Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 43
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415311

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the distribution of Schistosoma japonicum infected Oncomelania snails in the marshland of Dangting Lake region,and explore the effects of gradient and vegetation on the distribution of the infected snails.Methods Three marshland areas in upstream and downstream of Dongting Lake were selected.The snail distribution was investigated and the ground elevation was assessed (Wusong's elevation of zero)and the vegetation types were also recorded from 1987-1989 and 2009.Results In the 3 types of snail habitats of the marshland,the average rate of areas with infected snails was 35.5%,and the snails mainly distributed beside the embankment and slope zone.More infected snails were found in the high altitude and steep slope zone,while no infected snails were found in the low altitude and flat slope zone,and reed areas as well.Conclusion The Schistosoma japonicum infected snails in the marshland of Dongting Lake mainly distribute beside the embankment and slope zoon,and are correlated with the water level in flood seasons and the activities of definitive hosts.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408052

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tendon injury and dysfunction often occurs in military training, but the exactly epidemiological, pathological, physiological, healing and remodeling mechanisms of tendonopathy is still unclear, even the pain due to chronic tendon dysfunction should be further studied.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of forced training on the muscular strength of ankle joint and the cross-sectional area (CSA) of achilles tendon of infantry soldiers, and look for effective training methods.DESIGN: One-sample contrasting study.SETTING: Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA; InStitute of Military Training-related Medical Sciences, the 150 Hospital of Chinese PLA.PARTICIPANTS: The study was carried out in the Institute of Military Training-related Medical Sciences, the 150 Hospital of Chinese PLA from March to June 2004. Thirty male light infantry recruits and thirty one-year-trained male soldiers were regarded as recruit group and one-year soldier group. The enlisted age ranged from 17 to 18 years. Recruits did not have the history of special training and injury of ankle joints. All of them were able to undertake routinely physical training.METHODS: The recruits participated in routinely physical trainings, such as grenade throwing and 5 km cross-country race, and forced trainings, such as dorsiflexors and plantarflexors on ankle joint, twice a day for each training item for 8 successive weeks. The forced training included calf raise for 50 times and sit-ups for 50 times on 45° arched board.Moreover, one-year soldiers were undertaken routinely physical trainings. Eight weeks later, the isokinetic testing of ankle joint and CSA of achilles tendon were measured before and after trainings.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparisons of CSA of achilles tendon and changes of muscular strength of ankle joint between recruits before routine training and after 8-week forced training and one-year soldiers after routine training.RESULTS: All 60 soldiers were involved in the final analysis. Partial correlation was showed between CSA and body weight (r =0.446, P=0.015), and there was no difference in CSA before and after training. The relative peak torque, endurance and torque acceleration energy of plantarflexors, dorsiflexors and evertors were distinctively higher in recruit group and one-year soldier group after training than those in recruit group before training (P < 0.05); however, there was no difference between recruit group and one-year soldier group after training.CONCLUSION: Forced training method can improve physical readiness in a short time. No changes of CSA of achilles tendon after training show that the improvement of ankle muscular strength may be through the rebuilding of its inner-structure rather than through the hypertrophy of the tendon.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407957

