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J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200027, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1287091


Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis are gram-positive bacterial pathogens and the causative agents of leprosy in humans across the world. The elimination of leprosy cannot be achieved by multidrug therapy alone, and highlights the need for new tools and drugs to prevent the emergence of new resistant strains. Methods In this study, our contribution includes the prediction of vaccine targets and new putative drugs against leprosy, using reverse vaccinology and subtractive genomics. Six strains of Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis (4 and 2 strains, respectively) were used for comparison taking Mycobacterium leprae strain TN as the reference genome. Briefly, we used a combined reverse vaccinology and subtractive genomics approach. Results As a result, we identified 12 common putative antigenic proteins as vaccine targets and three common drug targets against Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis. Furthermore, the docking analysis using 28 natural compounds with three drug targets was done. Conclusions The bis-naphthoquinone compound Diospyrin (CID 308140) obtained from indigenous plant Diospyros spp. showed the most favored binding affinity against predicted drug targets, which can be a candidate therapeutic target in the future against leprosy.(AU)

Gram-Positive Rods/pathogenicity , Vaccinology , Mycobacterium leprae/pathogenicity , Mycobacterium lepraemurium/pathogenicity
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(2): [e164278], mai. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1097349


The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of antibodies against Brucella ovis-epididymitis, smooth-Brucella, leptospirosis, toxoplasmosis and Maedi-visna in sheep slaughtered in Minas Gerais, Brazil and to study their simultaneous occurrence, including caseous lymphadenitis, at sheep and flock levels. The study was conducted at a sheep slaughterhouse with Federal Inspection Service. Sera from 594 animals from 21 flocks were collected, in 2007. The agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) was employed to detect anti-B. ovis and anti-Maedi Visna antibodies, whereas Rose Bengal (RB) and the 2-mercaptoethanol test (2ME) were used to test anti-smooth Brucella antibodies. For the detection of anti-Leptospiraantibodies, sera were examined by microscopic agglutination test (MAT), while for the detection of IgG antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii ELISA was used. Prevalence of antibodies against smooth Brucella, B. ovis-epididimitis, Leptospiraspp., toxoplasmosis and Maedi-Visna found in sheep from Minas Gerais was 0.00%, 24.04%, 25.96%, 10.46% and 3.08%, respectively; whereas the seroprevalence in flocks was 0.00%, 80.95%, 90.48%, 71.43% and 23.81%, respectively. Moreover, when data on antibodies anti-Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, previously obtained, were included, about 60% of the flocks showed animals that were exposed to four or more of the studied agents. However, only 25.47% of the sheep exhibited simultaneously antibodies against more than one pathogen. Thus, data from the present study on sheep slaughtered in Minas Gerais, Brazil, showed no antibodies to smooth-Brucella and a low frequency of antibodies anti-Maedi Visna lentivirus, and a high and widespread seroprevalence of B. ovis, Leptospira spp., and T. gondii among animals and flocks.(AU)

O presente estudo teve como objetivo estimar a prevalência de anticorpos contra Brucella ovis (epididimite ovina), Brucellalisa, leptospirose, toxoplasmose e Maedi-visna em ovinos abatidos em Minas Gerais, Brasil, e estudar sua ocorrência simultânea, incluindo linfadenite caseosa, nos ovinos e nos rebanhos. O estudo foi realizado em um abatedouro de ovinos com Serviço de Inspeção Federal. Soros de 594 animais de 21 rebanhos foram coletados, em 2007. A imunodifusão em gel de ágar (IDGA) foi empregada para detectar anticorpos anti-B. ovis e anticorpos anti-Maedi Visna, enquanto o teste do antígeno acidificado tamponado (AAT) e o teste de 2-mercaptoetanol (2ME) foram utilizados para testar anticorpos anti-Brucella lisa. Para a detecção de anticorpos anti-Leptospira, os soros foram examinados pelo teste de aglutinação microscópica (MAT), enquanto que para a detecção de anticorpos IgG para Toxoplasma gondii, foi usado o ELISA. A prevalência de anticorpos anti-Brucella lisa, B. ovis, Leptospira spp., toxoplasmose e Maedi-Visna encontrados em ovinos de Minas Gerais foi de 0,00%, 24,04%, 25,96%, 10,46% e 3,08%, respectivamente; enquanto a soroprevalência em rebanhos foi de 0,00%, 80,95%, 90,48%, 71,43% e 23,81%, respectivamente. Além disso, quando dados de anticorpos anti-Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, previamente obtidos, foram incluídos, cerca de 60% dos rebanhos apresentaram animais expostos a quatro ou mais dos agentes estudados. No entanto, apenas 25,47% dos ovinos exibiram simultaneamente anticorpos contra mais de um patógeno. Assim, os dados do presente estudo sobre ovinos abatidos em Minas Gerais, Brasil, mostram que ausência de anticorpos anti-Brucella lisa e baixa frequência de anticorpos anti-Maedi Visna, e uma soroprevalência alta e generalizada de B. ovis, Leptospira spp. e T. gondii entre animais e rebanhos.(AU)

