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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of family function on the psychological resilience of mothers of premature infants.Method:Totally 2 836 mothers of premature infants who met the inclusion criteria were investigated with general information questionnaire, family APGAR index (APGAR) and Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC) in three third-class A general hospitals and two specialty hospitals in Ningxia.SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Pearson correlation was used to analyze the relationship between psychological resilience and family function of preterm mothers.Hierarchical regression was used to analyze the impact of family function on psychological resilience of preterm mothers.Results:Total score of resilience scale in mothers of premature infants was (68.38±16.59) and the total score of family function was (9.07±1.53). There were 1 550 cases with good family function and 1 286 cases with family dysfunction.The total score of psychological elasticity and the score of all dimensions in the group with good family function were higher than those in the group with family dysfunction( P<0.05). The total score of psychological elasticity ( r=0.771, P<0.01) and self-improvement ( r=0.410, P<0.05), tenacity ( r=0.492, P<0.01), optimism( r=0.438, P<0.05) were positively correlated with family function.Stratified regression analysis showed that cooperation( β=1.016) and intimacy( β=0.389) were the important influencing factors of preterm mothers' psychological resilience ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Psychological resilience of mothers of premature infants is closely related to their family function.Good family function can help mothers of premature infants improve their psychological resilience and promote their mental health.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effect of kangaroo mother care on anxiety and parenting stress in premature mothers during hospitalization.Methods:From January to December 2018, 230 premature mothers were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Ningxia Medical University General Hospital.They were randomly divided into the intervention group( n=114) and the control group( n=116). The premature infants in control group only implemented routine developmental support care.The premature infants in the intervention group was on the basis of routine developmental support care, 2 hours per day of kangaroo mother care was performed from the 2nd day incharge to discharge.Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and Parenting Stress Index-Short Form was performed using the 2nd day and the 14th day of hospitalization, and the two groups of premature mothers were evaluated for anxiety and parenting stress. Results:There were no significant differences in the scores of PSS: NICU((3.65±0.91) vs (3.63±0.91)) and PSI-SF((90.32±8.95) vs (90.12±7.17))(both P>0.05) between the two groups on the 2nd day of hospitalization (before intervention). On the 14th day of hospitalization (after intervention), the total scores ((2.57±0.80) vs (3.47±0.93))and each dimension scores of PSS: NICU in the intervention group were lower than those in the control group (first part (2.41±0.78) vs (3.81±0.73), second part (2.61±0.71) vs (3.14±0.83), third part (2.75±0.86) vs (3.57±1.06), fourth part(2.49±0.80) vs (3.35±0.94))( P<0.01). In addition, the total score of PSI-SF((79.09±8.02) vs (89.46±8.74)), parenting Distress((32.32±9.48) vs (37.15±9.67)), Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction((24.26±5.07) vs (27.34±5.26)), and Difficult Child scores((22.51±4.88) vs (24.97±5.05)) in the intervention group were lower than those in the control group( P<0.01). Conclusion:Kangaroo mother care can reduce the anxiety of premature mothers during hospitalization and help relieve the parenting stress of premature mothers.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756148

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of early essential newborn care (EENC) on body temperature and short-term clinical outcomes of vaginally born preterm infants at 1 h after birth. Methods This was a prospective case-control study. A total of 97 premature infants, who were born vaginally between 34-37 weeks in the Obstetrics Department of General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 1 to December 31, 2017 and admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit were enrolled as intervention group. Another 103 premature infants, who were born vaginally in the Obstetrics Department of Yinchuan Maternal and Child Health Hospital at the same period were enrolled as control group. EENC-based treatment and management were implemented to infants in the intervention group, such as thorough drying immediately, 30 min skin-to-skin contact immediately and delayed cord clamping after birth, etc., while those in the control group were managed based on routine protocol. Chi-square test was used to compare the incidence of hypothermia, hypoglycemia and hypoxemia between the two groups at 1 h after birth. The general condition and the time of colostrum secretion were compared by two independent sample t-test. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of hypothermia. Results At last, 96 participants in the intervention group and 102 in the control group were analyzed. Compared with the control group, the intervention group showed lower incidence of hypothermia [17.7% (17/96) vs 37.3% (38/102), χ2=9.418, P=0.002], hypoglycemia [9.4% (9/96) vs 19.6% (20/102), χ2=4.142, P=0.042] and hypoxemia [14.6% (14/96) vs 28.4% (29/102), χ2=5.578, P=0.018] at 1 h after birth and earlier colostrum secretion [(18.3±2.4) vs (31.4±3.5) min, t=32.463, P<0.001]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that birth weight <2 500 g ( OR=2.483, 95% CI : 1.731-3.234, P=0.025), gestational age<36 weeks (OR=1.899, 95%CI : 1.325-2.472, P=0.012), room temperature between 22-24℃in the delivery ward (OR=2.465, 95% CI: 1.279-4.754, P=0.007), no-skin contact (OR=2.958, 95%CI: 1.435-4.481, P=0.023) and rapid and simple drying ( OR=2.467, 95% CI : 1.285-4.736, P=0.006) were the risk factors for hypothermia in premature infants. Conclusions EENC can reduce the incidence of hypothermia, hypoglycemia and hypoxemia in premature infants at 1 h after birth and may be helpful for early colostrum secretion.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752656

