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1.
J Med Econ ; 27(1): 607-617, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557412

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to examine the validity of EQ-5D-5L among HFrEF patients in Malaysia, and to explore the measurement equivalence of three main language versions. METHODS: We surveyed HFrEF patients from two hospitals in Malaysia, using Malay, English or Chinese versions of EQ-5D-5L. EQ-5D-5L dimensional scores were converted to utility scores using the Malaysian value set. A confirmatory factor analysis longitudinal model was constructed. The utility and visual analog scale (VAS) scores were evaluated for validity (convergent, known-group, responsiveness), and measurement equivalence of the three language versions. RESULTS: 200 HFrEF patients (mean age = 61 years), predominantly male (74%) of Malay ethnicity (55%), completed the admission and discharge EQ-5D-5L questionnaire in Malay (49%), English (26%) or Chinese (25%) languages. 173 patients (86.5%) were followed up at 1-month post-discharge (1MPD). The standardized factor loadings and average variance extracted were ≥ 0.5 while composite reliability was ≥ 0.7, suggesting convergent validity. Patients with older age and higher New York Heart Association (NYHA) class reported significantly lower utility and VAS scores. The change in utility and VAS scores between admission and discharge was large, while the change between discharge and 1MPD was minimal. The minimal clinically important difference for utility and VAS scores was ±0.19 and ±11.01, respectively. Malay and English questionnaire were equivalent while the equivalence of Malay and Chinese questionnaire was inconclusive. LIMITATION: This study only sampled HFrEF patients from two teaching hospitals, thus limiting the generalizability of results to the entire heart failure population. CONCLUSION: EQ-5D-5L is a valid questionnaire to measure health-related quality of life and estimate utility values among HFrEF patients in Malaysia. The Malay and English versions of EQ-5D-5L appear equivalent for clinical and economic assessments.


EQ-5D is the most commonly used questionnaire to measure patients' health-related quality of life in clinical trials and health technology assessments. To increase confidence over clinical trial findings that heart failure interventions improve health-related quality of life and quality-adjusted life years (number of years alive with equivalence health-related quality of life), the questionnaire used to measure health-related quality of life needs to be validated in the specific population. Since EQ-5D-5L has not been validated in Malaysia's heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) population, this study evaluated the psychometric properties (validity) of EQ-5D-5L among HFrEF patients in Malaysia and the equivalence of different versions of languages (i.e. Malay, Chinese and English) of EQ-5D-5L in measuring the health-related quality of life. The findings suggested that EQ-5D-5L is a valid questionnaire to measure the health-related quality of life in HFrEF patients and estimate the quality-adjusted life years. The Malay and English versions of EQ-5D-5L appear to be equivalent for use in clinical trials and health technology assessments.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Malásia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos de Coortes , Assistência ao Convalescente , Psicometria/métodos , Alta do Paciente , Volume Sistólico , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 89, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A standardized national approach to routinely assessing palliative care patients helps improve patient outcomes. However, a quality improvement program-based on person centered outcomes within palliative care is lacking in Mainland China. The well-established Australian Palliative Care Outcome Collaboration (PCOC) national model improves palliative care quality. This study aimed to culturally adapt and validate three measures that form part of the PCOC program for palliative care clinical practice in China: The PCOC Symptom Assessment Scale (PCOC SAS), Palliative Care Problem Severity Scale (PCPSS), Palliative Care Phase. METHODS: A study was conducted on cross-cultural adaptation and validation of PCOC SAS, PCPSS and Palliative Care Phase, involving translation methods, cognitive interviewing, and psychometric testing through paired assessments. RESULTS: Cross-cultural adaptation highlighted the need to strengthen the link between the patient's care plan and the outcome measures to improve outcomes, and the concept of distress in PCOC SAS. Analysis of 368 paired assessments (n = 135 inpatients, 22 clinicians) demonstrated that the PCOC SAS and PCPSS had good and acceptable coherence (Cronbach's a = 0.85, 0.75 respectively). Palliative Care Phase detected patients' urgent needs. PCOC SAS and PCPSS showed fair discriminant and concurrent validity. Inter-rater reliability was fair for Palliative Care Phase (k = 0.31) and PCPSS (k = 0.23-0.30), except for PCPSS-pain, which was moderate (k = 0.53). CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese version of PCOC SAS, PCPSS, and Palliative Care Phase can be used to assess outcomes as part of routine clinical practice in Mainland China. Comprehensive clinical education regarding the assessment tools is necessary to help improve the inter-rater reliability.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Austrália , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300923, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507342

