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1.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 12(3)2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338263

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Phlebitis related to peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) is a common complication in patients who require these devices and can have important consequences for the patients and the healthcare system. The management and control of the PVC-associated complications is related to nursing competency. The present study aims to determine, at the national level in Spain, the consensus on the assessment, treatment, and follow-up of PVC-related phlebitis and the importance of the actions taken. METHOD: A three-round Delphi technique was used with clinical care nurses who are experts in the field of in-hospital intravenous treatment in Spain. For this, an online questionnaire was developed with three open-ended questions on the dimensions of phlebitis assessment, treatment, and follow-up. For the statistical analysis of the results, frequencies and percentages were used to determine consensus, and the measures of central tendency (mean, standard deviation, and the coefficient of variation) were used to rank importance. The coefficient of variation was set as acceptable at ≤30%. RESULTS: The final sample was 27 expert nurses. At the conclusion of round 3, actions were ranked according to their importance, with six items included in the PVC-related phlebitis assessment (symptomatology/observation, redness, the Maddox scale, induration, temperature, and pain), two in treatment (catheter removal, pentosan polysulphate sodium ointment + application of cold), and just one in follow-up (general monitoring + temperature control). CONCLUSIONS: There is a major disparity in relation to the PVC-related phlebitis assessment, treatment, and follow-up actions. More clinical studies are therefore needed to minimise the complications associated with the use of PVCs, given their impact on the quality of care and patient safety and their economic cost.

2.
Nurs Rep ; 14(2): 1067-1078, 2024 Apr 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38804414

RESUMEN

Virtual simulation offers a powerful educational tool with considerable, albeit underexplored potential. This technology immerses students in lifelike digital scenarios, fostering the acquisition of knowledge and skills necessary for their future careers. This study aimed to assess knowledge acquisition and satisfaction outcomes among students using a virtual simulation teaching approach. The specific objectives were (1) to compare pre-and posttest knowledge acquisition, (2) to investigate the influence of prior professional experience on knowledge, and (3) to explore satisfaction levels with virtual simulation. One hundred and fifty-nine nursing students participated in a virtual simulation-based clinical intervention, entailing the resolution of a virtual adult patient hospitalized with respiratory pathology. Sociodemographic data and prior professional experience were collected, and knowledge was evaluated through pre-to-post tests. Satisfaction levels were assessed using open-ended questions. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney U, and Cohen's tests, while qualitative data underwent keyword-in-context analysis. Significant differences were noted between pre- and posttest knowledge levels, with prior experience showing no significant impact on knowledge acquisition. Participants reported high levels of satisfaction. Lexicometric analysis identified four clusters of words related to the key terms "simulation", "learn", "activity", and "knowledge". Virtual clinical simulation effectively enhances knowledge acquisition and fosters satisfaction, with students recognizing the positive impact of this approach on their learning. Consequently, virtual simulation contributes to the training of competent health professionals.

3.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 66: 103533, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516640

RESUMEN

AIM: To determine the efficacy of an online mindfulness intervention in reducing anxiety and stress levels in nursing students during clinical simulations. BACKGROUND: Clinical simulation as a learning strategy has many benefits but the high levels of stress and anxiety it produces in participants can compromise learning, motivation or performance. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group design is presented. Forty-two undergraduate nursing students from a natural group were divided into: an experimental group (n = 21) and a control group (n = 21). METHODS: Before conducting a clinical simulation, the experimental group followed a 10-day intensive online mindfulness intervention. All students received the same information and training. Instruments used were: Self-administered Analogue Stress Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire. In addition, physiological data (blood pressure and heart rate) were collected at baseline, pre-briefing and debriefing. RESULTS: Physiological variables increased in the prebriefing phase but remained statistically significantly lower in the experimental group (diastolic blood pressure p = .032 and heart rate p = .048). Levels of stress (p = .029) and anxiety (p = .016) were also managed better. Both groups in the debriefing session showed a statistically significant decrease in the different physiological variables, stress and anxiety. No changes in mindfulness were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical simulation is indicated to generate stress and anxiety in nursing students. Therefore, measures must be adopted to control it. The intensive online mindfulness intervention proposed in this study reduced physiological parameters, stress and anxiety in the clinical simulation.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Atención Plena , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Humanos , Ansiedad/prevención & control , Aprendizaje , Estrés Psicológico/prevención & control
4.
Nurse Educ Today ; 107: 105157, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624618

