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1.
Arch Esp Urol ; 74(6): 592-598, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to understand whether laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (LU) is a good alternative to flexible ureterorenoscopic lithotripsy (FURS) by comparing these techniques concerning cost-effectiveness. METHODS: We analysed 79 patients with upper ureteral stones larger than 1.5 cm underwent FURS or LU concerning cost-effectiveness analysis. The data including age, body mass index (BMI), stone size, operation time, hospitalisation time, complications and stone-free rates of 15th day and 3rd months. We audited the costs of FURS and LU and compared them concerning cost-effectiveness. RESULTS: There was not any statistically significant difference between the two groups with regard to age, BMI, stone size, stone-free rates at the 3rd month, and complication rates, (p>0.05). The operation times were statistically lower in the FURS than in the LU (61.5±24.3 min and 140.9±49.1 min, respectively, p<0.05). The stone-free rate at the 15th day was lower in the FURS group than in the LU group (31 (81.6%) and 41 (100%), respectively, p<0.05) (Table   I). However, this statistical difference disappears at 3 months (p>0.05). The mean costs of FURS and LU were $194.2±12.4 and $179.2±58.5, respectively (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: FURS is equally effective to LU in terms of stone-free rates. The cost of FURS is higher statistically than LU. FURS is shown as the first choice for the upper ureteral stones larger than 10 mm in size, if the laparoscopic experience is in high-level situations in that clinic, LU may be a suitable alternative to FURS, especially for challenging cases.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Litotripsia , Cálculos Ureterais , Humanos , Lactente , Resultado do Tratamento , Cálculos Ureterais/cirurgia , Ureteroscopia
2.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 13(1): 55-65, Abril/2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1252727

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar o custo-efetividade da utilização de ureteroscópios flexíveis descartáveis em comparação com o uso de ureteroscópios flexíveis reprocessáveis. Métodos: Revisão integrativa de literatura realizada nos bancos de dados SciELO, LILACS e MEDLINE, utilizando os descritores "ureteroscopia", "resistência à flexão", "marketing", "análise de custo-benefício" e "esterilização", cujo objeto trata das vantagens custo-efetivas da utilização do ureteroscópio flexível descartável. Resultados: Trinta e cinco artigos foram encontrados, sendo quatro utilizados no estudo. Além disso, características de sete modelos de ureteroscópios flexíveis comercializados no Brasil mais conhecidos atualmente foram apresentadas. Os resultados foram baseados na análise conjunta dos artigos selecionados e características dos modelos de flexíveis apresentados e discutidos em duas categorias: a evolução dos ureteroscópios flexíveis e marketing mix ­ ureteroscópios flexíveis de uso único. Conclusão: Apesar da escassez de pesquisas que se aprofundem em custos de utilização de um ureteroscópio flexível de uso único, comparado a um reprocessável, são notórios os benefícios advindos das inovações agregadas a esses dispositivos, dando retorno positivo tanto para o profissional que faz seu uso deles quanto para o paciente, fazendo-se necessário analisar mais profundamente a possibilidade de migração da "cultura" de uso de ureteroscópios flexíveis reprocessáveis para os descartáveis


Objective: To analyze the cost-effectiveness of using disposable flexible ureteroscopes versus using reprocessable flexible ureteroscopes. Methods: Integrative literature review conducted in the SciELO, LILACS and MEDLINE databases, using the descriptors ureteroscopy, flexion resistance, marketing, cost-benefit analysis, and sterilization, whose object deals with the cost-effective advantages of using the flexible ureteroscope disposable. Results: Thirty-five articles were found and four were used in the study. In addition, characteristics of seven models of flexible ureteroscopes commercialized in Brazil, that are currently better known, were presented. The results were based on a joint analysis of the selected articles and characteristics of the flexible models presented, and discussed in two categories: the evolution of flexible ureteroscopes; and marketing mix - flexible single-use ureteroscopes. Conclusion: Despite the scarcity of research that deepens the costs of using a flexible single-use ureteroscope when compared to a reprocessable one, the benefits arising from the innovations added to these devices are notorious, giving a positive return both to the professional who uses it and to the patient, making it necessary to further analyze the possibility of migration from the "culture" of using flexible reprocessable ureteroscopes to disposable ones