RESUMO

Depression, anxiety and stress symptoms cause substantial psychological and economic burdens around the globe. To mitigate the negative consequences, the negative symptoms should be identified at an early stage. Therefore, the implementation of very brief valid screening tools in mental health prevention programs and in therapeutic settings is advantageous. In two studies on representative German population samples, we developed and validated three ultra-short scales-the "bubbles"-that consist of only one item based on the Depression Anxiety Stress 21 subscales (DASS-21) for the assessment of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms. The results of Study 1 (N = 1,001) and Study 2 (N = 894) revealed that the bubbles are valid instruments that fit the DASS-21 subscales on the factor level. Moreover, the bubbles replicated the association pattern of the DASS-21 subscales with demographic variables, and with variables that belong to the negative and the positive dimension of mental health. Thus, due to their time- and cost-efficiency, the bubbles can be used as brief screening tools in research (e.g., large-scale studies, longitudinal studies, experience sampling paradigms) and in praxis. Their shortness can prevent fatigue, motivation decrease, and participants' drop-out.


Assuntos
Depressão , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Fatorial , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Psicometria
4.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 32: e4119, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511736

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to test the factorial structure, reliability and convergent validity of the Functional Health Pattern Assessment Screening Tool - Modified Brazilian Version. METHOD: this was a psychometric evaluation of the Functional Health Pattern Assessment Screening Tool - Modified Brazilian Version. Seven hundred and seventeen participants answered the data collection instrument consisting of two parts. Part I included a structured questionnaire to collect sociodemographic data and the participants' perceptions and satisfaction with their current health status. Part II consisted of the tool being tested. The internal structure was assessed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Convergent validity was evaluated by the correlation of the tool scores with the rates corresponding to self-perception and satisfaction with current health status. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: the Confirmatory Factor Analysis confirmed a three-factor solution. The factor loadings were significant and varied from 0.16 to 0.75; the fit indices suggested moderate fit of the model. Internal consistency for all three components varied between 0.779 and 0.919. CONCLUSION: the findings suggest that the tool is valid and reliable to be used in the Brazilian population, although caution is recommended when interpreting the results due to the moderate fit of the model. BACKGROUND: (1) The FHPAST-BR is a structured, valid and reliable Nursing-driven assessment tool. BACKGROUND: (2) The tool provides a way of organizing clinical data and easing decision-making. BACKGROUND: (3) The FHPAST-BR can be used in clinical practice and research.


Assuntos
Autoimagem , Humanos , Psicometria , Brasil , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Psychiatry Res ; 335: 115862, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554493

RESUMO

Large-scale studies and burdened clinical settings require precise, efficient measures that assess multiple domains of psychopathology. Computerized adaptive tests (CATs) can reduce administration time without compromising data quality. We examined feasibility and validity of an adaptive psychopathology measure, GOASSESS, in a clinical community-based sample (N = 315; ages 18-35) comprising three groups: healthy controls, psychosis, mood/anxiety disorders. Assessment duration was compared between the Full and CAT GOASSESS. External validity was tested by comparing how the CAT and Full versions related to demographic variables, study group, and socioeconomic status. The relationships between scale scores and criteria were statistically compared within a mixed-model framework to account for dependency between relationships. Convergent validity was assessed by comparing scores of the CAT and the Full GOASSESS using Pearson correlations. The CAT GOASSESS reduced interview duration by more than 90 % across study groups and preserved relationships to external criteria and demographic variables as the Full GOASSESS. All CAT GOASSESS scales could replace those of the Full instrument. Overall, the CAT GOASSESS showed acceptable psychometric properties and demonstrated feasibility by markedly reducing assessment time compared to the Full GOASSESS. The adaptive version could be used in large-scale studies or clinical settings for intake screening.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Transtornos Psicóticos , Humanos , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Psicopatologia , Transtornos do Humor/diagnóstico , Ansiedade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
6.
Patient Educ Couns ; 123: 108237, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461793

