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Predicting bacteria causing acute bacterial rhinosinusitis by clinical features / Predição de bactérias causadoras de rinossinusite bacteriana aguda por características clínicas

Suwannawong, Dussawan; Seresirikachorn, Kachorn; Aeumjaturapat, Songklot; Chusakul, Supinda; Kanjanaumporn, Jesada; Chitsuthipakorn, Wirach; Ruksakul, Winyu; Snidvongs, Kornkiat.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 281-286, May-June 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132589


Clinicians rely on clinical presentations to select therapeutic agents for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae are common in acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae require different antibiotics.


This study aimed to evaluate the associations between clinical features of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis and pathogenic bacteria.


Sixty-four patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis were enrolled. Clinical features including nasal obstruction, discolored discharge, facial pain, smell disturbance, fever and laboratory findings of patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis were collected. The bacterial cultures of endoscopic middle meatal swabs were used as a reference.


Serum C-reactive protein level elevation correlated with the bacterial species (p = 0.03), by which was increased in 80.0% of Haemophilus influenzae rhinosinusitis and 57.1% of Streptococcus pneumoniae rhinosinusitis. The elevated C-reactive protein was the significant predictor for Haemophilus influenzae rhinosinusitis with the Odds Ratio of 18.06 (95% CI 2.36-138.20). The sensitivity of serum C-reactive protein level elevation for diagnosing Haemophilus influenzae rhinosinusitis was 0.80 (95% CI 0.49-0.94).


Elevation of serum C-reactive protein level was associated with and predicted acute bacterial rhinosinusitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae.
Biblioteca responsable: BR1.1