Animals , Sheep/microbiology , Sheep/virology , Toxoplasmosis , Visna-maedi virus , Brucella ovis , Leptospirosis , Seroepidemiologic Studies
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(4): 334-338, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057397


Resumen Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron estudiar la sensibilidad antibiótica de aislamientos de Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis procedentes de pequeños rumiantes e investigar la presencia de integrones que contienen genes de resistencia. Se estudiaron 15 aislamientos de diferentes fuentes por los métodos de difusión y dilución. Por el método de difusión, amoxicilina-clavulánico, ampicilina, cefotaxima, cefoxitina, ciprofloxacina, cloranfenicol, eritromicina, estreptomicina, gentamicina, imipenem, kanamicina, norfloxacina, penicilina, rifampicina, tetraciclina, trimetroprima-sulfametoxazol y vancomicina fueron activos frente al 100% de los aislamientos, mientras que amicacina presentó resultados variables. En los aislamientos que desarrollaron frente a amicacina se investigó la presencia de integrones de clase 1. El resultado fue negativo, sugiriendo la ausencia del integrón. Utilizando el método de dilución, los antibióticos más activos correspondieron a los grupos de cefalosporinas, gluco-péptidos, macrólidos, quinolonas y tetraciclinas. Se demostró menor actividad de p-lactámicos y aminoglucósidos. No se registró variabilidad en los perfiles antibióticos en los aislamientos procedentes de diferentes fuentes.

Abstract The aims of this work were to study the antibiotic susceptibility in Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis isolated from small ruminants and to determine the presence of integrons that contain resistance genes. Fifteen isolates of different sources were analysed using the diffusion and the dilution methods. When the diffusion method was performed, amoxicillin-clavulanic, ampicillin, cefotaxime, cefoxitin, ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, streptomycin, gentamicin, imipenem, kanamycin, norfloxacin, penicillin, rifampicin, tetracycline, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and vancomycin were effective against the 100% of isolates, while amikacin showed variable results. The isolates that were able to grow with amikacin, were studied in relation to the presence of integron class 1. The result was negative, suggesting the absence of integron. Using dilution method, the antibiotics belonging to the cephalosporin, glycopeptide, macrolide, quinolone, and tetracycline groups were the most active ones for the C. pseudotuberculosis biovar ovis isolates. Less activity of p-lactam and aminoglycosides were observed. There was no observation of variability in the antibiotic patterns in the strains coming from different sources.

Animals , Sheep/microbiology , Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis/drug effects , Integrons/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Ruminants/microbiology , Dilution/analysis , Diffusion/drug effects , Lymphadenitis/prevention & control
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 113(2): 137-141, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894894


A previous study by our group reported the isolation and characterisation of Leptospira borgpetersenii serogroup Ballum strain 4E. This strain is of particular interest because it is highly virulent in the hamster model. In this study, we performed whole-genome shotgun genome sequencing of the strain using the SOLiD sequencing platform. By assembling and analysing the new genome, we were able to identify novel features that have been previously overlooked in genome annotations of other strains belonging to the same species.

Animals , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Leptospira/classification , Leptospira/genetics , Leptospira/pathogenicity , Virulence
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 113(9): e180051, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-955124


Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Corynebacterium striatum has been cited with increased frequency as pathogen of nosocomial infections. In this study, we report the draft genome of a C. striatum isolated from a patient with bloodstream infection in a hospital of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The isolate presented susceptibility only to tetracycline, vancomycin and linezolid. The detection of various antibiotic resistance genes is fully consistent with previously observed multidrug-resistant pattern in Corynebacterium spp. A large part of the pTP10 plasmid of MDR C. striatum M82B is present in the genome of our isolate. A SpaDEF cluster and seven arrays of CRISPR-Cas were found.

