Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 75
Filtrar
Más filtros

Bases de datos
País/Región como asunto
Tipo del documento
Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
BMC Nurs ; 23(1): 265, 2024 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658918

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Decision making is a pivotal component of nursing education worldwide. This study aimed to accomplish objectives: (1) Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric validation of the Nursing Anxiety and Self-Confidence with Clinical Decision Making (NASC-CDM©) scale from English to Spanish; (2) Comparison of nursing student groups by academic years; and (3) Analysis of the impact of work experience on decision making. METHODS: Cross-sectional comparative study. A convenience sample comprising 301 nursing students was included. Cultural adaptation and validation involved a rigorous process encompassing translation, back-translation, expert consultation, pilot testing, and psychometric evaluation of reliability and statistical validity. The NASC-CDM© scale consists of two subscales: self-confidence and anxiety, and 3 dimensions: D1 (Using resources to gather information and listening fully), D2 (Using information to see the big picture), and D3 (Knowing and acting). To assess variations in self-confidence and anxiety among students, the study employed the following tests: Analysis of Variance tests, homogeneity of variance, and Levene's correction with Tukey's post hoc analysis. RESULTS: Validation showed high internal consistency reliability for both scales: Cronbach's α = 0.920 and Guttman's λ2 = 0.923 (M = 111.32, SD = 17.07) for self-confidence, and α = 0.940 and λ2 = 0.942 (M = 80.44, SD = 21.67) for anxiety; and comparative fit index (CFI) of: 0.981 for self-confidence and 0.997 for anxiety. The results revealed a significant and gradual increase in students' self-confidence (p =.049) as they progressed through the courses, particularly in D2 and D3. Conversely, anxiety was high in the 1st year (M = 81.71, SD = 18.90) and increased in the 3rd year (M = 86.32, SD = 26.38), and significantly decreased only in D3. Work experience positively influenced self-confidence in D2 and D3 but had no effect on anxiety. CONCLUSION: The Spanish version (NASC-CDM-S©) was confirmed as a valid, sensitive, and reliable instrument, maintaining structural equivalence with the original English version. While the students' self-confidence increased throughout their training, their levels of anxiety varied. Nevertheless, these findings underscored shortcomings in assessing and identifying patient problems.

2.
Scand J Caring Sci ; 37(1): 207-215, 2023 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35875847

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Breathlessness is a serious and distressing symptom and a common reason why patients require prehospital care by ambulance clinicians. However, little is known about how patients experience this care when they are in a state of breathlessness. AIM: The aim of this study is to describe the lived experiences of being cared for by ambulance clinicians when experiencing breathlessness. METHODS: Fourteen lifeworld interviews were conducted with patients who experienced breathlessness and were cared for by ambulance clinicians. The interviews were analysed using a qualitative phenomenological approach. FINDINGS: The essential meaning of being cared for by ambulance clinicians when experiencing breathlessness is described in two ways: existential humanising care, in which the experience is that of being embraced by a genuine presence or existential dehumanising care, in which feeling exposed to an objectifying presence is the main experience. This meaning has four constituents: surrendering to and trusting in the care that will come; being exposed to an objectifying presence is violating; being embraced by a genuine presence is relieving; and knowing is dwelling. CONCLUSION: The findings reveal that the ability of ambulance clinicians to provide existential humanising and trustful care, which is the foundation of professional judgement, was essential in how patients responded to and handled the overall situation when breathlessness.


Asunto(s)
Ambulancias , Pacientes , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Disnea , Existencialismo
3.
Nurs Ethics ; : 9697330231196229, 2023 Sep 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37726157

