring data of Shanghai's floating population in 2018, this research uses mathematical statistics and binary Logistic regression models. Objective: This research analyzes the demographic characteristics and health status of the older adult/adults floating population in Shanghai in the new era and reveals its primary influencing factors. Results and discussion: (1) A prominent contradiction in the scale and structure of the older adult/adults floating population, with widowed and low-educated mobile older adult/adults requiring attention. (2) There is a lack of health knowledge, and the proportion of local reimbursement is low. Over 90% of migrant older adult/adults self-assessed their health (with a very few unable to care for themselves), far higher than the proportion of older adult/adults who are not sick (injured) or uncomfortable (actually healthy), which exceeds 70%. The health status of migrant older adult/adults deteriorates with age, and those who have never attended school and live alone have the worst health status. (3) Older adult/adults people with advanced age and low educational levels are at risk of health issues, while a better living environment can reduce the risk of illness in the older adult/adults floating population. Low family income, poor housing affordability, and the medical burden brought about by illness can easily lead to older adult/adults floating populations falling into the trap of older adult/adults poverty, and older adult/adults people from central regions and those who migrate along have difficulty adapting to city life, leading to poor self-assessed health. Meanwhile, community/enterprise health education helps to enhance the health protection awareness of the older adult/adults floating population. Finally, based on the governance concept of "mobility publicness," several public management and service optimization strategies for social support for the older adult/adults floating population in Shanghai are proposed.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Migrantes , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1370282, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841678

RESUMO

Introduction: The burden of colorectal cancer (CRC) plays a pivotal role in the global cancer epidemic. Our study reported the incidence trends in CRC and the associated effects of age, period, and birth cohort in 204 countries and territories over the past 30 years. Methods: The incidence data of CRC were extracted from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2019. We performed the age-period-cohort (APC) model to estimate the overall annual percentage change (net drift) in the incidence rate, the annual percentage change by age group (local drift), and the relative risk (period and cohort effects) of the period and cohort in CRC during 1990-2019. This approach allows examining and distinguishing age, period, and cohort effects in incidence and potentially distinguishing colorectal cancer gaps in prevention and screening. Results: In 2019, the incidence of CRC was 2.17 (95% UI 2.00-2.34) million, of which China, the United States of America, and Japan had the highest incidence population, accounting for 45.9% of the global population. The age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) was 26.7 (95% UI 28.9-24.6) per 100,000 people, of which 30 countries had an incidence rate greater than 40.0 per 100,000 people. From 1990 to 2019, the middle SDI region had the largest increase in incidence rate, with a net drift of 2.33% (95% CI 2.2-2.46%, p < 0.001). Globally, the incidence population was concentrated in the age group of 50-69 years, and the age group of 30-34 years had the largest increase in incidence rate (local drift 1.19% (95% CI 1.01-1.37%)). At the same time, the sex and age distributions of CRC incidence had significant heterogeneity across regions and countries. In the past 30 years, the incidence rate in 31 countries has been well controlled (net drift <0), and most of them were concentrated in high-and high-middle-SDI regions, such as Australia, Czechia, and Belgium, and the relative risk of incidence generally improved over time and consecutive young birth cohorts. CRC incidence showed an unfavorable trend (net drift ≥1%) in 89 countries, of which 27 countries were more significant (net drift >2%), mostly concentrated in the middle SDI region, such as China, Mexico, and Brazil, and the risk of period and birth cohort was unfavorable. Conclusion: Globally, the incidence of CRC has shown an overall upward trend over the past 30 years, with the exception of some countries with higher SDI values. Significant age-period-cohort differences were observed in the risk of incidence in CRC worldwide. Effective prevention and control policies need to take into account the age-period-cohort effect characteristics of different regions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Carga Global da Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Idoso , Feminino , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fatores Etários , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Allied Health ; 53(2): e67-e76, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834345

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex condition, and individuals living in rural areas often face challenges accessing the specialized care they require. To better understand the specific healthcare needs of individuals with PD in Eastern North Carolina (ENC), the present study investigated three key areas: access to a multidisciplinary care team, access to PD-specific resources, and access to resources for establishing telemedicine services. Participants were recruited through email invitations to Parkinson's Foundation members and the distribution of postcards in the region, and 106 individuals with PD in ENC completed the online survey. Only 28.3% of respondents reported access to an interdisciplinary care team, with approximately 50% stating that their healthcare provider had not informed them of the availability of such a team. Nevertheless, the quality of care received was generally perceived as high, and 41.5% of participants were part of a PD support group. Approximately half of the respondents expressed a willingness to have telemedicine appointments with a movement disorder specialist. These findings offer valuable insights for healthcare providers and policymakers in rural areas to better understand the needs of people with PD. Several strategies, including community building and increased access to telemedicine, are recommended to address these needs.