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Given the importance of unhurried conversations for providing careful and kind care, we sought to create, test, and validate the Unhurried Conversations Assessment Tool (UCAT) for assessing the unhurriedness of patient-clinician consultations. METHODS: In the first two phases, the unhurried conversation dimensions were identified and transformed into an assessment tool. In the third phase, two independent raters used UCAT to evaluate the unhurriedness of 100 randomly selected consultations from 184 videos recorded for a large research trial. UCAT's psychometric properties were evaluated using this data. RESULTS: UCAT demonstrates content validity based on the literature and expert review. EFA and reliability analyses confirm its construct validity and internal consistency. The seven formative dimensions account for 89.93% of the variance in unhurriedness, each displaying excellent internal consistency (α > 0.90). Inter-rater agreement for the overall assessment item was fair (ICC = 0.59), with individual dimension ICCs ranging from 0.26 (poor) to 0.95 (excellent). CONCLUSION: UCAT components comprehensively assess the unhurriedness of consultations. The tool exhibits content and construct validity and can be used reliably. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: UCAT's design and psychometric properties make it a practical and efficient tool. Clinicians can use it for self-evaluations and training to foster unhurried conversations.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Psicometria , Competência Clínica
7.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38529868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of the screening method based on EEG analysis using predictive analytics algorithms with the calculation of linear discriminant functions (LDFs), in comparison with a classification system based on psychometric self-report scales. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study with partial blinding involving healthy volunteers was conducted at two investigational sites. The calculated scores of LDFs used to assess risks of impulsivity, depression and anxiety acted as quantitative characteristics of subjects' mental state. Testing included completing psychometric scales. RESULTS: As a result of the performed validation of the original screening method based on EEG analysis in comparison with the scores of psychometric scales chosen as a reference method, satisfactory results were obtained with the best parameters of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for detecting high levels of impulsivity associated with pronounced aggressiveness. Of considerable interest is also the direct correlation found between high levels of LDF impulsivity scores and high levels of self-rated aggression on a psychometric scale (BPAQ-24). CONCLUSION: The results open up the possibility of using the proposed method to predict a number of emotional and behavioral characteristics of subjects, including a high risk of aggressive behavior as part of professional selection.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Medição de Risco , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(3)2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541137