Assuntos
Esterilização , Análise Custo-Benefício , Ureteroscopia , Resistência à Flexão
4.
J Endourol ; 35(2): 200-205, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731751

RESUMO

Introduction: We introduced a nurse-led telephone-based virtual stone clinic (VSC) follow-up for the surveillance of patients with asymptomatic renal calculi or those at a high risk of recurrent kidney stone disease (KSD). The aim of this study was to look at the outcomes of VSC and its role in the post-COVID era. Methods: Prospective outcomes audit was done for all patients referred to the VSC for a 6-year period (March 2014-April 2020). VSC is led by specialist stone nurses for on-going surveillance of KSD patients. Results: A total of 290 patients were seen (468 individual appointments; 1.6 ± 1.0 per patient), with a mean age of 57.0 ± 15.8 years (range: 17-92) and a men-women ratio of 3:2. The referral was for surveillance of asymptomatic small renal stones (230, 79.3%); history of recurrent stone disease (45, 15.5%); solitary kidneys (5, 1.7%); cystine stones; young age; and other conditions (10, 3.4%). The mean stone size was 5.0 ± 2.7 mm, followed up with kidney, ureter, and bladder radiograph (225, 77.6%) and ultrasound scan (USS) (65, 22.4%), for median duration of 12 months (range: 3-24 months). At the end, 132 patients (45.6%) remained in VSC, 106 (36.6%) were discharged, 47 (16.2%) returned to face-to-face clinic or treatment, and 5 (1.7%) had emergency admissions. Of 47 patients who returned, 23 (48.9%) developed new symptoms, 21 (44.6%) had stone growth, and 3 defaulted to face-to-face appointment. Thirty-five patients needed surgical intervention (URS-21, SWL-13, and PCNL-1) and 10 were managed conservatively. VSC reduced the cost per clinic appointment from £27.9 to £2 per patient (93% reduction), equating to a total saving of £12,006 for the study period. Conclusion: Nurse-led VSC not only provided a safe follow-up but also allowed to substantially reduce the cost of treatment by allowing patients to be either discharged or return to a face-to-face clinic or surgical intervention if needed. Post-COVID, this model using telemedicine will have a much wider uptake and further help to optimize health care resources.


Assuntos
Hospitais Universitários , Cálculos Renais/terapia , Enfermeiras Especialistas , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Telemedicina/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Assintomáticas , COVID-19 , Redução de Custos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Rim , Litotripsia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , SARS-CoV-2 , Rim Único , Telemedicina/economia , Telefone , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia , Ureter , Ureteroscopia , Bexiga Urinária , Adulto Jovem
7.
Arch Ital Urol Androl ; 92(3)2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate prediction of postoperative ureteral obstruction needing ureteral stent insertion by evaluating the resistive index (RI) values and the grade of hydronephrosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 66 adult patients undergoing stentless endoscopic ureteral stone treatment (URS) between January 2018 and January 2019 were included in this prospective study. Preoperative patient and stone characteristics were noted. All patients were evaluated with renal Doppler ultrasonography study to assess degree of hydronephrosis and RI values. A renal Doppler ultrasonography was repeated at postoperative 1st, 3rd and 7th days. Changes in both RI and hydronephrosis levels before and after the procedures were noted. On the postoperative 7th day, patients were divided into two groups including obstructive and non-obstructive cases according to RI values assessed where a RI value of 0.7 was accepted as the cut-off for obstruction. The preoperative and perioperative characteristics of both groups were evaluated in a comparative manner. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 43.6 ± 1.72 years. Significant improvements were noted in RI and grade of hydronephrosis after the operation. The grade of hydronephrosis and RI values were found to improve more significantly on postoperative 3rd day when compared to the postoperative 7th day (p < 0.01 and p < 0.01). A significant correlation was detected between the grade of hydronephrosis (>grade 2) and obstructive RI values (> 0.7) in each postoperative visits (p: 0.001). RI values (> 0.7) at postoperative seventh days were correlated with larger mean stone size, increased ureteral wall thickness, increased diameter of the ureter proximal to the stone, and longer duration of the operation. Preoperative high-grade hydronephrosis indicated obstructive RI values at postoperative seventh day (p = 0.001) Conclusion: Changes in RI values on Doppler sonography and the grade of hydronephrosis may be a guiding parameter in assessing postoperative ureteral obstruction.