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals, especially professional nurses, experience various types of moral suffering due to inevitable ethical conflicts. Moral resilience is recently proposed as a resource to address moral suffering. However, there is no tool to measure moral resilience in Chinese professional nurses. AIM: This study aimed to translate the Rushton Moral Resilience Scale (RMRS) into Chinese and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of RMRS (Chi-RMRS). RESEARCH DESIGN: A methodological and descriptive research design. PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: A convenience sample of 411 Chinese professional nurses was recruited through an online survey platform between February and March 2023. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: This study was approved by the Research Ethics Committees of the University and hospitals involved. RESULTS: The RMRS was translated and culturally adapted into a Chinese version. Neither floor nor ceiling effects were observed. The scale-level content validity index (CVI) was 0.922 with the item-level CVIs ranging from 0.833 to 1.000. The explanatory factor analysis (EFA) generated a three-factor structure for the Chi-RMRS, and the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) demonstrated the three-factor structure with factor loadings for each item ranging from 0.42 to 0.80. The scale-level Cronbach's α coefficient was 0.811 with each dimension ranging from 0.717 to 0.821, and composite reliability (CR) coefficient for the overall scale was 0.920, with each dimension varying from 0.739 to 0.824. The standard error of measurement (SEM) and smallest detectable change (SDC) were 3.522 and 9.763, respectively. DISCUSSION: The Chi-RMRS is able to measure moral resilience of Chinese professional nurses, and has good validity and reliability. It can be used in research and practice to determine the level of moral resilience, thus helping nursing managers to monitor the status of Chinese professional nurses, then develop interventions to maintain the well-being of professional nurses and to ensure quality of care.

4.
Nurs Ethics ; : 9697330231209291, 2023 Dec 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38115684

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Changes in health needs led to an increase in virtual care practices such as telemedicine. Nursing plays an essential role in this practice as it is the key to accessing the healthcare system. It is important that this branch of nursing is developed considering all the ethical aspects of nursing care, and not just the legal concepts of the practice. However, this question has not been widely explored in the literature and it is of crucial relevance in the new concept of care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review is to identify the ethical aspects of the development of telemedicine from a nursing practice perspective. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature based on Arksey and O'Malley's framework. The search was conducted in Scopus, PubMed/MEDLINE and CINAHL databases, from 2012 to 2022. A total of 1322 articles were retrieved, of which 12 met the inclusion criteria. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The research was conducted in accordance with the best scientific practices. FINDINGS: The most relevant aspects were the safety of the patient, the benefits for the user and the digital competence of the professionals. Informed consent and patient's willingness to use new technologies were relevant to the practice, as was person-centered care and how telemedicine can influence the quality of the therapeutic relationship. Another relevant issue was the concern about professional competence for optimal outcomes. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to further explore and develop the ethical aspects of the new practices, disassociating them from the legal aspects only. Professionals demand more training providing them with more competence and confidence.

5.
Nurs Ethics ; 30(4): 598-613, 2023 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36919260

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A combination of theoretical and practical approaches is required to learn and acquire ethical competencies in caring. Occasionally, reflection on practical action differs from theoretical learning. In the context of reflective learning, issues such as ethical values can be discussed since they evoke conflict among nursing students. AIM: To identify ethical conflicts encountered by nursing students during clinical placements and to determine their cooperation strategies. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative study with a content analysis according to Elo and Kinglas framework. PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: Students enrolled in a nursing program at a Spanish university aged between 22 and 35, mainly women. METHODOLOGY: The study includes 134 ethical reflections from nursing students in the last year of the nursing program, written during their clinical practices in a variety of learning environments. The research team analyzed the reflections using an inductive content analysis method. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Ethical permission was obtained by the management center according to Law 3/2028, and all the participants accepted to participate through the informed consent form. FINDINGS: Three main categories emerged from the analysis of the ethical reflections: (1) evaluation of professional performance and patient care; (2) the student as the protagonist of the dilemma; (3) student coping. Student dilemmas and concerns are related to ignorance, student-patient communication, mistakes made and self-confidence. Some situations conflict with the autonomy of patients and their rights, and can contribute to stressful situations for patients. Stress factors include hospital routines, which the patient cannot modify, and asymmetric relationships with staff, which encourage passivity. CONCLUSION: All ethical problems detected by the students begin with the professional-patient relationship, including issues related to bad news, errors or malpractice. Reflection on the ethical values of nursing, both in the classroom and in clinical practices, allows students to develop a greater ethical awareness of care, enhancing their decision-making skills in ethical dilemmas.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Masculino , Bachillerato en Enfermería/métodos , Aprendizaje , Comunicación , Atención al Paciente , Investigación Cualitativa
6.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(9): 7133-7146, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35445866

