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Medical Education ; : 47-53, 2009.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362663


Medical students in Japan often want to do clinical rotations abroad. Preparation for these important clinical experiences is essential to maximize the learning opportunities. Language ability is only one small part of assuring success.1) It is important to consider the hospital where the rotation will take place, the specific rotation, the living arrangements and commuting to the hospital. Preparation before the rotation should include practice in performing and writing a complete patient history and physical examination.2) It is very helpful to have a cell phone while abroad, as well as a credit card. Students must bring a white coat, and it is recommended that they also bring a Japanese textbook in the field they will study.3) While on a clinical rotation, students must be active participants in patient care and in discussions. They must be aggressive about answering questions during ward rounds. Students must be aware of many cultural differences to have good relationships with patients and colleagues.

Medical Education ; : 299-303, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-370048


There is a need for suitable non-clinical teaching models in undergraduate medical education.This study was undertaken to demonstrate the feasibility of using an animal model to teach surgical skills to medical students.Two gastrotomies were created in each pig, and then closed using stapled and hand-sewn techniques.Animals were sacrificed seven days later and the closures examined grossly and histologically.<BR>1) Medical students, as surgeons with minimal experience, are able to significantly reduce the time needed to perform closure of a gastrotomy in a porcine model using surgical staplers compared to a hand-sewn closure.<BR>2) Medical students can perform advanced abdominal surgery techniques with adequate instruction resulting in excellent surgical outcomes in a porcine model.<BR>3) The porcine model is a valuable tool to teach animal ethics as well as basic surgical techniques in the non-clinical environment and may help to increase interest among students in a surgical career.