Assuntos
Hidronefrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Cálculos Ureterais/cirurgia , Obstrução Ureteral/diagnóstico por imagem , Ureteroscopia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hidronefrose/fisiopatologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Obstrução Ureteral/fisiopatologia
10.
Int J Urol ; 27(9): 742-747, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop a novel simple quantitative scoring model for predicting stone-free status after a flexible ureteroscopy lithotripsy procedure by standardizing the complexity of ureteral stone characteristics. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 586 patients with renal or ureteral stones who underwent flexible ureteroscopy lithotripsy at Abiko Toho Hospital, Chiba, Japan, from 2015 to 2018. Multivariate regression was applied to examine the relationship between preoperative descriptors and stone-free status, and a nomogram was developed using significant predictors. Next, the individual components of the nomogram were assigned points to form a simple scoring system. The predictive performance of this new scoring system was compared with the STONE score at optimal cut-off values using receiver operating characteristic curve and area under the curve analyses. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression findings showed that factors associated with stone-free status were length, Hounsfield unit and stone location. A nomogram prediction model was developed with an area under the curve value of 0.845, then consequently used to develop a new simple score system termed the T.O.HO. score consisting of three stone characteristics: (T)allness (1-5 points), (O)ccupied lesion (1-3 points) and (HO)unsfield units evaluation (1-3 points). The T.O.HO. score was significantly higher in stone remaining (7.66) than stone-free (5.27; P < 0.001) cases. The area under the curve for the T.O.HO. score was 0.833 at an optimal cut-off value of 7, whereas that for the STONE score was 0.683 at an optimal cut-off value of 9, showing the superiority of this new scoring system. CONCLUSION: The T.O.HO. score is a useful tool for predicting stone-free status in patients who have undergone a flexible ureteroscopy lithotripsy procedure.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Litotripsia , Cálculos Ureterais , Humanos , Japão , Cálculos Renais/terapia , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Cálculos Ureterais/terapia , Ureteroscópios , Ureteroscopia
11.
Trials ; 21(1): 479, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498699