Humans , Cross Infection/transmission , Genome/genetics , Corynebacterium Infections/therapy , Brazil/epidemiology
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(8): 701-708, Aug. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-767735


Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis é o agente causador da linfadenite caseosa em caprinos e ovinos, sendo responsável por significativas perdas econômicas na ovinocaprinocultura mundialmente. Esta bactéria Gram-positiva também infecta equinos, causando desde quadros assintomáticos até infecções sistêmicas, podendo levar o animal a óbito. Especificamente no Brasil, não foram relatados casos de infecção em equinos, mas acredita-se que, devido à convivência de pequenos ruminantes infectados com equinos em diversas propriedades rurais, seja natural que ocorra a infecção desses animais. A presente revisão tem como objetivo fornecer informações sobre a bactéria C. pseudotuberculosis, sobre os aspectos epidemiológicos e clínicos da infecção em equídeos, bem como sobre técnicas de manejo para sua prevenção...

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis in sheep and goats, an infectious disease that is responsible for significant economic losses in small ruminants breeding units worldwide. This Gram-positive bacterium can infect horses, causing symptomatic disease to systemic infections, which can lead to animals' death. Specifically in Brazil, there are no scientific records of equine infections, but it is believed that, due to the maintenance of infected small ruminants in close association to horses in many properties, the infection of horses may be a reality. The present work had the objective to present information on the bacteria C. pseudotuberculosis, on the epidemiological and clinical aspects of the infection in horses, as well as information about breeding procedures that can be adopted in order to prevent the infection...

Animals , Horses/microbiology , Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis/virology , Virulence Factors/physiology , Lymphadenitis/veterinary , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 110(5): 662-668, Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755900


Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the aetiologic agent of diphtheria, also represents a global medical challenge because of the existence of invasive strains as causative agents of systemic infections. Although tellurite (TeO32-) is toxic to most microorganisms, TeO32--resistant bacteria, including C. diphtheriae, exist in nature. The presence of TeO32--resistance (TeR) determinants in pathogenic bacteria might provide selective advantages in the natural environment. In the present study, we investigated the role of the putative TeR determinant (CDCE8392_813gene) in the virulence attributes of diphtheria bacilli. The disruption of CDCE8392_0813 gene expression in the LDCIC-L1 mutant increased susceptibility to TeO32- and reactive oxygen species (hydrogen peroxide), but not to other antimicrobial agents. The LDCIC-L1 mutant also showed a decrease in both the lethality of Caenorhabditis elegansand the survival inside of human epithelial cells compared to wild-type strain. Conversely, the haemagglutinating activity and adherence to and formation of biofilms on different abiotic surfaces were not regulated through the CDCE8392_0813 gene. In conclusion, the CDCE8392_813 gene contributes to the TeR and pathogenic potential of C. diphtheriae.


Animals , Humans , Bacterial Proteins/physiology , Caenorhabditis elegans/physiology , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/pathogenicity , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Tellurium/pharmacology , Virulence Factors/physiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacterial Adhesion , Caenorhabditis elegans/microbiology , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/drug effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Virulence
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(9): 865-868, set. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728824


Epidemiological and health aspects of sheep husbandry were assessed on 213 sheep flocks in 142 municipalities from the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. An updated questionnaire was filled out for each flock, requesting data on the farm, the flock and the farmer by the veterinarians of the State Government Agency for Animal Health (Instituto Mineiro de Agropecuária). Thirteen important variables were selected and scored to determine the technological level of the 117 farms; 0.9% of them was classified as high technological level, 45.3% as medium technological level and 53.0% as low technological level. Lamb production was the main objective of the farms and the main features were low-frequencies of individual identification of animals (16.9%), technical assistance (31.9%), use of quarantine for newly acquired animals (0.9%) the separation of animals by age group (3.7%) and requeste the sanitary certificate at purchasing of animals (11.7%). The main health problems reported were abortion (23.9%), keratoconjunctivitis (17.9%), contagious ecthyma (13.6%), pneumonia (10.3%), diarrhea (9.3%) and caseous lymphadenitis (6.1%). Information of the epidemiological situation and the mainly health measures used in the sheep farms are important to improve the productivity and quality of the lamb...

