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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 232-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873736

ABSTRACT

Full application of marginal donor organs is a critical method to expand donor pool and alleviate organ shortage. After accurate donor evaluation, allocation and recipient selection, adult donor dual kidney transplantation (DKT) can not only achieve equivalent clinical efficacy to single kidney transplantation (SKT), but also effectively reduce the discard rate of marginal donor kidney. In this article, the clinical application and progress on adult donor DKT were reviewed from the perspectives of the development situation, allocation standard, recipient selection, surgical methods and complications as well as clinical efficacy of DKT, aiming to provide reference and guidance for subsequent development of marginal donor DKT.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 571-577, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873671

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the activity of lycorine to the in vivo apoptosis of tumor cells in H 22-bearing mice and its mechanism. METHODS :Kunming mice were inoculated subcutaneously with ascites of H 22 hepatoma mice in the armpit of forelimb to establish solid tumor model. After modeling ,mice were randomly divided into negative control group ,positive control group(hydroxycamptothecin 6 mg/kg),lycorine low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups (10,20,40 mg/kg),with 10 mice in each group. Negative control group was given constant volume of normal saline intragastrically ,and administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 7 days. After last medication ,the weight of tumor was detected and anti-tumor rate was calculated. Ascites tumor model of mice was established by intraperitoneal injection of H 22 hepatoma mice ascites ,and then were grouped with same method and given relevant medicine as above. After last medication , survival time of mice was recorded and the life prolongation rate was calculated. The early apoptotic rate of tumor cells in mice was detected by flow cytometry. On the basis of normal control group (normal mice without tumor ),the mitochondrial membrane permeability of tumor cells in each group was investigated by Calcein AM staining. The changes of mitochondrial potential were investigated by Rhodamine 123 staining. Colorimetry and Western blot assay were adopted to detect the Caspase-3 activity and expression of apoptosis-related protein (Bcl-2,Bax,Cyt-C and Caspase- 9). RESULTS :Compared with negative control UN- group,the tumor weight of positive control group and lycorine PYSCT-2017208) groups were decreased significantly ,while the survival time was significantly prolonged ,and the early apoptotic rate of tumor cells was significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01);the anti-tumor rates were 39.41% , 23.36% , 36.50% , 56.93%,and life prolonga tion rates were 49.23%,29.09%, E-mail:ym913@yahoo.com.cn 50.19%,69.08%. Compared with normal control group ,the mitochondrial membrane permeability ,Caspase-3 protein activity and protein expression of Cyt-C and Caspase- 9 were significantly increased,while the mitochondrial membrane potential and Bcl- 2/Bax ratio were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with negative control group ,mitochondrial membrane permeability and Bcl- 2/Bax ratio were decreased significantly in administration groups ,while mitochondrial permeability ,Caspase-3 protein activity and protein expression of Cyt-C and Caspase- 9 were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Lycorine can induce the apoptosis of tumor cells in H22-bearing mice ,the effects of which may be associated with opening mitochondrial membrane permeability transition pore to increase mitochondrial permeability , decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential and up-regulating the expression of apoptosis-related proteins.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885988