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Traditional imaging examinations have lower sensitivity in diagnosing articular cartilage injury, and the effects of biomarkers in body fluid on diagnosing severity of cartilage injury should be evaluated.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of the biomarkers, including cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), matrix metalloproteinases-1 (MMP-1), matrix metalloproteinases-3 (MMP-3) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), in serum and synovial fluid in evaluating the early sports injury of articular cartilage.DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial.SETTING: the 105 Central Hospital of Chinese PLA.MATERIALS: Eighteen adult male hybrid dogs (15-25 kg, average 22.5 kg) were divided into three groups randomly: ①plain-running group (n =8): the dogs ran on the plain; ② slope-running group (n =8): the dogs ran on the slope of 10°; ③control group (n =2): the dogs could move freely.METHODS: Dogs in the plain-running group and slope-running group were trained daily, rurning for an hour in the morning and in the afternoon respectively(total two hours per day), 4 m/s, and the training lasted for 10 weeks. Serum and synovial fluid were collected on the dayof training, and at the 2nd, 4th, 8th and 10th weeks respectively in both the plain-running group and slope-running group, and the concentrations of COMP,MMP-1, MMP-3, TIMP-1 were detected with ELISA. Standard curves were built by the standard concentrations and A values, according to which corresponding concentrations of specimens were obtained. Knee joint MRI examination was performed, and the training was canceled on the day of examination. All the dogs were killed after 10 weeks, and the knee joint cartilages weight loading region of femur condyles were observed histologically.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Concentrations of COMP, MMP-1, MMP-3, TIMP-1 in serum and synovial fluid on the day of training, and the 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks in each group; Results of MRI examination of knee joint; Results of the histological observation of knee joint cartilage after 10 weeks.RESULTS: All the 18 dogs were involved in the analysis of results. ① Results of examination in serum. ② Results of examination in synovial fluid: In the slope-running group, the COMP concentrations at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks were obviously higher than those in the plain-running group (P < 0.01), MMP-1 concentration at 2, 4 and 6 weeks were higher than those in the plain-running group (P < 0.05-0.01), MMP-3 concentrations at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks were higher than those in the plain-running group (P < 0.01);The MMP-3/TIMP-1 ratios at 2, 4 and 8 weeks were higher than those in the plain-running group(P < 0.05-0.01).③ The concentrations of COMP,MMP-1,MMP-3 and TIMP-1 and the MMP-3/TIMP-1 ratio in serum were significantly correlated with the corresponding biomarkers in synovial fluid (r =0.631,0.502, 0.748, 0.651, 0.667, P< 0.01). ④ Results of histological observations: In both the plain-running group and slope-running group, obvious pathological changes of articular cartilage injury were observed at 10 weeks, the activity of articular chondrocytes in the surface layer was obviously decreased, which was severer in the latter group than in the former one. ⑤Results of MRI examination: Early sports injury changes of knee joint appeared at 2 weeks, and progressive aggravation occurred in both the plain-running group and slope-running group.CONCLUSION: Repetitive, impacted, torsional, shearing motions with long time and great intensity are easy to induce sports injury,even osteoarthritis.The sensitivity of these biomarkers is better than MRI in reflecting the pathological changes of articular cartilage.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-571328

ABSTRACT

0. 05), TAE of flexors in patients were lower than those in the healthysubjects(P 0. 05 ). F/E in patients were greater than those in healthy subjects(P

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542194

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of collagen and proteoglycan of Guinea pig’s Achilles tendon suffering from different loads of training. Methods Achilles’ tendons of Guinea pigs were harvested after training, stained by picrosirius and toluidine blue respectively. Collagen Ⅰ, Ⅲ and proteoglycan were observed by polarization microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM) and analyzed semiquantitatively. Results After enforced training, the relative content of collagen Ⅲ was(16.71?1.37)% in Group A and (13.43?3.16)% in Group B, that were significantly increased compared with (9.57?1.90)% in control group (P

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585665

ABSTRACT

As a high-throughout technique after DNA chips in biomedical research, protein arrays are developing, with high sensitivity and veracity. They have drawn increasing attention because they can provide a new technological platform for life science studies. There has been no effective diagnosis instrument for common articular cartilage injuries when they are at an initial stage, but when the disorders progress into an advanced stage, visible functional disturbances often arise. Protein arrays may offer a solution to the lasting tough problem in orthopaedic field. In this paper, we review the development and research of protein arrays, the regulation of proteins, their biochemical functions and their potential interaction partners, as well as changes of cartilage biomarkers in body fluid after injury. In addition, the feasibility and rationality of using protein microarrays for diagnosing early articular cartilage injuries are discussed.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568054

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore an appropriate training method to quickly improve the soldiers' aerobic endurance capacity and decrease the incidence of military training injuries for combat troops. Methods Two hundred and forty-eight recruits (males,Hanzu) from infantry without previous history of military training were involved in the present study,and they were divided averagely into experimental group and control group (124 each). Intensified endurance training designed with the theory of "cyclic training" was applied in experimental group,and routine training method was applied in control group including mainly 5000 meters running (no more than once a day,3 times a week). The resting pulse,vital capacity,maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and the performance of 5000m running were determined before and after eight-week-training as endurance capacity indices. Physical examination was performed to count the cases of military training injuries including calf swelling and tenderness,knee swelling and pain,and low back pain,and then the incidence of military training injuries was calculated. Results In the experimental group,the resting pulse decreased by 8.0%,while the vital capacity,VO2max and 5000m running performance elevated by 8.1%,20.0% and 14.7% respectively after training,which were significantly different in comparison with that before training and of control group (P

