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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of the combination therapy of lenvatinib and programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibodies in unresectable or advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinico-pathological data of 59 patients with unresectable or advanced HCC who were admitted to Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from September 2018 to January 2020 were collected. There were 54 males and 5 females, aged from 25 to 73 years, with a median age of 52 years. All 59 patients underwent combination therapy with lenvatinib and PD-1 antibodies including 43 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 16 cases who cannot tolerate first-line therapy or with tumor progressed after first-line therapy undergoing second-line therapy. Observation indicators: (1) clinical efficacy; (2) adverse drug reactions and treatment; (3) follow-up and survival. Follow-up was performed using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect tumor diameter of the target lesion, overall survival and progression free survival of patients up to December 2020. Measurement data with skewed distribution were expressed as M ( P25,P75) or M (range). Count data were represented as absolute numbers and (or) percentages. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the median duration of response (DoR), median overall survival time, median progression free survival time, survival rates and draw survival curves. Results:(1) Clinical efficacy: the objective response rate (ORR), complete response rate (CR), partial response rate (PR), stable disease rate (SD), progression disease rate (PD), time to response (TTR) and median DoR of 59 HCC patients were 37.3%(22/59), 11.9%(7/59), 25.4%(15/59), 37.3%(22/59), 25.4%(15/59), 2.6 months(2.1 months, 4.0 months), 6.3 months[95% confidence interval ( CI) as 2.2 to 10.5 months], respectively. The ORR, CR, PR, SD, PD and TTR of 43 HCC patients undergoing first-line therapy were 41.9%(18/43), 16.3%(7/43), 25.6%(11/43), 37.2%(16/43),20.9%(9/43), 2.2 months(2.0 months, 3.5 months), respectively. The median DoR of 43 patients undergoing first-line therapy was not reached. The ORR, CR, PR, SD, PD, TTR and median DoR of 16 HCC patients undergoing second-line therapy were 4/16, 0, 4/16, 6/16, 6/16, 3.8 months (3.6 months, 4.1 months), 4.2 months(95% CI as 2.0 to 6.3 months), respectively. Six of 59 HCC patients underwent R 0 resection due to tumor converting to resectable HCC with the conversion and resection rate of 10.2%(6/59). Among the 6 patients, 5 cases undergoing first-line treatment had the conversion and resection rates of 11.6% (5/43) and 1 case undergoing second-line treatment had the conversion and resection rates of 1/16, respectively. (2) Adverse drug reactions and treatment: 25 of 59 HCC patients underwent 3 to 4 grade adverse drug reactions with the incidence of 42.4%(25/59). Among the 25 patients, 10 cases including 5 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 5 cases undergoing second-line therapy had the level of gamma glutamyltransferase >5×upper limit of normal (ULN), 9 cases including 4 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 5 cases undergoing second-line therapy had the level of aspartate aminotransferase >5×ULN, 5 cases including 4 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy occurred gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 4 cases undergoing first-line therapy had the level of white blood cell count <2.0×10 9/L, 4 cases including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy and 3 cases under-going second-line therapy had the level of total bilirubin >3×ULN, 3 cases undergoing first-line therapy had the level of neutrophil count <1.0×10 9/L, 3 cases including 2 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy occurred ascites, 2 cases including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy had the level of platelet count <50.0×10 9/L, 2 cases undergoing first-line therapy had the level of alanine aminotransferase >5×ULN, 2 cases undergoing first-line therapy occurred hyponatremia, 2 cases including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy occurred pulmonary infection, 2 cases including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy occurred type 1 diabetes, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred hypokalemia, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred myocarditis, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred hypophysistis, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred bullous dermatitis, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred hypertension. Three of 59 HCC patients underwent 5 grade adverse drug reactions ,with the incidence of 5.1%(3/59), including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy with immune hepatitis, 1 case undergoing second-line therapy with immune pneumonia and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy with immune enteritis. Some of patients underwent multiple adverse drug reactions at the same time. Twenty five patients undergoing 3 to 4 grade adverse drug reactions were relieved with the treatment of drug reduction, drug withdrawal, symptomatic treatment or hormone therapy. Three patients undergoing 5 grade adverse drug reactions died after being treated with high-dose hormone shock and hepatoprotective treatment. (3) Follow-up and survival: all 59 patients were followed up for 1.5 to 25.2 months, with a median follow-up time of 13.3 months. Of them, patients undergoing first-line therapy were followed up for 1.9 to 25.2 months, with a median follow-up time of 13.5 months. During follow-up,20 cases undergoing first-line therapy died with the fatality rate of 46.5%(20/43). Patients undergoing second-line therapy were followed up for 1.5 to 24.4 months, with a median follow-up time of 10.8 months. During follow-up, 10 cases undergoing second-line therapy died with the fatality rate of 10/16. Up to the latest follow-up, the tumor diameter of the target lesion in all 59 patients, in patients undergoing first-line therapy and in patients undergoing second-line therapy was 75 mm(38 mm, 125 mm), 74 mm(36 mm, 116 mm), 84 mm(48 mm,150 mm), respectively. The ratio of tumor diameter of the target lesion at latest follow-up to tumor diameter of the target lesion at baseline were -9.05%(-27.3%, 19.7%), -16.1%(-28.8%, 13.6%), 13.2%(-24.7%, 23.5%) for all 59 patients, patients undergoing first-line therapy and patients undergoing second-line therapy, respectively. The median overall survival time and median progression free survival time of patients undergoing first-line therapy and patients undergoing second-line therapy were 17.1 months(95% CI as 11.0 to 23.2 months), 10.8 months(95% CI as 5.0 to 16.6 months) and 10.8 months(95% CI as 9.2 to 12.4 months), 3.0 months(95% CI as 1.6 to 4.4 months), respectively. Conclusion:For unresectable or advanced HCC, combination therapy with lenvatinib and PD-1 antibodies can obtain effective antitumor activity and less incidence of adverse drug reactions.