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Renal stones are common, with a lifetime prevalence of 10% in adults. Global incidence is increasing due to increases in obesity and diabetes, with these patient populations being more likely to suffer renal stone disease. Flank pain from stones (renal colic) is the most common cause of emergency admission to UK urology departments. Stones most commonly develop in the lower pole of the kidney (in ~35% of cases) and here are least likely to pass without intervention. Currently there are three technologies available within the UK National Health Service to remove lower pole kidney stones: extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and flexible ureterorenoscopy (FURS) with laser lithotripsy. Current evidence indicates there is uncertainty regarding the management of lower pole stones, and each treatment has advantages and disadvantages. The aim of this trial is to determine the clinical and cost effectiveness of FURS compared with ESWL or PCNL in the treatment of lower pole kidney stones. METHODS: The PUrE (PCNL, FURS and ESWL for lower pole kidney stones) trial is a multi-centre, randomised controlled trial (RCT) evaluating FURS versus ESWL or PCNL for lower pole kidney stones. Patients aged ≥16 years with a stone(s) in the lower pole of either kidney confirmed by non-contrast computed tomography of the kidney, ureter and bladder (CTKUB) and requiring treatment for a stone ≤10 mm will be randomised to receive FURS or ESWL (RCT1), and those requiring treatment for a stone >10 mm to ≤25 mm will be randomised to receive FURS or PCNL (RCT2). Participants will undergo follow-up by questionnaires every week up to 12 weeks post-intervention and at 12 months post-randomisation. The primary clinical outcome is health status measured by the area under the curve calculated from multiple measurements of the EuroQol five dimensions five-level version (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire up to 12 weeks post-intervention. The primary economic outcome is the incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year gained at 12 months post-randomisation. DISCUSSION: The PUrE trial aims to provide robust evidence on health status, quality of life, clinical outcomes and resource use to directly inform choice and National Health Service provision of the three treatment options. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN: ISRCTN98970319. Registered on 11 November 2015.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/terapia , Litotripsia/métodos , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Ureteroscopia/métodos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Litotripsia/economia , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/economia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido , Ureteroscopia/economia
12.
Actas Urol Esp (Engl Ed) ; 44(7): 505-511, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a comparative analysis of indirect and direct costs of two minimally invasive techniques (extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) vs. ureteroscopy with holmium laser (URS/RIRS)) for the treatment of renal/ureteral calculi smaller than 2 cm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective, comparative, non-randomized study of 84 patients treated for kidney stones smaller than 2 cm between January and December 2016. Of these, 38 (45.67%) were treated with ESWL (18 renal lithiasis and 20 ureteral lithiasis) and 46 (54.32%) with URS/RIRS (22 renal lithiasis and 24 ureteral lithiasis). A total of 19 (41.3%) patients in the URS/RIRS group and 15 (39.5%) patients in the ESWL group were actively working before treatment. The variables analyzed were sex, age, number and size of lithiasis, time (days) off from work due to treatment, estimate of indirect cost due to labor productivity loss and direct treatment costs including follow-up (total number of procedures, ancillary care, visits and diagnostic tests). The 2015 Wage Structure Survey (INE) was used to estimate the indirect cost. In addition, the «Work Productivity and Activity Impairment¼ (WPAI) questionnaire was also used to determine the level of perceived productivity loss. RESULTS: The mean number of sessions until lithiasis resolution was achieved was 2.57 for the ESWL group and 1.04 for the URS. The mean number of days off from work in the URS group was 7.16 days and 3.18 (p = 0.034) in the ESWL group. The total indirect costs resulting from productivity loss were EUR 621.55 and EUR 276.05 for the URS and ESWL, respectively. Direct costs in the ESWL group were EUR 1,382.9 and EUR 2,317.71 in the URS group. The level of work impairment perceived by patients undergoing URS was 18.88% and 21.33% in the ESWL group. The degree of impairment for performing activities of daily living was 24.44% in the URS and 15% in ESWL. CONCLUSIONS: The ESWL technique requires a higher number of sessions for the resolution of kidney stones under 2 cm, but it has a lower impact on total costs and on the perceived degree of affectation.


Assuntos
Custos Diretos de Serviços , Cálculos Renais/economia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Litotripsia/economia , Cálculos Ureterais/economia , Cálculos Ureterais/cirurgia , Ureteroscopia/economia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ureteroscopia/métodos
14.
J Endourol ; 34(5): 624-628, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143552