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the decannulation difficult reason and the application of multidisciplinary cooperation of 1 case of premature neonate with leg vein organic compound formation. Methods Through the PICC decannulation difficult reason analysis and processing, drawing tube under multidisciplinary cooperation comprehensive intervention. Results Children managed to root out PICC under digital subtraction angiography (DSA), but organic compound in the popliteal vein remained. No organic compound falling off and blood clots occurrd after 6-month follow-up. Conclusion For neonatal PICC decannulation difficult, we can give appropriate postures, wet hot compress, local massage method, as well as ultrasound for confirmation of presence of thrombus when necessary, such as machine compound and fibrin sheath formation. Application of multidisciplinary cooperation can improve the success rate of minimally invasive decannulation. According to the cause of decannulation difficult and take effective preventive measures is the key point of PICC catheter nursing.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802990

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the decannulation difficult reason and the application of multidisciplinary cooperation of 1 case of premature neonate with leg vein organic compound formation.@*Methods@#Through the PICC decannulation difficult reason analysis and processing, drawing tube under multidisciplinary cooperation comprehensive intervention.@*Results@#Children managed to root out PICC under digital subtraction angiography (DSA), but organic compound in the popliteal vein remained. No organic compound falling off and blood clots occurrd after 6-month follow-up.@*Conclusion@#For neonatal PICC decannulation difficult, we can give appropriate postures, wet hot compress, local massage method, as well as ultrasound for confirmation of presence of thrombus when necessary, such as machine compound and fibrin sheath formation. Application of multidisciplinary cooperation can improve the success rate of minimally invasive decannulation. According to the cause of decannulation difficult and take effective preventive measures is the key point of PICC catheter nursing.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800933

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the influence of early essential newborn care(EENC) on the development of omphalitis in preterm infants following normal delivery.@*Methods@#A total of 184 preterm infants, admitted to General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 2017 to December 2017, were retrospectively collected as EENC group. During the same period, 161 preterm infants who were born in Yinchuan Maternal and Child Health Hospital were included in the control group. Preterm infants in EENC group were managed based on the clinical practice guideline of "Early Essential Newborn Care", while those in the control group underwent routine care after birth. The incidence of omphalitis between the two groups were compared using independent-samples t test and Chi-square test. Influencing factors of omphalitis were analyzed using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*Results@#The incidence of mild omphalitis was lower [5.4% (10/184) vs 11.8% (19/161), χ2=4.520, P<0.05], and the separation and drying up time of cord stump were both earlier in the EENC group than those in the control group [(5.5±1.5) vs (8.2±1.2) d, t=4.169; (2.6±1.4) vs (3.2±1.4) d, t=4.513; both P<0.05]. Logistic regression analysis showed that gestational age≤34 weeks (OR=1.885, 95%CI: 1.109-6.757, P=0.032), early umbilical cord clamping (OR=3.615, 95%CI: 1.372-9.381, P=0.001) and bandaging of the umbilical stump (OR=1.921, 95%CI: 1.257-11.893, P=0.035) were independent risk factors of omphalitis in preterm infants.@*Conclusions@#Umbilical cord treatment based on EENC could reduce the incidence of omphalitis by avoiding its risk factors in preterm infants following normal delivery.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1618-1623, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800282