Assuntos
Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Doença de Parkinson , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Telemedicina , Humanos , North Carolina , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Adulto , População Rural , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
4.
Sante Publique ; 36(2): 133-141, 2024.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834520

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Older adults were among those who suffered most from the COVID-19 pandemic. In Morocco, where 64.4 percent of older adults suffer from a form of chronic illness, the main challenge facing local authorities was how to maintain essential care for this population group in the context of the pandemic. PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH: The aim of the study was to determine the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on older adults’ access to primary healthcare in the Essaouira Province (Morocco), with a view to ensuring the ongoing provision of healthcare for older adults during health emergencies. A longitudinal retrospective survey was conducted from October to December 2021 based on a structured questionnaire with a sample of 196 people aged sixty and above. The data obtained were compiled and analyzed using SPSS software (version 20.0). RESULTS: The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected older adults’ access to primary healthcare. Older adults’ use of primary healthcare services fell by 51.6 percent during the pandemic compared with the same periods in previous years. In addition, the measures taken to control the pandemic have had a negative impact on the quality of services offered to the survey participants. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in significant changes in the operation of primary healthcare for older populations. The findings of this study provide a basis for anticipatory actions to improve the ongoing provision of healthcare for older adults in the context of health emergencies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Humanos , Marrocos/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Longitudinais , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1492, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834967

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of loneliness on the healthy life expectancy of older adults in China and its gender disparities across different health indicators, in order to provide insights for enhancing the health status and subjective well-being of the older population. METHOD: We conducted a cohort analysis using four waves of weighted samples (2008, 2011, 2014, and 2018) from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, encompassing 15,507 respondents aged 65-99. Physical and subjective health were assessed through activity of daily living (ADL) and self-rated health (SRH), respectively. Utilizing loneliness status as a time-variant variable, we employed the multi-state interpolated Markov Chain to explore the associations between loneliness and age-specific life expectancy (LE), healthy life expectancy (HLE), and the proportion of healthy life expectancy in life expectancy (HLE/LE). RESULTS: Compared to the non-lonely population, both LE and HLE were lower among lonely individuals. Regarding gender differences, the HLE/LE for females in the lonely population was consistently lower than that for males. The impact of loneliness on the health of older adults varied by measurement indicators and gender. Specifically, based on ADL results, the decline in HLE/LE was greater for females, with a decline of 53.6% for lonely females compared to 51.7% for non-lonely females between the ages of 65 and 99. For males, the decline was 51.4% for lonely males and 51.5% for non-lonely males. According to SRH, the gender difference in the decline of HLE/LE due to loneliness was less apparent. For males, the change in HLE/LE for non-lonely individuals was 3.4%, compared to 4.2% for lonely individuals, whereas for females, the change was 3.7% for non-lonely individuals and 4.4% for lonely individuals. CONCLUSION: Loneliness exerts varied effects on health across different measurement indicators and gender demographics. Targeted health promotion interventions are imperative to mitigate these negative impacts, particularly emphasizing the enhancement of subjective well-being and physical functioning, especially among older adult females.


Assuntos
Expectativa de Vida , Solidão , Humanos , Solidão/psicologia , Masculino , Feminino , China/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Longitudinais , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Fatores Sexuais
6.
Codas ; 36(4): e20220319, 2024.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836826

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the correlation between swallowing, language and cognition performance and describe the sociodemographic data of elderly people without previous neurological disorders. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study, with non-probabilistic sample for convenience and data collection by telecall. The aspiration screening test (Yale Swallow Protocol) was used to identify and exclude elderly people at risk of aspiration. Then, sociodemographic data were collected, and instruments were applied: activity of daily living (IADLs), risk of dysphagia (EAT-10), cognitive screening (Mini Mental State Examination - MMSE) and language (Montreal-Toulouse Language Battery - MTL-Brazil). RESULTS: The sample consisted of 32 elderly people from the Federal District, with a mean age of 69.00±7.73 years and schooling of 10.00±5.60 years. The scores on the EAT-10, MMSE and MTL Battery instruments were altered in four, 22 and 26 elderly, respectively, indicating, in this case, risk of dysphagia, suggestion of cognitive alteration and language alteration. Regarding food, of the total sample, 13 seniors (40%) complained of needing modified food, as well as 10 of these also obtained MMSE scores suggestive of cognitive alteration. When comparing the groups with and without complaints and/or risk of dysphagia, there was no statistically significant difference in relation to sociodemographic, cognitive and language variables. Binary logistic regression models also showed no statistically significant results. CONCLUSION: The present study, when correlating the swallowing, language and cognition findings, did not obtain statistically significant results. It was observed that the elderly with swallowing complaints also showed results suggestive of cognitive and language changes in the tests performed, but there was no statistically significant difference in relation to the elderly without complaints or swallowing changes.