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Enteral immunonutrition (EIN) has been extensively applied in cancer patients; however, its role in esophageal cancer (EC) patients receiving esophagectomy remains unclear. We performed this network meta-analysis to investigate the impact of EIN on patients undergoing surgery for EC and further determine the optimal time of applying EIN. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and China National Knowledgement Infrastructure (CNKI) to identify eligible studies. Categorical data was expressed as the odds ratio with 95% confidence interval (CI), and continuous data was expressed as mean difference (MD) with 95% CI. Meta-analysis with head-to-head approach and network meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of EIN on clinical outcomes using RevMan 5.3 and ADDIS V.1.16.8 software. The surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) was calculated to rank all nutritional regimes. RESULTS: Total 14 studies involving 1071 patients were included. Meta-analysis with head-to-head approach indicated no difference between EIN regardless of the application time and standard EN (SEN); however, subgroup analyses found that postoperative EIN was associated with decreased incidence of total infectious complications (OR = 0.47; 95%CI = 0.26 to 0.84; p = 0.01) and pneumonia (OR = 0.47; 95%CI = 0.25 to 0.90; p = 0.02) and shortened the length of hospitalization (LOH) (MD = - 1.01; 95%CI = - 1.44 to - 0.57; p < 0.001) compared to SEN, which were all supported by network meta-analyses. Ranking probability analysis further indicated that postoperative EIN has the highest probability of being the optimal option in terms of these three outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative EIN should be preferentially utilized in EC patients undergoing esophagectomy because it has optimal potential of decreasing the risk of total infectious complications and pneumonia and shortening LOH. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: 10.17605/OSF.IO/KJ9UY.


Asunto(s)
Nutrición Enteral , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Esofagectomía , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirugía , Esofagectomía/efectos adversos , Humanos , Metaanálisis en Red , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Periodo Posoperatorio , Factores de Tiempo
7.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1583, 2022 Dec 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36572919

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Family Presence During Invasive Procedures (FPDI) generates controversy among healthcare professionals. Twibell and her team designed an instrument that measured nurses' Risk-Benefit and Self-Confidence perceptions regarding family presence during resuscitation and was used in numerous studies. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the new tool for Family Presence Risk-Benefit and Family Presence Self-Confidence during invasive procedures and find out the opinions of the medical and nursing staff on FPDIP. METHOD: Cross-sectional methodological pilot study. Online and paper questionnaires modified from a previous translation. A factor analysis was performed for the validity of the indices and bivariate analysis for all the variables. Ethical approvals and research permissions were obtained according to national standards. RESULTS: One hundred twenty healthcare professionals (22.18%) answered the survey. Cronbach's α on the Family Presence Risk-Benefit scale was 0.877. Cronbach's α on the Family Presence Self-Confidence scale was 0.937. The correlation between the Risk-Benefit and Self-confidence variables is significant and with a moderate intensity of the relationship. A lower predisposition to Family Presence During Invasive Procedures is observed. Physicians are more reluctant than nurses. CONCLUSIONS: The FPDI generates controversy as it alters health professionals' routines when they decide whether to allow it or not. There is a tendency for younger professionals to support FPDI. In general, health professionals, mainly physicians, do not favor FPDI. Health workers who perceive fewer risks and more benefits in FPDI and have greater self-confidence are more in favor of FPDI. The psychometric properties and internal consistency of the questionnaire indicate the validity and reliability of this tool.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Familia , Humanos , Femenino , Proyectos Piloto , Estudios Transversales , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Psicometría
8.
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh ; 19(1)2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36423354