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the AIDS awareness and related factors as well as the demands for AIDS-related health education programs, among first-grade students from three senior high schools in Tianjin.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study using both stratified cluster and convenient sampling methods was conducted. Anonymous questionnaires including social demographic characteristics, AIDS-related knowledge and needs for AIDS health education were distributed to the first-grade students from two general middle schools and one vocational senior middle school in Tianjin.@*Results@#A total of 1 082 students were responding to the questionnaires. Among them, the overall awareness rates of AIDS-related knowledge were 34.3%(371/1 082), 71.9%(778/1 082) of the students had received knowledge about AIDS and 59.4% (643/1 082) of the students had received knowledge about sexual health in the past, from the three schools. There appeared statistical differences among the two types of schools. 7.0% (76/1 082) of the students reported having had sexual behaviors. Results from the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that, in vocational senior middle school, the awareness rate of AIDS knowledge was lower (compared with general middle school, OR=0.41, 95%CI: 0.29-0.59) and in the following items, including no need in receiving safe sex health knowledge (compared with needs of safe sex health knowledge, OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.43-0.91), no interests in reading AIDS-related health education materials (compared with attention to AIDS health education materials, OR=0.41, 95%CI: 0.30-0.56), not aware of safe sex behavior (compared with aware of safe sex behavior, OR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.39-0.77), not aware of correct condom use, compared with aware of correct condom use (OR=0.33, 95%CI: 0.24-0.46).@*Conclusions@#The overall awareness rate of AIDS knowledge was low among the first-grade students in Tianjin. Some students reported of already having had insertive sex, sexual health knowledge has a significant impact on AIDS knowledge, suggesting that sexual health education and AIDS health education among high school students be strengthened in Tianjin.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712543

ABSTRACT

The authors analyzed the opportunities and challenges faced by nurses in the time of elderly care with medical support using SWOT analysis, for the purpose of suggestions for the development of nurses to cope with such new scenario. Advantages of the nurses in such a time are as follows: professional nursing care, holistic care ability, and standardized assessment skill. Their disadvantages include: poor team leadership, insufficient business and management skills, and poor motivation for personal development. Their opportunities include: guidance of the national strategy, innovation of " Internet plus", and flexible working hours. Their challenges include: room of improvements for both quantity and quality of nursing personnel, better efficiency for integration and allocation of resources, and better capability to leverage" Smart elderly care". Four suggestions are raised in this regard, i. e., to strengthen the ability for elderly care with medical support, to improve multidisciplinary coordination, to cultivate their entrepreneurship, and to improving the ability of information application.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700320

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the therapeutic effect and clinical significance of pelvic floor rehabilitation technique in female with myofascial chronic pelvic pain (MCPP) by detecting the pressure pain thresholds (PPTs). Methods One hundred healthy female (control group) and 324 female MCPP patients (observation group) from January 2009 to December 2016 were selected. Automatic body surface and vaginal pressure pain detector was applied to detect two groups′PPTs of the 34 spots. The difference of PPTs at each spot was analyzed in two groups. In addition, 51 patients with moderate and severe MCPP were selected to record the changes of PPTs and pain scores before and after the treatment of pelvic floor rehabilitation technique. Results The average PPTs of the abdomen, vulva, pelvic floor and vaginal front and back fornix, bilateral adnexa uteri and sacrouterine ligament in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.01 or<0.05). The average PPTs of the abdomen, vulva, pelvic floor muscles and vaginal front and back fornix, bilateral adnexa uteri and sacrouterine ligament of 51 MCPP patients after treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment (P<0.01). After treatment, PPTs and pain scores of the pelvic floor muscles, bilateral adnexa uteri, bilateral sacrouterine ligament, bilateral sacral spine ligament and vaginal front and back fornix were negatively correlated (r =- 0.78 to- 0.19, P = 0.01 to 0.04); there was a negative correlation between the PPTs and pain scores of the left and right latissimus dorsi (r=-0.28, P=0.04;r=-0.32, P=0.02). The complete remission rate with the pelvic floor rehabilitation technique in 51 patients with MCPP was 9.8%(5/51), the significant remission rate was 90.2%(46/51), and the total remission rate was 100.0% (51/51). Conclusions Compared with the normal healthy ones, female with MCPP has lower PPTs in the abdomen, perineum, vagina and pelvic floor. The effect of pelvic floor rehabilitation technique on MCPP is well, which can increase patients′PPTs to reduce pain scores. It is a worthwhile method to treat these diseases.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700235

