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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913063

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of inducible costimulatory molecules (ICOS) and related cytokines in the immune regulation of Echinococcus granulosus infections in mice. Methods Eighty BALB/c mice (weight 18–22 g) were divided into the control and infection groups, of 40 animals in each group. E. granulosus infection was modeled in mice by intraperitoneal injection of 10 000 protoscoleces per mouse. Serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and peripheral interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-10 levels were measured 2, 8, 30, 60, 180 days post-infection. Mouse liver specimens were excised for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunostaining, and ICOS expression was quantified in mouse liver specimens using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. Results There were no significant differences in serum ALT (F = 12.082, P < 0.05), AST (F = 6.347, P < 0.05) or ALP levels (F = 52.186, P < 0.05) in mice 2, 8, 30, 60 and 180 days post-infection with E. granulosus. The serum ALT levels were significantly higher in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(61.72 ± 9.89) vs. (50.65 ± 4.67)U/L, P < 0.05] and 30 days post-infection [(80.61 ± 23.71)vs.(67.75 ± 9.79)U/L, P < 0.05], and the serum ALT levels were significantly higher in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(181.06 ± 60.61) vs.(115.58 ± 17.66)U/L, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(137.84 ± 29.01) vs. (108.05 ± 10.33) U/L, P < 0.05], while greater serum ALP levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(162.90 ± 21.04)vs.(64.54 ± 5.99)U/L, P < 0.05], 8[(176.36 ± 24.56) vs. (62.70 ± 9.21)U/L, P < 0.05] and 30 days post-infection [(138.86 ± 13.59) vs. (58.60 ± 5.28) U/L, P < 0.05]. A few inflammatory cells were seen in mouse liver in the infection group 30 days post-infection, and no apparent changes were found in the mouse hepatic structure 60 days post-infection. On day 180 post-infection, a large number of epithelium-like cells presented fibrotic growth in mouse liver in the cyst-infiltrating regions, with cuticula formation seen, and plenty of red cells were present in lesions and hepatocyte space. Positive ICOS expression was detected in mouse liver in the infection group, with ICOS-positive cells predominantly seen in the cytoplasm of the hepatocyte, and the ICOS expression increased over time. The relative ICOS mRNA expression was 2.732 ± 0.094 on day 180 post-infection, which was significantly greater than that on day 2 postinfection (0.746 ± 0.049). There were no significant differences in serum IL-4 or IL-10 levels at different time points after E. granulosus infections, while the serum IL-4 and IL-10 levels peaked in the infection group 180 days and 60 days post-infection, respectively. Higher serum IL-4 levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 8 [(22.50 ± 3.24) vs. (5.82 ± 0.49) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 30 [(15.49 ± 4.73) vs. (5.10 ± 1.38) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 60 [(36.93 ± 6.14) vs. (4.13 ± 1.19) pg/mL, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(198.35 ± 0.70) vs. (4.19 ± 0.98) pg/mL, P < 0.05], and higher IL-10 levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(4.84 ± 1.91) vs. (2.11 ± 1.03) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 8 [(44.72 ± 14.63) vs. (3.16 ± 0.60) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 30 [(25.47 ± 8.00) vs. (3.83 ± 1.87) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 60 [(187.16 ± 60.44) vs. (3.69 ± 1.05) pg/mL, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(85.40 ± 7.15) vs. (3.25 ± 0.93) pg/mL, P < 0.05]. Conclusions High ICOS expression is present in the liver of mice with E. granulosus infections. The positive ICOS expression and immune activation levels increase with the time of E. granulosus infections, leading to aggravation of hepatocyte injury caused by inflammation.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 352-358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920884

