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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 220-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873734

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors and clinical prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) early after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 155 recipients undergoing lung transplantation or combined heart-lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into the AKI group (n=104) and non-AKI group (n=51) according to the 2012 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes Clinical Practice Guideline. The incidence of AKI early after lung transplantation was summarized. The main indexes of recipients were collected. The risk factors of the occurrence of AKI early after lung transplantation were subjected to univariate and multivariate analysis. The clinical prognosis of lung transplant recipients was evaluated and the survival curve was delineated. Results The incidence of AKI early after lung transplantation was 67.1%(104/155), including 47 recipients with stage 1 AKI, 34 recipients with stage2 AKI and 23 recipients with stage 3 AKI, respectively. Sixteen recipients required continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) early after lung transplantation. Preoperative complication with diabetes mellitus, preoperative complication with pulmonary hypertension, intraoperative mean arterial pressure (MAP) < 60 mmHg, intraoperative massive blood transfusion, and treatment with excessive therapeutic concentration of tacrolimus (Tac) within postoperative 1 week were the independent risk factors for the occurrence of AKI early after lung transplantation. Up to the end of follow-up, 66 recipients (42.6%) died, including 50 recipients in the AKI group and 16 recipients in the non-AKI group. The cumulative survival rate in the AKI group was significantly lower than that in the non-AKI group (40% vs. 66%, P < 0.05). With the increase of AKI severity, the cumulative survival rate of lung transplant recipients was decreased. Conclusions AKI develops early after lung transplantation with high incidence and poor clinical prognosis. Preoperative complication with diabetes mellitus and pulmonary hypertension, intraoperative MAP < 60 mmHg and massive blood transfusion, and treatment with excessive therapeutic concentration of Tac within postoperative 1 week are the independent risk factors for the occurrence of AKI early after lung transplantation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect and signaling pathway of ginsenoside Rb1 on myocardial injury in mice with Kawasaki disease.Methods:BALB/C mice aged 5-6 weeks were randomly divided into control group, model group, aspirin group, ginsenoside Rb1 low dose group(50 mg/kg) and high dose group(100 mg/kg), with 12 mice in each group.Except the control group, other groups were treated with intermittent intraperitoneal injection of 10% bovine serum albumin saline solution to induce Kawasaki disease myocardial injury pathological model with a total of 6 days(twice a day); aspirin group, Rb1 low and high-dose group were given corresponding drugs by gavage for 20 days after modeling.The pathological changes of myocardial tissue were observed by hematoxylin eosin staining.The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6) and cardiac troponin I(cTnI) in serum and myocardial tissue were detected by ELISA.The activities of creatine kinase(CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase(α-HBDH) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in serum were detected by enzyme coupling method.The expression levels of janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway related proteins in myocardial tissue were detected by Western blot.Results:High dose of Rb1 significantly improved myocardial fiber rupture and tear, inflammatory infiltration and necrosis induced by myocardial injury in model group.ELISA results showed that, compared with the model group, high-dose Rb1 could significantly inhibit the high expression of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, which were restored to the level of the control group, and there was a dose-dependent relationship between the low and high-dose groups( P<0.05). The results of enzyme coupling method showed that creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB, lactate dehydrogenase, α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, and aspartate aminotrasferase in Rb1 high-dose group were restored to the level in control group, and there was a dose-dependent relationship between low and high-dose group( P<0.05). At the same time, compared with model group, Rb1 high-dose group significantly down regulated the expression level of cardiac troponin I( P<0.05). Western blot results showed that, compared with the model group, Rb1 significantly increased the relative expression levels of p-JAK2/JAK2, p-STAT3/STAT3 and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2)/β-actin, and significantly decreased the expression levels of Cleaved caspase-3/β-actin in a dose-dependent manner( P<0.05). Conclusion:Ginsenoside Rb1 can effectively reduce the myocardial injury induced by Kawasaki disease mice.The high-dose group of Rb1 can recover to the level of the control group, and the curative effect is related to the dosage of Rb1.Ginsenoside Rb1 may activate JAK2/STAT3/Bcl-2 signaling pathway, thus down regulate the expression of Cleaved caspase-3, and inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis and inflammation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term therapeutic effect and long-term survival of multiple myeloma patients with extramedullary disease (EMD) in the new drug era.Methods:The data of 74 patients with multiple myeloma diagnosed and treated in Anhui Wanbei Coal and Electricity Group General Hospital from January 2015 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 17 patients with soft tissue infiltration (EM-S), 9 patients with bone infiltration (EM-B), and 48 patients without EMD (No-EMD). The short-term efficacy, the 4-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate, and their influencing factors in three groups of patients after receiving bortezomib regimen were analyzed.Results:After 3-4 courses of early induction therapy of bortezomib regimen, the overall response rate of patients in the EM-S group was lower than that in the No-EMD group and the EM-B group [58.8% (10/17) vs. 85.4% (41/48), 100.0% (9/9)], and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 = 13.7, P = 0.036; χ2 = 26.5, P = 0.003), while the difference between No-EMD group and EM-B group was not statistically significant ( χ2 = 12.7, P = 0.211). Survival analysis showed that the 4-year PFS rate of No-EMD group was higher than that of the EM-S group and EM-B group (41.0% vs. 7.6%, 0), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 = 10.835, P < 0.01; χ2 = 8.276, P = 0.004). Meanwhile, the 4-year OS rate of EM-S group was lower than that of the No-EMD group and EM-B group (16.5% vs. 54.3%, 59.3%), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 = 9.146, P = 0.002; χ2 = 4.066, P = 0.044). Conclusion:The early treatment effect of bortezomib regimen, PFS and OS in multiple myeloma patients with EM-S are poor, while the EM-B has no effect on OS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the influence of bone marrow involvement (BMI) in patients with malignant lymphoma (ML) on laboratory indexes, and evaluate the laboratory markers that can be used to predict/diagnose BMI.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics and laboratory indexes of 137 ML patients were analyzed retrospectively, from which the indexes of BMI in ML patients was studied. The logistic regression analysis and receiver operating curve (ROC) were used to evaluate independent risk factors and predictors of BMI diagnosis in ML patients.@*RESULTS@#Compared with non-BMI group, the red blood cell distribution width, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, D-dimer, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, β@*CONCLUSION@#PLT and sIL2R show good diagnostic value for ML patients with BMI.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Humans , Laboratories , Lymphoma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 83-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862780