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567850

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the influence of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism on the effect of aerobic endurance training of soldiers.Methods Two hundred and forty-eight army recruits (males,Hans) from an infantry regiment without previous history of military training were involved in the present study,and they were divided into experimental group and control group (124 each).Intensified endurance training designed with the theory of "cyclic training" was applied in experimental group,and routine training method was applied in control group including mainly 5000 meters running for 3 times in one week (no more than 1 time per day).The 5000m running performance and maximal oxygen consumption (VO_2max) were determined before and after eight-week training as endurance capacity indices.The ACE gene polymorphism was determined and the recruits in both groups were divided into 3 sub-groups according to the ACE genotypes as II,ID and DD.The influence of ACE genotype and training method on endurance capacity was analyzed.Results The 5000m running performance and VO_2max of experimental group after eight-weeks-training were significantly higher than those before training and those of control group (P0.05).In control group,the 5000m running performance and VO_2max of DD sub-group were significantly lower than those of II sub-group and ID sub-group (P0.05).Conclusions Intensified endurance training designed with the theory of "cyclic training" may effectively improve the endurance capacity in 8 weeks.ACE genotype could not be used as an accurate indicator to evaluate the endurance capacity and improvement of efficiency of soldiers.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562590

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish clinical diagnostic criteria for zero-stage non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head,and then to check the accuracy and value of the criteria in clinical application through combined intervention therapy including the administration of traditional Chinese medicine and physical therapy.Methods The clinical data of 258 patients suffering from non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head were retrospectively analyzed.Clinical diagnostic criteria for zero-stage non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head were established based on the analysis.Then a clinical comparative study concerning the criteria was performed,so as to verify its authority.Results The established criteria were proved to be satisfactory.The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of the criteria were 93.7%,86.4% and 89.7%,respectively.The clinical comparative study showed that the prevalence of non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head in the intervention group(34.2%)was obviously lower than that of the non-intervention group(84.9%,P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562588

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of glucocorticoid(GC)and lipid metabolism on the pathogenesis of avascular necrosis of femoral head(ANFH).Methods Thirty-two New Zealand rabbits were randomly assigned into two groups as experiment group(n=24)and control group(n=8).Each rabbit in experiment group was given injection with 8.0mg/kg of hydrocortisone acetate for two times per week,while rabbits in control group were given normal saline in same quantity.Serum glucocorticoid(GC)concentration,total cholesterol(TC)and triglyceride(TG)were determined respectively before and 2,4,6 and 8 weeks after treatment.Rabbits were sacrificed at the 2nd,4th,6th and 8th week.The rabbits,sacrificed at the same time point,were stratified into group A(low concentration group)and group B(high concentration group)according to the GC concentration,in an attempt to observe the rate of empty bone lacuna and glucocorticoid receptor(GR)expression in the soft tissue around hips.Results The concentration of TC of experiment group began to increase since the 6th week,and that of TG since 2nd week(P0.05).In addition,the rate of bone lacuna and OD scores of GR were positively correlated at the 4th and 8th week(r=0.699 0,0.605 0,P

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562587

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of changes in vascular endothelial cells during the development of glucocorticoid-induced avascular necrosis of femoral head(GANFH),and the preventive and therapeutic effects of "Cugusu Keli",a mixture of traditional Chinese medicines,on GANFH in rabbit.Methods Forty-eight New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to four groups,12 in each,as control group,model group,therapy group and prevention group.The contents of plasma von Willebrand's factor(vWF),6-keto-prostaglandin F1?(6-keto-PGF1?)and the activity of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1(PAI-1)were determined at the 2nd,4th,6th,8th and 12th week after treatment.Meanwhile,rabbits were sacrificed at the 4th,8th and 12th week,and both femoral heads of all rabbits were obtained for histopathological examination.Results Compared with control group,the level of vWF and activity of PAI-1 in model group were elevated since the 4th and the 2nd week,while the level of 6-keto-PGF1? increased since the 4th week(P0.05).Compared with the model group,the level of vWF and activity of PAI-1 in therapy group was lowered,while the level of 6-keto-PGF1? increased(P

