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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and evaluate reductional M-shaped plasty method in patients with thick lips and dissatisfied lip appearance.Methods:From 2013 to 2019, 415 Chinese cases of thick upperlip without clear vermilion curve and tubercle were included. A reduction method for upper lip M-shaped plasty was performed. Objective data of lip morphology before and after operation were measured, and subjective satisfaction survey and long-term follow-up were conducted.Results:According to the statistics of 415 patients, the time of detumescence was 3-21 (11.8±2.6) days; the time of incision scar softening was 1-24 (2.6±0.8) months; the time of expression recovery was 1-24 (3.1±1.4) months; the time of numbness disappearance was 1-2 years. Three months after the operation, there was no significant change in the height of the central part of the upper red lip compared with that before the operation, the height of the red lip at the peak of the lip was significantly reduced, the height of the red lip was (13.3±2.2) mm before the operation, and (11.4±1.7) mm after the operation; the relative height of the dome point was significantly increased, the height was (0.4±1.0) mm before the operation, and the height was (2.1±0.5) mm after the operation. After more than 6 months of follow-up, patients' satisfaction rate of one operation was 72.0%, the satisfactory rate of upper lip shape was 75.4%, the long-term complications included obvious scars or discomfort (3.6%), local numbness (1.7%), and unnatural expression (0.7%).Conclusions:The reduction method for upper lip M-shaped plasty displays a significant effect in improving the shape of upper vermilion with thick and normal lips. The complications are slight and repairable. This lip cosmetology and rejuvenation procedure is recommended for further clinical application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prove the effect of double V-Y procedure for paramedian tubercles plasty in patients with thin lower lips and dissatisfied appearance of lower lips.Methods:From 2013 to 2019, 127 Chinese cases of thin and dissatisfied appearance of lower lips were included. A double V-Y procedure for paramedian tubercles plasty was performed. Objective data of lip morphology before and after operation were measured, and subjective satisfaction survey and long-term follow-up were conducted.Results:The midline lower red lip height, the height of paramedian tubercles of lower-lip and the protrusion of lower-lip were significantly higher than that before the operation. The time of apocatastasis, scar softening of incision, natural expression recovery and local numbness relief were evaluated by following up at 7 d, and 3-24 months after operation, and it showed 73.2% of subjective satisfaction. The time of detumescence was 6-32 (15.2±3.5) days; the time of incision scar softening was 2-10 (5.1±2.3) months; the time of expression recovery was 1-7 (3.1±0.9) months; the time of numbness disappearance was 5 d-2 years (158.2±82.6) days.Conclusions:The double V-Y advancement of vermilion mucosa flap procedure for paramedian tubercles plasty displays a significant effect in improving volume and shape of lower lips. It is recommended for further clinical application.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the technique procedure for comprehensive facial rhytidectomy, and to evaluate the surgical outcome.Methods:A total of 126 patient received comprehensive facial rhytidectomy were involved in this study and the outcomes were evaluated by using 14 FACE-Q scales.Results:Totally 44 patients completed the FACE-Q scales, with the follow-up of 6 to 86 months, with an average of 27.9 months. The overall satisfaction was 87.30±10.79 (mean±standard deviation), satisfaction with forehead and brow was 92.16±10.12, satisfaction with cheekbones was 93.30±6.95, satisfaction with cheek was 91.20±10.17, and satisfaction with neck was 87.16±9.65; appraisal of overall lines was 87.57±9.71, appraisal of forehead lines was 91.80±10.23, appraisal of glabella lines was 90.43±10.76, appraisal of nasolabial fold was 88.25±12.10, and appraisal of crow's feet was 91.52±13.66; social function scores were 88.70±9.40, psychological function scores 88.77±10.49, surgical decision satisfaction scores 90.86±9.06, and surgical outcome satisfaction scores 90.03±10.61. Self-evaluation was 8.33±3.15 years younger. There was no statistically significant difference in the scale results between the age groups of <40 years, 40-50 years, and >50 years.Conclusions:Comprehensive facial rhytidectomy is a systematic and thorough surgical solution for rejuvenation. This procedure is proved to be of high satisfactory degree in short and long-term follow-up by FACE-Q scales.