ABSTRACT

Objective: To review the systematic reviews of acupuncture for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and to provide evidence for clinical decisions. Methods: Published systematic reviews targeting acupuncture treatment of DPN were searched using computer through both Chinese and English databases till July 1, 2019. Two researchers screened the papers based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and conducted report quality evaluation, methodological quality assessment and evidence quality grading using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA), assessment of multiple systematic review 2 (AMSTAR 2) and grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation (GRADE). Results: Ten systematic reviews were included, involving 11 outcome measures. According to PRISMA, 6 items were sufficiently reported while 1 item was not; AMSTAR 2 appraised that all the included systematic reviews were of low quality in the methodological evaluation; according to GRADE, of the 30 clinical evidences, only 5 were graded moderate while the remained were graded low or extremely low. Descriptive analysis showed that acupuncture can significantly improve DPN symptoms, accelerate the conduction velocities of sensory and motor nerves, and up-regulate the content of plasma nitric oxide (NO), while the adverse reaction rate was low. Conclusion: Acupuncture can produce satisfactory clinical efficacy in treating DPN, but the existing problems, such as low-quality evidence, unitary outcome measures, poor methodological quality of systematic reviews and nonstandard reporting, need to be treated cautiously; meanwhile, more high-quality clinical trials are required to elevate the level of evidence.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To access the benefits and harms of remote ischemic preconditioning(RIPC) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.Methods:An electronic and manual search of literature published before Mar 2020 was conducted using Pubmed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials(RCTs), CNKI, CBM, WanFang and VIP. 23 studies involving in 5 025 participants were included. Patients were randomly assigned to either remote ischemic preconditioning group(n=2 524) or control group(n=2 521). Remote ischemic preconditioning consisted of 3-4 cycles of lower limbs or upper limbs ischemia and reperfusion with an automated cuff inflator. Clinical data and the levels of injury biomarkers were collected. The main outcomes were the incidence of adverse events, mortality in the hospital, and the post-operative troponin concentration. The effective values of dichotomous variables or continuous variables were estimated by Relative risk( RR) or by mean differences( MD), standardized mean differences( SMD) with 95% confidence intervals( CI) respectively. Results:In general risk of bias varied from low to moderate risk of bias across included studies, and insufficient detail was provided to inform judgement in several cases. There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to all-cause mortality in hospital( RR=1.27, 95% CI: 0.84-1.91, P=0.26), no-fatal myocardial infarction( RR=0.92, 95% CI: 0.79-1.07, P=0.27) , new stroke( RR=0.96, 95% CI: 0.61-1.50, P=0.84), new atrial fibrillation( RR=0.98, 95% CI: 0.83-1.15, P=0.77) and acute renal failure( RR=1.01, 95% CI: 0.90-1.14, P=0.83). Conclusion:There is no evidence that RIPC has a treatment effect on clinical outcomes(measured as all-cause mortality in hospital, no-fatal myocardial infarction, new stroke, new atrial fibrillation, and acute renal failure). More research should be designed to confirm the effect of RIPC on myocardial protection with cardiopulmonary bypass.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 574-578, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize the clinical characteristics of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis patients with cerebellar ataxia.Methods:The clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, treatment and prognosis of anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients with cerebellar ataxia diagnosed and treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2011 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:About 4.3% (15 cases) of a total of 347 anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients were complicated with cerebellar ataxia, of which one patient had ovarian teratoma. There were seven male cases and eight female cases, with a median age of 28 years. The average duration from the onset of encephalitis to the onset of cerebellar symptoms was 30.8 days.The average modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score was 3.73. In the acute phase, the median cerebrospinal fluid leukocyte count was 28×10 6/L. All patients received first-line immunotherapy, of which one case additionally received second-line immunotherapy with rituximab and nine patients received long-term immunotherapy with mycophenolate mofetil. The follow-up time ranged from seven to 66 months. The average mRS score of the last time was 2.73, and only six patients (6/15) had good prognosis (mRS score≤2). Conclusions:Patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis and cerebellar ataxia are rare, and have relatively poor prognosis in terms of neurological function. Symptoms of cerebellar ataxia in anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients should be recognized in time, and standardized immunotherapy regimens and long-term immunotherapy should be adopted to improve the prognosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 71-74, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885398

ABSTRACT

With the understanding of autoimmune encephalitis many novel types of autoimmune encephalitis and related antibodies have been identified. There are some cases of autoimmune encephalitis with autoantibody overlapping syndromes or phenotype overlapping syndromes, which bring challenges to diagnosis and treatment in practice. The relevant literature was reviewed and the clinical characteristics, pathological mechanism and treatment of overlapping syndromes associated with autoimmune encephalitis were summarized, in order to provide a reference for the management of autoimmune encephalitis with overlapping syndromes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885321

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease with early onset of reduced bone mineral density,which can lead to spinal deformity and even fracture,affecting patients′ quality of life seriously. To improve the compliance and long-term quality of life for AS patients, it is neccessary to enhance the awareness and knowledge of this disease among community primary health care providers.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885302

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical outcomes of en-bloc kidney transplantation from small infant donors to adult recipients at a single center.Methods:A total of 22 en-bloc transplantations from pediatric donors to adult recipients were performed from July 2013 to October 2017 in Institute of Organ Transplantation Affiliated Tongji Hospital Tongji Medical College Huazhong University of Science. Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. The average age of 22 donors was (2.9±1.7) months with an average weight of (4.9±1.4) kg and 15 of them were aged under 3 months. The average weight of 22 adult recipients was (46.3±5.6) kg and most recipients were female. The causes of early graft failure and recipient death were examined during follow-ups. The recipients with functioning grafts post-transplantation were divided into single kidney survival group and en-bloc kidney survival group based upon the occurrence of unilateral vascular thrombosis. Medium/long-term renal graft function was compared between two groups.Results:Early graft failure occurred in 4 recipients. The causes were bilateral renal vascular thrombosis ( n=2), renal rupture ( n=1) and multiple organ failure followed by death ( n=1). Eighteen recipients were discharged after a recovery of renal graft function. One case had a removal of bilateral renal grafts due to new-onset graft tumor and another two died from interstitial pneumonia and complicate systematic disorder respectively during follow-ups. Among the remaining 15 recipients, 10 achieved bilateral renal survival (median follow-up: 59 months) and 5 unilateral renal survival (median follow-up: 48 months). The average eGFR of bilateral renal survival group was significantly higher than that of unilateral renal survival group at Year 1 post-transplantation (95±27 vs 61±24 ml/min/1.73 m 2, P<0.05) while the gap narrowed at Year 3 and there was no statistical significance (95±21 vs 69±31 ml/min/1.73 m 2, P=0.12). Conclusions:Although en-bloc kidney transplantation from infant donors can expand organ donor pool, there is a higher risk of early graft failure and unilateral renal vascular thrombosis. Nevertheless, satisfactory renal transplant outcomes may be achieved in patients with unilateral renal graft survival.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 250-256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted quantitative measurement in evaluation of the dynamic changes of CT for COVID-19 pneumonia.Methods:The clinical and chest CT dynamic imaging data of 99 patients with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia who were hospitalized in Wuhan Central Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 15, 2020 to March 10, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the definitive diagnosis, the 99 patients were classified into common ( n=36), severe ( n=33) and critical ( n=30) type, the CT imaging findings of each type were analyzed, including CT basic signs, total volume of pneumonia lesions and percentage of pneumonia lesions of the total lung volume (volume ratio). AI software was used to quantitatively evaluate the dynamic changes of chest CT images. The quantitative indicators included CT peak time of lesions, total volume of lesions peak, volume ratio of lesions peak, maximum growth rate of total volume and maximum growth rate of volume ratio. Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test was used to compare the difference of quantitative indexes between the 3 types, and χ 2 test or Fisher exact probability test was used to compare the difference of qualitative indexes between the 3 types. Sequence measurement and scatter plots were used to show the evolution trend of the volume ratio of the three types of COVID-19 pneumonia lesions. The ROC curve was used to analyze the value of the volume ratio of pneumonia lesions and its maximum growth rate in predicting the conversion of common pneumonia to severe or critical pneumonia. Results:There were statistically significant differences in age and gender distribution among patients with common, severe and critical COVID-19 ( P<0.05), the age of severe and critical types were significantly higher than that of common type ( P<0.01). Compared with common [2.5 (1.0, 5.0) d] and critical type[2.5 (1.0, 4.0) d], the time from onset to the first chest CT scan of severe type was prolonged [5.0 (2.5, 8.0) d, P<0.01]. There were statistically significant differences in involvement of multiple lung lobes (20 cases, 29 cases, 25 cases, χ2=10.403, P=0.006) in patients with common, severe and critical COVID-19 at the first scan, the incidence of the involvement of multiple lung lobes in severe and critical types was significantly higher than that of common type ( P=0.002). The volume ratios of patients with common, severe and critical COVID-19 at the first scan were statistically significant [1.0% (0.2%, 4.7%), 9.30% (1.63%, 26.83%), 2.10% (0.64%, 8.61%), Z=14.236, P=0.001], and the volume ratio of severe type was significantly higher than that of common type ( P<0.001), there was no statistically significant difference between common type and critical type ( P=0.062). Follow-up CT showed that the pneumonia lesions showed a dynamic transformation of progress and recovery, and it was seen that the coexistence of multiphase lesions. The trend line in the scatter plot of the three types of COVID-19 pneumonia lesions showed that the lesions in the advanced stage developed from less to more. The lesion peak volume ratios of the common, severe and critical types were 9.75% (4.83%, 13.18%), 29.80% (23.99%, 42.36%) and 61.81% (43.73%, 72.82%), respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( Z=74.147, P<0.001). The maximum growth rates of lesion volume ratio were 1.27% (0.50%, 1.81%)/d, 4.39% (3.16%, 5.54%)/d and 6.02% (4.77%, 9.96%)/d, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( Z=52.453, P<0.001). The peak times of lesions were 12.0 (9.0, 15.0) d, 13.0 (10.0, 16.0) d and 16.5 (12.0, 25.0)d, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( Z=9.524, P=0.009). Taking the volume ratio of pneumonia lesion 22.60% and the maximum growth rate of the volume ratio 1.875%/d as the boundary value, the sensitivity of diagnosing common type to severe or critical type was 92.10% and 96.83%, and the specificity was 100% and 80.56%, respectively. The area under the curve was 0.987 and 0.925, respectively. Conclusions:The lesions of COVID-19 pneumonia show a similar parabolic change on CT imaging. The use of AI technology to dynamitcally and accurately measure the CT pneumonia lesion volume ratio is helpful to evaluate the severity of the disease and predict the development trend of the disease. Patients with a rapid growth of volume ratio are more likely to become severe or critical type.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 245-249, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of cardiovascular MR (CMR) T 1 mapping in evaluating myocardial injury in patients recovered from COVID-19. Methods:The clinical and image data of 15 patients with COVID-19 (9 with moderate clinical manifestation, 6 with severe clinical manifestation) who underwent CMR screening at 3 months after being discharged from the Second People′s Hospital of Fuyang City during May 2020 to June 2020 were prospective collected. Fifteen COVID-19 patients were selected as case group, and another 11 healthy volunteers were selected as control group. A standardized CMR protocol included cine, native and enhanced T 1 mapping, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Cardiac functional parameters, native T 1 value of left ventricular and extracellular volume fraction (ECV) were measured. One way ANOVA was used to assess the difference between CMR parameters among moderate and severe manifestation groups and control group, and LSD- t was used to assess the difference between the three groups. Results:LGE value was negative in all subjects. ECV values were higher in recovered COVID-19 patients with either moderate (27.9%±2.7%) or severe manifestation (30.0%±3.7%) than control group (23.2±1.9%) ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference of ECV values between recovered COVID-19 patients with moderate and severe manifestation ( P=0.100). There was no difference of native T 1 values and other functional and morphologic parameters of left ventricular and right ventricular among recovered COVID-19 patients with moderate and severe manifestation and control group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:CMR myocardial tissue ECV increase in patients who recovered from COVID-19, suggesting subclinical myocardial injury.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884374

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of anti-hexokinase1 antibodies (anti-HK-1) and anti-kelch-like 1 antibodies (anti-KLHL12) antibody in evaluating ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) response in patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC).Methods:112 PBC patients who had been treated with UDCA for more than 12 months with relatively complete clinical data were analyzed. Serum was collected and the expression of anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA), anti-HK-1 and anti-KLHL12 antibodies were detected by ELISA. The response to UDCA was based on Paris standard. According to the expression of new antibodies, the patients were divided into the new antibody positive group and negative group. In addition, PBC related baseline indicators were collected, and Spearman correlation analysis was used to study the correlation between antibody expression and baseline indicators in PBC patients.Results:Positivity of anti-HK1 and anti-KLHL12 antibody in AMA-positive PBC patients were 44.7% and 41.2% respectively. Positivity of anti-HK1 and anti-KLHL12 antibodies in AMA negative PBC patients were 33.3% and 22.2%. Anti-HK1 positive patients had higher serum levels of Alaninetransaminase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase, (AST), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) and total bilirubin (TBIL) compared with anti-HK1 negative patients, with statistical significant differences ( P<0.05). Notably, correlation analysis showed significantly positive correlation between anti-HK1 antibody expression and ALP, γ-GT and TBIL serum levels ( r=0.735, P<0.05; r=0.332, P<0.05; r=0.491, ( r=0.466, P<0.05). The UDCA response rate in anti-HK-1 antibody positive group was lower than that of the negative group (36.2% vs 60%; P<0.05). Conclusion:Anti-HK-1 and anti-KLHL12 antibody can help to diagnose PBC, and the expression of anti-HK-1 antibody is correlated with the severity of PBC, which could help to predict the reaction of PBC patients to UDCA.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 214-220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of first-episode hematogenous metastasis in patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who received non-surgical treatment after radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and its impact on survival and prognosis.Methods:The clinical data of 230 ESCC patients who met the inclusion criteria and received radical radiotherapy in Tengzhou Central People′s Hospital and Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2011 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Logistic regression analysis and survival were used to analyze the risk factors and prognosis of blood group metastasis after treatment.Results:In 230 patients with thoracic esophageal cancer, 70 cases (30.4%) developed hematogenous metastasis for the first time.Compared with patients without hematogenous metastasis, the median overall survival was 15 months and 20 months (χ 2=7.249, P=0.007), and the median progression free survival was 9 months and 13 months (95% CI was 7.2-10.8 months and 10.8-15.2 months, respectively χ 2=21.664, P<0.001). Logistic multivariate analysis showed that there was significant difference in the occurrence of hematogenous metastasis among different N stages (χ 2=30.764, P<0.001). N stage was an independent factor for judging hematogenous metastasis, and the increased N stage increased the risk of hematogenous metastasis (OR value were 6.000, 12.629 and 48.167, respectively; 95% CI were 1.712-21.025, 3.546-44.976 and 10.848-213.858, respectively; all P<0.05). The overall survival time of patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy before hematogenous metastasis was longer than that of patients with sequential chemoradiotherapy and radiotherapy alone (χ 2=10.002, P=0.007). Stratified analysis showed that adjuvant chemotherapy after concurrent chemoradiotherapy could prolong the overall survival of patients with N2 and N3 (χ 2=11.025, P=0.001). Conclusion:N staging is an independent factor to judge the hematogenous metastasis.ESCC patients with hematogenous metastasis after chemoradiotherapy have poor prognosis.N2, N3 patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy after adjuvant chemotherapy have clinical benefits.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 370-374, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical value of artificial dermis combined with autologous thin skin graft in the repair of burn scar contracture in joints.Methods:A total of 52 patients with burn scar contractures were enrolled in the No.5 Hospital of Baoding from July 2015 to April 2018. According to different methods of repair, 26 cases were used in each group. The observation group was treated with artificial dermis combined with autologous thin skin graft. The control group was treated with medium-thickness skin grafting. The survival rate of autologous skin was compared between the two groups. The tissue of artificial dermal polyester fiber was taken and HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes. The Vancouver skin scar assessment score (VSS), functional activity, infection rate, wound healing time, and VSS score after healing of the donor site were compared between the two groups.Results:The survival rate of autologous skin in the observation group (92.31%) was not significantly different from that in the control group (84.62%) ( P>0.05). Compared with preoperative, the VSS scores at 3, 6 months and 1 year after operation in both groups were decreased ( P<0.05). The VSS scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group at 3, 6 months and 1 year ( P<0.05). The excellent rate of functional activity in the observation group (100.00%) was higher than that of the control group (76.92%) ( P<0.05); There was no significant difference in the infection rate (3.85% vs 7.69%) and healing time of skin grafting area between the two groups ( P>0.05). The healing time of donor site was shorter than that of the control group ( P<0.05). The VSS score of the donor site was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Artificial dermis combined with autologous thin skin graft can be used in patients with burn scar contracture in joints, which can improve the scarring of skin grafting area and donor site, shorten the healing time of donor site and improve the function of burn scar contracture joint.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the expression of microchromosome maintenance protein 4 (MCM4) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and to explore the clinical prognosis of MCM4 and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. To explore the possibility of MCM4 as a potential biomarker for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.Methods:The mRNA level of MCM4 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and normal tissues adjacent to the cancer was analyzed by bioinformatics methods, and the relationship between its expression and the survival rate of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was analyzed. The clinicopathological data of 76 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression level of MCM4 protein in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue and normal tissues adjacent to the cancer, and to analyze its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.Results:The results of bioinformatics analysis showed that MCM4 mRNA was significantly highly expressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue, and was significantly correlated with the overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate of patients (all P<0.05). Immunohistochemical results showed that the expression of MCM4 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue was significantly higher than that in normal tissues adjacent to the cancer. The high expression of MCM4 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue was related to tumor size ( P=0.038), but not related to age, gender, and tumor grade (all P>0.05). Conclusions:MCM4 is highly expressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues and indicates a poor prognosis, and its expression level is related to the tumor stage of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. MCM4 may serve as a new potential biomarker for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882020

ABSTRACT

The severe acute syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2)is responsible for the global pandemic of 2019 novel coronavirus disease(COVID-19). Understanding the pathogenic mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 is of great significance to the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic. The spike(S)protein of SARS-CoV-2 is a major target of protective immunity. The mutations of S protein impact the transmission and pathogenic capacity of SARS-CoV-2. In addition, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2(ACE2)is the receptor of SARS-CoV-2 S protein and mediates viral entry into target cells. The genetic polymorphisms of the ACE2 gene may lead to the difference of incidence of COVID-19 among different populations. Protease can promote the infection of SARS-Cov-2 by activating the S protein. This review summarized the current understanding of the function and genetic variants of S protein, ACE2, and the related proteases. The synergistic effect of these three molecules on the susceptibility of SARS-CoV-2 infection was further discussed.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This paper introduces the key content and background of Technical Review Guidance for the Registration of Personalized Additive Manufacturing Medical Devices of Passive Implantable Bone, Joint and Oral Hard Tissues.@*METHODS@#The core contents and importance of the construction of personalized design validation and verification and additive manufacturing system are described respectively.@*RESULTS@#The personalized design needs to be carried out under the control of interactive cooperation between healthcare professional and engineer. And the performance of personalized device must be validated and verified completely. At the same time, in view of the particularity of the quality management system of additive manufacturing, the technical focus is expounded.@*CONCLUSIONS@#New ideas and methods shall be used in evaluate and administrate personalized additive manufacturing medical device.


Subject(s)
Printing, Three-Dimensional , Prostheses and Implants
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879199

ABSTRACT

Chinese traditional medicine compound is the main form of Chinese medicine clinical application. The elucidation of the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine is one of the key scientific issues to promote the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. At present, there are many research ideas on the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine compounds. By analyzing the current status and existing problems of existing research ideas, the author proposes a "double reduction network pharmacology"(2 R network pharmacology) research method based on "prediction of dominant components-potential target selection". Chemical components with good properties were selected by ADMET property prediction technology, and compared with the blood components and target organ components to determine the dominant components with potential therapeutic effect, that is "reducing constituents"; the potential core regulatory pathway of traditional Chinese medicine compound was enriched by RNA-Seq technology combined with network database, and then the target of traditional Chinese medicine compound was mined based on the signal pathway, that is "reducing targets". To improve the efficiency and accuracy of effective component screening, the network relationship of "component target" was established by the related technology of network pharmacology. The purpose of this study is to provide practical research ideas and methods for clarifying the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine, revealing the law of compatibility of traditional Chinese medicine and clarifying the target of drug action.


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Research Design
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879179

ABSTRACT

By establishing the preparation process of Scrophulariaceae Radix reference extract(SRRE) and calibrating it, we discussed its feasibility as a substitute for single reference substance in the quality control of Scrophulariae Radix. The SRREs were prepared by solvent extraction method and chromatographic separation technology, and then calibrated with the reference substances of harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside. The HPLC content determination method of Scrophulariae Radixl was established with SRREs of the known content and the reference substances of harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside respectively as the control ones. Then the content of three components in Scrophulariae Radix was determined, and the t-test method was used to compare the results of the two methods. With SRRE as references, harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside were in a good linear relationship(r≥0.999 8) within each range, and the average recovery rate was 98.55% to 100.6%. The t-test results showed that the P values of two determination methods were 0.493, 0.155 and 0.171 for harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside respectively, indicating no significant diffe-rence between the two methods of content determination. The SRRE can be used as a substitute for the reference in the quality control of Scrophulariaceae Radix. The SRRE can replace the corresponding reference substance for the quality control of Scrophulariae Radix. The results of this study provide new methods and new ideas for the quality evaluation of Scrophulariae Radix, and provide a scientific basis for the application of reference extracts in the quality research of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Scrophularia , Scrophulariaceae
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1450-1456, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878191

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Drug-coated balloons (DCBs) have emerged as potential alternatives to drug-eluting stents in specific lesion subsets for de novo coronary lesions. Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a method based on the three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography and contrast flow velocity during coronary angiography (CAG), obviating the need for an invasive fractional flow reserve procedural. This study aimed to assess the serial angiographic changes of de novo lesions post-DCB therapy and further explore the cut-off values of lesion and vessel QFR, which predict vessel restenosis (diameter stenosis [DS] ≥50%) at mid-term follow-up.@*METHODS@#The data of patients who underwent DCB therapy between January 2014 and December 2019 from the multicenter hospital were retrospectively collected for QFR analysis. From their QFR performances, which were analyzed by CAG images at follow-up, we divided them into two groups: group A, showing target vessel DS ≥50%, and group B, showing target vessel DS <50%. The median follow-up time was 287 days in group A and 227 days in group B. We compared the clinical characteristics, parameters during DCB therapy, and QFR performances, which were analyzed by CAG images between the two groups, in need to explore the cut-off value of lesion/vessel QFR which can predict vessel restenosis. Student's t test was used for the comparison of normally distributed continuous data, Mann-Whitney U test for the comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the evaluation of QFR performance which can predict vessel restenosis (DS ≥50%) at mid-term follow-up using the area under the curve (AUC).@*RESULTS@#A total of 112 patients with 112 target vessels were enrolled in this study. Group A had 41 patients, while group B had 71. Vessel QFR and lesion QFR were lower in group A than in group B post-DCB therapy, and the cut-off values of lesion QFR and vessel QFR in the ROC analysis to predict target vessel DS ≥50% post-DCB therapy were 0.905 (AUC, 0.741 [95% confidence interval, CI: 0.645, 0.837]; sensitivity, 0.817; specificity, 0.561; P < 0.001) and 0.890 (AUC, 0.796 [95% CI: 0.709, 0.882]; sensitivity, 0.746; specificity, 0.780; P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cut-off values of lesion QFR and vessel QFR can assist in predicting the angiographic changes post-DCB therapy. When lesion/vessel QFR values are <0.905/0.890 post-DCB therapy, a higher risk of vessel restenosis is potentially predicted at follow-up.


Subject(s)
Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Coronary Restenosis , Follow-Up Studies , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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