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: An international Nursing Leadership Collaborative covened in Japan to hold a patient safety and quality workshop for nursing students from six countries. The purpose was to measure students' self reported beliefs reflecting sensitivity and openness to cultural diversity before and after the international experience. METHODS: A pre-post-test design was used and the Beliefs, Events, and Values Inventory was administered to international undergraduate and graduate nursing students. RESULTS: The group aggregate data analysis indicate that prior to the start of the workshop, the group presented itself as quite introspective and after the workshop the group reported being more sophisticated in making causal explanations about why the world works in the way it does. CONCLUSIONS: Nursing students experienced an expanded awareness of their beliefs and values that reflect a greater degree of intercultural sensitivity for acceptance of inclusivity and diversity after the experience.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Educación de Postgrado en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Humanos , Aprendizaje
9.
Crit Care ; 25(1): 176, 2021 05 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034775

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There are data suggesting that passive leg raising (PLR) improves hemodynamics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This trial aimed to determine the effectiveness and safety of PLR during CPR in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with blinded assessment of the outcomes that assigned adults OHCA to be treated with PLR or in the flat position. The trial was conducted in the Camp de Tarragona region. The main end point was survival to hospital discharge with good neurological outcome defined as cerebral performance category (CPC 1-2). To study possible adverse effects, we assessed the presence of pulmonary complications on the first chest X-rays, brain edema on the computerized tomography (CT) in survivors and brain and lungs weights from autopsies in non-survivors. RESULTS: In total, 588 randomized cases were included, 301 were treated with PLR and 287 were controls. Overall, 67.8% were men and the median age was 72 (IQR 60-82) years. At hospital discharge, 3.3% in the PLR group and 3.5% in the control group were alive with CPC 1-2 (OR 0.9; 95% CI 0.4-2.3, p = 0.91). No significant differences in survival at hospital admission were found in all patients (OR 1.0; 95% CI 0.7-1.6, p = 0.95) and among patients with an initial shockable rhythm (OR 1.7; 95% CI 0.8-3.4, p = 0.15). There were no differences in pulmonary complication rates in chest X-rays [7 (25.9%) vs 5 (17.9%), p = 0.47] and brain edema on CT [5 (29.4%) vs 10 (32.6%), p = 0.84]. There were no differences in lung weight [1223 mg (IQR 909-1500) vs 1239 mg (IQR 900-1507), p = 0.82] or brain weight [1352 mg (IQR 1227-1457) vs 1380 mg (IQR 1255-1470), p = 0.43] among the 106 autopsies performed. CONCLUSION: In this trial, PLR during CPR did not improve survival to hospital discharge with CPC 1-2. No evidence of adverse effects has been found. Clinical trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01952197, registration date: September 27, 2013, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01952197 .


Asunto(s)
Pierna/fisiopatología , Paro Cardíaco Extrahospitalario/mortalidad , Seguridad del Paciente/normas , Rango del Movimiento Articular , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Distribución de Chi-Cuadrado , Femenino , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Pierna/irrigación sanguínea , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Paro Cardíaco Extrahospitalario/complicaciones , Paro Cardíaco Extrahospitalario/epidemiología , Seguridad del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Resultado del Tratamiento
10.
Crit Care ; 25(1): 63, 2021 02 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588914