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The Life-Space Assessment (LSA) serves as an assessment tool for evaluating mobility and participation in older adults. To date, no studies have investigated the validity and reliability of the LSA within Arabic-speaking communities. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of an Arabic version of the LSA and to investigate the potential predictors of mobility restrictions in older Arabic-speaking adults. Materials and Methods: This study involved a cohort of 75 Arabic-speaking older adults (with a mean age of 67.2 ± 5.9). The LSA was administered twice, with a one-week interval, to assess its test-retest reliability. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the LSA were assessed using Cronbach's alpha and intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs), respectively. The validity of the LSA was determined by analyzing its correlation with outcome measures related to the fear of falling, depression, quality of life, lower limb strength, physical performance, and gait speed. Results: The test-retest reliability of the LSA composite score demonstrated good results (ICC = 0.83). The validity of the LSA was supported by significant correlations between its scores and factors such as gender, education level, and all other outcome measures. Notably, being female and having a lower gait speed emerged as significant predictors of mobility restrictions in older Arabic-speaking adults, accounting for 49% of the variance (R2 = 49%) in the multiple logistic regression analysis conducted. Conclusions: The Arabic version of the LSA has proven to be a reliable and valid measure of mobility and participation among older Arabic-speaking adults. This study endorses the application of the Arabic LSA in both research and clinical settings involving older adults and emphasizes the need for further investigation to fully understand its psychometric features in other Arabic-speaking individuals afflicted with neurological and musculoskeletal conditions.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Velocidade de Caminhada , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medo , Psicometria
9.
Cancer Med ; 13(5): e7096, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a psychometric validation of the endometrial cancer subscales (EnCS) in the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Endometrial (FACT-EN) among patients with endometrial cancer. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary university-based hospital in South Korea between April and October 2022. Participants completed a survey questionnaire that included the FACT-EN. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA, CFA) and the reliability were measured using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) under a two-way mixed model. Pearson's correlations were used to evaluate the validity. We also tested known-group validity. RESULTS: In total, 240 patients with endometrial cancer participated in the survey. In EFA, we found EnCS included four domains. In CFA, four-factor solution model was good: CFI = 0.659; SRMR = 0.066, and RMSEA = 0.073. The mean (SD) of total score of FACT-EN was 122.84 (23.58). The floor and ceiling effects were 0.4% and 0.4%, respectively. Cronbach's α coefficients for the five scales of the EnCS ranged from 0.78 to 0.91. The ICC of EnCS was 0.76. The convergent and discriminant validity of EnCS was acceptable. In the group analysis, older age and lower ECOG performance scores were associated with higher EnCS scores. The stomach and vaginal domains in EnCS were higher in patients who had completed treatment for more than 1 year compared to those who were still undergoing treatment. CONCLUSIONS: FACT-EN has demonstrated its validity as an assessment tool with significant implications for capturing various symptoms in patients with endometrial cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Análise Fatorial
10.
Scand J Pain ; 24(1)2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the Neuropathic Pain for Post-Surgical Patients (NeuPPS) scale against clinically verified neuropathic pain (NP) by quantitative sensory testing (QST) as well as evaluation of other psychometric properties. The NeuPPS is a validated 5-item scale designed to evaluate NP in surgical populations. METHODS: Data from 537 women aged >18 years scheduled for primary breast cancer surgery enrolled in a previous study for assessing risk factors for persistent pain after breast cancer treatment were used. Exclusion criteria were any other breast surgery or relevant comorbidity. A total of 448 eligible questionnaires were available at 6 months and 455 at 12 months. At 12 months, 290 patients completed a clinical examination and QST. NeuPPS and PainDETECT were analyzed against patients with and without clinically verified NP. NP was assessed using a standardized QST protocol including a clinical assessment. Furthermore, the NeuPPS and PainDETECT scores were psychometrically tested with an item response theory method, the Rasch analysis, to assess construct validity. Primary outcomes were the diagnostic accuracy measures for the NeuPPS, and secondary measures were psychometric analyses of the NeuPPS after 6 and 12 months. PainDETECT was also compared to clinically verified NP as well as NeuPPS comparing the stability of the estimates. RESULTS: Comparing the NeuPPS scores with verified NP using a receiver operating characteristic curve, the NeuPPS had an area under the curve of 0.80. Using a cutoff of 1, the NeuPPS had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 59%, and using a cutoff of 3, the values were 35 and 96%, respectively. Analysis of the PainDETECT indicated that the used cutoffs may be inappropriate in a surgical population. CONCLUSION: The present study supports the validity of the NeuPPS as a screening tool for NP in a surgical population.


Assuntos
Neuralgia , Humanos , Feminino , Neuralgia/diagnóstico , Exame Físico , Psicometria , Fatores de Risco
11.
Span J Psychol ; 27: e2, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311914

RESUMO

The main goal of the present research is to develop and validate the Perceived Economic Inequality Scale (PEIS), an instrument measuring individuals' perceptions of economic inequality at the national level. The study was conducted on a representative sample of the Italian population (N = 1,446, 51% women). The factorial structure of the scale was assessed through cross-validated exploratory-confirmatory factor analyses. To inspect the PEIS psychometric properties, item and correlation analyses were performed. The results showed that the PEIS is a valid and reliable unidimensional measure of perceived economic inequality at the national level. Further support of the PEIS construct validity was provided by the correlation of the scale score with the perceived wage gap and ideological beliefs like the economic system justification, social dominance orientation, meritocratic beliefs, and participants' political orientation. Crucially, multigroup confirmatory factor analysis supported configural, metric, and scalar invariances of the scale across socio-demographic groups. The PEIS allows researchers to assess the subjective component of economic inequality by also serving as a useful tool for unpacking the psychological correlates of perceived inequality.