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the dynamic changes and the influencing factors of T lymphocyte subsets in recipients with stable graft status within 1 year after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 41 recipients with stable graft status after allogeneic lung transplantation were analyzed. The absolute value and ratio of T lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood from recipients were measured by flow cytometry before operation, 2 weeks and each month (within 1 year) after operation, respectively. The effects of age, gender, body mass index (BMI), surgical method, incidence of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after operation, and primary disease upon the absolute values of T lymphocytes were evaluated. Results Within 1 year after lung transplantation, the absolute values of CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes and CD4+/CD8+ ratio were changed over time (all P < 0.001). Compared with preoperative values, there was no statistical significance in the absolute values of CD3+ and CD3+CD4+T lymphocytes at 12 months after operation (P=0.659, 0.109), whereas the absolute value of CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes was increased (P=0.02) and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio was decreased (P < 0.001). Age, gender, BMI, surgical method and incidence of PGD after operation exerted no significant effect on the dynamic changes of absolute values of CD3+CD4+ and CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes (all P > 0.05). Primary disease before lung transplantation exerted no effect on the changes of CD3+CD4+T lymphocytes, whereas the postoperative absolute value of CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes was higher in recipients with infectious lung diseases (P < 0.05). Conclusions The absolute values of CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes in recipients with stable graft status after lung transplantation are relatively low in the early stage after lung transplantation, then gradually restore, and stabilize at 6 months after operation. Dynamic changes are not associated with age, gender, BMI, surgical method and incidence of PGD after operation of recipients.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 391-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821548