RESUMO

Objective: To compare regular and Moses modes of holmium laser lithotripsy during ureteroscopy in terms of fragmentation/pulverization and procedural times in addition to perioperative complications. Patients and Methods: After obtaining ethics approval, a prospective double-blinded randomized trial was conducted for patients undergoing holmium laser lithotripsy during retrograde ureteroscopy. Patients were randomly assigned to either regular or Moses modes. Patients and surgeons were blinded to the laser mode. Lumenis 120W generator with 200 Moses D/F/L fibers were used. Demographic data, stone parameters, perioperative complications, and success rates were compared. The degree of stone retropulsion was graded on a Likert scale from 0-no retropulsion to 3-maximum retropulsion. Results: A total of 72 patients were included in the study (36 per arm). Both groups were comparable in terms of age and preoperative stone size (1.4 cm vs 1.7 cm, p > 0.05). When compared with the regular mode, Moses mode was associated with significantly lower fragmentation/pulverization time (21.1 minutes vs 14.2 minutes; p = 0.03) and procedural time (50.9 minutes vs 41.1 minutes, p = 0.03). However, there were no significant differences in terms of lasing time (7.4 minutes vs 6.1 minutes, p > 0.05) and total energy applied to the stones (11.1 kJ vs 10.8 kJ, p > 0.05). Moses mode was associated with significantly less retropulsion (mean grade was 1.0 vs 0.5, p = 0.01). There were no significant differences between both modes in terms of intraoperative complications (11.1% vs 8.3%, p > 0.05), with one patient requiring endoureterotomy for stricture in the Moses group. Success rate at the end of 3 months was comparable between both groups (83.3% vs 88.4%, p > 0.05). Conclusion: Moses technology was associated with significantly lower fragmentation/pulverization and procedural times. The reduced fragmentation/pulverization time seen using Moses technology could be explained by the significantly lower retropulsion of stones during laser lithotripsy.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido , Litotripsia a Laser , Litotripsia , Cálculos Ureterais , Hólmio , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Cálculos Ureterais/terapia , Ureteroscopia
15.
J Endourol ; 34(4): 495-501, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059622

RESUMO

Objective: To objectively assess the performance of graduating urology residents performing flexible ureterorenoscopy (fURS) using a simulation-based model and to set an entrustability standard or benchmark for use across the educational spectrum. Methods: Chief urology residents and attending endourologists performed a standardized fURS task (ureterorenoscopy and repositioning of stones) using a Boston Scientific© Lithovue ureteroscope on a Cook Medical© URS model. All performances were video-recorded and blindly scored by both endourology experts and crowd-workers (C-SATS) using the Ureteroscopic Global Rating Scale, plus an overall entrustability score. Validity evidence supporting the scores was collected and categorized. The Borderline Group (BG) method was used to set absolute performance standards for the expert and crowdsourced ratings. Results: A total of 44 participants (40 chief residents, 4 faculties) completed testing. Eighty-three percent of participants had performed >50 fURS cases at the time of the study. Only 47.7% (mean score 12.6/20) and 61.4% (mean score 12.4/20) of participants were deemed "entrustable" by experts and crowd-workers, respectively. The BG method produced entrustability benchmarks of 11.8/20 for experts and 11.4/20 for crowd-worker ratings, resulting in pass rates of 56.9% and 61.4%. Conclusion: Using absolute standard setting methods, benchmark scores were set to identify trainees who could safely carry out fURS in the simulated setting. Only 60% of residents in our cohort were rated as entrustable. These findings support the use of benchmarks to earlier identify trainees requiring remediation.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Urologia , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Padrões de Referência , Ureteroscópios , Ureteroscopia , Urologia/educação
16.
J Endourol ; 34(7): 746-751, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964178

RESUMO

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors during ureteroscopy that can potentially impact procedure cost. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 129 consecutive elective ureteroscopy cases was performed to determine direct procedure cost. Direct cost was defined as cost incurred because of operating room expenses, including operating room time, staffing expenses, equipment, and supply costs. Data regarding patient, procedural, and operating room staffing characteristics were compared between the most and least expensive cases. Univariate and logistic regression analysis were performed to identify factors predictive of higher costs. Results: The average direct ureteroscopy cost was $3298/case. On univariate analysis, ureteroscopies in the highest 50th cost percentile had larger stone burden (170.1 vs 146 mm2; p = 0.03) and longer operative times (95.3 vs 49.9 minutes; p < 0.01), were more likely performed for non-stone indications (21.4% vs 7.2%; p = 0.03), more likely to include a resident (65.5% vs 43.6%; p = 0.02), and less likely to have a dedicated urology scrub technician (38.2% vs 61.8%; p = 0.01) compared to cases in the lowest 50th percentile. The presence of a resident, larger stone burden, absence of a dedicated scrub technician, and longer operative time were associated with an average cost increase of $516, $700, $1122, and $1401, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that operating room time was the only factor predicting higher cost (OR [odds ratio] 12.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.0-84.0). A post-hoc logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the presence of a resident during ureteroscopy (OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.1-8.0) and larger stone burden (OR 1.01, 95% CI 1.0-1.013) were significantly associated with longer operative times. Conclusion: Operating room time is the primary determinant of ureteroscopy case cost. All efforts should be made to decrease operative time, although balancing patient safety and maintaining a quality training environment.


