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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738372


We report a rare case of paraplegia after emergency total arch replacement for type A acute aortic dissection. A 52-year-old man was referred to our hospital for acute aortic dissection. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a type A aortic dissection extending from the aortic root into the right iliac arteries. The true lumen of the descending and abdominal aorta was collapsed and blood flow to the right lower limb had decreased. Large entry and re-entry tears were revealed in the ascending and distal arch aorta, respectively. His preoperative consciousness was clear, hemodynamics were stable, and there was no evidence of paraplegia or paraparesis. Extracorporeal circulation was established by femoral artery and right atrium cannulation. Total arch replacement was performed under moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (lowest bladder temperature : 21.9°C). The postoperative course was uneventful and he was extubated 6 h postoperatively. Postoperative hemodynamic parameters were stable, the mean blood pressure was maintained at around 70 mmHg, and limb movements were confirmed at that time. Although there was no abnormality of lower limb movement until the following morning, paraplegia occurred about 17 h after surgery. While maintaining a mean blood pressure of over 90 mmHg, urgent cerebrospinal drainage was immediately performed and combined with steroid treatment and a continuous infusion of naloxone. The neurological defect was resolved immediately after cerebrospinal drainage, and neurological function steadily improved through rehabilitation. He was discharged 20 days after surgery with no neurological defects. Late paraplegia after total replacement for type A acute aortic dissection is a rare complication. From our experience, it is suggested that early diagnosis and treatment are important for improving paraplegia.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738365


Infective endocarditis of the aortic valve tends to cause structural damage such as aortic root abscess, and aortic valve replacement is the standard treatment. However, there have been several reports on aortic valve repair for the treatment of infective endocarditis, and it has subsequently emerged as a feasible alternative to aortic valve replacement in selected patients. We report a case of aortic valve repair for infective endocarditis of the aortic valve caused by α-hemolytic Streptococcus. A 50-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a two-month history of fever of unidentified origin. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed infective endocarditis of the aortic valve. Transesophageal echocardiography confirmed vegetation in the right coronary and non-coronary cusps, and mild aortic regurgitation. Although infection was controlled by approximately one month of antibiotic treatment, there was markedly more severe aortic regurgitation compared to the previous examination. These findings were confirmed on transesophageal echocardiography, and residual vegetation on the right coronary cusp as well as a perforation in the non-coronary cusp were confirmed. Intraoperative findings revealed a perforation in the non-coronary cusp and dehiscence, with vegetation on the right coronary cusp. The vegetation was carefully removed, the non-coronary cusp perforation was repaired with a pericardium patch, and the defect on the right coronary cusp was directly sutured with 6-0 polypropylene. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography revealed trivial aortic regurgitation. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged 7 days after surgery without any complications. Antibiotics were prescribed for 3 months, and transthoracic echocardiography was performed 5 days, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. No evidence of recurrence of aortic regurgitation or infection of the aortic valve was observed.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688433


Reoperative valve surgery is known to be more complex and associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially for patients with patent coronary artery bypass grafts. A 69-year old man with a history of coronary artery bypass grafting was referred to our hospital with breathing difficulties and a heart murmur. Bypass grafts were all patent, but due to severe ischemic mitral valve regurgitation, we performed beating heart mitral valve replacement via right thoracotomy. The procedure was performed with video assistance, and both the anterior and the posterior chordae tendineae were preserved. The postoperative course was uneventful. He was discharged 7 days after surgery without any complications. This technique is a safe and feasible option for a mitral valve reoperation that avoids graft injuries, minimizes the risks of bleeding, and shortens the operative time.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375907


We report a case of re-expansion pulmonary edema (REPE), which complicated mitral valve plasy via right small thoracotomy. A 56-years old man underwent mitral valve plasty for severe mitral regurgitation caused by P2 prolapse. After separation from heart-lung machine, massive yellow foamy secretion has begun to spout from the right side endotracheal tube and hypoxemia has ensued. Differential ventilation with high airway pressure and steroid pulse therapy could not counteract the exacerbation of hypoxemia. Echocardiography showed severe diffuse hypokinesis of left ventricular wall. Intra-aortic balloon pumping and percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) were introduced, and they were very effective. After five-days' support, PCPS was successfully weaned. The patient recovered well. REPE complicated by mini-thoracotomy approach cardiac surgery, is rare, but can be fatal.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375460


We report a case of septal branch aneurysm. A 61-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of heart murmur. Septal branch aneurysm (25×15 mm) was diagnosed by echocardiography and coronary angiography, and followed up annually with multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT). Nine years later, another aneurysm proximal to the known aneurysm, which protruded above the epicardium, has rapidly dilated from 5 to 11 mm. We therefore performed closure of the orifice of the septal branch concomitant with bypass grafting ; left internal mammary artery to distal LAD. After the procedure, the aneurysm in the septum had completely collapsed. Her postoperative course was uneventful.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375256


We report a case of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy that developed after elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in an 80-year-old woman. She had been given a diagnosis of unstable angina complicated with mild hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Her cardiac index began to fall 7 h postoperatively, and we needed to infuse fluids and increase dopamine dose (up to 5 µg/kg/min) to maintain cardiac index and blood pressure. CPK-MB level increased up to 140 IU/<i>l </i>at 12 h postoperatively. Transthoracic echocardiography showed akinesis and ballooning of the apex and hyperkinesis of the base with accelerated left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) flow and increased mitral regurgitation (MR). Emergency coronary artery angiography showed good patency of all bypass grafts and no new coronary lesion. We diagnosed Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. To improve the hemodynamic status, we started intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) instead of adding catecholamines. Blood pressure and cardiac index had improved temporarily, but became unstable again because of increased LVOT pressure gradient and moderate-to-severe MR. LV wall motion gradually improved, but the hemodynamic status stayed unstable, but improved after removal of IABP. In general, the prognosis of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is favorable with supportive care. However, when it is associated with LVOT stenosis and significant MR, low cardiac output syndrome can become intractable, thus we should manage critical conditions with extreme caution.