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: 1) To assess nursing students' evidence-based knowledge on the use of PVCs, and 2) to examine the perception of learning and teaching strategies aimed at this skill. BACKGROUND: Insertion and care of Peripheral Venous Catheters (PVCs) are essential skills in undergraduate nursing education. Appropriate knowledge of this skill is crucial to improve clinical practice and patient safety. Therefore, training becomes an enabler for safe practice. DESIGN: A multi-centre convergent parallel mixed-methods. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 675 second-, third- and fourth-year nursing students from 3 nursing schools took part in the study. METHODS: Quantitative data collection used a validated 15-question survey on knowledge of PVC management, and a descriptive and inferential analysis was carried out. Qualitative data were collected via a questionnaire consisting of 4 open-ended questions assessing knowledge, teaching methodologies and scenarios, and points for improvement. RESULTS: Most participants were female (74.04%), with a mean age of 22.45 (SD = 4.65), who had no experience in the health field (61.8%). They obtained a mean knowledge score of 7.27 (SD = 2.64) out of 15. The students who obtained higher scores had a mean professional experience of 7.96, SD = 2.66 (p 0.000) and were in their final year, with a mean of 8.59, SD = 2.56, (p 0.000). On the other hand, the students assessed their knowledge as basic but improving year by year. They also identified a need to apply more active and experiential methodologies that would allow for reflection. CONCLUSION: Level of educational level and experience is associated with increased knowledge. In order to improve knowledge, changes must be made in the training process to incorporate methodologies such as simulation and online training. There is a need to develop programmes that favour the alignment of theory with clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Adulto , Catéteres , Competencia Clínica , Femenino , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Adulto Joven
5.
Nurse Educ Today ; 92: 104520, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653810

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand the effects of a pedagogical resource combining a multi-moment debriefing model with reflective journaling that is designed to develop reflective competence. DESIGN: A qualitative educational study was used with an instrumental case study design. Participating in the study were 32 nursing students who wrote 96 individual reflective journals in accordance with each moment (M1, M2, M3) of the proposed reflective practice resource. The journaling was conducted during both the clinical simulation activity and the period of clinical practice. METHODS: The reflective journals resulting from the high-fidelity clinical simulation process were used to explore three moments of learning: debriefing immediately after simulation, post-scenario debriefing, and clinical practice. The typology of content analysis used was classical content analysis, which followed a deductive logic, since to assess reflection levels the 5Rs Reflective Writing Scale was used. RESULTS: In the post simulation moment (M1), students produced a greater number of meaningful units associated with a level of strategic narrative reflection. During clinical practice however reflection was more analytical, with the highest level of reflection. CONCLUSION: Nursing students developed reflective competence through an iterative process of reflective practice establishing a continuum between simulation experience and clinical.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Competencia Clínica , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Investigación Cualitativa , Escritura
6.
Nurse Educ Today ; 46: 29-35, 2016 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27589605

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Teaching strategies are essential in order to facilitate meaningful learning and the development of high-level thinking skills in students. OBJECTIVE: To compare three teaching methodologies (problem-based learning, case-based teaching and traditional methods) in terms of the learning outcomes achieved by nursing students. METHOD: This quasi-experimental research was carried out in the Nursing Degree programme in a group of 74 students who explored the subject of The Oncology Patient through the aforementioned strategies. A performance test was applied based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy. RESULTS: A significant correlation was found between the intragroup theoretical and theoretical-practical dimensions. Likewise, intergroup differences were related to each teaching methodology. Hence, significant differences were estimated between the traditional methodology (x-=9.13), case-based teaching (x-=12.96) and problem-based learning (x-=14.84). CONCLUSIONS: Problem-based learning was shown to be the most successful learning method, followed by case-based teaching and the traditional methodology.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Enfermería/métodos , Enfermería Oncológica/educación , Enseñanza/organización & administración , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Adulto Joven
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