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of three-dimensional ultrasonic technique in precise pelvic floor reparation. Methods One hundred and twenty-six patients with Ⅱ - Ⅳ degree pelvic organ prolapse were selected. The patients were divided into traditional group (57 cases, transvaginal hysterectomy and vaginal wall reparation) and study group (69 cases, transvaginal hysterectomy and vaginal wall reparation combined with indication of transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasound). The changes of perioperative indexes and postoperative recurrence rate were compared between 2 groups. Results There were no statistical differences in surgery time, intraoperative blood loss, retention catheterization time postoperative exhaust and defecation time duration in hospital and postoperative complication between 2 groups (P>0.05). The subjective and objective cure rate 3 months after operation in both groups was 100.0% ; there were no statistical differences 6 months after operation between 2 groups (P>0.05). The objective cure rates 12 and 24 months after operation in study group were significantly higher than those in traditional group: 20.0% (11/55) vs. 7.5% (5/67) and 27.3% (15/55) vs. 11.9% (8/67), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). Conclusions The recurrence rate of precise traditional pelvic floor reparation with the guidance of transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasound is significantly lower than that of traditional pelvic floor reparation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697010

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application effect of APP in continuing care of discharged patients with condylar fracture after operation. Methods By convenience sampling,from September 2016 to March 2017 in a ward of oral and maxillofacial surgery and received surgical treatment of condylar fracture patients 81 cases, randomly divided into observation group (41 cases) and control group (40 cases).On the basis of routine health education,the observation group carried out continuous care by APP, while the control group received routine health education. The opening type, opening degree, occlusion relation and temporomandibular joint pain in two groups were compared at 6 months after discharge. Results The results of 6 months, the patients in the observation group were open type, occlusion and TMJ pain were better than the control group, the opening degree of the observation group was (35.51 ± 4.34) mm, control group was (31.28 ± 4.57) mm, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(t=-4.28,P<0.05).There was no statistical difference between the two groups of occlusion and temporomandibular joint pain (P>0.05). Conclusions APP can improve the open type, opening and occlusal relation and temporomandibular joint pain in patients with condylar fracture after operation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511522

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the reasonable dose of hydromorphone hydrochloride in the elderly patients after hip surgery. Methods 120 cases of elderly patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty in Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University from April 2016 to July 2016 were divided into six groups randomely,with 20 cases each group,they were 0.020,0.035,0.050,0.065,0.080 and 0.095mg/mL group,the corresponding concentrations of HYD were given to each group after surgery,blood rheology, inflammatory cytokine, VAS and Ramsay sedation scores were observed at different time points, Complications were recorded. Results One day and three days after operation,whole blood viscosity and whole blood reduced viscosity level of six groups were significantly increased (P<0.05),with the increase of the concentration of HYD,whole blood viscosity and whole blood reducing viscosity of each group decreased,compared with 0.020-0.050 mg/mL group,the 0.065-0.095 mg/mL group was lower (P<0.05).One day and three days after operation,the levels of inflammatory cytokines were increased in six groups (P<0.05),with the increase of the concentration of HYD,the level of inflammatory factors decreased,compared with 0.020-0.050 mg/mL group,the 0.065-0.095 mg/mL group was lower (P<0.05).The VAS scores of six groups were decreased in different degree with the prolongation of time, with the increase of the concentration of HYD,VAS at different time after operation decreased to some extent (P<0.05),compared with 0.020-0.035 mg/mL group,the 0.050-0.095 mg/mL group was lower (P<0.05). Ramsay sedation scores increased in 0.020-0.035mg/mL group and decreased in 0.065-0.095mg/mL group,but no significant change in 0.050mg/mL group. The incidence of adverse reactions was the lowest in the 0.050 mg/mL group. Conclusion HYD can be used for postoperative analgesia in elderly patients undergoing hip joint surgery,the concentration of HYD was correlated with the analgesic efficiency, and the recommended concentration was 0.050 mg/mL.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501929

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the perceived control of lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and to explore its influencing factors. Methods A total of 185 patients with lung cancer were recruited and assessed by homemade general information questionnaire and the Cancer Experience and Efficacy Scale. Results The total score of cancer experience during chemotherapy in patients with lung cancer was (62.50±6.99) points. The total score of efficacy during chemotherapy in patients with lung cancer was (42.52±8.08) points. Single factor analysis showed the influencing factors of perceived control were personal income, sex, education, metastasis, surgical treatment and stage of disease. Conclusions The cancer-related experience and efficacy of patients with lung cancer is at middle level. Health-care worker should pay attention to the impact of lung cancer patients and take effective measures to mitigate the negative cancer-related experience, thereby improving the perceived control of the lung cancer patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 369-373, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466413