OBJETIVO: Analisar a correlação entre o desempenho de deglutição, linguagem e cognição e descrever os dados sociodemográficos de idosos sem alterações neurológicas prévias. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal analítico, com amostra não-probabilística por conveniência e coleta de dados por telechamada. Foi aplicado o teste de triagem de broncoaspiração (Yale Swallow Protocol) para identificação e exclusão dos idosos com risco de broncoaspiração. Em seguida, realizou-se coleta de dados sociodemográficos e aplicação dos instrumentos de: atividade de vida diária (AIVDs), risco de disfagia (EAT-10), rastreio cognitivo (Mini Exame do Estado Mental ­ MEEM) e linguagem (Bateria Montreal-Toulouse de Linguagem ­ MTL-Brasil). RESULTADOS: A amostra foi composta por 32 idosos do Distrito Federal, com média de idade de 69,00±7,73 anos e de escolaridade de 10,00±5,60 anos. Os escores nos instrumentos EAT-10, MEEM e Bateria MTL apresentaram-se alterados em quatro, 22 e 26 idosos, respectivamente, indicando, nesse caso, risco de disfagia, sugestão de alteração cognitiva e alteração da linguagem. Sobre a alimentação, do total da amostra, 13 idosos (40%) apresentaram queixa de necessidade de comida modificada, bem como 10 desses também obtiveram escore no MEEM sugestivo de alteração cognitiva. Ao comparar os grupos com e sem queixa e/ou risco de disfagia, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante em relação às variáveis sociodemográficas, cognitivas e de linguagem. Os modelos de regressão logística binária também evidenciaram resultados sem significância estatística. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo, ao correlacionar os achados de deglutição, linguagem e cognição, não obteve resultados estatisticamente significantes. Observou-se que os idosos com queixa de deglutição também apresentaram resultados sugestivos de alteração cognitiva e de linguagem nos testes realizados, mas não houve diferença estatisticamente significante em relação aos idosos sem queixa ou alteração de deglutição.


Assuntos
Cognição , Transtornos de Deglutição , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Idoso , Feminino , Masculino , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Deglutição/fisiopatologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Brasil , Deglutição/fisiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idioma , Atividades Cotidianas , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Testes Neuropsicológicos
7.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1376406, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827620

RESUMO

Introduction: China has experienced unprecedented transformations unseen in a century and is gradually progressing toward an emerging superpower. The epidemiological trends of digestive diseases in the United States (the US) have significant prescient effects on China. Methods: We extracted data on 18 digestive diseases from the Global Burden of Diseases 2019 Data Resource. Linear regression analysis conducted by the JoinPoint software assessed the average annual percentage change of the burden. We performed subgroup analyses based on sex and age group. Results: In 2019, there were 836.01 and 180.91 million new cases of digestive diseases in China and the US, causing 1558.01 and 339.54 thousand deaths. The age-standardized incidence rates of digestive diseases in China and the US were 58417.87/100,000 and 55018.65/100,000 respectively, resulting in age-standardized mortality rates of 81.52/100,000 and 60.88/100,000. The rates in China annually decreased by 2.149% for mortality and 2.611% for disability-adjusted life of year (DALY). The mortality and DALY rates of the US, respectively, had average annual percentage changes of -0.219 and -0.251. Enteric infections and cirrhosis and other chronic liver diseases accounted for the highest incidence and prevalence in both counties, respectively. The burden of multiple digestive diseases exhibited notable sex disparities. The middle-old persons had higher age-standardized prevalence rates. Conclusion: China bore a greater burden of digestive diseases, and the evolving patterns were more noticeable. Targeted interventions and urgent measures should be taken in both countries to address the specific burden of digestive diseases based on their different epidemic degree.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Digestório , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Adolescente , Lactente , Incidência , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Adulto Jovem , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Recém-Nascido , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Deficiência
8.
South Med J ; 117(6): 291-295, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the factors associated with vision impairment (VI), age-related eye disease (ARED), and frequency of eye examinations among older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study (N = 166) was designed to identify barriers in vision and eye care services among adults 50 years and older in four counties in Appalachian Tennessee. Surveys were administered in March 2023. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to determine the risk factors of VI and ARED and the frequency of eye examinations. RESULTS: In two out of the three regression models, predictors such as traveling >10 mi to an eye care provider, barriers to eye care, and a lack of exposure to eye health information emerged as significant factors. Individuals who traveled >10 mi to an eye care provider were more than twice as likely than individuals who traveled shorter distances to have VI and not maintain routine eye care (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.69, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08-6.75; AOR 2.82, 95% CI 1.05-7.55, respectively). Reporting barriers to eye care doubled the odds of ARED (AOR 2.33, 95% CI 1.02-5.34) and substantially increased the odds of reporting a 3-year or longer interval since the last eye examination (AOR 7.45, 95% CI 1.85-29.96) compared with having no barriers to eye care. Moreover, limited exposure to eye health information tripled the odds of VI (AOR 3.26, 95% CI 1.15-9.24) and not maintaining routine eye care (AOR 3.07, 95% CI 0.97-9.70) compared with more exposure to eye health information. Other predictors also were uncovered in the analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study contributes to the scarce literature on risk factors associated with vision health among older adults in Appalachia.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Visão , Humanos , Tennessee/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos da Visão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Oftalmopatias/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 12: e53964, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832585

