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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752985


Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of magnetic compression anastomosis for congenital esophageal atresia and stenosis.Methods The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted.The clinical data of 4 children who underwent magnetic compression anastomosis for congenital esophageal atresia and stenosis in the Northwest Women and Children's Hospital from December 2017 and February 2019 were collected.There were 2 males and 2 females.The children were aged 11 days,7 days,5 days,and 3 years,respectively.The children underwent magnetic compression anastomosis.Observation indicators:(1) surgical and postoperative situations;(2) follow-up.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect food intake and complications of children up to May 2019.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range).Results (1) Surgical and postoperative situations:four children underwent magnetic compression anastomosis successfully.Of the 4 children,3 with esophageal atresia underwent open tracheoesophageal fistula repair and endoscopeassisted magnetic compression anastomosis,and 1 with congenital esophageal stenosis underwent endoscopic gastrostomy combined with magnetic compression anastomosis.The operation time of 4 children was (2.3±0.9) hours.The length of esophageal blind ending in the 3 children with esophageal atresia and length of esophageal stenosis were in the children with esophageal stenosis 30-35 mm and 8 mm.Four children has good magnet apposition,and time of postoperative magnet removal was (29± 10)days.Three children with esophageal atresia had oral removal of magnet,and 1 with esophageal stenosis had magnet removed by gastrostomy.One child complicated with postoperative fistula and anastomotic stenosis was cured by unobstructed drainage and nutritional support treatment.The duration of postoperative hospital stay was (39± 10)days.(2) Follow-up:4 patients were followed up for 3-17 months,with a median time of 10 months,and restored to oral intake after oral removal of magnet and removal of magnet by gastrostomy on the days 14-36 postoperatively.One child was detected anastomotic stenosis by esophagography at the postoperative 3 months,and was improved after esophageal dilatation.The other 3 children recovered to normal connectivity of esophagus postoperatively and maintain unobstructed.Four children had normal eating,without dysphagia or other serious complications.Conclusion Magnetic compression anastomosis is safe and feasible for congenital esophageal atresia and stenosis,with good short-term efficacy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468771


Objective To evaluate the safety and feasibility of simple ligation and resection of the tumor involved inferior vena cava (IVC) without reconstruction during the resection of huge intraabdominal tumors.Methods From 2008 to 2011,4 cases of giant tumor encroaching on inferior vena cava underwent resection without IVC reconstruction.After resection,renal vein was not obstructed in patient 1 and 2.Tumor invaded the third patient's retrohepatic inferior vena cava,anastomosis was performed between the left hepatic vein and the opening of atrium dextrum with artificial vascular graft.The forth patient had right trisegmentectomy of the liver with retrohepatic inferior vena cava resection,anastomosis was performed between the left hepatic vein and the remaining inferior vena cava.Results All 4 patients had a successful operation without intraoperative massive bleeding and death.The postoperative complications included edema in one patient whose collateral circulation was damaged and bile leak in one.Ewin sarcoma patient died of tumor recurrence after a year,but there was no sign of poor renal function and other complications.Ligament fibroma patient had lower limb edema for a long time after the surgery,and tumor relapse for the fourth time in two years following resection.Conclusions When a giant tumor involving and invading IVC,undergoing resection,under the condition that the collateral circulations around IVC established completely,resection and ligation of the inferior vena cava along with huge tumor without IVC reconstruction is safe.This method saves operation time,increases the safety of surgery.