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of lung transplantation in the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods Clinical data of one patient with end-stage CF undergoing allogeneic bilateral lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical characteristics, diagnostic methods and treatment strategies of the CF recipient were summarized. Results The recipient had suffered from relevant symptoms since childhood including repeated cough and purulent sputum for 30 years, complicated with recurrent pulmonary infection combined with acute exacerbation, chronic sinusitis and extremely severe malnutrition. Prior to lung transplantation, the patient had to depend upon the invasive ventilator due to respiratory muscle weakness, and admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) for a long time. Imaging examination revealed multiple cystic columnar bronchiectasis accompanied with infection in bilateral lungs. The diagnosis of CF was further confirmed by sweat test and gene detection. The recipient underwent bilateral lung transplantation on August 17, 2017 and received rehabilitation treatment. The lung function was gradually restored to normal. The recipient had obtained the same quality of life to the healthy counterparts since the date of manuscript submission (over 2 years). Conclusions Lung transplantation is an efficacious treatment for end-stage CF, which can not only save patients' lives, but also significantly improve the quality of life of patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870598

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of lobar lung transplantation for end-stage lung disease patients in organ donation era.Methods:Clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for 14 cases with lobar lung transplantations between January 2016 and December 2019, including clinical outcomes and postoperative complications.Results:Eleven cases(78.6 %)had a positive etiology examination in bronchial secretion or tissue culture. There were unilateral lobar lung transplantation (n=2), bilateral lobar lung transplantation(n=2)and unilateral lobar lung transplantation and contralateral lung transplantation(n=10). Intra-operative ECMO(n=11)postoperative ECMO(n=5)were required. All survived during a 30-day perioperative period. The median time of postoperative ECMO was 1(1~11)day, the median time of extubation 4.5(0~182)day and the median time of stay in ICU 11(2~186)day. Re-operation was required for 1 case due to active bleeding in thoracic cavity. There were 10 survivors and 4 deaths. The causes of death were bronchus fistula(n=2), pulmonary infection(n=1)and renal failure(n=1)respectively.Conclusions:Lobar lung transplantation is efficacious for selected patients with end-stage lung disease.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870595

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnosis and treatment strategies of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD).Methods:A 37-year-old male recipient who had repeated cough and sputum from childhood, with shortness of breath after activity and progressive development, the number of hospitalizations per year was ≥6 times, the MRC score was 2~3 diagnosed with primary ciliary dyskinesia through medical examination and multidisciplinary consultation, and received allogeneic double lung transplantation after medical treatment failure. Search related domestic and foreign literatures to explore and analyze the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and imaging features, diagnosis and treatment of PCD.Results:PCD is an autosomal hereditary disease. Due to abnormal skeletal structure and/or functional development, clinical manifestations are mostly chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, otitis media and infertility. Chest imaging showed situs inversus totalis, right heart and diffuse cystic bronchiectasis infection with bronchial wall thickening, diagnosis depends on clinical manifestations, saccharin test, nasal nitric oxide test, high-speed video microscopy analysis, transmission electron microscopy, genetic testing and immunofluorescence.Conclusions:Lung transplantation is the only effective treatment for end-stage PCD. It not only saves patients' lives, but also significantly improves their quality of life.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the significance of US lung allocation score (LAS) in Chinese lung transplant recipients.Methods:The clinical data were analyzed for 173 lung recipients from May 2005 to March 2018. The LAS of each patient was calculated by an online LAS calculator of Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN).Results:The mean age was (56.49±12.64) years and the mean LAS (56.63±18.39)(32.79-90.70). The underlying diseases were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, n=62), interstitial lung disease (n=85), bronchiectasis (n=11), pulmonary arterial hypertension (n=8) and others (n=7). And the value of LAS was (47.85±15.22) vs. (61.89±18.63) vs. (56.58±18.91) vs. (55.23±10.74) vs. (72.45±16.41). LAS of COPD patients was significantly lower than that of interstitial lung disease ( P<0.001). Mean LAS was the highest in endotracheal intubation or ECMO group (79.15±7.95), then non-invasive ventilation group (48.42±11.58) and lowest in oxygen inhalation group (44.11±8.81)( P<0.001). Recipients were divided into three groups of LAS <50 for low-risk, 50-75 for moderate-risk and >75 for high-risk. Survivals at 90 days and 1 year were 90.5% vs. 81.8% vs. 71.1% and 85.4% vs. 74.4% vs. 57.8% ( P=0.002). Conclusions:LAS can not only reflect the urgency of recipients waiting for lung transplantation but also predict postoperative period. LAS score should be employed for selecting suitable lung transplant recipients in China and the optimal LAS lies between 30 and 75.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 743-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829690