Assuntos
Cálculos Ureterais , Urologia , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ureteroscopia , Recursos Humanos
17.
Urologia ; 87(1): 41-46, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545662

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Kidney stones are one of the most common urological problems. When deciding on the method of treatment for this common disease, the cost of the procedure should also be taken into consideration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 55 patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy and 75 patients who underwent retrograde intrarenal surgery between January 2016 and November 2018. Until operative success was achieved, all additional surgical procedures, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy procedures, and interventional procedures required to resolve complications were recorded. Total cost was compared between the percutaneous nephrolithotomy and retrograde intrarenal surgery groups. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the percutaneous nephrolithotomy and retrograde intrarenal surgery groups in terms of gender, mean age, stone side, stone localization and stone surface area. The total cost of 55 patients that underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy was calculated as US$14.766 after the first operation, and the total cost of 75 patients that underwent retrograde intrarenal surgery was determined to be US$46.627. The mean cost per patient was calculated US$320 ± US$186 for percutaneous nephrolithotomy and US$749 ± US$242 for retrograde intrarenal surgery (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a lower-cost and successful method in the surgical treatment of 1-3 cm stones, but the serious complications involved in this operation should be kept in mind.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/economia , Ureteroscopia/economia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cálculos Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Curr Opin Urol ; 30(2): 113-119, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815748

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Single-use flexible ureteroscopes (su-fURS) aim at overcoming the main limitations of conventional reusable ureteroscopes in terms of acquisition and maintenance costs, breakages, and reprocessing. However, little data exist to date regarding the superiority of su-fURS at this regard. We aimed to perform a systematic literature review on available su-fURS performance with a focus on clinical data for all articles in the last 10 years. RECENT FINDINGS: To date, more than 10 different su-fURS are available on the market, with different characteristics and performance. Some of these devices have top-level features, almost catching up with those observed in reusable flexible ureteroscopes. Clinical evidence is mainly available only for two models, LithoVue and Uscope PU3022, and to date it is not strong enough to support routine adoption and use of su-fURS, with a consequent lack of consensus of specific clinical indications. Cost-effectiveness analyses seem to indicate an economic disadvantage in the routine adoption of su-fURS. Environmental issues related to the use of su-fURS also remain to be inquired and addressed. SUMMARY: Since their introduction, su-fURS have gained widespread popularity. Despite their ability at addressing reusable ureteroscope limitations, high-cost and a substantial lack of evidence are still limiting their routine adoption.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Ureteroscópios , Ureteroscopia/instrumentação , Análise Custo-Benefício , Equipamentos Descartáveis/normas , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Cálculos Renais/economia , Ureteroscópios/economia , Ureteroscópios/normas , Ureteroscopia/economia , Ureteroscopia/métodos , Ureteroscopia/normas
19.
BJU Int ; 125(3): 457-466, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the total cost of a treatment strategy starting with ureteroscopy (URS) vs a strategy starting with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL). METHODS: For ureteric stones of <10 mm, URS or ESWL are the main treatment options that are considered. Although the interventions differ, the goal of the interventions is to achieve a stone-free status. A systematic review and meta-analysis undertaken as part of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline on 'Renal and ureteric stones: assessment and management' identified URS as more effective, in terms of getting people stone free, but has a higher probability of re-admission and adverse events (AEs) that contributes to downstream resource use. ESWL is initially less costly, but lower effectiveness means a greater need for repeat or ancillary procedures in order to get a patient stone free. Given these trade-offs between benefits and costs, a cost analysis of URS and ESWL was undertaken as part of the NICE guideline, using evidence from the literature of effectiveness, re-admission and AEs. The NICE guideline meta-analysis showed a lot of heterogeneity and differences in how outcomes were reported between studies. The costing analysis, therefore only used studies where: (i) patients were rendered stone free, and (ii) where effectiveness, was based on the first-line (initial) procedures. Exploratory quality adjusted life year (QALY) work was also undertaken to identify the QALY and quality of life (QoL) differences required for the most expensive intervention to be cost effective, based on the assumption that the difference in effectiveness between the initial procedures would be the main source of the QALY gain between the two strategies. RESULTS: The URS strategy was more costly overall than the ESWL strategy (incremental cost of £2387 [pounds sterling]). Sensitivity analysis varying the initial effectiveness of ESWL treatment (between the base case value of 82% and 40%) showed that URS would still be a more costly strategy even if the initial session of ESWL only had a success probability of 40%. A two-way sensitivity analysis as part of the exploratory QALY work showed that ESWL would have to have very low effectiveness and people would have to wait for further treatment for many weeks (following a failed ESWL treatment) for there to be feasible QoL gains to justify the additional cost of the URS strategy. CONCLUSIONS: ESWL is less effective at initial stone clearance and therefore requires more ancillary interventions than URS. However, the magnitude of the difference in costs means URS is unlikely to be cost effective intervention at a population level for first-line treatment, implying ESWL should be the first choice treatment.