Os aspectos epidemiológicos e sanitários da ovinocultura foram levantados em 213 rebanhos ovinos em 142 municípios do estado de Minas Gerais, sudeste do Brasil. Um questionário atualizado foi preenchido para cada rebanho, com informações sobre a fazenda, o rebanho e do fazendeiro, por veterinários do Instituto Mineiro de Agropecuária. Treze variáveis importantes foram selecionadas e pontuadas para determinar o nível tecnológico em 117 fazendas; 0,9% foram classificadas como de alto nível tecnológico, 45,3% como de médio nível tecnológico e 53,0% como de baixo nível tecnológico. A produção de carne de cordeiro foi o principal objetivo das fazendas amostradas e as principais características foram baixa frequência de identificação individual dos animais (16,9%), assistência técnica (31,9%), uso de quarentena para os animais recém-adquiridos (0,9%), separação de animais por faixa etária (3.7%) e solicitação de certificados sanitários na compra de animais (11,7%). Os principais problemas sanitários relatados foram o aborto (23,9%), ceratoconjuntivite (17,9%), ectima contagioso (13,6%), pneumonia (10,3%), diarreia (9,3%) e linfadenite caseosa (6,1%). Informações sobre a situação epidemiológica e das principais medidas sanitárias utilizadas nas propriedades com ovinos são importantes para melhorar produtividade e a qualidade da carne ovina...

Animals , Male , Female , Pair Bond , Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral/epidemiology , Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral/prevention & control , Sheep , Quarantine/veterinary , Sanitary Profiles
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(11): 1296-1302, Nov. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-697873


Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA), a chronic disease that affects goats and sheep, characterized by granuloma formation in subcutaneous and internal lymph nodes. CLA causes significant economic losses to commercial goat herds. In this study, we aimed to test secreted antigens secreted from T1 strain bacteria grown in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth in an indirect ELISA system to determine the presence of specific immunoglobulins against C. pseudotuberculosis. We analyzed the BHI antigen electrophoretic profile and the recognition pattern by infected sheep sera samples. The ELISA results were compared with multiplex PCR assay and IFN-gamma production. The ELISA was able to discriminate between negative and positive animals, with a sensitivity of 89% and a specificity of 99%, using microbiological isolation as gold standard. When this assay was compared with multiplex PCR and specific IFN-gamma quantification, six discrepant results were found among thirty-two samples. We concluded that the ELISA using antigens secreted from C. pseudotuberculosis T1 strain growth in BHI broth culture can be used for the serodiagnosis of CLA in sheep.

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis é o agente etiológico da linfadenite caseosa (LC) uma doença crônica que afeta ovinos e caprinos caracterizada pela formação de granulomas em linfonodos. A LC causa perdas econômicas significativas em criações de pequenos ruminantes. Este trabalho teve como objetivo testar antígenos secretados da cepa T1 da bactéria em um sistema de ELISA indireto para detecção de anticorpos específicos contra C. pseudotuberculosis. O perfil eletroforético do antígeno foi analisado, bem como o padrão de reconhecimento por soros de animais infectados. Os resultados do ELISA foram comparados com ensaio de multiplex PCR e com teste de indução de produção específica de IFN-gama. O ELISA foi capaz de discriminar animais positivos de animais negativos, com sensibilidade de 89% e especificidade de 99%, usando o isolamento microbiológico como padrão ouro. Quando o ensaio foi comparado com o multiplex PCR e a produção específica de IFN-gama, somente seis resultados discrepantes foram encontrados em trinta e duas amostras. Pode-se concluir que o ensaio de ELISA desenvolvido pode ser utilizado com alto grau de confiança para o diagnóstico da LC em ovinos.