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The identification of factors associated with Intensive Care Unit (ICU) mortality and derived clinical phenotypes in COVID-19 patients could help for a more tailored approach to clinical decision-making that improves prognostic outcomes. METHODS: Prospective, multicenter, observational study of critically ill patients with confirmed COVID-19 disease and acute respiratory failure admitted from 63 ICUs in Spain. The objective was to utilize an unsupervised clustering analysis to derive clinical COVID-19 phenotypes and to analyze patient's factors associated with mortality risk. Patient features including demographics and clinical data at ICU admission were analyzed. Generalized linear models were used to determine ICU morality risk factors. The prognostic models were validated and their performance was measured using accuracy test, sensitivity, specificity and ROC curves. RESULTS: The database included a total of 2022 patients (mean age 64 [IQR 5-71] years, 1423 (70.4%) male, median APACHE II score (13 [IQR 10-17]) and SOFA score (5 [IQR 3-7]) points. The ICU mortality rate was 32.6%. Of the 3 derived phenotypes, the A (mild) phenotype (537; 26.7%) included older age (< 65 years), fewer abnormal laboratory values and less development of complications, B (moderate) phenotype (623, 30.8%) had similar characteristics of A phenotype but were more likely to present shock. The C (severe) phenotype was the most common (857; 42.5%) and was characterized by the interplay of older age (> 65 years), high severity of illness and a higher likelihood of development shock. Crude ICU mortality was 20.3%, 25% and 45.4% for A, B and C phenotype respectively. The ICU mortality risk factors and model performance differed between whole population and phenotype classifications. CONCLUSION: The presented machine learning model identified three clinical phenotypes that significantly correlated with host-response patterns and ICU mortality. Different risk factors across the whole population and clinical phenotypes were observed which may limit the application of a "one-size-fits-all" model in practice.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/mortalidad , COVID-19/terapia , Anciano , Análisis por Conglomerados , Enfermedad Crítica , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Fenotipo , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , España/epidemiología
11.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(11): 6761-6770, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990878

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Psychological distress greatly impaired the psychological and physical well-being of lung cancer patients. Identification of protective and risk factors is a prerequisite of developing effective psychological treatment protocol. The study aims to determine the relationship of mindfulness and psychological distress and further clarify the mechanism of mindfulness against psychological distress through perceived stigma and social support among Chinese lung cancer patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey study involving 441 valid Chinese lung cancer patients was conducted from September 2018 to August 2019. After all validated questionnaires that measured psychological distress, level of mindfulness, social support, and perceived stigma were returned by patients, we firstly performed correlation analysis to assess the associations between mindfulness, social support, perceived stigma, and psychological distress. Then structural equation modelling analysis was conducted to further clarify the mediating effects of perceived stigma and social support on the relationship between mindfulness and psychological distress. RESULTS: According to our hypothesis and further modification, our revised model adequately fits to data. Mindfulness (ß = - 0.107, p = 0.008) and social support (ß = - 0.513, p < 0.001) had a direct effect on psychological distress. Meanwhile, mindfulness had a direct effect on perceived stigma (ß = - 0.185, p < 0.001), and perceived stigma had a direct effect on social support (ß = - 0.373, p < 0.001). Furthermore, mindfulness had also the indirect effect on psychological distress through the chain mediating role of stigma and social support among lung cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: Mindfulness has direct negative effect on psychological distress and has also indirectly negative psychological distress through impacting social support and perceived stigma.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Atención Plena , Distrés Psicológico , China , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Estigma Social , Apoyo Social , Estrés Psicológico
12.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 221, 2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706783

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Family Presence during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation has been studied both to identify the opinions of health professionals, patients, and family members, and to identify benefits and barriers, as well as to design protocols for its implementation. R. Twibell and her team designed an instrument that measured nurses' perceptions of Risks-Benefits and Self-Confidence regarding Family Presence during Resuscitation. There are few studies in Spain on this practice. METHODS: The aim is to adapt and validate into Spanish the Family Presence Risk-Benefit scale and Family Presence Self-Confidence scale instrument. For this purpose, this instrument was translated cross-culturally, and administered in paper and online version. Statistical tests were carried out for the validity of the questionnaire. Five hundred forty-one healthcare professionals were invited to respond. The results were analyzed by the same statistical procedures as in the original scale. Ethical approvals and research permissions were obtained according to national standards. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-seven healthcare professionals (43.8%) answered the survey (69% women), of whom 167 were nurses. Validation of instruments: Cronbach's α in Family Presence Risk-Benefit scale was 0.94. Cronbach's α in Family Presence Self-Confidence scale was 0.96. Factor Analysis Kaiser, Meyer and Olkin (KMO) was greater than 0.9. The correlation between the two measured scales, is significant and has a moderate intensity of the relationship (r = 0.65 and α < 0.001). A lower predisposition to Family Presence during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is observed, but the pure detractors are only 12%. Doctors are more reluctant than nurses. CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric properties of the questionnaire in Spanish indicate high validity and reliability. Risk-Benefit perception and Self-Confidence are related to the healthcare professionals who consider the Family Presence to be beneficial. More studies in different contexts are necessary to confirm the psychometric results and validity of this instrument in Spanish.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Familia , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , España , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
13.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(10): e19915, 2021 10 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34694227