Assuntos
Motivação , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Psicometria , Análise Fatorial , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 22(1): 18, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: (1) To identify instruments used to assess quality of life (QoL) in children and adolescents with neuromuscular diseases; (2) To identify the psychometric properties contained in these instruments. METHODS: This is a scoping review in which the electronic databases Embase, Scielo, Scopus, Pubmed and Lilacs were used as well as grey literature. The following terms were used in the search for articles published in the last 10 years: children, adolescents, neuromuscular disease, and quality of life. RESULTS: In total, 15 articles were included and evaluated, indicating 7 instruments used to assess QoL (PedsQL™ Inventory 3.0 Neuromuscular Module, the PedsQL™ 4.0, the PedsQL DMD Module, the PedsQL ™ MFS, the SOLE, the KIDSCREEN and the LSI-A). The number of items ranged from 17 to 45. In addition, 6 instruments showed psychometric properties, but only 2 showed good and high quality, either in internal reliability or reproducibility. CONCLUSION: Our results were able to map the main QoL assessment instruments of children and adolescents with neuromuscular disease and the most cited instrument was the PedsQL™ Inventory 3.0 Neuromuscular Module. Larger studies that assess psychometric properties and that are validated for most diseases are needed.


Assuntos
Doenças Neuromusculares , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Psicometria , Bibliometria , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4056, 2024 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374426

RESUMO

The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) is a two-stage (pre-intentional and post-intentional) behavioral change model that distinguishes between motivation and volition in behavior change process. This study aims to develop HAPA-based assessments for smoking cessation among current smokers. The HAPA-based measures were developed and the draft measures included nine constructs, namely, risk perception in smoking-induced cancer, risk perception in smoking-induced systemic disease, positive outcome expectancy, negative outcome expectancy, self-efficacy in quitting smoking, self-efficacy in maintaining, self-efficacy in re-initiating, quitting planning and coping planning in smoking cessation, with a total of 26 items. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in China in 2022. Principal Component Analysis was used for Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). Cronbach's α coefficient was calculated to evaluate the internal consistency. Variables such as severity of smoking addiction were selected to evaluate the correlation between the HAPA scale and these variables. Of the 928 participants, 76.4% (709/928) were male and the median age was 35 years. Five factors were extracted by EFA. The factor loadings of each item were all greater than 0.60, and the cumulative variance contribution rate was 90.15%. The Cronbach's α coefficient of each HAPA-based subscales was 0.929-0.986. The HAPA-based measurements are comprehensive, reliable and valid in the assessment of smokers' smoking cessation cognition, which can be used to guide the design and implementation of intervention and the development of theory.


Assuntos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Fumantes , Psicometria , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0298554, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394168

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to adapt and validate a Spanish version of the Maryland Assessment of Recovery Scale (MARS-12). It was carried out in strict accordance with internationally recognized guidelines for test adaptation. A preliminary Spanish version of the MARS-12 was first produced through a standardized translation/back-translation process, ensuring semantic, linguistic, and contextual equivalence with respect to the original scale. Its psychometric properties were then examined in a sample of 325 people with serious mental illness recruited from six different provinces in the Basque Country (northern Spain) and Catalonia (north-eastern Spain). They were users of a total of 20 community rehabilitation and psychiatry services. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a unidimensional structure, consistent with the original scale. Scores on the MARS-12 were positively correlated (.83) with scores on the Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery, supporting convergent validity, while validity evidence based on relationships with other variables was provided by positive correlations between MARS-12 scores and scores on the Dispositional Hope Scale (.82) and on the three dimensions of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (range .30 to .41). Reliability of MARS-12 scores was high (McDonald's ω = .97), as was temporal stability across a one-week interval (.89). The Spanish version of the MARS-12 is a valid and reliable scale that may be used by mental health professionals to assess recovery among Spanish people with serious mental illness.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , População Europeia , Psicometria , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0297843, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394265

