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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374472


The initial case was a man in his 50s. He received 2 cans a day of ProSure<sup>®</sup>, while undergoing radiation and chemotherapy with carboplatin and docetaxel for adenocarcinoma in the lung. His body weight rose from 62.4 kg on admission to 63.7 kg before discharge, CRP decreased from 3.08 mg/dl to 0.48 mg/dl, and albumin fell from 3.6 g/dl to 3.5 g/dl. The second case was a man in his 60s. He was diagnosed as having squamous cell carcinoma in the lung and administered with 2 cans a day of ProSure<sup>®</sup> and antibiotics. One-and-a-half months later, he underwent chemotherapy with carboplatin and S-1 and radiation. His body weight stood at 47.0 kg on admission and 47.2 kg before discharge, CRP dropped from 15.45 mg/dl to 3.26 mg/dl, and albumin was retained at 2.6 g/dl to 2.7g/dl. The administration of ProSure<sup>®</sup> brought about improvements in the nutritional status and anti-inflammatory effects in the patients with chemotherapy.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362136


  The case was a man in his 80s, who had been in home care with primary hepatocellular carcinoma before hospitalization. He suffered nausea and appetite loss. However, hypercalcemia in laboratory data, brain metastasis on head CT and MRI, and intestinal obstruction or dilatation on abdominal CT, were not revealed. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy detected no mechanical abnormality after admission to hospital and medical treatment with 3.75mg/day of mirtazapine was started. The dietary intake increased on the following day of the administration and nausea and appetite loss were improved, so the patient was discharged. In conclusion, low-dose mirtazapine was considered to be one of the effective therapeutic agents for nausea from unknown causes in cancer patients.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362135


  The patient was a woman in her 80s, who was referred to the palliative care team in our hospital for pain due to bone metastases from lung cancer. Although gabapentin and ifenprodil tartrate were administrated in addition to opioids and loxoprofen sodium, and the dose of opioids was increased, pain was not relieved remarkably. A switch from gabapentin to pregabalin brought remarkable pain relief. Before the internal use of pregabalin, the patient was often seen lyiing in bed because of pain. However, by pregabalin, she began to walk, pushing her wheelchair and smile often. Her ability to perform the basic activities of daily living was improved. The switch from gabapentin to pregabalin was one effective option when an analgesic adjuvant for cancer pain was chosen.