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Various enhanced patient instructions (EPIs) have been used for bowel preparation (BP) and our previous meta-analysis also demonstrated the efficacy of EPIs in increasing the colonic polyp and adenoma detection rates; however, the optimal method for adequate BP has not yet been developed. OBJECTIVE: We performed a network meta-analysis to determine the optimal instructions. METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effectiveness of EPIs with each other or standard patient instructions (SPIs) for BP. We performed direct and Bayesian network meta-analyses for all instructions and used the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) criteria to appraise the quality of evidence. RESULTS: We included 23 RCTs (7969 patients) comparing 10 different instructions. In direct meta-analyses, most of the EPIs, except visual aids and mobile apps, increased the adequate preparation rate (APR). Network meta-analyses showed that additional explanations were superior to visual aids (odds ratio [OR] 0.35, 95% CI 0.19-0.59), telephone calls (OR 0.62, 95% CI 0.37-0.99), educational videos (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.5-0.77), and mobile apps (OR 0.33, 95% CI 0.14-0.68) with low-to-high-quality evidence; newly designed booklets (OR 3.28, 95% CI 1.59-6.16), SMS text messaging (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.28-3.91), telephone calls (OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.03-1.78), educational videos (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.40-3.65), and social media applications (OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.4-3.93) were superior to visual aids and mobile apps with low-to-high-quality evidence. SMS text messaging, telephone calls, and social media applications increase adherence to and satisfaction with the BP regime. Social media applications reduce the risk of adverse events (AEs). Telephone calls and social media applications increase the polyp detection rate (PDR). CONCLUSIONS: Newly designed booklets, telephone calls, educational videos, and social media applications can improve the quality of BP. Telephone calls and social media applications improve adherence to and satisfaction with the BP regime, reduce the risk of AEs, and increase the PDR. TRIAL REGISTRATION: INPLASY (International Platform of Registered Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols) INPLASY2020120103; https://inplasy.com/inplasy-2020-12-0103/.


Asunto(s)
Aplicaciones Móviles , Envío de Mensajes de Texto , Colonoscopía , Humanos , Metaanálisis en Red , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
14.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 27(3): e12930, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830586

RESUMEN

AIM: This study aimed to analyse risk and protective factors for teen suicide and bullying. BACKGROUND: Research shows that high percentages of bully-victims report suicidal thinking or suicide attempts. DESIGN: This was an international integrative review. DATA SOURCES: Five databases including CINAHL, Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar and Cuiden were searched between January 2010 and December 2020. REVIEW METHODS: Review methods included problem identification; search, evaluation and analysis of literature; and presentation of results. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included. We grouped the selected articles into seven thematic categories. The most significant risk factors were being male, having a previous personal and/or family suicide attempt, mental health problems, substance abuse, previous physical and/or sexual abuse, low socio-economic level, belonging to a single-parent family, underachievement, family dysfunction and violent environment. The most common protective factors for both suicide and bullying were being female, having good mental health, belonging to a two-parent family, safe school environment, good family relationships and having an involved teacher. CONCLUSION: Suicide resulting from bullying is a social and public health problem, so nurse practitioners and paediatric primary care nurses have a responsibility to educate teachers and parents in order to promote early detection and the development of more effective prevention and action plans.