Animals , Antibodies, Bacterial/isolation & purification , Goats/immunology , Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis/isolation & purification , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Sheep/immunology , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/veterinary , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel/veterinary
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(3): 272-279, maio 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676970


Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Corynebacterium ulcerans and Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis constitute a group of potentially toxigenic microorganisms that are related to different infectious processes in animal and human hosts. Currently, there is a lack of information on the prevalence of disease caused by these pathogens, which is partially due to a reduction in the frequency of routine laboratory testing. In this study, a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) assay that can simultaneously identify and determine the toxigenicity of these corynebacterial species with zoonotic potential was developed. This assay uses five primer pairs targeting the following genes: rpoB (Corynebacterium spp), 16S rRNA (C. ulcerans and C. pseudotuberculosis), pld (C. pseudotuberculosis), dtxR (C. diphtheriae) and tox [diphtheria toxin (DT) ]. In addition to describing this assay, we review the literature regarding the diseases caused by these pathogens. Of the 213 coryneform strains tested, the mPCR results for all toxigenic and non-toxigenic strains of C . diphtheriae, C. ulcerans and C. pseudotuberculosis were in 100% agreement with the results of standard biochemical tests and PCR-DT. As an alternative to conventional methods, due to its advantages of specificity and speed, the mPCR assay used in this study may successfully be applied for the diagnosis of human and/or animal diseases caused by potentially toxigenic corynebacterial species.

Animals , Humans , Corynebacterium Infections/diagnosis , Corynebacterium Infections/microbiology , Corynebacterium/genetics , Diphtheria Toxin/genetics , Corynebacterium/classification , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , /genetics
Genet. mol. biol ; 30(1,suppl): 264-269, 2007. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-450442


Mycoplasma sinoviae is a major pathogen of poultry causing synovitis and respiratory infection. M. synoviae hemagglutinin (VlhA) is a lipoprotein encoded by related multigene families that appear to have arisen by horizontal gene transfer. It is an abundant immunodominant surface protein involved in host-parasite interaction mediating binding to host erythrocytes. Herein, we have performed in silico analysis of the vlhA gene product from the Mycoplasma synoviae 53 strain and compared it to the VlhA protein of M. synoviae WUV1853 strain. The VlhA of the M. synoviae 53 strain possesses 569 amino acids and showed 85 percent identity with the VlhA protein of the M. synoviae WUV1853 strain. Further, a signal peptide was identified from amino acid M1 to D28 and a cleavage site between D28 and Q29, both located in the N-terminal domain of the molecule. Additionally, an insertion of PAPT amino acids was observed between T30-P35 and a deletion of the amino acids GTPGNP within the PRR region of the VlhA from the M. synoviae 53 strain, which may be related to its reduced virulence. Finally, we have identified 17 B cell epitopes and 22 T cells epitopes within the VlhA from the M. synoviae 53 strain. The B cell epitope S263-D277 and the T cell epitopes N45-N54 and G58-N67 showed 100 percent and 87-100 percent identity, respectively, with regions of VlhA protein of tested Mycoplasma synoviae and Mycoplasma galisepticum strains. Thus, these peptides represent new candidate molecules for the development of efficient diagnostic assays and new subunit vaccines.

Genet. mol. biol ; 29(2): 363-366, 2006. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-432710


Bacterial beta-glucuronidase activity in the gut increases the enterohepatic circulation of toxic compounds and plays a major role in the etiology of colon cancer. Previously, we had found that the gus gene, which codes for beta-glucuronidase in a dominant anaerobic species of the gut microbiota, Ruminococcus gnavus strain E1, is transcribed as part of an operon that includes three ORFs that code for beta-glucoside permeases of the phosphotransferase systems. This genetic organization had never been described. We have now compared beta-glucuronidase activity and the genetic environment of the gus gene in 14 strains of Ruminococcus gnavus. We found that five out of the seven glucuronidase-positive R. gnavus strains possessed another glucuronidase gene different from the gusA operon of R. gnavus E1. This dominant commensal intestinal species appears to have a high degree of genetic diversity in the genes that control beta-glucuronidase activity.

Humans , Animals , Genetic Variation , Glucuronidase , Intestines/microbiology , Ruminococcus/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , Genome, Bacterial , Polymerase Chain Reaction
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 100(1): 19-23, Feb. 2005. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-398110


The aim of the present work was to study parasitological, molecular, and genetic aspects in descendants of crossbreedings between a totally resistant Biomphalaria tenagophila strain (Taim, RS) and another one highly susceptible (Joinville, SC) to Schistosoma mansoni. Descendants F1 and F2 were submitted to S. mansoni infection (LE strain). The susceptibility rates for individuals from Group F1 were 0 to 0.6 percent, and from Group F2 was 7.2 percent. The susceptible individuals from Group F2 discharged a lower number of cercariae, when compared with the susceptible parental group, and in 2 out of 9 positive snails the cercarial elimination was discontinued. In order to identify genetic markers associated with resistance the genotype of parental snails and their offspring F1 and F2 were analyzed by means of the randomly amplified polymorphic DNA method. Nevertheless, it was not possible to detect any marker associated to resistance, but the results showed that in the mentioned species the resistance character is determined by two dominant genes.