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of obesity on blood pressure variation and plasma levels of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin (ET) in elderly hypertensive patients.Methods A total of 175 elderly patients with hypertension were screened for this study.Based on body mass index,they were categorized into three groups with normal weight (n =69),overweight (n=56) and obesity (n=50).24 hour dynamic blood pressure,NO and ET levels were monitored.Results No significant differences in 24 h systolic blood pressure,daytime systolic blood pressure,nighttime systolic blood pressure,24 hours diastolic blood pressure (24 h-DBP) and night time diastolic blood pressure were found among the groups (all P>0.05).Morning systolic and diastolic blood pressure were higher in obese group than in normal weight and overweight groups(both P<0.05).The daytime diastolic blood pressure was higher in obese group than in overweight group.24 h systolic blood pressure variation,daytime systolic blood pressure variation,and blood pressure pattern were higher in obese group than in overweight and normal weight group [(12.6 ± 2.7)% vs.(10.4 ±2.2)% and (9.4±1.9)%,(12.2±2.9)% vs.(10.2±2.2)% and (9.2±2.1)%,(5.2±10.5)%vs.(1.4± 6.9) % and (1.8 ± 8.2) % group,all P< 0.05].The nighttime systolic blood pressure variation,24 h diastolic blood pressure variation,daytime diastolic blood pressure variation were increased in obese group as compared with normal weight group [(9.8 ± 3.7)% vs.(8.2 ± 3.1)%,(15.3±3.3)% vs.(13.2±4.2)%,(14.7±3.7)% vs.(12.9±3.8)%,all P<0.05].No differences were found in nighttime diastolic blood pressure variation among the groups.Plasma NO level was lower in obese group than in overweight and normal weight group [(29.8± 14.2)μmol/L vs.(47.9± 18.6) μmol/L and (94.6 ± 42.9) μmol/L,P<0.01].Plasma ET level was significantly higher in obese group than in overweight group and normal weight group [(46.5± 9.8)ng/L vs.(37.3±4.8) ng/L and (31.1± 5.5) ng/L,P<0.01].24 h systolic blood pressure variation was significantly correlated with plasma NO level (r =0.340,P =0.004) in normal weight group.Conclusions Obesity can effectively increase blood pressure variation and ET level,and reduce plasma NO level in elderly hypertensive patients.Obesity is one of the most important influencing factors for blood pressure variation,plasma NO and ET levels.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470768

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of interleukin-17 (IL-17) in spinal dorsal horns in neuropathic pain (NP) in rats and its effect on activation of astrocytes.Methods In vivo experiment Sixty-four male SPF Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 180-200 g,were randomly divided into 3 groups using a random number table:control group (group C,n =16),sham operation group (group S,n =24) and group NP (n =24).The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal pentobarbital sodium,the L5,6 spinal nerves of the left side of the rat were gently separated and exposed,tightly ligated with 5-0 silk suture and transected.In group S,the L5,6 spinal nerves of the left side of the rat were only exposed.In group C,no operation was performed.Mechanical pain threshold was measured at day 1 before operation and days 1,3,5,7,10 and 14 after operation.The expression of IL-17,IL-6,IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) mRNA in the spinal dorsal horn was determined using quantitative real-time PCR at day 7 and day 14 after operation.At day 7 after operation,the activation of astrocytes in the spinal dorsal horn was detected.In vitro experiment Primarily cultured astrocytes of neonatal rats were randomly divided into 4 groups using a random number table:control group (group C,n=22),10 ng/ml IL-17 group (I10 group,n=18),50 ng/ml IL-17 group (I50 group,n-18) and 100 ng/ml IL-17 group (I100 group,n=22).In I10,I50 and I100 groups,the astrocytes were incubated with the culture medium containing 10,50 and 100 ng/ml IL-17,respectively.The proliferation of astrocytes was detected by MTT at 24,48 and 72 h of incutation or culture.The expression of IL-6,IL-1β and TNF-α mRNA was determined using quantitative real-time PCR.Results In vivo experiment Compared with group C,the mechanical pain threshold was significantly decreased at 3-14 days after operation,the expression of IL-17,IL-6 and IL-1β mRNA in the spinal dorsal horn was up-regualted at 7 days after operation,and the activation of astrocytes was increased in group NP,and no significant change was detected in the mechanical pain threshold at each time point after operation in group S.In vitro experiment Compared with group C,the proliferation of astrocytes was significantly increased at 48 h of incubation in I10 and I50 groups,the proliferation of astrocytes was significantly increased at 48 and 72 h of incubation,and the expression of IL-6 and IL-1β mRNA was up-regulated in I100 group,and no significant change was found in the proliferation of astrocytes in group S.Conclusion Up-regulated expression of IL-17 in spinal dorsal horns may be involved in the maintenance of NP,and the mechanism is related to promoted activation of astrocytes and induced inflammatory responses in rats.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 221-224, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295671

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of increased-intensity conditioning regimen with FBCA (Fludarabine, Busulfan, Cyclophosphamide, and Antithymocyte globulin) for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2000 to June 2011, twenty-two patients (male 12, female 10) with SAA underwent allo-HSCT with FBCA conditioning regimen which consisted of fludarabine (30 mg·m⁻²·d⁻¹×5 d), busulfan (3 mg/kg×2 d), cyclophosphamide (60 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹×2 d) and ATG (2.5 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹×5 d). GVHD prophylaxis was performed by cyclosporine and short-term course methotrexate. Nine patients received mobilized peripheral blood stem cells transplantation and 13 patients underwent mobilized peripheral blood combined with bone marrow stem cells. Fourteen cases were human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related donors, while the other 8 cases were HLA-haploidentical transplantation. Engraftment was documented by short tandem repeats with polymerase chain reaction (STR-PCR) on approximately day + 30, + 90, + 180, + 1 year and + 2 year, respectively. Long-term survival and transplantation-related complications were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients obtained prompt and sustained hematopoietic reconstitution. Median time for neutrophil and PLT engraftment was 15 (range: 11-22) days and 16 (range: 12-27) days, respectively. All patients were full donor chimerism identified by STR-PCR. 2 of the total 22 cases (9.1%) had grade I-III acute GVHD and 3 (15.8%) was chronic GVHD. Three patients (13.6%) died of transplantation related mortality and the other 19 cases were disease-free survival with a median time of 24 (range: 0.5-140.5) months. The causes of death were cytomegalovirus pneumonia (n=1), acute GVHD (n=1) and severe pulmonary infection (n=1).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Increased-intensity of FBCA conditioning regimen could favor donor stem cell sustained engraftment for allo-HSCT in SAA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anemia, Aplastic , Therapeutics , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Graft Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors , Transplantation Conditioning , Methods , Transplantation, Homologous , Vidarabine , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447400

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to prepare solid dispersions of Acanthopanax leaves total flavonoids in order to im-prove its bioavailability. PEG4000, PEG6000, F68, PVPK30 were used as carrier materials in the preparation of four different types of solid dispersion to screen the best type of carrier material and evaluate the amount of carrier mate-rial and its influence on the drug dissolution. Rutin was used as reference substance. NaNO2-Al(NO3)3-NaOH was used as the color system, with a UV spectrophotometer measured absorbance at 500 nm. The dissolution characteris-tics of different proportions of solid dispersions were examined in vitro. The results showed that compared with raw material, the in vitro drug release rate with PVPK30 as carrier material in the obtained solid dispersion of the pro-portion of the raw material was significantly improved, and the cumulative release rate was also increased significant-ly. It was concluded that the solid dispersion prepared by solvent method significantly improved in vitro drug release in water.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394380

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the correlation between residual urine volume after catheterization and body positions for patients with spinal cord injury using B-ultrasonography. Methods 34 patients with spinal cord injury were randomly selected, the residual urine volume in urinary bladder was detected with bed-side B-ultrasonography under different body positions such as supine position, lateral position and fowler position, the results underwent variance analysis. Results No significant difference was seen in residual urine volume in urinary bladder under different body positions. Conclusions Body positions play no significant influence on residual urine volume in urinary bladder after catheterization.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392289

ABSTRACT

Objective To know the faculty experiences of patients in ICU during the course of oretracheal intutation, analyze the influence of related stressor in ICU on patients, and then carry out certaincounter nursing measures according to the results.Methods Phenomenological approach was adopted in this research, 8 patients with orotracheal intubtion received interviews, the data collected from the interviews were analyzed thematically. Results Three themes were showed: a series of mental and psychiatric symptom, obviously emotional change and the aggravation of local irritation. Conclusions Scientific ICU should be build by related nursing managers, the individualization and humanization nursing cares should be used for patients in ICU to promote nursing quality.

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