Asunto(s)
Acoso Escolar/psicología , Intento de Suicidio/psicología , Adolescente , Acoso Escolar/prevención & control , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , Ideación Suicida , Intento de Suicidio/prevención & control , Adulto Joven
15.
Nurs Health Sci ; 23(2): 398-410, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522682

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to explore nursing students' perceptions of their final clinical learning environment and its association with their self-assessed competence, satisfaction with nursing education, and turnover intentions at graduation in six European countries. A multi-country comparative cross-sectional study was conducted with nursing students (n = 1746) from the Czech Republic, Finland, Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, and Spain using the Nurse Competence Scale and the Clinical Learning Environment and Supervision scale. Nursing students' overall perceptions of their final clinical learning environment and supervision were positive in all the countries studied. The correlation between the students' perceptions of their final clinical learning environment and competence was statistically significant and positive. Satisfaction with the nursing program and clinical practicum and no consideration of career change were related to positive perceptions of the final clinical learning environment. Highlighting the importance of the supervisory relationship and pedagogical atmosphere, nursing students' positive perceptions of the final clinical learning environment and supervision contribute to a better level of self-assessed competence and satisfaction with the nursing program and clinical practicum, leading to lower turnover intentions.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica , Bachillerato en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Comparación Transcultural , Estudios Transversales , Curriculum , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
16.
Aten Primaria ; 53(2): 101946, 2021 02.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431241

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe from a gender perspective how people with depression and physical comorbidity perceive their quality of life. The study included 380 people over 49 years of age with at least one of the following pathologies: diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and ischemic heart disease. Participants were recruited from 31 teams the primary care of in Catalonia. Quality of life was measured using the EuroQol Scale. In addition, sociodemographic variables were collected, as well as the severity of depression, the index of economic deprivation and area of residence. The adjusted relationship between sex and dimensions of quality of life was assessed by means of multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: 81.3% were women; the mean age was 68.4 years (SD: 8.8). The mean on the Visual Analogue Scale was 57.8 (SD: 17.4) in men and 55.8 (SD: 18.6) in women. The mean of the EQ-Health Index was 0.74 (SD: 0.17) in men and 0.65 (SD: 0.2) in women (p = 0.001). The probability of having problems of the EQ-5D showed sex as the most important factor (woman = 1/man = 0) in: self-care OR: 2.29 (95% CI 1.04-5.07) and daily activities OR: 3.09 (95% CI 1.67-5.71). Mobility was associated with age OR: 1.87 (95% CI 1.22-2.86), pain with area of residence OR: 2.51 (95% CI 1.18-5,34) and the BDI with anxiety/depression OR: 4,77 (95% CI 1.77-12,88). CONCLUSION: The perception quality of life of women with depression and physical comorbidity is lower than that of men and, in both cases, it is lower than that of the general population.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Calidad de Vida , Anciano , Comorbilidad , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Autocuidado , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; 29(6): e13323, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888353

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To establish and validate the Colostomy Disgust Scale (CDS) for assessing disgust in colostomy patients. DESIGN: Triphasic, cross-sectional psychometric study. SETTING: A total of 423 patients with colostomy (222 first samples and 201 s samples) were recruited from a tertiary hospital between January 2015 and April 2016. METHODS: Three phases were undertaken: (a) item generation, (b) item selection and (c) evaluation and validation. The evaluation and validation of the CDS were performed through feasibility and initial item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and internal consistency. RESULTS: Following item generation and item selection, a 22-item CDS was generated. Principal axis factoring indicated a two-factor solution for the proposed CDS model, which was also verified by confirmatory factor analysis. Moreover, the proposed CDS had a high internal consistency. CONCLUSION: The CDS is a self-report instrument with initial evidence for its validity and reliability. It is a promising tool to identify the triggers of disgust in colostomy contexts, which can be of great importance for promoting the mental health of colostomy patients.


