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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 271-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922923

ABSTRACT

KRAS is one of the most frequently mutated human oncogenes. In spite of mounting efforts on the development of direct or indirect inhibition targeting KRAS, little has been achieved because of insurmountable difficulties, titling KRAS "undruggable". Recently, subtype-specific inhibitors have shown great hope. Some KRASG12C inhibitors have entered clinical trials, including adagrasib and sotorasib, and have shown preliminary clinical effectiveness. Experiences from the inhibitors targeting the downstream factors of RAS pathways show that the anticancer activity of these drugs will be limited due to the development of drug resistance. Preclinical studies of KRASG12C inhibitors have revealed that the application of these agents might be hampered by the drug resistance issue. The current review aims to describe the current status of KRASG12C inhibitors, and discuss the mechanisms underlying KRASG12C inhibitor resistance, so as to provide the clues for the combat of drug resistance.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 547-556, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922884

ABSTRACT

The abnormality of ubiquitin proteasome pathway is an important factor leading to the imbalance of protein homeostasis. In this process, the deubiquitinase responsible for removing the ubiquitin chain of protein substrate is very important. Its abnormal activity or expression can cause the functional changes of key oncogenic/tumor suppressor proteins, which directly or indirectly lead to the occurrence, development and malignant evolution of tumors. Based on this, the discovery and research of small molecule inhibitors targeting deubiquitinases have become a hot field of anti-tumor candidate drugs. This review will focus on the regulatory effect and mechanism of ubiquitin proteasome pathway, especially deubiquitinase on tumor, introduce the application of deubiquitinase small molecule inhibitors in tumor treatment, and discuss the research status and latest progress of small molecule inhibitors, so as to provide ideas for the research of new anti-tumor strategies based on deubiquitinase.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922356

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To investigate the clinical value of urine interleukin-18 (IL-8), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) for the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URL) related urosepsis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was carried out in 157 patients with urosepsis after URL. The patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group according to the Kidigo guideline and urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at 0, 4, 12, 24 and 48 h after the surgery. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of these three biomarkers for postoperative AKI.@*RESULTS@#The level of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 in AKI group was significantly higher than that in non-AKI group at 4, 12, 24 and 48 h (p < 0.01). The ROC analysis showed the combined detection of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 at 12 h had a larger area under curve (AUC) than a single marker (0.997, 95% CI: 0.991-0.998), and the sensitivity and specificity were 98.2% and 96.7%, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the levels of urine NGAL at 4, 12, 24 and 48 h in AKI patients were positively correlated with the levels of urine KIM-1 and IL-18 (p < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#AKI could be quickly recognized by the elevated level of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 in patients with URL-related urosepsis. Combined detection of the three urine biomarkers at 12 h after surgery had a better diagnostic performance, which may be an important reference for the early diagnosis of AKI.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Biomarkers , Early Diagnosis , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1 , Humans , Interleukin-18 , Interleukin-8 , Lipocalin-2 , Lithotripsy , Retrospective Studies , Ureteroscopy
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 294-299, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879749

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to determine whether the number of patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who preferred surgery decreased during the past 11 years at our center (West China Hospital, Chengdu, China), and whether this change affected the timing of surgery and the physical condition of surgical patients. This retrospective study included 57 557 patients with BPH treated from January 2008 to December 2018. Of these, 5427 patients were treated surgically. Surgical patients were divided into two groups based on the time of treatment (groups 8-13 and groups 13-18). The collected data comprised the percentage of all patients with BPH who underwent surgery, baseline characteristics of surgical patients, rehabilitation time, adverse events, and hospitalization costs. The surgery rates in groups 8-13 and groups 13-18 were 10.5% and 8.5% (P < 0.001), respectively. The two groups did not clinically differ regarding patient age and prostate volume. The rates of acute urinary retention and renal failure decreased from 15.0% to 10.6% (P < 0.001) and from 5.2% to 3.1% (P < 0.001), respectively. In groups 8-13 and groups 13-18, the mean catheterization times were 4.0 ± 1.7 days and 3.3 ± 1.6 days (P < 0.001), respectively, and the mean postoperative hospitalization times were 5.1 ± 2.4 days and 4.2 ± 1.8 days (P < 0.001), respectively. The incidences of unplanned second surgery and death reduced during the study period. The surgery rate decreased over time, which suggests that medication was chosen over surgery. However, the percentage of late complications of BPH also decreased over time, which indicates that the timing of surgery was not delayed.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the mechanism of the anti-tumor effect of Morinda citrifolia (noni).@*METHODS@#The influences of noni juice on cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, migration and the activity of AKT/nuclear factor- κ B (NF- κ B) signaling pathway in A549 human lung cancer cells were detected by MTT, cell counting kit-8, colony formation, Annexin V/PI double labeling, transwell, scratch test and immunoblotting assay, respectively. A549 cells were inoculated into the right axilla of nude mice, followed by noni juice treatment. The body weight of the nude mice was weighed, and the tumor volume and weight were measured. Cell proliferation and expression of apoptosis-related proteins were measured by immunohistochemistry, and the activity of NF- κ B signaling pathway was measured by immunoblotting.@*RESULTS@#The in vitro studies showed that noni juice inhibited the A549 cells proliferation, migration and invasion. Noni juice also promoted cells apoptosis in A549 cells. Immunoblotting assay showed that the phosphorylation level of AKT, p50, and STAT3 proteins was inhibited to different extents after noni juice treatment. The in vivo studies showed that noni juice effectively suppressed tumor formation of A549 cells in nude mice. Noni juice treatment inhibited the expression of Ki67, PCNA, and Bcl-2 protein in the tumor; while promoted the expression of caspase-3 protein. Additionally, we also found that noni juice treatment could restrain the activity of AKT/NF- κ B signaling pathway in the tumor tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#Noni juice inhibited the proliferation of A549 lung cancer cells, induced apoptosis, and inhibited cell invasion and migration via regulating AKT/NF- κ B signaling pathway.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1136-1140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CHOP regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome in the initial treatment of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-one patients with DLBCL treated from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, their median age was 83 (71-95) years old, and all of them were in Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage, including 17 cases who had international prognostic index (IPI) ≥ 3. The patients were treated with R-CHOP and CHOP regimens based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome. The efficacy and safety were evaluated during and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 219 chemotherapy cycles and 7 median cycles were performed in 31 patients. The overall response (OR) rate and complete remission (CR) rate was 80.7% (25/31) and 61.3% (19/31), respectively, as well as 2 cases (6.5%) stable, 4 cases (12.9%) progressive. The main toxicities were as follows: the incidence of grade Ⅲ -Ⅳ neutropenia was 29% (9/31); two patients (6.5%) developed degree Ⅰ-Ⅱ cardiac events, which were characterized by new degree Ⅰ atrioventricular block; there were no cardiac events requiring emergency treatment and discontinuation of chemotherapy. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rate was 83.9%, 77.4% and 61.3%, respectively. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year progression-free survival rate was 77.4%, 64.5% and 61.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The chemotherapy regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome has better efficacy and higher cardiac safety for elderly patients with DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisolone , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888118

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the characteristic role of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR) in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea(PD). Estrogen(E_2) was combined with oxytocin to establish a mouse model of PD. The mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a Gegen Decoction group, a PLR-free Gegen Decoction group, a PLR group, and a positive drug group(ibuprofen). Writhing response times and writhing incubation of mice in each group were tested by behavio-ral assessment, and the serum levels of prostaglandin F_(2α)(PGF_(2α)), prostaglandin E_2(PGE_2), E_2, and progesterone(PROG) were detected by ELISA kits. Western blot method was adopted to detect cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and estrogen receptor alpha(ER_α) expression levels in uterine tissues. Doppler ultrasound was employed to detect changes in uterine artery blood flow in mice, including peak systolic blood flow velocity(maximum velocity), end-diastolic velocity(minimum velocity), peak systolic blood flow velocity/end-diastolic velocity(S/D), pulsatility index(PI), and resistive index(RI). Histopathological changes in the uterus were detected by HE staining. Based on the oxytocin-induced isolated uterine contraction model, the effects of Gegen Decoction, PLR-free Gegen Decoction, and PLR on the amplitude, frequency, and activity of isolated uterine contraction were compared to investigate the role of PLR in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of PD. The results showed that compared with the Gegen Decoction group, the PLR-free Gegen Decoction improved the indicators of PD except for E_2 content, ER_α expression, and uterine artery blood flow. PLR could significantly down-regulate the serum content of E_2 and the protein expression of uterine ER_α, and improve the uterine artery blood flow. The data suggested that PLR, as the sovereign drug of Gegen Decoction, might function in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of PD by mediating E_(2 )and improving the uterine artery blood flow.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Humans , Mice , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Uterus
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908911

ABSTRACT

The English curriculum in medical university can include English for general purpose (EGP), English for medical academic purposes (EMAP) and English for medical occupational purposes (EMOP). Teachers can dig deeply the medical humanities elements in the teaching materials, enrich the medical humanities knowledge and expand the medical terms. Combining production-oriented approach (POA) and online course, the teachers set up study groups, design medical scenarios, assign production tasks and carry out flipped classroom teaching practice. The three stages of POA, motivating, enabling and assessing, can organically connect pre-class, in-class and after-class. This model can cultivate effectively the medical students language competency, critical thinking ability and cooperative ability and improve their humanistic quality, and at the same time, it also poses higher requirements and challenges for front-line English teachers and students.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908008

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the correlation, consistency and safety of an smartphone application (APP) in screening neonatal jaundice using the smartphone based on the image-based bilirubin (IBB) and transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB).Methods:From July to October 2018, neonates with the age ≤28 d and gestational age ≥35 weeks who were admitted to Department of Neonatal and Obstetrics, Xuzhou Central Hospital without blue light phototherapy were recruited.They were randomly divided into two groups to measure the jaundice value of skin in front of sternum by a cross-control analysis.Jaundice level in group Ⅰ was first measured using the Nezhabaobei? APP in iPhone 6, and then measured using the JM-103 transcutaneous jaundice instrument as the control device.In group Ⅱ, jaundice level was sequencially measured by the control device and the Nezhabaobei? APP.Sex, age, gestational age, birth weight and the mean value of three consecutive tests were recorded.The Pearson′s correlation analysis, Bland-Altman plots consistency analysis, t test and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 185 eligible neonates were enrolled, including 99 males and 86 females, with the median age of 5 d (3-8 d), gestational age of (37.6 ± 1.7) weeks, and birth weight of (2 950 ± 645) g. There were good correlation ( r=0.860, P<0.05) and consistency (95.1% of the samples fall within the 95% consistency interval) between IBB and TcB.Good correlation and consistency were also yielded in subgroup analyses based on the sex, age, gestational age and birth weight.The consistency was better in subgroups of ≤7 d, >37 weeks and>2 500 g. The ability of IBB to predict TcB>256.5 μmol/L was better than that of TcB>171.0 μmol/L.The area under the ROC curve was 0.93, the cut-off value was 232.6 μmol/L, the sensitivity was 96.7%, and the specificity was 82.6%.The difference of the mean values of IBB and TcB detected for 3 times was significantly lower than that obtained in the first measurement of IBB and TcB [(12.0 ± 34.4) μmol/L vs.(14.4 ± 38.6) μmol/L, P=0.038]. There were no adverse events and no defects in the device itself. Conclusions:There are good correlation and consistency between IBB and TcB.The ability of IBB to predict TcB>256.5 μmol/L is better than that of TcB>171.0 μmol/L, which is safe in clinical use.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlations between multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) atypical pleomorphic signs and pathological findings of lung metastases.Methods:From January 2012 to July 2019, the MSCT chest imaging data of 168 metastatic tumor of lung from the General Hospital of Central Theater Command of the Chinese People′s Liberation Army and Shaanxi Provincial Tumor Hospital were collected. According to the pathological type, they were divided into metastatic adenocarcinoma group ( n=88) and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma group ( n=80). The atypical imaging signs of MSCT of the two groups were observed and recorded, and classified after labeling one by one. The difference of atypical MSCT imaging features between the two groups was compared, and the correlations between lesion size and atypical imaging features of MSCT in the metastatic adenocarcinoma group and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma group were analyzed. Results:The spicule sign in metastatic adenocarcinoma and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma were 61 (69.32%) and 28 (35.00%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=19.811, P<0.001). The pleural depression sign in the two groups were 48 (54.55%) and 16 (20.00%), and there was a statistically significant difference ( χ2=21.206, P<0.001). The vacuole/cavity sign in the two groups were 10 (11.36%) and 61 (76.25%), and there was a statistically significant difference ( χ2=72.303, P<0.001). The air bronchial sign in the two groups were 43 (48.86%) and 13 (16.25%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=20.057, P<0.001). The halo sign/ground glass shadow in the two groups were 58 (65.91%) and 37 (46.25%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=6.591, P=0.010). The results of the Spearman rank correlation analysis indicated a positive correlation between the size of metastatic adenocarcinoma and spicule sign, pleural depression sign ( r=0.270, P=0.011; r=0.226, P=0.035). There was no correlation between the nodule size and atypical MSCT imaging features in metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (all P>0.05). Conclusion:The atypical MSCT of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma are mostly spicule sign, pleural depression sign, air bronchial sign and halo sign/ground glass shadow. The characteristic atypical imaging of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma is vacuole/cavity sign. The spicule sign and pleural depression sign are related to the size of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma nodules.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2911-2916, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906661