RESUMO

Background: Due to aging of the population, the prevalence of aortic valve stenosis will increase drastically in upcoming years. Consequently, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures will also expand worldwide. Optimal selection of patients who benefit with improved symptoms and prognoses is key, since TAVI is not without its risks. Currently, we are not able to adequately predict functional outcomes after TAVI. Quality of life measurement tools and traditional functional assessment tests do not always agree and can depend on factors unrelated to heart disease. Activity tracking using wearable devices might provide a more comprehensive assessment. Objective: This study aimed to identify objective parameters (eg, change in heart rate) associated with improvement after TAVI for severe aortic stenosis from a wearable device. Methods: In total, 100 patients undergoing routine TAVI wore a Philips Health Watch device for 1 week before and after the procedure. Watch data were analyzed offline-before TAVI for 97 patients and after TAVI for 75 patients. Results: Parameters such as the total number of steps and activity time did not change, in contrast to improvements in the 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and physical limitation domain of the transformed WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Conclusions: These findings, in an older TAVI population, show that watch-based parameters, such as the number of steps, do not change after TAVI, unlike traditional 6MWT and QoL assessments. Basic wearable device parameters might be less appropriate for measuring treatment effects from TAVI.


Assuntos
Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/estatística & dados numéricos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis/normas , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
10.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(7): 407, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833106

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Poor adherence to oral chemotherapy adversely impacts clinical outcomes and escalates overall healthcare costs. Despite barriers to medication adherence, a significant gap remains in assessing adherence to oral chemotherapy among multiple myeloma (MM) patients with lower socioeconomic status. Hence, our study aims to evaluate immunomodulator adherence in MM patients at a county hospital, primarily serving underrepresented and indigent individuals with low socioeconomic status across the greater Houston area. METHODS: Inclusion criteria composed of patients diagnosed with MM, aged at least 18 years, and treated with lenalidomide or pomalidomide-two widely used immunomodulators-for a minimum of 2 months or having two or more records of dispensation between May 2019 and May 2021. Adherence was gauged using an adjusted version of the medication possession ratio (MPR). RESULTS: Sixty-two patients were enrolled, yielding a mean MPR value of 88% (SD, ± 18.9). Of these, 43 patients (69.3%) demonstrated adherence with an MPR of ≥ 0.90. A significant difference was found in treatment duration between the adherent (mean 8.8 months; SD, ± 7.2) and non-adherent (mean 13.4 months; SD, ± 7.9) groups (p = 0.027). Notably, race/ethnicity demonstrated a significant difference (p = 0.048), driven by disparities in African American and Hispanic representation across adherence levels. CONCLUSION: In summary, our findings highlight race and treatment duration to be predictors of immunomodulator adherence among MM patients with lower socioeconomic status. Further research is imperative to devise and test innovative interventions aimed at enhancing medication adherence, thereby contributing to improved survival and healthcare quality in this population.


Assuntos
Lenalidomida , Adesão à Medicação , Mieloma Múltiplo , Classe Social , Talidomida , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Lenalidomida/administração & dosagem , Lenalidomida/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Agentes de Imunomodulação/uso terapêutico , Agentes de Imunomodulação/administração & dosagem , Agentes de Imunomodulação/farmacologia , Texas , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 484, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the ageing population grows, the demand for long-term care (LTC) services will rise, concurrently amplifying healthcare utilisation. This review aims to examine and consolidate information on LTC interventions that influence healthcare utilisation among older persons. METHODS: A scoping review was performed through a systematic search in PubMed, EBSCO CINAHL, EBM Reviews - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Embase, APA PsycInfo, EBM Reviews - Health Technology Assessment, and EBM Reviews - NHS Economic Evaluation Database. Systematic reviews with meta-analyses published between 1 January 2010 and 2 June 2022 among older persons aged 60 and above were included. The characteristics of LTC interventions were mapped to the World Health Organization (WHO) Healthy Ageing Framework. The effect sizes of healthcare utilisations for LTC interventions were recalculated using a random-effects model. The methodological quality was assessed with the AMSTAR-2 checklist, while the quality of evidence for each association was evaluated using GRADE. RESULTS: Thirty-seven meta-analyses were included. The most prominent domain of the healthy ageing framework was managing chronic conditions. One hundred twelve associations between various LTC interventions and healthcare utilisations were identified, with 22 associations impacting healthcare utilisation. Four interventions were supported by suggestive or convincing evidence. Preventive home visits were found to reduce hospital admission (OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.59, 0.91, p = 0.005), caregiver integration during discharge planning (OR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.57, 0.81, p < 0.001), and continuity of care (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.61, 0.95, p = 0.018) reduced hospital readmission, and perioperative geriatric interventions reduced the length of hospital stay (MD: -1.50, 95% CI: -2.24, -0.76, p < 0.001). None of the associations impacted emergency department visits, medication use, and primary care utilisations with convincing evidence. Most reviews received low methodological quality. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that LTC interventions could benefit from transitioning to a community-based setting involving a multidisciplinary team, including carers. The spectrum of services should incorporate a comprehensive assessment to ensure continuous care.