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the common early complications after lung transplantation, which not only increases the short-term and long-term fatality of lung transplant recipients, but also significantly increases the incidence of long-term chronic renal insufficiency after surgery. In recent years, early AKI after lung transplantation has attracted high attention along with the rapid development of lung transplantation in China. In this article, research progresses on diagnosis, incidence, risk factors, prevention and treatment of early AKI after lung transplantation around the globe were reviewed, aiming to better identify the risk factors and poor prognosis of early AKI after lung transplantation, and provide theoretical and practical guidance for early clinical interventions.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862963

ABSTRACT

Dilated cardiomyopathy(DCM)is the most common childhood cardiomyopathy, which has mainly due to complex causes including myocarditis, neuromuscular disease, familial cardiomyopathy, inherited metabolic disorders and congenital malformation.In recent years, DCM has been found to be highly associated with an increasing number of gene mutations, including sarcomere related genes, cytoskeleton related genes, nuclear membrane protein related genes, ion channel related genes and other DCM related genes.Gene mutation affects gene expression, and causes the abnormal function of related proteins, ultimately leading to different clinical phenotypes of DCM.However, at present, the main treatment of DCM is symptomatic support, without specific treatment.In terms of prognosis, there are great differences in different patients.Therefore, gene therapy may be the future direction.In this paper, the relationship between the pathogenesis, clinical phenotype, prognosis and gene mutation of DCM is reviewed.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect and related signaling pathways of ginsenoside Rb1 in the treatment of coronary artery lesion (CAL) in a mouse model of Kawasaki disease (KD).@*METHODS@#BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, an aspirin group, a low-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group (50 mg/kg), and a high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group (100 mg/kg), with 12 mice in each group. All mice except those in the control group were given intermittent intraperitoneal injection of 10% bovine serum albumin to establish a mouse model of KD. The mice in the aspirin group, the low-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group, and the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group were given the corresponding drug by gavage for 20 days after modeling. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes of coronary artery tissue. ELISA was used to measure the levels of the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in serum and coronary artery tissue. Western blot was used to measure the relative expression levels of proteins involved in the regulation of the AMPK/mTOR autophagy signaling pathway and the PI3K/Akt oxidative stress signaling pathway in coronary artery tissue.@*RESULTS@#The observation of pathological sections showed that compared with the model group, the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group had significant improvement in the symptoms of vascular wall thickening, intimal edema, fiber rupture, and inflammatory infiltration of endothelial cells. Compared with the control group, the model and low-dose ginsenoside Rb1 groups had significant increases in the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in serum and coronary artery tissue (P0.05) and had significant increases in the expression levels of P-AKT/AKT and P-GSK-3β/GSK-3β (P<0.05), while the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group had significant increases in the relative protein expression levels of the above three proteins (P<0.05). Compared with the low-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group, the aspirin group and the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group had significant reductions in the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β (P<0.05); the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group had significant increases in the expression levels of P-PI3K/PI3K and P-AKT/AKT (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ginsenoside Rb1 can effectively alleviate CAL in a mouse model of KD in a dose-dependent manner, possibly by regulating the AMPK/mTOR/P70S6 autophagy signaling pathway to inhibit CAL inflammation and regulating the PI3K/AKT/GSK-3β oxidative stress signaling pathway to exert a biological activity of protection against coronary artery endothelial cell injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Coronary Vessels , Endothelial Cells , Ginsenosides , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775932