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether Royal Free Hospital Nutritional Prioritizing Tool (RFH-NPT) is more suitable than Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) in nutritional risk screening for patients with liver cirrhosis, as well as the applicability of subjective global assessment (SGA) in the nutritional assessment of patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods A total of 113 patients with liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from August 2020 to June 2021 were enrolled. RFH-NPT and NRS-2002 were used for nutritional risk screening, and SGA was used for nutritional assessment. The results of these tools were compared with the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria, and sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for the three tools. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated for each screening tool, and the association between nutritional status and short-term prognosis was analyzed. The independent samples t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation of GLIM criteria with NRS2002, RFH-NPT and SGA. Results According to the GLIM criteria, 69.9% of the patients were diagnosed with malnutrition, and RFH-NPT and NRS2002 screened out that 72.6% and 51.3%, respectively, of the patients had nutritional risk, while SGA assessment showed that 57.5% of the patients had malnutrition. Compared with NRS2002, RFH-NPT had a higher degree of correlation with the GLIM criteria ( r =0.764, P < 0.001), higher sensitivity (94.9%) and NPV (87.1%), and a better predictive value (AUC=0.872, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.786-0.957). Under the GLIM criteria, SGA had good specificity (88.2%) in the diagnosis of malnutrition in patients with liver cirrhosis, with fair sensitivity (77.2%), good correlation ( r =0.607, P < 0.001), and good predictive value (AUC=0.827, 95% CI : 0.744-0.911). Based on the GLIM criteria, SGA assessment, and RFH-NPT assessment, the patients with nutritional risk or malnutrition tended to have a longer length of hospital stay ( Z= -3.301, -2.812, and -3.813, all P < 0.05) and a higher rehospitalization rate ( χ 2 =3.957, 6.922, and 6.766, all P < 0.05). Based on the GLIM criteria and NRS2002 assessment, the patients with nutritional risk or malnutrition had a significant increase in mortality rate within 3 months ( χ 2 =4.511 and 0.776, both P < 0.05). Conclusion Under the GLIM criteria, RFH-NPT is more suitable than NRS2002 for nutritional risk screening of patients with liver cirrhosis, and SGA also has good applicability in nutritional assessment of patients with liver cirrhosis. In addition, GLIM criteria, SGA, and RFH-NPT are associated with the clinical outcome of patients.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 219-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920852

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of coagulation function changes on the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 245 liver transplant recipients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of AKI after liver transplantation, all recipients were divided into the AKI group (n=99) and non-AKI group (n=146). The incidence of AKI after liver transplantation was summarized. Perioperative parameters of the recipients were collected. The risk factors of AKI after liver transplantation were assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results Among 245 recipients undergoing liver transplantation, 99 cases developed AKI after operation with an incidence rate of 40.4%. Preoperative serum creatinine levels of the recipients and the in-hospital fatality were relatively high in the AKI group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the recipients in the non-AKI group, those in the AKI group presented with significantly higher liver function parameters within postoperative 24 h, significantly decreased levels of stage Ⅱ coagulation parameters including coagulation factorsⅤ, Ⅶ, Ⅸ, Ⅹ, Ⅻ and protein S, protein C and antithrombin Ⅲ, evidently elevated prothrombin time international normalized ratio (PT-INR), remarkably increased stage Ⅲ coagulation parameters including D-dimer and fibrin degradation product (FDP) levels and considerably decreased fibrinogen (FIB) level (all P < 0.05). Thrombelastogram showed that the R value was increased, the α angle was decreased and the coagulation time was prolonged in the AKI group (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the increased R value of postoperative thrombelastogram [odd ratio (OR) 1.116, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.018-1.223, P=0.019], and decreased levels of antithrombin Ⅲ (OR 0.974, 95%CI 0.955-0.993, P=0.007) were the independent risk factors of incidence of AKI after liver transplantation. Conclusions The incidence of AKI after liver transplantation is high, which is associated with the coagulation function changes of the recipients. Decreased coagulation factor activity (increased R value) and declined antithrombin Ⅲ level are the independent risk factors of AKI in liver transplantat recipients.

4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E112-E117, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920677