Assuntos
Custos e Análise de Custo , Litotripsia/economia , Cálculos Ureterais/terapia , Ureteroscopia/economia , Humanos , Reino Unido , Cálculos Ureterais/patologia
20.
Med Phys ; 47(1): 19-26, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661566

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Electromagnetic tracking systems (EMTSs) have been proposed to assist the percutaneous renal access (PRA) during minimally invasive interventions to the renal system. However, the influence of other surgical instruments widely used during PRA (like ureteroscopy and ultrasound equipment) in the EMTS performance is not completely known. This work performs this assessment for two EMTSs [Aurora® Planar Field Generator (PFG); Aurora® Tabletop Field Generator (TTFG)]. METHODS: An assessment platform, composed by a scaffold with specific supports to attach the surgical instruments and a plate phantom with multiple levels to precisely translate or rotate the surgical instruments, was developed. The median accuracy and precision in terms of position and orientation were estimated for the PFG and TTFG in a surgical environment using this platform. Then, the influence of different surgical instruments (alone or together), namely analogic flexible ureterorenoscope (AUR), digital flexible ureterorenoscope (DUR), two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound (US) probe, and four-dimensional (4D) mechanical US probe, was assessed for both EMTSs by coupling the instruments to 5-DOF and 6-DOF sensors. RESULTS: Overall, the median positional and orientation accuracies in the surgical environment were 0.85 mm and 0.42° for PFG, and 0.72 mm and 0.39° for TTFG, while precisions were 0.10 mm and 0.03° for PFG, and 0.20 mm and 0.12° for TTFG, respectively. No significant differences were found for accuracy between EMTSs. However, PFG showed a tendency for higher precision than TTFG. AUR, DUR, and 2D US probe did not influence the accuracy and precision of both EMTSs. In opposition, the 4D probe distorted the signal near the attached sensor, making readings unreliable. CONCLUSIONS: Ureteroscopy- and ultrasonography-assisted PRA based on EMTS guidance are feasible with the tested AUR or DUR together with the 2D probe. More studies must be performed to evaluate the probes and ureterorenoscopes' influence before their use in PRA based on EMTS guidance.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Eletromagnéticos , Rim , Ultrassonografia/instrumentação , Ureteroscopia/instrumentação
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