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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863596


Objective:To study the anti-rheumatoid arthritis mechanism of Sanmiao Pill by using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Methods:The rats were randomly divided into control group, model group and medicated group based on weight, 8 rats in each group. The model group and medicated group were treated by intradermal injection of 0.1 ml complete Freund's adjuvant on buttock(s). Rats of medicated group were given Sanmiao Pill solution 0.054 g/ml by gavage, 1 ml/100 g based on weight from the 7th day of experiment for 7 days. And then to score the degree of feet swelling of rats. After 48 hours of the last medication, to collecte the blood samples for metabolic fingerprint analysis. Then analized and processed the non-targeted contour mass spectrometry data (Continuum model) with unsupervised principal component method; identified the maximum metabolic differences between rheumatoid arthritis rats and healthy rats by dimension reduction technic. The differential ions were screened and locked by supervised pattern recognition analysis. Finally, with the help of the automated analysis software database like HMDB, identifiedthe structures and analized the correlated metabolic pathway.Results:Compared with the model group, the swelling degree of the feet (2.01 ± 0.19 ml vs. 2.27 ± 0.30 ml) in medicated group significantly decreased ( P<0.01). The HMDB data shows that the metabolic profiles of rats were mainly distributed in the control group and the model group, which proved that the rheumatoid arthritis rats treated with Sanmiao Pill had a pullback trend, and the overall metabolic level has a healthy state. With this analysis, 20 blood biomarkers related to rheumatoid arthritis were obtained, which involved the metabolic pathways of aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, Glycine, Serine and Threonine metabolism, Alanine, Aspartic acid and Glutamic acid metabolism, Linoleic acid metabolism, Arachidonic acid metabolism. Conclusions:Sanmiao Pill has interventional effect on rheumatoid arthritis rats. The mechanism might be related with metabolic enzymes and metabolic pathways such as Alanine, Aspartic acid and Glutamic acid.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772576


A motion unit for sucking robot with a stable motion, convenient operation and process simulation is introduced. The key parameters and process data of the sucking operation were obtained from the clinical work, which provided the basis for the design of the sucking robot motion unit. According to the points of sucking action, robotic thumb, forefinger and metacarpophalangeal joints were used to grip the suction tube, and the servo and arm structure were used to simulate the motion of the wrist and elbow to complete the rotation and push of the sputum suction tube. The feasibility is verified through the advanced sputum suction training model. The movement unit is stable in movement, and can smoothly complete the clamping, feeding, back off protection and rotating tube removal of the sputum suction tube, so as to achieve effective sputum suction.

Catheterization , Intubation, Intratracheal , Robotics , Suction
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772492


Laparoscopic surgery based on magnetic anchor technique has great potential for further minimally invasive surgery and good surgical field exposure, in which the internal grasper is the key factor. In this paper, an internal grasper based on magnetic anchor laparoscopic surgery is designed, which consists of three parts:target magnet, connection module and tissue forceps. The magnetic shield shell is used to wrap the magnetic core in the target magnet, which not only can increase the magnetic force in the working area, but also reduce the magnetic interference between the instruments, and the connecting module can flexibly adjust the length of the internal grasper. The special structure of tissue gripper can effectively reduce deputy injury and facilitate the replacement of clamp position. It has many advantages, such as ingenious design, easy processing, simple operation and wide range of application, which greatly increased its clinical application value.

Equipment Design , Laparoscopy , Magnetics , Magnets , Surgical Instruments
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745369


It is intractable to Complex biliary stricture therapy after liver transplantation and other biliary operations is intractable.The routine therapies are to place stents with ERCP or do choledochojejunostomy.The former,however,is of little effect for patients with complex biliary stricture or completed obstruction.And the latter is more difficult and is with high rate postoperative complications due to the previous operation history.The application of magnetic compression offers a new direction of minimally invasive therapy of complex biliary structure.This article summarizes the current situation of the therapy of complex biliary structure with magnetic compression and the existing obstacles.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774481


A biliary contrast agents pushing device, including a syringe pushing system and a remote controller is introduced. The syringe pushing system comprises an injector card slot, a support platform and an injection bolus fader. A 20 mL syringe can be fitted on the syringe pushing system and kept with the ground about 30 degree. This system can perform air bubble pumping back and contrast agents bolus injection as well as speed adjustment. Remote controller is an infrared remote control which can start and stop the syringe pushing system. With this device, the remote controlled cholangiography technology can be achieved, which can not only protect doctors from X-ray radiation but also improve the traditional T-tube cholangiography and the contrast effect, reduce postoperative complications in patients as well. The application of this device will improve the current diagnosis and treatment system, the device will benefit the majority of doctors and patients.

Contrast Media , Humans , Injections , Postoperative Complications , Syringes