RESUMO

Given that burnout is a major problem in many societies and that employers are legally obliged to act in preventing job stress, there is a need of validated and reliable short self-report instruments. The Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) is developed to measure burnout as a syndrome with four core components (exhaustion, mental distance, cognitive and emotional impairment). So far, the BAT was tested in over 40 studies with encouraging results. Although a short, 12-item version of the BAT exists, there is need for an ultra-short version with even less items. The overall aim is to develop an ultra-short 4-item version of the BAT (BAT4) and to evaluate its construct validity using Rasch analysis in samples from various countries along with its measurement invariance regarding country, age and gender. The BAT4 was developed using mixed methods, i.e. combining the results from a Rasch analysis, a subject matter analysis and expert judgements. Construct validity was tested on data from national representative samples from eight countries (the Netherlands, Belgium (Flanders), Austria, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Ireland, and Japan) and in a pooled sample combing the data from all eight countries. Differential item functioning regarding age, gender and country was investigated. The BAT4 fulfilled all the criteria required by the Rasch measurement model to constitute a valid measure in the pooled and country specific samples, except Austria and Japan. In the pooled sample, measurement invariance between the eight countries as well as between gender and age was found. Analyses within different countries showed occasional gender and age DIF for some items. The results were promising regarding BAT4's construct validity and measurement invariance. Although the BAT4 includes only four items, its content coverage is acceptable. The BAT4 can be used as a short screening instrument for burnout complaints at the group or organisational level.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Esgotamento Psicológico , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Psicometria/métodos , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Bélgica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
J Headache Pain ; 25(1): 15, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric Migraine Disability Assessment (PedMIDAS) is one of the most frequently used questionnaires to assess disability from migraine in pediatric patients. This work aimed to evaluate the validity and test-retest reliability of the Arabic version of the child self-report versus the parent proxy report PedMIDAS. We also aimed to test the agreement between children's and parents' reports of the scale. METHODS: PedMIDAS was subjected to translation and back-translation, then applied to 112 pediatric patients fulfilling the migraine diagnostic criteria. This cross-sectional study was conducted on two visits, one week apart. At visit 1, the following data were obtained from the included pediatric patients: disease duration, migraine type, current treatment regimen, monthly migraine days (MMD) during the last month preceding the enrollment, and migraine intensity using the visual analogue scale. Then, each child and his parent were independently asked to fill out PedMIDAS and Child Self-Report of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 (PedsQL™) to test the convergent validity of PedMIDAS. At visit 2, each child was requested to complete PedMIDAS again, and so was the parent to evaluate test-retest reliability. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha was estimated to be 0.94 for each instrument. For the child-self report PedMIDAS, the average measure intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) value was 0.992 (95%CI = 0.989-0.995), while it was estimated to be 0.990 for the parent-proxy report with 95%CI = 0.985-0.993, indicating excellent test-retest reliability for both instruments. The child-self report and the parent-proxy report PedMIDAS scores were significantly correlated with MMD, VAS, and all domains of the corresponding PedsQL, supporting convergent validity for both instruments. Agreement between parent and child on disability grading categories of PedMIDAS was substantial (κ = 0.644). CONCLUSION: The Arabic version of PedMIDAS was a valid and reliable instrument to assess disability from migraine in Arabic-speaking pediatric patients with migraine. Parent reports can be valuable as a complement to child reports for a comprehensive assessment of migraine.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Criança , Autorrelato , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação da Deficiência , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/diagnóstico , Psicometria
17.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0295562, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306328

RESUMO

Positive Appraisal Style Theory of Resilience posits that a person's general style of evaluating stressors plays a central role in mental health and resilience. Specifically, a tendency to appraise stressors positively (positive appraisal style; PAS) is theorized to be protective of mental health and thus a key resilience factor. To this date no measures of PAS exist. Here, we present two scales that measure perceived positive appraisal style, one focusing on cognitive processes that lead to positive appraisals in stressful situations (PASS-process), and the other focusing on the appraisal contents (PASS-content). For PASS-process, the items of the existing questionnaires Brief COPE and CERQ-short were analyzed in exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA, CFA) in independent samples (N = 1157 and N = 1704). The resulting 10-item questionnaire was internally consistent (α = .78, 95% CI [.86, .87]) and showed good convergent and discriminant validity in comparisons with self-report measures of trait optimism, neuroticism, urgency, and spontaneity. For PASS-content, a newly generated item pool of 29 items across stressor appraisal content dimensions (probability, magnitude, and coping potential) were subjected to EFA and CFA in two independent samples (N = 1174 and N = 1611). The resulting 14-item scale showed good internal consistency (α = .87, 95% CI [.86, .87]), as well as good convergent and discriminant validity within the nomological network. The two scales are a new and reliable way to assess self-perceived positive appraisal style in large-scale studies, which could offer key insights into mechanisms of resilience.