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562568

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the features of polymorphism in ADRA2A gene phenotypes and their relationship to oxygen endurance in the Han servicemen in PLA.Methods One hundred and eight healthy recruits of Han ethnic were subjected to a 5000-meter race program for 18 weeks,and then the tests were done after a 5000-meter race.The ADRA2A allelic variant and genotype were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and sequencing,and the features of polymorphism in three sites,G6412C,T6623A and C6645C,were determined with biochemical technique.The relationship between the results after the 5000-meter race,and the polymorphism of ADRA2A was then analyzed.Results The genotype distribution at all the three locations was consistent with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.The genotype frequency in T6623A of A/G(50%)was higher than that of G/G(26%)and A/A(24%).The allele frequency of A(51%)was higher than that of G(49%).The time for completing 5000-meter running was significantly longer in recruits carrying A/G(20.95?0.82min)than those carrying A/A(18.97?0.65min,P0.05).There was no significant association between the oxygen endurance capacity and the polymorphism of G6412C and C6645C.Conclusion The T6623A of ADRA2A was the ideal gene marker for predicting endurance capacity,but G6412C and C6645C polymorphism is not ideal gene marker for oxygen endurance.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562566

ABSTRACT

Objective To reproduce an animal model of psychological simulation training,and to investigate the influence of psychological training on the ability of counter physical stress.Methods Thirty-two Wister rats were assigned to four groups,8 for each,namely control group(group A),psychological training group(group B),stress group(group C)and psychological training prior to stress(group D).Rats in group A received neither psychological training nor stress,group B received psychological training without stress,group C received stimulation including stress of strong noise and strong light,but without psychological training,and group D,after psychologically training for 4 weeks,received the same stress stimulation as group C.Twenty-four hours after stress,open-field experiment was done on group C and D.At last,rats in all the 4 groups were anesthetized by ether and 5ml of blood was drawn from each rat in order to detect the content of beta-endorphin(?-EP),corticosterone and IL-1?.Results In the open-field experiments,the psychologically trained groups(B and D)showed remarkably lower scores than the un-trained groups(A and C).The levels of ?-EP and corticosterone were significantly elevated in rats after receiving stress stimulation,while that of IL-1? lowered dramatically.The level of ?-EP and corticosterone in psychological training group(group D)was remarkably lower,while that of IL-1? was higher,than the stress group(group C)during the stress.Conclusion Psychological training can lessen the inhibitory effects of harmful stress on endocrine and immunologic functions,and enhance the physical ability to confront stress.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-557180

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the adaptability of rat' skeletal muscle to medium load on endurance training. Methods 40 male Wistar rats were used in an upward-slope running with medium load. Then the ultrastructural changes of the soleus muscle and IGF-1 expression in different training stages were observed. Results The pathologic change of muscular tissues suggested that there was kinesic injury in rat soleus muscle, and the injury happened most seriously in the third week, when muscle structure experienced a relative 'fragile' period. At the same time, there was an obvious increase of IGF-1 in muscular tissues, which indicated that the muscle started to repair of itself immediately after injury. The abnormity rate of Z-cure and IGF-1 level began to decline gradually after 4 weeks, meanwhile the pathologic change reduced. Conclusion After been injured, the pathologic changes of muscle underwent a course of going serious then reducing accompanied with the reparation. The fact indicated that rat skeletal muscle showed a good adaptability to the injury accumulation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553261

ABSTRACT

To ascertain the change of trunk muscle strength and lumbar curvature and cross sectional area of M. sacrospinalis in low back pain caused by military training, the indexes of trunk muscle strength (PT/BW, TAE, F/E) were measured in patients with low back pain and healthy subjects with CYBEX 6000 isokinetic testing system. The lumbar curvature was measured in lumbar X ray films on the lateral projection in standing position, and the cross sectional area of sacrospinalis was measured by ultrasonography. All of the indexes were compared between the two groups.The results showed PT/BW of flexors was not significantly different between the patients and healthy subjects, TAE of flexors in patients was lower than that of healthy subjects ( P

