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1.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 239-242, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225103

ABSTRACT

Intramural colonic hemorrhage is rare and often secondary to trauma or anticoagulation therapy. Idiopathic intramural hemorrhages in the alimentary tract have rarely been reported. While several reports of spontaneous perforation of an intramural rectal hematoma have been published, no reports of spontaneous perforation in the ascending colon due to a hematoma have. We describe a patient with an ascending colonic perforation secondary to spontaneous intramural hemorrhage. The patient is a 35-year-old male, who presented with acute abdominal pain and no history of trauma. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed a high-density area around the ascending colon, and nonoperative management was instituted. On the eighth hospital day, the pain worsened, and abdominal computed tomography scan showed free air. An emergent right hemicolectomy was performed. Intramural hematoma and ischemia with perforation, with no obvious etiology, were found. The patient was discharged on the 14th postoperative day.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adult , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Humans , Ischemia , Male
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374532

ABSTRACT

We investigated muscle activities of the scapular muscles during low row procedure (LR) usually used 12 weeks after a rotator cuff repair, and evaluated its effective application period comparing with scapular retraction procedure (SR) used for early postoperative period. Twelve healthy adults (mean age, 26.8 years) were enrolled in the current study. %MVICs (maximal voluntary isometric muscle contractions) of middle trapezius, lower trapezius, serratus anterior, posterior deltoid, and infraspinatus were calculated from the surface electromyography during both LR and SR. The %MVIC of either the middle trapezius or lower trapezius was not significantly different between during the LR and the SR. The %MVIC of the serratus anterior, posterior deltoid and infraspinatus during the LR was significantly higher than those during the SR (p=0.018, p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively). Additionally, the %MVIC of the posterior deltoid and infraspinatus in the SR was less than 20%. In training phase after rotator cuff repair, LR was considered to be effective procedure for most of the scapular muscles 12 weeks after a surgical repair of the rotator cuff. However, LR earlier than 12 weeks after the surgery is considered to yield a risk of re-tear of the rotator cuff, and SR may be a preferred training procedure in this early phase.

3.
Kampo Medicine ; : 336-339, 2012.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362919

ABSTRACT

Patulous Eustachian tube (patulous ET) is not a rare disease, for which the prevalence rate is considered to be higher than 5%. Autophonia and ear fullness are common symptoms of patulous ET. Various treatments in cluding drug therapies and surgical procedures are attempted, although they do not give satisfactory results.<br>In oriental medicine, patulous ET is considered a Qui deficiency and/or blood deficiency. And Kamikihito is known as a popular Kampo prescription for patulous ET. Here we report the effect of hochuekkito on Patulous ET. Hochuekkito was administered to 10 patients, and complete improvement was had in 4 cases, partial im provement in 1 case and 5 cases had no change. Elevated ET tonus, gains in fatty tissue surrounding the ET, and influence on psychogenic factors were speculated as mechanisms by which hochuekkito brought about its effect.<br>Through this report, we expect that hochuekkito can be an alternative treatment for patulous ET.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366406

ABSTRACT

A minimally invasive approach to coronary artery revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass has been performed recently and its feasibility and effectiveness have been proved. However, occlusion of the coronary artery during anastomosis in the beating heart is liable to cause myocardial ischemia or infarction. To prevent these and to perform minimally invasive coronary artery bypass on the beating heart safely, intra-coronary shunt was developed and applied in animal experiments. Materials and methods: The left internal mammary artery was harvested endoscopically and anastomosed to the left anterior descending coronary artery in the beating heart without cardiopulmonary bypass in seven pigs. Three of them utilized intracoronary shunt tubes (group S) and the other did not (group C). Results: Use of an intracoronary shunt tube facilitated non-blood exposure of the coronary artery during anastomosis. In group C, three pigs out of four had ventricular fibrillation during occlusion for the anastomosis. In group S the anastomosis was accomplished without change of ECG except one case and without any elevation of CPK-MB and Troponin T during and after the anastomosis. Conclusion: These results showed that an intra-coronary shunt can prevent myocardial ischemia and may be very useful especially to those who do not develop collateral branches from other coronary arteries.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365957

ABSTRACT

Five patients with isolated stenosis of the left main coronary artery or stenotic ostial lesions underwent direct coronary artery surgery. These surgical approaches included vein patch angioplasty in 2 cases, punch out endarterectomy in 1 case, and resection of the thickened aortic wall and transaortic endarterectomy in 2 cases. Early results were satisfactory, except for one case who died due to severe LOS and MOF. In the late postoperative period, one case of vein patch angioplasty died due to cerebral bleeding, and in the other case, stenosis existed in position of distal patch anastomosis. Since direct coronary artery surgery was successful in both early and late postoperative fidings, it is believed to be useful and safe technique if the candidates are selected properly.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365853

ABSTRACT

We applied a new circulatory support system to three patients with descending aortic operation between 1989 and 1990. The new system consisted of a polyvinylchloride tube coated with hydrophilic heparinized polymer and a roller pump. Low doses of heparin (0.5mg/kg) were administered in two patients and none in one patient before aortic bypass. The aortic crossclamping time ranged between 52 and 64 minutes. In two patients, whose inflow cannulae were 18Fr. or 20Fr., successful bypass flow exceeded 2<i>l</i>/min and optimal distal aortic pressure were maintained during aortic cross-clamping. The postoperative courses of these patients were uneventful, free from thromboembolic episodes and subsequently discharged from hospital. Furthermore, postoperative careful examination revealed no thrombus formation occurred in the three devices. In conclusion, our new simple, antithrombogenic circulatory system is extremely useful for descending aortic operations.

7.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365852

ABSTRACT

A 47 year-old man with frequent attacks of ventricular tachycardia (VT) due to arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) developed severe right heart failure following cryoablation of the multiple VT focuses. Inotropic support and intraaortic balloon pumping failed to maintain the systemic circulation, so that we performed the right heart bypass (RHB) using a heparin-coated tube and roller pump. With the use of RHB, systemic circulation improved. We attempted to wean the patient off after 14 days RHB support. However this was unsuccessful because of poor RV function, and RHB was recommenced. The patient finally died of multiple organ failure on the 21st postoperative day, but the major organ function was well maintained for at least two weeks. The heparin-coated tube and roller pump system is easy to handle, and is suitable as a short term lifesaving adjunct for severe right ventricular failure.

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