Assuntos
Assistência de Longa Duração , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração/métodos , Assistência de Longa Duração/tendências , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
12.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 485, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessing and monitoring intrinsic capacity (IC) is an effective strategy to promote healthy ageing by intervening early in high-risk populations. This review systematically analyzed the global detection rates of IC deficits and explored variations across diverse populations and data collection methods. METHODS: This study was preregistered with PROSPERO, CRD42023477315. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we systematically searched ten databases from January 2015 to October 2023, for peer-reviewed, observational studies or baseline survey of trials that assessed IC deficits among older adults aged 50 and above globally following the condition, context and population approach. The main outcome was intrinsic capacity deficits which could be assessed by any tools. Meta-analyses were performed by a random-effect model to pool the detection rates across studies and subgroup analyses were conducted by populations and data collection methods. RESULTS: Fifty-six studies conducted in 13 countries were included in the review and 44 studies with detection rates of IC were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled detection rate of IC deficits was 72.0% (65.2%-78.8%) and deficits were most detected in sensory (49.3%), followed by locomotion (40.0%), cognition (33.1%), psychology (21.9%), and vitality (20.1%). Variations in detection rates of IC deficits were observed across studies, with higher rates observed in low- and middle-income countries (74.0%) and hyper-aged societies (85.0%). Study population and measurement tools also explained the high heterogeneity across studies. CONCLUSION: IC deficits are common among older adults, while heterogeneity exists across populations and by measurement. Early monitoring with standardized tools and early intervention on specific subdomains of IC deficits are greatly needed for effective strategies to promote healthy ageing.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Idoso , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Envelhecimento Saudável/fisiologia , Envelhecimento Saudável/psicologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
13.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1394688, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832229

RESUMO

Introduction: As an important component of the social security system, basic pension insurance for urban and rural residents is expected to improve the quality of life of rural older adult people and make their lives better and happier. This article mainly studies the relationship between the basic pension for urban and rural residents and the subjective well-being of older adult people in rural China. Methods: This paper uses data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) for the years 2018 and 2020. It selected samples of rural older adult people aged 60 and above, ultimately obtaining 9,310 samples. The impact of the basic pension for urban and rural residents on the subjective well-being of rural older adult people was estimated by constructing Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) estimation methods and ordered logistic regression models. The robustness of the results was verified by changing the regression methods, and the samples were divided into different groups for heterogeneity analysis according to three different standards. Results: The results show that the basic pension for urban and rural residents significantly improves the life satisfaction of rural older adult, reduces their degrees of depression, and thereby enhances their subjective well-being. The impact of the basic pension for urban and rural residents is more significant for older adult individuals in areas with a higher gender ratio, those suffering from chronic diseases, and those in the eastern regions of the country. Further verification indicates that the basic pension for urban and rural residents enhances the subjective well-being of the rural older adult by improving their health status and reducing their labor supply. Discussion: Most of the existing research on basic pension insurance for urban and rural residents and subjective well-being has been conducted from the perspective of whether individuals are enrolled in the pension scheme or whether they received a pension. However, there are few studies analyzing from the perspective of the amount of pension benefits received by residents. The results of this study help to enrich the research perspective on the basic pension insurance system for urban and rural residents in China and expand the understanding of the impact and value of the basic pension for urban and rural residents.


Assuntos
Pensões , Qualidade de Vida , População Rural , População Urbana , Humanos , China , Pensões/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Longitudinais , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Satisfação Pessoal , Aposentadoria/estatística & dados numéricos , População do Leste Asiático
14.
Cancer Med ; 13(11): e7250, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826090

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Since June 2020, boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) has been a health care service covered by health insurance in Japan to treat locally advanced or recurrent unresectable head and neck cancers. Therefore, we aimed to assess the clinical outcomes of BNCT as a health insurance treatment and explore its role among the standard treatment modalities for head and neck cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from patients who were treated using BNCT at Kansai BNCT Medical Center, Osaka Medical and Pharmaceutical University, between June 2020 and May 2022. We assessed objective response rates based on the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1, and adverse events based on the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 5.0. Additionally, we conducted a survival analysis and explored the factors that contributed to the treatment results. RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients (72 treatments) were included in the study, with a median observation period of 15 months. The objective response rate was 80.5%, and the 1-year locoregional control, progression-free survival, and overall survival rates were 57.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 43.9%-68.3%), 42.2% (95% CI: 30.1%-53.8%), and 75.4% (95% CI: 62.5%-84.5%), respectively. Locoregional control was significantly longer in patients with earlier TNM staging and no history of chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: BNCT may be an effective treatment option for locally advanced or recurrent unresectable head and neck cancers with no other definitive therapies. If definitive surgery or radiation therapy are not feasible, BNCT should be considered at early disease stages.