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552123

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the influence of combined endurance and strength training on the knee flexors and extensors strength of Chinese army male recruits. At the beginning and end of their 4 weeks′ combined endurance and strength training, twenty recruits received isokinetic dynamometer test for flexors and extensors of both knees with the Cybex 6000 isokinetic dynamometer. after training, there was a significant increase in the peak torque values, torque acceleration energy, and endurance ratio of flexors of both knees at two angular velocities (60?/s,180?/s). Meanwhile, the torque acceleration energy and endurance ratio were increased in the extensors of both knees at two angular velocities . It suggested that four weeks of combined endurance and strength training for the recruits is effective in terms of increasing muscular strength, explosive force and muscular endurance of knee flexors and extensors. More loads should be applied to strengthen the strength of the extensors.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412032

ABSTRACT

To appraise the preventive and improvable effects of different movements on OA joints,animal models by fixing the left posterior knee joint in extention using plaster cast for 8 weeks in Newzealand rabbits were carried out. The rabbits were randomly divided into different groups, and the X-RAY、range of motion and ligament biomechanical features of the joint were observed.The results showed that proper movement improved the range of motion, restored tensile strength of the ligament around the OA joint.It is evident that movement improves the function of the OA joint and delays the OA exacerbation.The combination of active and passive movement is the best way to achieve good result.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565555

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical therapeutic effects of traditional Chinese medicine on different stages of nontraumatic necrosis of femoral head.Methods The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed of 359 patients(239 males and 120 females,aged 16-69 years,averaged 40.6) suffering from nontraumatic necrosis of femoral head,admitted to our hospital from Aug.2001 to Aug.2008,and treated with traditional Chinese medicine.The patients were divided into five stages(0,1,2,3,and 4) according to Huang Changlin's and Ficat's clinical diagnostic criteria.The age,gender and disease course of patients in different stages were of comparability.All the patients were treated with traditional Chinese medicine for 3-6 months and followed up for 1-2 years,and the final therapeutic effects were evaluated by the comprehensive evaluation criteria.Results The clinical cure rates in patients of stages 0,1,2,3 and 4 were 44.9%,36.1%,30.5%,0% and 0%,and the effective rates were 97.8%,80.6%,75.6%,63.6% and 50.0%,respectively.The total cure rate was 25.3%,and the total effective rate was 76.3%.The therapeutic effect in patients of stage 0 was better than those of stages 1 and 2(P0.05).Conclusions The therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine is remarkable on the patients with nontraumatic necrosis of femoral head in stages 0,1 and 2,but not in stages 3 or 4.Traditional Chinese medicine may increase the cure rate of early stage patients,and improve the symptoms of advanced stage patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565548

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of cell function changes of bone tissue in glucocorticoid-induced avascular necrosis of femoral head(GANFH),and the preventive and therapeutic effects of "Cugusugao" ointment,a mixture of traditional Chinese medicines,on GANFH.Methods Sixty-four New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups(16 each): control group,model group,therapy group and prevention group.The contents of bone-specific alkaline phosphatase(BSAP) and bone gla protein(BGP),and the activity of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase(TRAP) in serum were determined at the 0,2nd,4th,6th,8th and 12th week after treatment.Meanwhile,rabbits were sacrificed at the 4th,6th,8th and 12th week,and bilateral femoral heads were obtained for histopathological examination.Results Compared with control group,the contents of serum BSAP were elevated at the 4th and 6th week,while TRAP elevated from the 2nd week and BGP lowered from the 4th week in model group(P

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565547

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of bone mineral changes in the pathogenic process of glucocorticoid-induced avascular necrosis of femoral head(GANFH).Methods Thirty-two New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups(16 each).Animals in model group received an intramuscular injection of hydrocortisone acetate(8.0mg/kg) twice a week for 8 weeks totally,and animals in control group received an intramuscular injection with the same volume of normal saline,while 150kU penicillin were injected twice a week for preventing infection in both groups.The contents of serum calcium(Ca) and phosphorus(P) were determined,and the bone mineral densities of the femoral head and neck were measured at the 2nd,4th,6th,8th and 12th weeks after treatment.Meanwhile,the general condition such as weight,spirit and hair of rabbits was observed.Results Compared with the control group,the weight of rabbits in model group lost since the first week,and progressively aggravated;the bone mineral density of the femoral head and neck lowered since the 2nd and 4th week respectively(P

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL