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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965969


Among the less reported complications after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is type II endoleak (T2EL). The intercostal and bronchial artery are known as feeder vessels to T2EL after TEVAR. We experienced two cases of successful treatment of percutaneous transarterial feeder vessels embolization via right costocervical trunk approach for patients with persistent T2EL and sac enlargement of an arch aneurysm after TEVAR. The costocervical trunk route is possible for key vessels to construct a collateral pathway to feeder vessels of the endoleak nidus of T2EL after TEVAR procedures for aortic arch aneurysm. A preembolizational Catheter-Directed CT angiogram (CTA) can be helpful to prevent harmful complications (e.g., spinal cord infarction).

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758283


A 72-year-old man was referred to our hospital for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) due to asymptomatic severe coronary artery disease. A preoperative CT revealed 99% stenosis of the aberrant right subclavian artery, 90% stenosis at the origin of right common carotid artery, and 75% stenosis at the origin of the left subclavian artery. As he had high risk of a perioperative cerebral ischemic event for CABG, it was difficult to perform a carotid artery stent. We performed a total aortic arch replacement combined with CABG. The postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged on the 12th postoperative day.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688475


Most renal artery aneurysms are asymptomatic and the indication of surgery for renal artery aneurysm is controversial. We encountered 3 cases of renal artery aneurysms that were found incidentally during imaging studies. We used urological approach to undergo renal or adrenal surgery and we injected renal protection solution into the kidney after clamping the renal artery, later we underwent renal artery aneurysmectomy. In all cases, we got good operative field, and they went an uneventful postoperative course without deterioration of renal function. In surgical treatment of renal artery aneurysm, this approach method, reconstructive procedure, and renal protection are satisfied enough.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362021


A 11-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of the progressive residual coarctation of the aorta, severe left ventricular hypertrophy and dilatation of the ascending aorta. He had previously undergone 3 operations for coarctation of the aorta. We performed ascending-to-descending aortic bypass through a median sternotomy for residual coarctation of the aorta. Partial cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was established via the right femoral artery and right atrium. A cephalad retraction of the heart with a heart positioner and a longitudinal pericardial incision over the descending aorta allowed excellent exposure of the aorta through the posterior pericardium. The graft was anastomosed to the ascending aorta and descending aorta. The graft was brought around the right lateral aspect of the right atrium and through to the anterior aspect of right pulmonary veins and inferior vena cava. The bypass graft size was 14 mm in diameter. The CPB time was 134 min, and operation time was 232 min. The postoperative course was uneventful, and he did not suffer from paraplegia. His blood pressure postoperatively normalized without medication. He was discharged 20 days after surgery. The ascending-descending aortic bypass through a posterior pericardium approach is a safe and effective option for relieving residual coarctation and improving hypertension, for patients who have complex coarctation requiring surgical correction. However, because of his young age (II) it is necessary to follow him up carefully.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366560


Four patients, 13 to 53 years old, with congenital venous malformation including Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome underwent surgical treatment followed by sclerotherapy. They developed marked dilatation of varicose veins with spots, and complained of pain, dullness, and bleeding. Two patients also had hypertrophy of the diseased leg. Phlebography and color Doppler ultrasonography were performed in all patients to precisely determine the abnormal vein and incompetent communicating veins which were then resected and/or ligated with minimal skin incision. In two patients, additional ligation of incompetent communicating veins was necessary. One to two weeks after surgical therapy, sclerotherapy was performed with 1-2% polidocanol. Symptoms improved after treatment, even in a patient with claudication before operation. Surgical therapy for congenital venous malformation was feasible and satisfactory, with the aid of meticulous identification of abnormal veins and communicating veins by not only phlebography but color Doppler ultrasonography.