4.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 1012-1018, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796700

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize and update the terminology of the lip and perioral morphological aesthetic subunits and aesthetic landmarks in the domestic medical aesthetics field.@*Methods@#36 English literatures, 13 Chinese literatures, 3 foreign academic compositions, 2 domestic academic compositions, 1 domestic medical aesthetics textbook, and 14 websites of the medical aesthetic field have been included. We summarized the commonly seen terminology of the lip and perioral morphological aesthetic subunits and aesthetic landmarks. Moreover, for the aesthetic subunits and aesthetic landmarks which are commonly used in clinical practice but have not yet been named in Chinese term are named following the current Chinese terminology rule. We summarized not only the terminology of lips but also the anatomical acknowledge of the commonly used aesthetic subunits.@*Results@#There are 17 standard nomenclatures for aesthetic subunits, 8 standard nomenclatures with abbreviations for aesthetic surface landmarks, 20 standard terms for aesthetic measurement and distance. Moreover, we named 5 aesthetic subunits and 6 aesthetic surface landmarks for which there are no standard Chinese medical terms.@*Conclusions@#The standard terminology for the aesthetic subunits and landmarks is the foundation for the lip and perioral measurement and evaluation. Besides, it also provides a reference basis for the development of lip cosmetic and perioral rejuvenation treatment programs.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807167

ABSTRACT

Klinefelter syndrome is a congenital disease of chromosomal aberrations with a prevalence of 0.8%-2.0% in men, which mainly represented as absence of sexual characteristics such as postpubescent undeveloped or less developed testicular, feminine breast development. This article reports two Klinefelter syndrome patients with chromosome karyotype of 47, XXY from 2006 to 2016. Each has successively received series of sex reassignment surgery to improve their genital and secondary sexual characteristics based on their own preferences, satisfactory outcome is therefore achieved.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353121

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the trans-areola approach for costicartilage harvesting in order to avoid the obvious scar resulted by traditional approach through chest incision.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 2013, 7 cases who underwent rhinoplasty received costicartilage harvesting through trans-areola approach. The incision was designed along the lower interior edge of right areola. Then the dissection was performed to expose the 5th costicartilage. Then a costicartilage, 2 - 5 cm in length, was harvested. The incision was closed delicately. The suture was removed 7 days after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients were followed up for 3 months to 2 years without hypertrophic scar and breast deformity. The scar was located in conceal location. The satisfactory rate was higher than that in patients with chest incision.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The scar resulted from trans-areola approach is comparatively conceal, compared with that at chest.</p>


Subject(s)
Breast , General Surgery , Cicatrix , Pathology , Costal Cartilage , Dissection , Methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Nipples , General Surgery , Rhinoplasty , Methods , Time Factors , Tissue and Organ Harvesting , Methods , Transplant Donor Site
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472996

ABSTRACT

Objective To illustrate a method of lifting the upper-lip to alleviate the aging face,and to evaluate its effects and risks.Methods In the past two years,53 cases of overlong upper-lip were performed with this procedure.The recovery periods,lifted effects,side effects and the total satisfactions were evaluated.Results As for recovery periods,edema roughly reduced in 6-20 months,reddish scar faded in 1-11 months,expression restored in 2-8 months,and numbness disap peared from 4 to over 18 months.The lifted effects showed that 37 cases (78.7%) were satisfactory,7 cases (14.9%) of the lifting was not enough and still complained a long upper-lip,2 cases (4.2%) was ineffective,and 1 case (2.1 %) considered an excessive lifting.The long term follow-up showed that 3 cases (6.4%) had obvious scar (visible at a distance of more than 1 m),14 cases (29.8%) had depression of columella/base of nostril alar or with increased exposure of nostril,3 cases (6.4 %) had expansion or morphological changes of alar,6 cases (12.8%) had increased thickness of the upper lip and prominent vermilion tubercle,1 case (2.1%) had changes of expression,1 case (2.1%) had asymmetry,1 case (2.1%) had arching sagging,and 35 cases (74.5%) had numbness or insensitivity of upper-lip.Overall results showed very satisfied in 29 cases (61.7%),satisfied in 15 cases (31.9 %) and dissatisfied in 3 cases (6.4 %).Conclusions The technique for upper-lip lifting displays a significant effect with few complication.It is recommended for further clinical application.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412428

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a cosmetic medicine bio-psycho-social model and its theory frame and a new clinical work system. Methods The clinical observation and clustering analysis were used in this study, which based on the modern medicine patterns to carry on the logical proof, theory derivation and systematic design. Results The bio-psycho-social model of cosmetic me dicine with combination of the theory and practice was established, including its concept, theory constitution and clinical work system. Conclusion The bio-psycho-social model of cosmetic medicine can most scientifically and comprehensively explain this discipline rule and clinical work, and it will bring the profound influence on the development of the theory and practice in cosmetic medicine.

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