ABSTRACT

The clinical experience of professor for anovulatory infertility is introduced from three perspectives of , syndromes and menstrual period in this article. Professor believes that ovulation disorders mainly involves the liver, spleen and kidney, and four syndromes, including spleen-kidney -deficiency syndrome, liver-depression and kidney-deficiency syndrome, phlegm-dampness obstruction syndrome, -stagnation and blood-stasis syndrome are common in clinic. The combination of syndrome differentiation and menstruation differentiation should be adopted in treatment. The syndrome differentiation should be mainly applied. The acupoints for excess syndrome include Quchi (LI 11), Hegu (LI 4), Tianshu (ST 25), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Neiting (ST 44); while the acupoints for deficiency syndrome include Zhongwan (CV 12), Taixi (KI 3), Ganshu (BL 18) and Qimen (LR 14). In auricular acupuncture, kou (CO), wei (CO), pi (CO), neifenmi (CO), sanjiao (CO), dachang (CO) and shenmen (TF) could be selected for excess syndrome, while wei (CO), pi (CO), neifenmi (CO), zigong (TF), pizhixia (AT), shen (CO) and luanchao could be selected for deficiency syndrome. Moxibustion can be added to treat the patients with deficiency syndrome or cold syndrome. The menstruation differentiation could be used as auxiliary method. In the later period of menstruation, strengthening-spleen and promoting-blood method is applied and Zhongwan (CV 12), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) are selected; in the intermenstrual period, tonifying-kidney and nourishing-, warming- and nourishing- method is applied and Shenshu (BL 23), Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongji (CV 3), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Hegu (LI 4) are selected; in the earlier period of menstruation, soothing-liver and tonifying-kidney, promoting- and relieving-depression method is applied and Taichong (LR 3), Qimen (LR 14), Luanchao (Extra), Zigong (EX-CA 1) and Xuehai (SP 10) are selected; during menstruation, Taixi (KI 3), Xuehai (SP 10) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) can be added to nourish kidney, nourish blood, promote blood circulation and regulate menstruation to promote oogenesis. In addition, B-ultrasonography can be used to monitor ovulation and guide intercourse to improve pregnancy rate.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Female , Humans , Infertility , Therapeutics , Moxibustion , Pregnancy , Yang Deficiency
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818115

ABSTRACT

Neutrophils are a type of important native immune cells that play a very important role in nonspecific cellular immunity. As the first defensive army against microbial pathogens, especially pyogenic bacteria, neutrophils perform the functions of chemotaxis and phagocytosis, but meanwhile they may induce different degrees of inflammatory response and cause local or systemic immuno-pathologic impair. At present, the changes in the pathophysiological and biological behaviors of neutrophils in sepsis need to be studied more comprehensively, and effective regulation and utilization of neutrophils are required in the treatment of sepsis. This review summarizes some important pathophysiological changes in neutrophils in sepsis, including apoptosis, autophagy and pyroptosis, focusing on the biological behavior of neutrophils in the development and progression of sepsis.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 192-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780514

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the treatment strategies of pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE). Methods A 22-year-old male patient was complicated with PPFE after receiving chemotherapy in combination with stem cell transplantation for lymphoma. He underwent thoracoscopic left lung tongue wedge resection, bilateral pleurodesis followed by allogeneic left lung transplantation. Literature review was performed to analyze the etiology, pathogenesis, imaging features, pathological features and treatment of PPFE. Results The PPFE patient required the non-invasive ventilator for 24 h before lung transplantation. After lung transplantation, the shortness of breath and respiratory failure were cured and the quality of life was significantly improved. No eligible studies was found in the domestic database, and 26 literatures published in English were found in the international databases. Among them, 9 literatures (case reports) were finally included after screening. PPFE could be divided into the primary and secondary categories according to the etiology. The clinical manifestations of PPFE mainly included dry cough, dyspnea on exertion, chest pain, repeated pneumothorax and body weight loss. Chest CT scan demonstrated irregular thickening of the pleura in bilateral upper lungs. Pathological manifestations consisted of evident thickening of the visceral pleura, fibroelastosis and arrangement disorder in the pleura and the underlying pulmonary interstitium. PPFE could progress rapidly. Adrenocortical hormone and other immunosuppressive agents yielded low clinical efficacy and poor clinical prognosis. Lung transplantation was a necessary treatment for PPFE. Conclusions PPFE cannot be effectively treated by conservative therapy. It is recommended to deliver lung transplantation as early as possible.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797743

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation between cord blood IgE level and allergic diseases (atopic dermatitis, food allergy, wheezing and allergic rhinitis) in 36 months old children and explore the susceptibility factors of allergy.@*Methods@#A cohort study was designed and Cord blood was collected during delivery of 779 women with full term, and the IgE level of the sample was detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay in Department of Laboratory Medicine, International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine between October 1, 2012 and May 31, 2014. 638 children were followed up at the age of 36 months. The incidence of atopic dermatitis, food allergy, wheezing and allergic rhinitis were investigated by questionnaire, and the relationship between cord blood IgE level and allergic diseases in children was analyzed by multiple logistic regression.@*Results@#A total of 638 pregnant women and children were included in this study. The age of pregnant women was (29.7±3.3) years, and the IgE level in cord blood ranged from 0.1 to 8.43 IU/mL.In caesarean women, higher cord blood IgE was associated with increased risk of allergic dermatitis, wheezing and allergic rhinitis in children, OR=1.87, P<0.01; OR=1.86, P=0.01; OR=1.28, P=0.01; OR=1.98, P=0.01.@*Conclusion@#During cesarean section, the elevated IgE level of umbilical cord blood is correlated with the incidence of allergic diseases in children.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756501

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between cord blood IgE level and allergic diseases (atopic dermatitis, food allergy, wheezing and allergic rhinitis) in 36 months old children and explore the susceptibility factors of allergy. Methods A cohort study was designed and Cord blood was collected during delivery of 779 women with full term, and the IgE level of the sample was detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay in Department of Laboratory Medicine, International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine between October 1, 2012 and May 31, 2014. 638 children were followed up at the age of 36 months. The incidence of atopic dermatitis, food allergy, wheezing and allergic rhinitis were investigated by questionnaire, and the relationship between cord blood IgE level and allergic diseases in children was analyzed by multiple logistic regression. Results A total of 638 pregnant women and children were included in this study. The age of pregnant women was (29.7± 3.3) years, and the IgE level in cord blood ranged from 0.1 to 8.43 IU/mL.In caesarean women, higher cord blood IgE was associated with increased risk of allergic dermatitis, wheezing and allergic rhinitis in children, OR=1.87, P<0.01;OR=1.86, P=0.01;OR=1.28, P=0.01;OR=1.98, P=0.01. Conclusion During cesarean section, the elevated IgE level of umbilical cord blood is correlated with the incidence of allergic diseases in children.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751522