Asunto(s)
Asco , Colostomía , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
J Adv Nurs ; 76(10): 2547-2558, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700799

RESUMEN

AIM: This paper is a report of a study exploring the relationship between stoma acceptance and stoma care self-efficacy in patients with colostomy and whether self-disgust and stigma play mediating roles in this relationship. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design. METHOD: In all, 476 participants were recruited from a tertiary hospital and completed structured, anonymous, self-report measures of stoma acceptance, self-disgust, stigma, and stoma care self-efficacy between January 2016-March 2017. RESULTS: Stoma acceptance was significantly negatively associated with personal disgust (r = -.640, p<.001), behavioural disgust (r = -.384, p<.001), and stigma (r = -.309, p<.001) and significantly positively associated with stoma care self-efficacy (r = .689, p<.001). Furthermore, regression-based mediation modelling showed that personal disgust and stigma had significant mediating effects on stoma acceptance and stoma care self-efficacy. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated, for the first time, that emotional responses (self-disgust and stigma) play important roles in the association between stoma acceptance and stoma care self-efficacy. Addressing concerns about emotional disorder should become part of the routine care for patients with stoma. IMPACT: Patients with colostomy must cope with many challenges and undergo profound changes in daily life. Acceptance of the existence of the stoma and effective management of the stoma can aid patients in the return to a full and active life. Illness acceptance and psychological states have been widely reported to be correlates of the ability to successfully reconstitute a meaning of life, but these have not been specifically explored in patients with colostomy. This study examined the effect of stoma acceptance on stoma care self-efficacy with the mediation role of self-disgust and stigma. Evidence of the relationship between illness acceptance and self-efficacy could offer practitioners to consider emotional factors like self-disgust and stigma when aiming to improve stoma care and management.


Asunto(s)
Asco , Estomas Quirúrgicos , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Autoeficacia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
BMC Nurs ; 19: 60, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636715

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Moral emotions are a key element of our human morals. Emotions play an important role in the caring process. Decision-making and assessment in emergency situations are complex and they frequently result in different emotions and feelings among health-care professionals. METHODS: The study had qualitative deductive design based on content analysis. Individual interviews and focus groups were conducted with sixteen participants. RESULTS: The emerging category "emotions and feelings in caring" has been analysed according to Haidt, considering that moral emotions include the subcategories of "Condemning emotions", "Self-conscious emotions", "Suffering emotions" and "Praising emotions". Within these subcategories, we found that the feelings that nurses experienced when ethical conflicts arose in emergency situations were related to caring and decisions associated with it, even when they had experienced situations in which they believed they could have helped the patient differently, but the conditions at the time did not permit it and they felt that the ethical conflicts in clinical practice created a large degree of anxiety and moral stress. The nurses felt that caring, as seen from a nursing perspective, has a sensitive dimension that goes beyond the patient's own healing and, when this dimension is in conflict with the environment, it has a dehumanising effect. Positive feelings and satisfaction are created when nurses feel that care has met its objectives and that there has been an appropriate response to the needs. CONCLUSIONS: Moral emotions can help nurses to recognise situations that allow them to promote changes in the care of patients in extreme situations. They can also be the starting point for personal and professional growth and an evolution towards person-centred care.

20.
Clin Psychol Psychother ; 27(5): 749-759, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307744

RESUMEN

Research on self-disgust is relevant to psychopathologic tendencies because it has been shown to play a critical role in several mental disorders. Examining self-disgust and exploring its role in mental health are significant goals. The purpose of this study was to translate the Questionnaire for the Assessment of Self-Disgust (QASD) into Chinese and evaluate its validity and reliability. The translation and validation of the QASD were guided by the World Health Organization's Process of Translation and Adaptation of Instruments. Three phases were undertaken: (a) professional translation and expert panel review, (b) pretesting, and (c) psychometric evaluation. The psychometric evaluation was tested among 1,068 patients who were recruited from two psychiatric hospitals and three psychological clinics of tertiary hospitals. In this study, multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported the two-factor structure of the original QASD construct. Measurement invariance showed that the QASD is invariant across the patients with heterogeneous mental health diagnoses. The correlation of QASD with the Self-Esteem Scale (SES) and the Trait Anger Scale (TAS) showed that it has good convergent validity and discriminative validity. Internal consistency and test-retest yielded acceptable results. Thus, the findings suggest that the Chinese version of the QASD is a reliable and valid instrument with adequate psychometric properties for assessment of self-disgust among patients with mental disorders in China.


Asunto(s)
Asco , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Traducciones , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudios Transversales , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA