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1.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 554-557, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study performed of develop a mice model of allergic diseases induced by crude extractings from populus pollen.Methods: A total of 60 BALB/c mice were divided randomly into there groups:normal control group,Albumin Egg(OVA) group and populus pollen model group with 20 in each.Mices were repeatedly sensitized by intraperitoneal injections of OVA or crude populus pollen extract every 5 d for four doses.Five days after the last sensitization,mices were repeatedly challenged by once daily antigen from 21-25 d.The changes of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) were stained with hematoxylin and eosin(HE) to evaluate the degree of allergic inflammation.PAS staining was used to observe the secretion of airway mucus;The changes of the nasal mucosas and lungs of mice were stained with HE to evaluate the degree of allergic inflammation.And the average optical density of IL-4 and IFN-γ positive cells in lung tissue was measured by immunohistochemistry.The total IgE in the serum was also measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay(ELISA).Results: Compared with the mice in normal control group,those in OVA group and model group developed obvious allergic inflammation in the nasal mucosas and lungs,and increased airway mucus secretion.The number of inflammatory cells including eosinophil and neutrophils markedly increased in BALF smear.The average optical density of IL-4 positive cells in lung tissue was all increased in OVA group and model group compared with those in normal control group,and the average optical density of IFN-γ in lung tissue was on the contrary.The total IgE in the serum were all increased in OVA group and model group compared with those in normal control group,and the IFN-γ in the serum was significantly reduced in OVA group and model group compared with those in normal control group.Conclusion: Taken together,crude populus pollen extract can successfully induce a mice model of allergic diseases.This model is a useful tool in studying the mechanisms of allergic disease.

2.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 57-60, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507138

ABSTRACT

Notch signaling is one of the most important signaling pathways in vertebrates and inverte -brates.It regulates apoptosis,proliferation,differentiation and so on.The up -regulation,down -regulation or structural changes of Notch signal are closely related to the development of various malignant tumors .In the pres-ent study,four Notch phenotypes(Notch1-4)have been identified,which bind to their ligands respectively (Jag-ged1,Jagged2,Delta1,Delta3,Delta4).Notch plays an important role in a variety of malignant tumors .This review focuses on the role of Notch in a variety of solid malignancies ,including its role in the process of tumor develop-ment and treatment .

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475036

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of foramen magnum decompression alone and foramen magnum decompression + Syrinx-shunt in the treatment of Chiari anomalies with syringomyelia.Methods Forty-nine Chiari anomalies with syringomyelia patients were selected,28 patients performed foramen magnum decompression alone (surgical method Ⅰ group),21 patients performed foramen magnum decompression + Syrinx-shunt (surgical method Ⅱ group).The treatment efficacy was evaluated by postoperative clinical effect and MRI review.Results In surgical method Ⅰ group,effective in 18 cases,invalid in 10 cases,the effective rate was 64.3% (18/28).In surgical method Ⅱ group,effective in 19 cases,invalid in 2 cases,the effective rate was 90.5%(19/21).There was statistical difference (x2 =4.45,P =0.034).Conclusion Foramen magnum decompression + Syrinx-shunt is effective in the treatment of Chiari anomalies with syringomyelia,which is applicable for these patients and has a more precise consequence than foramen magnum decompression alone.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412432

ABSTRACT

Through the analysis of the problems of health service delivery system in rural areas and the causes of the abnormal operation of the three-tier rural health service network, this article probed into the continuity of health service in rural China. These issues are observed from the aspects of continuity of disciplines, institutions, relationship and health information. Policy recommendations include remolding the institutional relations in the three-tier rural health service network, constructing reasonable supporting environment and improving the health delivery quality.

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