ABSTRACT

Objective To study CH-VAD blood pump developed by CH Biomedical Inc., a method for estimating the real-time flow of blood pump was established by using the voltage, current, speed, duty cycle, and fluid viscosity as the input data. Methods The blood pump system was disassembled into two modules, the motor and the centrifugal pump. Firstly, the output torque of the motor was calculated according to the voltage, current, speed and duty cycle of the motor, then the relationship between flow and torque at different speeds and viscosities was tested through experiments, and a fitting model was established based on the experimental data. Results The fit goodness of Pump 1 and Pump 2 reached 0.982 6 and 0.982 9,respectively. The fitting parameters were used for verification. When the viscosity changed, the root mean square error for the estimated flow of Pump 1 and Pump 2 was 0.260 and 0.274 L/min, respectively. The fitting parameters and estimated results of the two blood pumps were in good agreement. The flow estimation method could follow the actual flow waveform in real time, and the accuracy of the estimated average flow was not affected by the pulsation. Conclusions The flow estimation method proposed in this paper is suitable for CH-VAD blood pumps. It can accurately estimate the flow of blood pumps in the range of speed 1 600-3 600 r/min, flow 0.4-8 L/min, viscosity 1.2-5 mPa·s, and can follow the flow waveform well under pulsating conditions.

5.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 14(2): 341-350, abr-jun 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291558

ABSTRACT

Apesar da ampla disponibilidade de dispositivos para leitura de tiras reativas para análise de urina, falhas potenciais persistem na rotina baseada na interpretação humana. O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver e avaliar o desempenho de um dispositivo baseado em Arduino para a leitura semi-automática de parâmetros de fitas reativas. O parâmetro glicose de um modelo de tira reativa comercial foi analisado pelo sistema, que prevê a concentração do analito submetendo a cor observada na tira a um modelo de regressão, ajustado a um banco de dados de padrões de cores. O sistema foi avaliado através da leitura de 80 tiras com 16 amostras de concentrações aleatórias de glicose. O menor coeficiente de variação após cinco leituras replicadas foi de 4,5% e o mais alto foi de 16,6% (MSE = 68,7 mg / dL; r = 0,979). O dispositivo apresentou resultados satisfatórios mais baixos custos. Para torná-lo útil na rotina laboratorial, seriam necessárias novas experiências com outros parâmetros e outras classes de tiras reativas para análise de urina.


Although many devices are available to read urinalysis reactive strips, potential failure, based on human interpretation, persists in routine tasks. Current study develops and evaluates the performance of an Arduino-based device for the semi-automated reading of reactive strip parameters. The glucose parameter of a commercial reactive strip model was analyzed by the system, which predicts analyte concentration by submitting the color observed in the strip to a regression model, adjusted to a database of color patterns. The system was assessed by reading of 80 strips with 16 samples of random glucose concentrations. The lowest coefficient of variation after five replicated readings was 4.5% and the highest was 16.6% (MSE=68.7 mg/dL; r=0.979). The device featured satisfactory results plus low costs. To make it useful in the laboratory routine, further experiments with other parameters and other classes of urinalysis reactive strips would be necessary.

6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e9850, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153545

ABSTRACT

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is the main cause of lower respiratory tract infection in children. However, there is no effective treatment for RSV infection. Here, we aimed to identify potential biomarkers to aid in the treatment of RSV infection. Children in the acute and convalescence phases of RSV infection were recruited and proteomic analysis was performed to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). Subsequently, promising candidate proteins were determined by functional enrichment and protein-protein interaction network analysis, and underwent further validation by western blot both in clinical and mouse model samples. Among the 79 DEPs identified in RSV patient samples, 4 proteins (BPGM, TPI1, PRDX2, and CFL1) were confirmed to be significantly upregulated during RSV infection. Functional analysis showed that BPGM and TPI1 were mainly involved in glycolysis, indicating an association between RSV infection and the glycolysis metabolic pathway. Our findings provide insights into the proteomic profile during RSV infection and indicated that BPGM, TPI1, PRDX2, and CFL1 may be potential therapeutic biomarkers or targets for the treatment of RSV infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Biomarkers , Proteomics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the psychological stress and related factors of community medical staff in Shanghai during infectious public health emergencies.Methods:Random cluster sampling, questionnaires combining general demographic information, self-rating anxiety scale(SAS), self-rating depression scale(SDS)and yale-brown obsessive compulsive scale(YB)were administrated to investigate the psychological stress of medical staff from 20 community healthcare centers in 10 Shanghai districts.Results:A total of 696 valid questionnaires were collected. 17.36% of the staff had SAS scores exceeding the boundary value. Nurses, staff with per capita monthly family income<5 000 yuan, or with below-average family relations presented higher SAS scores. 28.19% of the staff had SDS scores exceeding the boundary value. Staff with 5-10 years seniority, nurses, with per capita monthly family income<5 000 yuan, and with poor family relations presented higher SDS scores. 6.68% of the staff had YB score≥16. Nurses presented a higher YB score.Conclusions:Some community healthcare center staff experienced psychological stress during public health emergencies.Factors associated with psychological stress, such as 5-10 years′ seniority, nurses, per capita monthly family income<5 000 yuan, below-average or poor family relations, deserve more attention in order to prevent from or alleviate harmful psychological stress.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911994

ABSTRACT

We report the use of droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) in non-invasive prenatal test fetal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) caused by MFN2 gene mutation. The proband, namely the husband, was found with heterozygous mutation of c.919A>G(p.K307E) in the MFN2 gene, which was diagnosed as CMT type 2A2A at a local hospital. The proband's wife underwent genetic counseling after conception at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Peripheral blood obtained from the pregnant woman was analyzed by ddPCR at eight gestational weeks, which found the fetus to carry a paternal pathogenic gene mutation. Sanger sequencing for the chorionic sample at 11 gestational weeks further verified that the fetus was a c.919G>A(p.K307E) heterozygous mutation carrier, the same as the proband. ddPCR could be applied to cell-free fetal DNA to detect the paternal pathogenic gene mutation in the non-invasive prenatal test.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the disease composition and characteristics among elderly patients with multimorbidity in Jing′an district of Shanghai.Methods:A total of 68 147 patients aged 60 and above in Shanghai Jing′an district were selected in the study by stratified random sampling method, The clinical data of patients from January 2017 to December 2018 were obtained from hospital information system, the status of multimorbidity, the disease composition and characteristics were analyzed with SPSS software.Results:Among 68 147 elderly patients, 43 953 had 2 or more chronic diseases. The top five chronic diseases were hypertension, chronic ischemic heart disease, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and cerebrovascular disease. There was significant difference in prevalence of multimorbidity between male and female patients (χ 2=15.276, P<0.01); compared to males, females had higher prevalence of multimorbidity ( OR=1.152, P<0.01). There was significant difference in prevalence of multimorbidity among different age groups of patients (χ 2= 48.547, P<0.01); compared to age group 60-69, patients age 70-79 ( OR = 1.629, P<0.01) and aged 80 and above ( OR=2.686, P<0.01) had higher prevalence of multimorbidity. When 4 chronic diseases coexist, male urinary system diseases and female joint diseases rank in the top five comorbid diseases, while when 5 chronic diseases coexist, female sleep disorders rank in the top five positions. For patients aged ≥80 years, when 5 chronic diseases coexist, diabetes mellitus is no longer among in the top five comorbid diseases. Conclusions:The elderly women and older-aged patients have higher prevalence of multiomorbidity. Hypertension is still the top priority of chronic disease prevention and control for the elderly in the community. It is suggested to establish the precise prevention and control mechanism for the aging chronic disease.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1234-1237, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in persistent postoperative pain in rats.Methods:Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats, in which IT catheters were successfully implanted, weighing 200-250 g, aged 2-3 months, were divided into 4 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), persistent postoperative pain group (P group), persistent postoperative pain+ NLRP3-siRNA group (P+ siRNA group) and persistent postoperative pain+ NLRP3-scrRNA group (P+ scrRNA group). A persistent postoperative pain model was established by skin/muscle incision and retraction (SMIR) in anesthetized animals.Normal saline 10 μl were intrathecally injected in S group and P group, NLRP3-siRNA 10 μl and NLRP3-scrRNA 10 μl were intrathecally injected in CP+ siRNA group and CP+ scrRNA group, respectively, at 3 days before operation.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured at 1 day before operation (T 0) and 1, 5, 10, 15 and 20 days after operation (T 1-5). Six rats in each group were randomly selected and sacrificed at T 3, and the L 4-5 DRGs on the operated side were harvested for determination of the expression of NLRP3 and caspase-1 (by Western blot), NLRP3 mRNA expression (by real-time polymerase chain reaction) and content of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Results:Compared with group S, the MWT was significantly decreased at T 2-5, the expression of NLRP3 protein and mRNA in DRGs was up-regulated, and the content of IL-1β was increased in group P ( P<0.05). Compared with group P, the MWT was significantly increased at T 2-5, the expression of NLRP3 protein and mRNA and caspase-1 was down-regulated, and the content IL-1β was decreased in group P+ siRNA ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group P+ scrRNA ( P>0.05). Conclusion:NLRP3 in DRGs is involved in the development of persistent postoperative pain, and the mechanism may be related to the development of NLPR3 inflammasomes which further induces peripheral neuroinflammatory response in rats.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 798-802, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910921

ABSTRACT

Population aging increases the demand for human aging research and its clinical applications.Traditionally, the chronological age(CA), that is, the age based on the calendar, is used to describe the state of aging.However, the aging process and speed among individuals are not consistent and often show clear individual differences in biological aging.Therefore, CA cannot truly reflect people's conditions of body structure and function, has drawbacks leading to unreliable and wrong assessment, and is unable to accurately describe the human body's state of aging.In recent years, it has been proposed that the biological age(BA)should be used to more comprehensively and accurately describe the stage of human aging.Combining mathematical algorithms with a variety of biomarkers, predictive models can be constructed to quantify BA.These approaches have been increasingly appreciated for their improved accuracy and received further investigation.This article reviews the value of BA, currently commonly used calculation methods and their progress and prospects in healthy aging.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 859-864, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences of the diagnostic performance between the most recent 2018 version of liver imaging reporting and data system (LI-RADS v2018) and 2017 version (LI-RADS v2017) based on gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) enhanced MRI to diagnose hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in high-risk patients.Methods:The clinical data and imaging findings of 237 patients in high-risk of HCC who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI and obtained postoperative or biopsy pathological results within one month from June 2016 to December 2019 in Tianjin Third Central Hospital were collected retrospectively. A total of 282 observations were obtained as study objects. Two independent radiologists blindly reviewed the preoperative MRI of all patients. The observations were categorized according to LI-RADS v2018 and v2017 respectively. The inter-observer agreement of the categorization between the two radiologists was tested by kappa analysis. With the LR-5 and LR-4+5 as the diagnosis of HCC, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and Youden index of the LI-RADS v2017 and LI-RADS v2018 were evaluated with postoperative histopathological results as references. The McNemar test was used to compare the diagnostic performance between the two versions.Results:The two physicians had good consistency in the categorization of observations, with kappa values between 0.536 and 0.793. Using LR-5 as the criterion for HCC diagnosis, the Youden index (0.687) of LI-RADS v2018 was higher than that of v2017 (0.612). The sensitivity [80.6% (166/206)] and accuracy [82.6% (233/282)] were both higher than those of LI-RADS v2017 [70.4% (145/206) and 75.9%(214/282)] (χ2=19.048, 14.087, both P<0.001). The specificity was slightly lower [88.2%(67/76) and 90.8%(69/76), respectively], but there was no statistical difference (χ2=0.500, P=0.500). With LR-4+5 as the diagnosis of HCC, the diagnostic performance of the two versions was the same. The sensitivity [91.3% (188/206)] and accuracy [87.6% (247/282)] were higher, and the specificity [77.6% (59/76)] were lower than the LR-5 standard of LI-RADS v2018 (χ2=20.045, P<0.001; χ2=5.633, P=0.018; χ2=16.056, P<0.001), and the Youden index (0.689) was also higher than the LR-5 standard of LI-RADS v2018. Conclusions:Based on Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI, the LI-RADS v2018 has higher sensitivity and accuracy in diagnosing HCC than v2017. Correct use can provide more objective diagnostic evidence for the clinic.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910021

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of combined administration of intravenous and topical tranexamic acid on perioperative blood loss in elbow arthrolysis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of 31 patients who had undergone elbow arthrolysis due to elbow stiffness from April 2019 to November 2020 at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. An observational group of 15 patients were subjected to combined administration of intravenous and topical tranexamic acid while a control group of 16 patients to no administration of tranexamic acid. In the observational group, 15 mg/kg of tranexamic acid was injected intravenously 5 to 10 minutes before surgery and 1.0 g of tranexamic acid was injected locally in the area of anterior and posterior joint capsules after incision was closed while drainage tubes were clamped for 2 hours before release. In the control group, there was no special operative procedure while drainage tubes were also clamped for 2 hours before release. The 2 groups were compared in terms of blood loss on day 1 and day 3 after operation, drainage volume on day 1 after operation, total drainage volume, time for indwelling drainage tube, complications, and Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) at 3 months after operation.Results:There were no statistically significant difference in preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P>0.05).On day 1 and day 3 after operation, the blood loss was respectively (533.4±318.3) mL and (792.0±375.6) mL in the observational group, and respectively (866.4±480.5) mL and (1,403.0±636.5) mL in the control group, showing significantly differences between the 2 groups ( P<0.05). The drainage volume on day 1 after operation was (151.3±90.1) mL in the observational group and (235.0±126.1) mL in the control group, showing a significant difference between the 2 groups ( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in total drainage volume or time for indwelling drainage tube between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). There were no such complications as thromboembolic events in either group. There was no significant difference in MEPS between the 2 groups at 3 months after operation ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Combined administration of intravenous 15 mg/kg and topical 1.0 g tranexamic acid may reduce blood loss on day 1 and day 3 after operation and drainage volume on day 1 after operation, and may not increase the risk of thromboembolic events, but cannot reduce total drainage volume or time for indwelling drainage tube. Application of tranexamic acid may not affect early elbow joint function after operation.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1506-1509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of ureteroscope combined with holmium laser in patients with hepatolithiasis complicated with biliary cirrhosis.Methods:The clinical data of 89 patients with hepatolithiasis complicated with biliary cirrhosis treated in the hepatobiliary department of Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from February 2014 to December 2019 were collected and divided into two groups: group A was routine operation group and group B was ureteroscopy and holmium laser technology group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared and analyzed respectively.Results:The operation time in group B was less than that in group A [ (302.6±96.7)min vs (349.2±105.6)min, P<0.05], with statistically significant difference; The amount of intraoperative bleeding in group B was less than that in group A [(227.0±197.3)ml vs (331.4 ± 277.3)ml, P<0.05], with statistically significant difference; The postoperative hospital stay in group B was shorter than that in group A[(11.5±4.1)d vs (13.8±5.1)d, P<0.05], with statistically significant difference; The incidence of postoperative complications in group B was lower than that in group A (2.44% vs 18.75%, P<0.05), with statistically significant difference. The liver resection rate in group B was lower than that in group A (29.27% vs 52.08%, P<0.05). Conclusions:Through the establishment of a reasonable access to the liver, the application of ureteroscope and holmium laser technology in patients with hepatolithiasis complicated with biliary cirrhosis can achieve better diagnosis and treatment results, and this technology can be gradually promoted and applied in the clinic.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To predict the potential targets of hyperoside (Hyp) on improving ischemia/reperfusion injury by network pharmacology, and explore its possible mechanism combined with related literature. METHODS The action targets of Hyp and ischemia/reperfusion injury were obtained by TCMSP, Swiss Target Prediction, Pharm Mapper, Simi?larity ensemble approach, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, DisGENT and database. The common targets of drugs and diseases were screened by Omishare and STRING database respectively, and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network map was constructed. Then the interaction network between Hyp and disease targets was constructed by Cyto?scape software and topological cross-linking analysis was carried out. Then the interaction network between Hyp and disease targets was constructed and cross-linked analysis was carried out by using Cytoscape software. The gene ontol?ogy (GO) of the core target was analyzed by David database, and then the related pathways of the core target were enriched by KEGG database. RESULTS A total of 54 GO enrichment processes were obtained by GO enrichment anal?ysis of 44 common genes, including 38 biological processes (BP), 15 cell composition (CC) processes, and 1 molecular functional (MF) process. 43 items were obtained by signal pathway enrichment analysis in KEGG database. CONCLU?SION It is suggested that the mechanism of Hyp may be related to PI3K-Akt, RAP1, RAS, VEGF and other signal trans?duction pathways. The above results laid a theoretical foundation for the study of the mechanism and clinical application of the treatment of ischemia/reperfusion injury.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effect of total flavonoids of Rhododendra simsii (TFR) on improving cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury (CIRI) and its relationship with STIM/Orai-regulated operational Ca2+influx (SOCE) pathway. METHODS Oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) PC12 cells were used to simulate CIRI in vitro, and the intracellular Ca2+ concentration and apoptosis rate of PC12 cells were detected by laser confocal microscope and flow cytometry, respectively. The regulation of STIM/Orai on SOCE was analyzed by STIM/Orai gene silencing and STIM/Orai gene overexpression. The CIRI model was established by MCAO in SD rats. The activities of inflammatory cyto?kines IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-αin serum were detected by ELISA. The pathological changes of ischemic brain tissue and the infarction of rat brain tissue were detected by HE staining and TTC staining. The protein and mRNA expression levels of STIM1, STIM2, Orai1, caspase-3 and PKB in brain tissue were detected by Western blotting and RT-qPCR, respectively. RESULTS The results of in vitro experiment showed that the fluorescence intensity of Ca2+ and apoptosis rate in PC12 cells treated with TFR were significantly lower than those in OGD/R group, and this trend was enhanced by SOCE antagonist 2-APB. STIM1/STIM2/Orai1 gene silencing significantly reduced apoptosis and Ca2+overload in OGD/R model, while TFR combined with overexpression of STIM1/STIM2/Orai1 aggravated apoptosis and Ca2+overload. In the in vivo experiment, TFR significantly reduced the brain histopathological damage, infarction of brain tissue, the contents of IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum in MCAO rats and down-regulated the expression of STIM1, STIM2, Orai1 and caspase-3 protein and mRNA in the brain tissue, and up-regulated the expression of PKB. The above effects were enhanced by the addition of 2-APB. CONCLUSION The above results indicate that TFR may reduce the contents of inflammatory factors and apoptosis, decrease Ca2+ overload and ameliorate brain injury by inhibiting SOCE pathway mediated by STIM and Orai, suggesting that it has a protective effect against subacute CIRI.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909004