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the pharmaceutical ca re for a child with refractory Stenotrophomonas maltophilia sepsis by clinical pharmacists ,and to provide reference for the treatment of children with this disease. METHODS :Clinical pharmacist participated in drug therapy for a child with refractory S. maltophilia sepsis. Based on the pathophysiological characteristics of the child and the PK/PD characteristics of the antimicrobials ,clinical pharmacists suggested that the anti-infection regimen should be adjusted as cefoperazone sodium and sulbactam sodium 160 mg/(kg·d),every 8 hours combined with levofloxacin 10 mg/kg, every 12 hours. For clinical manifestations of severe inflammatory reaction , the clinical pharmacist suggested receiving methylprednisolone sodium succinate 1 mg/kg additionally ,every 12 hours,for anti-inflammatory adjuvant therapy. At the same time, clinical pharmacist provided individualized pharmaceutical care (including the detection of blood concentration of cefoperazone sodium and sulbactam sodium ,the detection of ADR and medication education of oxygen atomization )during the treatment,and followed up the child for one year. RESULTS :The doctors adopted the suggestions of clinical pharmacists. The sepsis was controlled ,the child ’s condition were improved and then discharged. During the follow-up ,the child did not suffered from ADR ,such as cartilage and joint injury. CONCLUSIONS :Hypoimmunity,long stay in intensive care unit ,endotracheal intubation and malignant tumor are the high risk factors of S. maltophilia infection. The monitoring of therapeutic drugs of cefoperazone sodium and sulbactam sodium is very necessary in the treatment of severe infection in children. After weighing the advantages and disadvantages and meeting certain conditions ,children can use quinolones for anti-infection ;based on the effective anti-infection treatment ,low-dose glucocorticoid can reduce the systemic inflammatory respense in patients with sepsis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906533

ABSTRACT

Dendrobium(Orchidaceae) is traditional Chinese medicine with a high healthcare value,which can nourish Yin and tonify deficiency. Eighty-nine flavonoids were isolated from Dendrobium,mainly including flavones,flavanoes and flavonols. Among them,there were 40 flavonoids,the main aglycones were apigenin and chrysoeriol;20 flavanones;and 15 flavonols,and the main aglycones were kaempferol and quercetin. D. officinale and several other species also have flavanonols,anthocyanidins,chalcone and isoflavones. There were 34 species of Dendrobium containing flavonoids,including 38 flavonoids in D. officinale,28 flavonoids in D. huoshanense,19 flavonoids in D. devonianum,12 flavonoids in D. wardianum,5 flavonoids in D. thyrsiflorum,4 flavonoids in D. denneanum and D. findlayanum. Common flavonoids included naringenin,quercetin,rutin,which had pharmacological effects of resisting oxidation,lowering blood sugar,improving blood circulation,lowing cholesterol,and protecting the cardiovascular system. The existing studies of Dendrobium-related species,flavonoids and their physiological functions were reviewed in the expectation to promote the attention of the industry to Dendrobium flavonoids and explore values of Dendrobium plants in efficacy and food fields.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906165

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is currently the most common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by insidious onset and slow progression, which has seriously endangered the physical and mental health of the elderly. It is therefore very important to carry out the early diagnosis and active prevention and treatment. Biomarkers are essential for its diagnosis. Looking for ideal biomarkers is helpful for early identification of this disease. The prevention and treatment of AD with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has always been a hot spot in scientific research due to good safety and small side effects. Proteomics is an advanced omics technology that enables the identification and characterization of proteins. Its high-throughput, dynamic, and comprehensive characteristics coincide with the concept of holism emphasized in TCM diagnosis and treatment, which makes proteomics suitable for identifying biomarkers with diagnostic potential, objectifying TCM syndrome differentiation and treatment, and developing new Chinese medicinal prescriptions for precise and targeted treatment. Although the proteomics technology is becoming increasingly mature, it still faces challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of AD. There exist such shortcomings as high heterogeneity and poor reproducibility of protein omics results, requirement for the combination with other advanced omics technologies, and high sequencing cost. In the future, the protein omics technology should be constantly updated and optimized to boost precision medicine, disease prevention, and drug research and development. This paper retrieved related articles from Pubmed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and reviewed the application of proteomics in the early diagnosis of AD and its prevention and treatment with TCM in recent years, in order to provide reference for the in-depth study of AD diagnosis as well as its prevention and treatment with TCM.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906160

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a great treasure house, exhibiting unique advantages in the treatment of some difficult and critical diseases. The incidence rate of membranous nephropathy has increased year by year in recent years, and has become the first cause of primary glomerular diseases. However, its pathogenesis is not clear. Modern medicine often uses immunosuppressive therapy, but it often faces the problems of high side effects and high recurrence rate. The China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) invited clinical experts of TCM and western medicine to fully discuss membranous nephropathy, which was later confirmed to be one of the clinical diseases responding specifically to TCM. Apart from summarizing the pathogenesis and clinical diagnosis and treatment of membranous nephropathy in both TCM and western medicine, this paper also detailed TCM cognition, syndrome differentiation, and therapeutic schemes of membranous nephropathy, aiming to improve the clinical remission rate of membranous nephropathy and provide reference for its clinical treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Fangji Huangqitang (FJHQT) on collagen induced arthritis (CIA) and synovial angiogenesis in DBA/1 mice. Method:DBA/1 mice were randomly divided into normal group, CIA group and FJHQT group. DBA/1 mice in CIA group and FJHQT group were immunized with bovine type Ⅱ collagen and complete Freund's adjuvant on the first day, and DBA/1 mice were immunized with bovine type Ⅱ collagen and incomplete Freund's adjuvant on the 21<sup>st</sup> day to establish CIA model. On the day of the second immunization, the drug was given by gavage once a day for 28 days. On the 22<sup>nd</sup> day, the arthritis score and other symptoms of CIA mice were observed. On the 49<sup>th</sup> day, Hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining was carried out to observe the angiogenesis in the synovium of CIA mice, the expression of vascular endothelial cell marker platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD31) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the synovium of CIA mice were detected. Immunofluorescence double staining was used to detect the mature and immature vessels in the synovium of CIA mice. And the microvascular growth of the rat thoracic aortic ring was induced by VEGF (20 μg·L<sup>-1</sup>). The effects of FJHQT (0.25, 0.5, 1 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) at different concentrations were observed under microscope. Result:Compared with the normal group, the inflammation, joints, red and swelling of the inflammatory joints of the CIA group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The scores of clinical arthritis, the incidence rate, synovial inflammation and angiogenesis were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The density of blood vessels, the positive expression of CD31 and VEGF, the number of immature vessels in synovial membrane were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). And compared with the CIA group, the inflammation, joint swelling, and malformation of the FJHQT group were significantly improved, the clinical arthritis score, incidence rate, synovial inflammation and angiogenesis were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The vascular density, the positive expression of CD31 and VEGF, and the number of immature blood vessels in synovial membrane were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with blank group, VEGF could significantly induce the growth of microvasculature in rat thoracic aortic ring (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with VEGF group, FJHQT(0.25, 0.5, 1 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) could significantly inhibit the formation of microvasculature in rat thoracic aortic ring (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:FJHQT can effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms and condition of CIA mice, reduce the clinical arthritis score and incidence rate,and inhibit the synovial angiogenesis of CIA mice joints and VEGF induced microvascular formation in rat thoracic aortic rings.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904637

ABSTRACT

Mosquitoes are the main vectors of many infectious diseases, including malaria and yellow fever, which seriously threaten human health across the world. In addition to the use of chemical insecticides, genetic control is a new attempt to currently available interventions used for mosquito vector control. In terms of ecological safety, however, symbiotic control as a novel approach has been proposed for mosquito control. Since there are multiple symbiotic microflora inhabiting in a variety of tissues of mosquitoes, including the digestive tract, they may affect the transmission of mosquito-borne infectious diseases through affecting the lifespan, reproductive competence, and vector competence of the host. In this review, the interactions between symbionts in mosquitoes were summarized, and the research progress of mosquito-associated symbionts in the management of mosquitoborne infectious diseases was reviewed.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2738-2748, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888885

ABSTRACT

Synthetic lethality is a proven effective antitumor strategy that has attracted great attention. Large-scale screening has revealed many synthetic lethal genetic phenotypes, and relevant small-molecule drugs have also been implemented in clinical practice. Increasing evidence suggests that CDKs, constituting a kinase family predominantly involved in cell cycle control, are synthetic lethal factors when combined with certain oncogenes, such as

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common infection complication after kidney transplantation, and the reports of the incidence vary greatly among different centers. This study aims to explore the risk factors for UTI after kidney transplantation with the donation from brain death (DBD) and the impact on graft function, thus to provide theoretical basis for comprehensive prevention and treatment of UTI after kidney transplantation.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory data of DBD kidney transplantation from January 2017 to December 2018 in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Patients were assigned into an UTI group and a non-UTI group. The base line characteristics, post-transplant complications, and graft function were compared between the 2 groups. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for UTI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 212 DBD kidney transplant recipients were enrolled in this study. UTI occurred in 44 (20.75%) patients after transplantation. The female, the time of indwelling catheter, and postoperative urinary fistula were independent risk factors for UTI after DBD kidney transplantation. A total of 19 strains of gram-positive bacteria, 12 strains of gram-negative bacteria , and 10 strains of fungi were isolated from the urine of 44 UTI patients. The UTI after kidney transplantation significantly increased time of hospital stay (@*CONCLUSIONS@#UTI after DBD kidney transplantation transplantation affects the renal function at 3 months and increases the patient's economic burden.


Subject(s)
Brain Death , Female , Humans , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Urinary Tract Infections/etiology
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4008-4019, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922456

ABSTRACT

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has emerged as an intractable cancer with scanty therapeutic regimens. The aberrant activation of Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) are reported to be common in CCA patients. However, the underpinning mechanism remains poorly understood. Deubiquitinase (DUB) is regarded as a main orchestrator in maintaining protein homeostasis. Here, we identified Josephin domain-containing protein 2 (JOSD2) as an essential DUB of YAP/TAZ that sustained the protein level through cleavage of polyubiquitin chains in a deubiquitinase activity-dependent manner. The depletion of JOSD2 promoted YAP/TAZ proteasomal degradation and significantly impeded CCA proliferation

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922046

ABSTRACT

In order to reduce the working intensity of medical staff in inspecting patients during traditional infusion, a remote monitoring system for intravenous infusion is designed for solving the problem of delay in handling treatment during infusion process and to reduce the incidence of medical accidents. The system uses Visual Basic.NET language to develop the upper computer platform for infusion monitoring. It uses the Arduino control board and infrared photoelectric sensor to form a monitoring device to detect relevant information. At the same time, it uses Zigbee wireless sensing technology to transmit data and upload it to the software platform. The results show that the system can receive data from multiple monitoring terminal devices in the upper computer platform application interface at the same time. It can display the data in the nurse station in a graphical way, and perform alarm warning and information storage during the infusion process. The infusion monitoring system can observe the monitoring situation in real time, reduce the workload of medical staff, and further improve the operating efficiency and safety of the hospital.


Subject(s)
Computers , Electrocardiography , Equipment Design , Humans , Monitoring, Physiologic , Wireless Technology
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