Assuntos
Terapia por Captura de Nêutron de Boro , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Humanos , Terapia por Captura de Nêutron de Boro/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Japão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguro Saúde , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(6): e2414431, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829614

RESUMO

Importance: Medicare Advantage (MA) enrollment is rapidly expanding, yet Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) claims-based hospital outcome measures, including readmission rates, have historically included only fee-for-service (FFS) beneficiaries. Objective: To assess the outcomes of incorporating MA data into the CMS claims-based FFS Hospital-Wide All-Cause Unplanned Readmission (HWR) measure. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study assessed differences in 30-day unadjusted readmission rates and demographic and risk adjustment variables for MA vs FFS admissions. Inpatient FFS and MA administrative claims data were extracted from the Integrated Data Repository for all admissions for Medicare beneficiaries from July 1, 2018, to June 30, 2019. Measure reliability and risk-standardized readmission rates were calculated for the FFS and MA cohort vs the FFS-only cohort, overall and within specialty subgroups (cardiorespiratory, cardiovascular, medicine, surgery, neurology), then changes in hospital performance quintiles were assessed after adding MA admissions. Main Outcome and Measure: Risk-standardized readmission rates. Results: The cohort included 11 029 470 admissions (4 077 633 [37.0%] MA; 6 044 060 [54.8%] female; mean [SD] age, 77.7 [8.2] years). Unadjusted readmission rates were slightly higher for MA vs FFS admissions (15.7% vs 15.4%), yet comorbidities were generally lower among MA beneficiaries. Test-retest reliability for the FFS and MA cohort was higher than for the FFS-only cohort (0.78 vs 0.73) and signal-to-noise reliability increased in each specialty subgroup. Mean hospital risk-standardized readmission rates were similar for the FFS and MA cohort and FFS-only cohorts (15.5% vs 15.3%); this trend was consistent across the 5 specialty subgroups. After adding MA admissions to the FFS-only HWR measure, 1489 hospitals (33.1%) had their performance quintile ranking changed. As their proportion of MA admissions increased, more hospitals experienced a change in their performance quintile ranking (147 hospitals [16.3%] in the lowest quintile of percentage MA admissions; 408 [45.3%] in the highest). The combined cohort added 63 hospitals eligible for public reporting and more than 4 million admissions to the measure. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, adding MA admissions to the HWR measure was associated with improved measure reliability and precision and enabled the inclusion of more hospitals and beneficiaries. After MA admissions were included, 1 in 3 hospitals had their performance quintile changed, with the greatest shifts among hospitals with a high percentage of MA admissions.


Assuntos
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S. , Medicare Part C , Readmissão do Paciente , Humanos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos , Feminino , Masculino , Medicare Part C/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S./estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Planos de Pagamento por Serviço Prestado/estatística & dados numéricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais/normas
16.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0304083, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Physician adherence to evidence-based clinical practice parameters impacts outcomes of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. We sought to investigate compliance with the 2009 practice parameters for treatment of ALS patients in the United States, and sociodemographic and provider characteristics associated with adherence. METHODS: In this population-based, retrospective cohort study of incident ALS patients in 2009-2014, we included all Medicare beneficiaries age ≥20 with ≥1 International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification ALS code (335.20) in 2009 and no prior years (N = 8,575). Variables of interest included race/ethnicity, sex, age, urban residence, Area Deprivation Index (ADI), and provider specialty (neurologist vs. non-neurologist). Outcomes were use of practice parameters, which included feeding tubes, non-invasive ventilation (NIV), riluzole, and receiving care from a neurologist. RESULTS: Overall, 42.9% of patients with ALS received neurologist care. Black beneficiaries (odds ratio [OR] 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.47-0.67), older beneficiaries (OR 0.964, 95% CI 0.961-0.968 per year), and those living in disadvantaged areas (OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.61-0.80) received less care from neurologists. Overall, only 26.7% of beneficiaries received a feeding tube, 19.2% NIV, and 15.3% riluzole. Neurologist-treated patients were more likely to receive interventions than other ALS patients: feeding tube (OR 2.80, 95% CI 2.52-3.11); NIV (OR 10.8, 95% CI 9.28-12.6); and riluzole (OR 7.67, 95% CI 6.13-9.58), after adjusting for sociodemographics. These associations remained marked and significant when we excluded ALS patients who subsequently received a code for other diseases that mimic ALS. CONCLUSIONS: ALS patients treated by neurologists received care consistent with practice parameters more often than those not treated by a neurologist. Black, older, and disadvantaged beneficiaries received less care consistent with the practice parameters.


Assuntos
Esclerose Lateral Amiotrófica , Medicare , Humanos , Esclerose Lateral Amiotrófica/terapia , Masculino , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf ; 33(6): e5846, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825963

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Medications prescribed to older adults in US skilled nursing facilities (SNF) and administrations of pro re nata (PRN) "as needed" medications are unobservable in Medicare insurance claims. There is an ongoing deficit in our understanding of medication use during post-acute care. Using SNF electronic health record (EHR) datasets, including medication orders and barcode medication administration records, we described patterns of PRN analgesic prescribing and administrations among SNF residents with hip fracture. METHODS: Eligible participants resided in SNFs owned by 11 chains, had a diagnosis of hip fracture between January 1, 2018 to August 2, 2021, and received at least one administration of an analgesic medication in the 100 days after the hip fracture. We described the scheduling of analgesics, the proportion of available PRN doses administered, and the proportion of days with at least one PRN analgesic administration. RESULTS: Among 24 038 residents, 57.3% had orders for PRN acetaminophen, 67.4% PRN opioids, 4.2% PRN non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and 18.6% PRN combination products. The median proportion of available PRN doses administered per drug was 3%-50% and the median proportion of days where one or more doses of an ordered PRN analgesic was administered was 25%-75%. Results differed by analgesic class and the number of administrations ordered per day. CONCLUSIONS: EHRs can be leveraged to ascertain precise analgesic exposures during SNF stays. Future pharmacoepidemiology studies should consider linking SNF EHRs to insurance claims to construct a longitudinal history of medication use and healthcare utilization prior to and during episodes of SNF care.