ABSTRACT

Based on stimulus-organism-response (SOR) paradigm, this study proposes a conceptual framework of immersive virtual reality (IVR) learning model. To investigate the effect of IVR on learning process, this study has designed and implemented an educational application of appendectomy using IVR. The results indicate that IVR-based cognitive response, emotional response and learning results are significantly better than traditional learning. IVR learning model has a high level of immersion and user acceptance, and is expected to be employed to influence the learning satisfaction by the mediating effect of IVR presence in the future.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect of C-X3-C motif chemokine receptor 1 (cx3cr1) antibody, a microglia activation inhibitor, on microcirculation during retinal ischemia reperfusion (RIR) and its possible mechanism.Methods:One hundred and fifty healthy adult C57BL/6 mice were randomized into blank control group, model group and cx3cr1 injection group by random number table method, with 50 mice in each group.The RIR model was established by anterior chamber infusion to elevate intraocular pressure in this study.Mice in the blank control group were intravitreally injected with 2 μl of sterile water.In the cx3cr1 injection group, the RIR model was established at 4 hours after the intravitreal injection (2 μl) of 0.2 μg/μl cx3cr1 antibody.Immunofluorescence staining of frozen eyeball sections was performed to assess the microglia activation by observing the Iba-1 positive expression in different retinal layers three days following the model establishment.Retinal preparation vascular staining was carried out to observe the changes in the density of deep and shallow retinal blood vessels and the number of activated microglia to evaluate the changes in retinal microcirculation.FITC-dextran contrast method was used to determine the retinal vascular leakage area.Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method was employed to detect the mRNA expression changes of hypoxia-related factors and inflammatory factors in the mice retina.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Kunming Medical University (No.20180106). The use and care of the animals complied with the Regulations of the Administration of Affair Concerning Experimental Animals.Results:The immunofluorescence staining result of eyeball frozen section showed that in the blank control group, Iba-1 positive microglial cells were sparsely distributed in the retinal ganglion cell layer and inner plexiform layer, presenting branched state.In the model group, Iba-1 positive microglial cells were increased and moved outward to the outer retinal plexiform layer and outer nuclear layer obviously, showing globular or amoeba-like.The number of globular or amoeba-like Iba-1 positive cells was significantly reduced in the cx3cr1 injection group in comparison with the model group ( P<0.05). The number of activated microglial cells in different retinal layers of the model group was significantly larger than that of the cx3cr1 injection group and the blank control group (both at P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the number of activated microglial cells around the retinal blood vessels was reduced significantly in the cx3cr1 injection group.The double fluorescence result of retinal vascular staining and activated microglial cells showed that the density of deep blood vessels in the blank control group and cx3cr1 injection group was significantly higher than that of the model group, and the number of microglial cells around superficial and deep retinal vessels was significantly larger in the model group than that of the cx3cr1 injection group (all at P<0.05). The relative vascular leakage rate of the blank control group, model group and cx3cr1 injection group were (100.0±4.7)%, (162.1±10.6)% and (130.5±9.5)%, respectively, and the overall difference was statistically significant ( F=128.66, P<0.01). The relative vascular leakage rate in the cx3cr1 injection group was significantly lower than that in the model group ( P<0.05). The qPCR result showed that the relative expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), hypoxia inducible factor-1a (HIF-1α), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) mRNA were significantly reduced in the retina of the cx3cr1 injection group in comparison with the model group (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Intravitreal injection of cx3cr1 can protect the vascular integrity of the retinal microcirculation system in RIR mice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect of polysaccharides from Plantaginis Semen (PSP) against renal injury in rats with membranous nephropathy (MN) and its influence on the gut microbiota to provide a theoretical basis for the further investigation of PSP in the treatment of MN. Method:The MN model was induced by tail vein injection of cationic bovine serum albumin (C-BSA, 3.5 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) in rats with a modeling period of seven weeks. At the 4th week of modeling, the model rats were divided into a model group, a positive drug group (benazepril hydrochloride, 10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), a PSP high-dose group (PSP-H, 800 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), a PSP medium-dose group (PSP-M, 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), and a PSP low-dose group (PSP-L, 200 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) according to the random number table, with 10 in each group. Ten healthy rats were assigned to the normal control group. The rats in the normal control group and the control group received an equal amount of physiological saline by gavage, and those in the groups with drug intervention were administered correspondingly,once a day,for consecutive four weeks. The pathological changes of rat kidney and colon tissues were observed by optical microscopy. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the content of tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>) and interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) in the serum and colon tissues. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the protein expression of TNF-<italic>α </italic>and IL-1<italic>β </italic>in renal tissues. The 16S rRNA sequencing method was used to investigate the effect of PSP on the gut microbiota in MN rats. Result:Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed enlarged glomeruli, thickened basement membrane, atrophied colonic gland, increased TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β</italic> in the serum and colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and elevated protein expression of TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the positive drug group and the PSP-H group displayed shrunk glomerular capsules, relieved basement membrane thickening, and neatly arranged colonic mucosa in colon tissues, while the PSP-M and PSP-L groups were inferior in improving renal tissues and colon tissues. Additionally, the PSP-H and PSP-M groups showed declining TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β</italic> in the serum and colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and dwindled protein expression of TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β </italic>in the renal tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01). No significant difference was observed in the PSP-L group. Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed increased abundance of Firmicutes and decreased abundance of Bacteroidetes. After PSP intervention, the abundance of Firmicutes was decreased, while that of Bacteroidetes was increased, and such changes were predominant in the PSP-H group. Conclusion:PSP can effectively alleviate renal injury, reduce the expression of inflammatory factors, regulate the structure of gut microbiota, and improve the damaged intestinal barrier of MN rats.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of adapted rhythmic gymnastics based on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY) on the fundamental motor skill development for children with low function autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods:Three boys aged 7.2 to 8 years with low function ASD (IQ 47 to 53) participated in the exercise since September, 2019. Their activities and motor function were analyzed with ICF-CY to develop a 12-week rehabilitation exercise, including physical fitness, gymnastics skills content and game. They were assessed with ICF-CY based Questionnaire and gross motor of Peabody Developmental Motor Scales (PDMS-2) before and after training. Results:The qualifiers of body structure, body function, activity and participation improved somehow after training. The scores of gross motor skills of PDMS-2 improved. Conclusion:The adapted rhythmic gymnastics training based on ICF-CY may improve the functioning, especially motor function, for children with low function ASD, which can be a kind of rehabilitation exercise.

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