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between the fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) levels and blood eosinophil (EOS) count and the frequency of wheeze in infants with recurrent wheezing.Methods From February 2015 to August 2016 in the General Hospital of Northern War Zone,outpatient department of Pediatrics treatment and hospitalization of age less than or equal to 3 year old children with recurrent wheezing,101 cases were induded as the research object.On the basis of asthma predictive index (API) score were divided into API positive group (n =55) and API negative group (n =46),according to the wheeze frequency of the two groups children were divided into 3 ~ 4 times wheezing groups and more than 5 times.Select 37 cases of healthy children as control group.The concentration of FeNO and blood EOS count are detected in all the children.The correlation between the three groups of children with FeNO concentration,the correlation between FeNO and blood EOS count,the correlation between the the frequency of wheeze and FeNO in experimental groups were analyzed.Results (1) API positive group mean FeNO (19.3 ± 6.2) ppb was significantly higher than API negative group (7.7 ± 2.9) ppb,there was no difference (P > 0.05).API negative group mean FeNO (7.7 ± 2.9) ppb is lower than the normal control group (9.5 ± 2.0) ppb,there was no difference (P >0.05).(2) API positive group mean EOS count (124.7 ± 1.6) x 106/L is higher than API negative group (86.1 ± 1.9) x 106/L,there was significant difference (P < 0.01);(3) There was a correlation between FeNO level and blood EOS count in API positive group,there was no correlation between FeNO level and blood EOS count in API negative group and con~ol group.(4) No statistical differences were found in ≤4 times wheezing groups and more than 5 times of the mean FeNO.Conclusion There is no significant difference in the mean value of FeNO between different times of wheezing in children with recurrent wheezing.The combination of medical history,EOS,FeNO and API might be used to predict the wheezing episode of infants.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772581

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects and complications of two hybrid decompression techniques in treating multilevel (>=3) cervical spondylotic myelopathy(MCSM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 124 patients with multilevel (>=3) cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated by surgery and follow-up from January 2008 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different operative methods, the patients were divided into group A and group B. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) combined with anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion with preserved posterior vertebral wall (PWCF) were performed in group A; ACDF combined with anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion(ACCF) were performed in group B. There were 44 males and 16 females in group A with an average age of (60.43±7.52) years old, 46 males and 18 females in group B with an average age of (61.61±6.39) years old. No significant differences were found in gender, age between two groups. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, rate of complications, postoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and improvement of cervical curvature were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successful. The follow-up time was 13 to 28(23.0±12.1) months in group A and 12 to 30(24.0±11.5) months in group B. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay in group B were higher than those in group A(0.05). The physiological curvature of cervical vertebra was improved significantly after operation, and there was no significant difference between two groups(>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both surgical methods can obtain satisfactory clinical efficacy for multilevel(>=3) cervical spondylotic myelopathy, but compare with group B (ACDF combined with ACCF), group A (ACDF combined with PWCF) has shorter operation time, less trauma, less bleeding, and lower incidence of complications. ACDF combined with PWCF can be preferentially selected for the patients who corresponding to the indications.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cervical Vertebrae , Diskectomy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Diseases , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775341

ABSTRACT

Zebrafish of different strains with 5 dpf (5 days post-fertilization) were selected and fed with 0.2% high-fat diet for 8 h and 3% glucose solution for 16 halternatively during the day and night for 4 consecutive days. The zebrafish model was established and randomly divided into model group, Huangdi Anxiao Capsules (260 mg·L⁻¹) group and pioglitazone (32 mg·L⁻¹) group. The drug treatment groups were given the water-soluble drugs, with a volume of 25 mL, and incubated in a 28 °C incubator for 4 days. To detect the exposure to the corresponding drugs, the normal control group was set up. Thirty zebrafish were included in each group. The effect of Huangdi Anxiao Capsules on vascular wall thickness, fluorescence intensity of islet beta cells, fluorescence intensity of macrophages, and blood flow velocity of zebrafish were detected. The expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (vegfaa) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that compared with the model group, Huangdi Anxiao Capsules can significantly reduce the thickness of the blood vessel wall, increase the fluorescence intensity of islet β cells and macrophages, increase the blood flow velocity in vivo, and decrease the ACE and vegfaa expressions in zebrafish. It is suggested that Huangdi Anxiao Capsules may alleviate zebrafish vascular lesions by regulating the expressions of ACE and vegfaa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Diet, High-Fat , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glucose , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Vascular Diseases , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism , Zebrafish , Zebrafish Proteins , Metabolism
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