Assuntos
Analgésicos , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Fraturas do Quadril , Medicare , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem , Humanos , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estados Unidos , Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Semi-Intensivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Acetaminofen/administração & dosagem
18.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(6): e2415058, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837157

RESUMO

Importance: In 2018, the US Congress gave Medicare Advantage (MA) historic flexibility to address members' social needs with a set of Special Supplemental Benefits for the Chronically Ill (SSBCIs). In response, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services expanded the definition of primarily health-related benefits (PHRBs) to include nonmedical services in 2019. Uptake has been modest; MA plans cited a lack of evidence as a limiting factor. Objective: To evaluate the association between adopting the expanded supplemental benefits designed to address MA enrollees' nonmedical and social needs and enrollees' plan ratings. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study compared the plan ratings of MA enrollees in plans that adopted an expanded PHRB, SSBCI, or both using difference-in-differences estimators with MA Consumer Assessment of Health Care Providers and Systems survey data from March to June 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2021 linked to Medicare administrative claims and publicly available benefits and enrollment data. Data analysis was performed between April 2023 and March 2024. Exposure: Enrollees in MA plans that adopted a PHRB and/or SSBCI in 2021. Main Outcomes and Measures: Enrollee plan rating on a 0- to 10-point scale, with 0 indicating the worst health plan possible and 10 indicating the best health plan possible. Results: The study sample included 388 356 responses representing 467 MA contracts and 2558 plans in 2021. Within the weighted population of responders, the mean (SD) age was 74.6 (8.7) years, 57.2% were female, 8.9% were fully Medicare-Medicaid dual eligible, 74.6% had at least 1 chronic medical condition, 13.7% had not graduated high school, 9.7% were helped by a proxy, 45.1% reported fair or poor physical health, and 15.6% were entitled to Medicare due to disability. Adopting both a new PHRB and SSBCI benefit in 2021 was associated with an increase of 0.22 out of 10 points (95% CI, 0.4-4.0 points) in mean enrollee plan ratings. There was no association between adoption of only a PHRB (adjusted difference, -0.12 points; 95% CI, -0.26 to 0.02 points) or SSBCI (adjusted difference, 0.09 points; 95% CI, -0.03 to 0.21 points) and plan rating. Conclusions and Relevance: Medicare Advantage plans that adopted both benefits saw modest increases in mean enrollee plan ratings. This evidence suggests that more investments in supplemental benefits were associated with improved plan experiences, which could contribute to improved plan quality ratings.


Assuntos
Medicare Part C , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Medicare Part C/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Benefícios do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Doença Crônica
19.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 53042, Jan.-Jun. 2024. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550250

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução: A violência contra idosos é um fenômeno crescente, ocasionando prejuízos à saúde, com diferentes desfechos e consequências às vítimas. A chance de idosas sofrerem-na no âmbito familiar supera a dos homens, sendo o gênero um fator de risco considerável. Objetivo: Analisar a compreensão da violência contra pessoas idosas segundo mulheres gerontes. Metodologia: Pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa desenvolvida com 22 idosas de uma comunidade no estado da Paraíba, Brasil, escolhidas por conveniência. Utilizou-se para coleta de dados entrevistas semiestruturadas, processadas pelo software Iramuteq, com posterior Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: Foram evidenciadas cinco classes: ciclo de violência; rede de apoio ao idoso vítima de violência; Vivência de situações violentas; violência financeira; e simbologia da violência na sociedade, as quais denotam compreensão da violência envolvendo os diferentes tipos. Apoiam-se nos fatores da vivência familiar, cultura e outros, consubstanciando o profissional de saúde como fundamental para o desfecho. O gênero influenciou no que concerne ao olhar lançado sobre a violência física e psicológica, bem como na relevância dada às equipes de saúde para identificação de ocorrências e prevenção de possíveis danos. Conclusão: Os diversos tipos de violência contra a pessoa idosa foram reconhecidos, incluindo fatores individuais, comunitários e sociais no ciclo violento. Além disso, associaram o envelhecimento a maior suscetibilidade para sofrer violência, independente da tipologia. Destaca-se a potencialidade do serviço de saúde na assistência à pessoa idosa vítima de violência, elucidando casos e atuando precocemente para interrupção dos ciclos perpetrados, exigindo a necessidade constante de atualização profissional para lidar com situações detectadas.


Resumen Introducción: La violencia contra las personas adultas mayores es un fenómeno creciente, que causa daños a la salud, con diferentes desenlaces y consecuencias para las víctimas. La posibilidad de que las mujeres adultas mayores la sufran en el ámbito familiar supera la de los hombres, siendo el género un factor de riesgo considerable. Objetivo: Analizar la comprensión de la violencia contra las personas mayores según las mujeres adultas mayores. Metodología: Investigación descriptiva con enfoque cualitativo desarrollada con 22 mujeres adultas mayores de una comunidad en el estado de Paraíba, Brasil, elegidas por conveniencia. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, procesadas por el software Iramuteq, con posterior análisis de contenido. Resultados: Se evidenciaron cinco tipos de violencia: ciclo de la violencia, red de apoyo población adulta mayor víctima de violencia, experimentar situaciones violentas, violencia financiera y simbología de la violencia en la sociedad, que denotan la comprensión de la violencia de diferentes tipos. Estas ideas están respaldadas en los factores de la experiencia familiar, la cultura y otros, donde la persona profesional de la salud se identifica como fundamental para el cuidado y apoyo. El género influyó en la mirada lanzada sobre la violencia física y psicológica, así como en la relevancia dada a los equipos de salud para la identificación de sucesos y la prevención de posibles daños. Conclusión: Se han reconocido los diversos tipos de violencia contra las personas mayores, incluidos los factores individuales, comunitarios y sociales en el ciclo de violencia. Además, asociaron el envejecimiento con una mayor susceptibilidad a sufrir violencia, independientemente de la tipología. Destaca la potencialidad del servicio de salud en la asistencia a la persona mayor víctima de violencia, mediante la identificación de casos y la actuación temprana para la interrupción de los ciclos perpetrados. De manera que, se evidencia la necesidad constante de actualización profesional para hacer frente a situaciones detectadas.


Abstract Introduction: Violence against the elderly is a growing phenomenon, causing damage to health, with different outcomes and consequences to the victims. The possibility of elderly women suffering it in the family context surpasses that of men, with gender being a considerable risk factor. Objective: To analyze the understanding of violence against the elderly according to elderly women. Method: Descriptive research with a qualitative approach developed with 22 elderly women from a community in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, chosen for convenience. The data collection was based on semi-structured interviews, processed by the Iramuteq software, with subsequent Content Analysis. Results: Five classes of violence against the elderly were evidenced: cycle of violence; support network for the elderly victims of violence; experience of violent situations; financial violence; and symbolism of violence in society, which denote an understanding of violence involving the different types. They are based on the factors of family experience, culture, and others, placing the health professional as a fundamental element for care and support. Gender influenced the perspective on physical and psychological violence, as well as the relevance given to health teams for the identification of occurrences and the prevention of possible damage. Conclusion: The various types of violence against the elderly have been recognized, including individual, community, and social factors in the violent cycle. In addition, they associated aging with greater susceptibility to suffering violence, regardless of the typology. It highlights the potential of the health service in assisting the elderly victim of violence, elucidating cases, and acting early to interrupt the cycles perpetrated, requiring the constant need for professional updating to deal with detected situations.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atenção à Saúde , Abuso de Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil
20.
J Manag Care Spec Pharm ; 30(5): 430-440, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common type of leukemia. However, published studies of CLL have either only focused on costs among individuals diagnosed with CLL without a non-CLL comparator group or focused on costs associated with specific CLL treatments. An examination of utilization and costs across different care settings provides a holistic view of utilization associated with CLL. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the health care costs and resource utilization types attributable to CLL among Medicare beneficiaries and identify predictors associated with each of the economic outcomes among beneficiaries diagnosed with CLL. METHODS: This retrospective study used a random 20% sample of the Medicare Chronic Conditions Data Warehouse (CCW) database covering the 2017-2019 period. The study population consisted of individuals with and without CLL. The CLL cohort and non-CLL cohort were matched using a 1:5 hard match based on baseline categorical variables. We characterized economic outcomes over 360 days across cost categories and places of services. We estimated average marginal effects using multivariable generalized linear regression models of total costs and across type of services. Total cost was compared between CLL and non-CLL cohorts using the matched sample. We used generalized linear models appropriate for the count or binary outcome to identify factors associated with various categories of health care resource utilization, such as inpatient admissions, emergency department (ED) visits, and oncologist/hematologist visits. RESULTS: A total of 2,736 beneficiaries in the CLL cohort and 13,571 beneficiaries in the non-CLL matched cohort were identified. Compared with the non-CLL cohort, the annual cost for the CLL cohort was higher (CLL vs non-CLL, mean [SD]: $22,781 [$37,592] vs $13,901 [$24,725]), mainly driven by health care provider costs ($6,535 vs $3,915) and Part D prescription drug costs ($5,916 vs $2,556). The main categories of health care resource utilization were physician evaluation/management visits, oncologist/hematologist visits, and laboratory services. Compared with beneficiaries aged 65-74 years, beneficiaries aged 85 years or older had lower use and cost in maintenance services (ie, oncologist visits, hospital outpatient costs, and prescription drug cost) but higher use and cost in acute services (ie, ED). Compared with residency in a metropolitan area, living in a nonmetropolitan area was associated with fewer physician visits but higher ED visits and hospitalizations. CONCLUSIONS: The cooccurrence of lower utilization of routine care services, along with higher utilization of acute care services among some individuals, has implications for patient burden and warrants further study.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Medicare , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/economia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Estados Unidos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Medicare/economia , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Recursos em Saúde/economia , Recursos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/economia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
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