Animals , Biomphalaria/genetics , Breeding/methods , Crosses, Genetic , Genes, Dominant/genetics , Schistosoma mansoni/physiology , Biomphalaria/parasitology , Genetic Markers , Host-Parasite Interactions/genetics , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 3(1): 115-123, jan.-jun. 2004. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-481917


Hß alguns anos, foram desenvolvidas as primeiras linhagens atenuadas de Salmonella para serem utilizadas como candidatas a vacinas vivas orais contra a febre tifóide. No início, ainda eram desconhecidas as mutações responsáveis pelo fenótipo atenuado, mas, com o acúmulo de conhecimento sobre a genética associada à virulência, surgiram novas linhagens com atenuações geneticamente definidas. Muitas linhagens de S. enterica sorotipo Typhimurium e S. enterica sorotipo Typhi já foram bem estudadas quanto à capacidade de induzir resposta imunológica em modelos animais e em humanos. Com o desenvolvimento de sistemas de clonagem e expressão eficientes, o uso destas linhagens vacinais extrapolou o problema das salmoneloses, uma vez que tornou-se possível a produção e administração de antígenos de diferentes agentes patogênicos. Recentemente, uma nova tecnologia que vem sendo explorada é o uso de Salmonella como carreadora de vacinas de DNA. Tais vacinas já se mostraram capazes de induzir potentes respostas humorais e celulares contra antígenos heterólogos nos organismos hospedeiros. Todo este progresso nos estudos com as linhagens vacinais de Salmonella demonstra o potencial que elas possuem para a produção das futuras vacinas contra doenças infecciosas, parasitárias e até mesmo contra o câncer.

Animals , Male , Female , Antigens, Heterophile , /prevention & control , Typhoid Fever/prevention & control , Salmonella typhi/isolation & purification , Salmonella typhimurium/isolation & purification , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Vaccines
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 3(1): 44-52, jan.-jun. 2004. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-481924


Diferentes técnicas para isolar e descrever antígenos das frações secretadas de superfície e somáticas deCorynebacterium pseudotuberculosis foram estudadas por SDS-PAGE e imunoblot, utilizando-se pool de soros de cabras naturalmente infectadas. Os antígenos secretados foram obtidos do sobrenadante de cultura da bactéria cultivada em meio quimicamente definido ou em meio BHI (Brain Heart Infusion). A fração de superfície foi obtida por tratamento com NaCl 1M, e as frações somßticas foram obtidas por vários procedimentos (detergentes e ultra-som). Pela coloração por Coomassie blue, foram detectadas 20 bandas na fração secretada, 35 bandas no extrato de superfície e entre 40 e 50 bandas, a depender do processo de extração, na fração somßtica. Entre todas as frações estudadas, foram detectadas 16 proteínas imunorreativas. As bandas com pesos moleculares de 125, 108, 75, 68, 41, 40, 31 e 24 kDa foram reconhecidas commaior intensidade e todas elas foram encontradas na fração secretada. A utilização do meio quimicamente definido permitiu revelar, na fração secretada de C. pseudotuberculosis, a presença de proteínas de alto pesomolecular que não tinham sido previamente descritas.

Animals , Male , Goats , Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis/isolation & purification , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel/methods , Blotting, Western/methods , Antigens, Surface
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 92(5): 625-9, Sept.-Oct. 1997. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-194205


Continuing the Schistosoma mansoni Genome Project 363 new templates were sequenced generating 205 more ESTs corresponding to 91 genes. Seventy four of theses genes (81 per cent) had not previously been descibed in S. mansoni. Among the newly discovered genes there are several of significant biological interest such as synaptophysin, NIFs-like and rho-GDP dissociation inhibitor.

Animals , Schistosoma mansoni/genetics , Genome