Assuntos
Testes Psicológicos , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Autorrelato , Saúde Mental , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Psicometria
18.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 221, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT2.0) is widely used to assess psychosocial risk in families of children with cancer. Our study aims to apply PAT2.0 to Chinese patients and assess the reliability, content validity, and construct validity of the Chinese version. METHODS: A total of 161 participants completed the study, each with only one child diagnosed with cancer. Psychometric evaluations, including internal consistency, score distribution, test-retest reliability, and construct validity, were conducted. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha values ranged from 0.732 to 0.843, indicating good internal consistency. Additionally, intraclass correlation coefficient values ranged from 0.869 to 0.984, indicating excellent test-retest reliability. The Simplified Chinese version of PAT2.0 demonstrated high construct validity in factor analyses and correlations with the General Functioning Subscale of the Family Assessment Device. CONCLUSION: The translation process of the Chinese version of PAT2.0 was successful, proving its applicability for psychosocial evaluation and interventions in families of children with cancer in China.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Criança , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Psicometria , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/psicologia , China
19.
J Surg Res ; 296: 581-588, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340492

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Retained surgical items in operating rooms (ORs) continue to contribute significantly to medical errors. The first step in addressing the problem of retained surgical items is to identify the main risk factors. Identification of risk factors can impact OR standards and reduce such errors. METHODS: The research included 270 participants. The data of the study were collected with the Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics Form, Operating Room Count Control Form and the Retained Surgical Items Risk Assessment Scale developed. In the analysis of the data, Content Validity Index, Cronbach α, item-total score correlation, Kuder-Richardson, Kappa, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were performed. RESULTS: The Content Validity Index of the scale was 0.92. Kappa value was 0.993. The explained variance in the exploratory factor analysis of the scale was 50.03%. After confirmatory factor analysis, two factors were obtained for the final version of the 15 items. Factors had been determined as "Count and Surgery" and "Equipment". Among the subdimensions of the scale, Cronbach's α values were between 0.742 and 0.760, and 0.722 for the entire scale. When the ROC analysis results were examined, the cut-off point was ≥8, the specificity was 93.13%, and the sensitivity was 87.50%. The area under the ROC curve was calculated as 0.938. CONCLUSIONS: The scale was presented as a valid and reliable measurement tool developed to assess the Retained Surgical Items Risk in ORs. If high-risk patients are checked and necessary precautions are taken before leaving the ORs, the incidence of retained surgical items can be significantly reduced.


Assuntos
Psicometria , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Medição de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Evid Based Soc Work (2019) ; 21(2): 214-235, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345106

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Social workers from minoritized racial, ethnic, linguistic, and age groups are far less likely to pass licensing examinations required to practice. Using a simulated data set, our study investigates measurement equivalence, or invariance, of social work licensing exams. MATERIALS: For this analysis, we simulated responses to 15 multiple-choice questions which were scored as either correct or incorrect using the R mirt package and used mirt to fit a 2-parameter logistic model (2PL) to the response data. We generated the data so that five items could demonstrate DIF and calculated their impact on the test characteristic curves and item characteristic curves. RESULTS: Small amounts of differential item functioning added up into differential test functioning, but the effect size was small. This result is one potential outcome of an analysis of ASWB exams. DISCUSSION: Most studies evaluating test characteristic curves demonstrate small effect sizes. Measuring the test characteristic curve and the test information curve will help to investigate content-irrelevant sources of variance in the exams, including unfairness, unreliability, and invalid pass scores. CONCLUSION: Differential test functioning is a core part of measurement invariance studies. Psychometric standards require test developers to assess measurement invariance at both the item-level and test-level to protect themselves from accusations of bias.


Assuntos
Exame Físico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Humanos , Psicometria , Viés , Linguística
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