2.
Neurointervention ; : 64-69, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875332

ABSTRACT

Excessive tortuosity is a notable cause of failed endovascular thrombectomy for acute large-vessel occlusion stroke. Transcervical access (TCA) is a commonly proposed solution for overcoming this difficulty. However, the large-bore catheter usually used in TCA increases the risk of serious local complications. This paper presents a modified technique for TCA that uses a pull-through buddy wire (PTBW) to track a large-bore femoral guiding sheath (GS) into the carotid artery via a small carotid puncture site. The carotid puncture site can be easily managed through gentle manual compression. Two illustrative cases using this technique to deal with a large aortic arch and tortuous left common carotid artery are reported. In both cases, recanalization was achieved after successful GS placement. Using a PTBW is feasible in TCA.

3.
Gut and Liver ; : 500-516, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890740

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide, and it has diverse etiologies with multiple mechanisms. The diagnosis of HCC typically occurs at advanced stages when there are limited therapeutic options. Hepatocarcinogenesis is considered a multistep process, and hepatic macrophages play a critical role in the inflammatory process leading to HCC. Emerging evidence has shown that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are crucial components defining the HCC immune microenvironment and represent an appealing option for disrupting the formation and development of HCC. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of the polarization and function of TAMs in the pathogenesis of HCC, as well as the mechanisms underlying TAM-related anti-HCC therapies. Eventually, novel insights into these important aspects of TAMs and their roles in the HCC microenvironment might lead to promising TAM-focused therapeutic strategies for HCC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912338

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer carries the worst prognosis among lung cancer. The current guidelines only recommend surgical treatment for patients in the Ⅰ-ⅡA stage, but surgical treatment is often in a neglected position in clinical practice. More and more recent studies have focused on this aspect. This article reviews the recent research literatures and reviews the progress of surgery in the multidisciplinary treatment of small cell lung cancer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the causes of death and severe complication in the early diagnosis of children with neuroblastoma (NB), and to analyze the relative factors of early death of children with NB, so as to raise awareness and reduce early mortality by early detection and early intervention.Methods:Patients with newly diagnosed NB in the Hematology Oncology Center of Beijing Children′s Hospital from April 2007 to December 2017 were included consecutively, and those died within 1 month after diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed.The general data of patients, immediate causes of death, complications, time elapsed between death and diagnosis, whether to receive chemotherapy and other information were collected.Results:A total of 654 cases were included for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up, 31 cases of which died in early stage, accounting for 4.7% of the total.The major complication were pulmonary infection in 18 cases (58.1%) and bone marrow suppression after chemotherapy in 17 cases (54.8%), tumor rupture hemorrhage in 16 cases (51.6%), multiple organ failure in 8 cases (25.8%). Risk factor analysis of the 31 early death cases with NB was conducted.Single factor analysis: there were statistical differences between early death group and non-early death group in risk grouping ( P=0.006 6), bone marrow invasion ( P=0.020 7), site of primary tumor ( P=0.016 7), age ( P=0.003 3), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level ( P<0.000 1), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) level ( P<0.000 1), serum ferritin level ( P=0.016 0), D dimer level ( P<0.000 1), fibrinogen level ( P=0.002 7), diameter of tumor ( P<0.000 1), hemoglobin ( P<0.000 1), platelet level ( P<0.000 1), serum albumin level ( P<0.000 1). Multiple-factor analysis: age younger than 30 months, OR=2.824 (95% CI: 1.084-7.359), LDH level greater than 1 004 IU/L, OR=6.991 (95% CI: 2.135-22.887), albumin level less than 36 g/L, OR= 65.237 (95% CI: 2.024-13.545), hemoglobin level less than 92 g/L, OR=5.358 (95% CI: 2.024-13.545), platelet level less than 192×10 9/L, OR=3.554 (95% CI: 1.267-9.965). Conclusions:Strengthening vital signs detection after admission, identifying severe life-threatening complications such as rupture of tumors as early as possible, implementing symptomatic interventions such as appropriate sedation and active transfusion of blood products as early as possible after invasive operation, and transferring to intensive care unit for respiratory support when necessary are important means to avoid early death.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible mechanism of Wenjing Tongluo decoction (WTD) in alleviating articular cartilage defect in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and delaying joint degeneration. Method:The KOA model was established by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT). Mice were classified into sham-operated group, model group, WTD high-dose and low-dose groups, and positive control group. Four weeks after modeling, WTD groups and the positive control group were given WTD (80, 20 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and glucosamine sulfate capsules (0.29 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), respectively, and the sham-operated group and model group received normal saline of the equivalent volume. After continuous intervention for 4 weeks, hemoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of cartilage and Mankin scoring system was employed to score the knee cartilage. Western blot was combined with Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) to detect the protein and mRNA levels of vascular endothelial growth factor <italic>α</italic> (VEGFA), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 4 (ADAMTS4). Result:The Mankin score in the model group increased as compared with that in the sham-operated group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, administration groups demonstrated alleviated articular cartilage defect and low Mankin score (<italic>P</italic><0.01), but there was no statistical significance in Mankin score between the WTD groups and positive control group. The protein and mRNA levels of VEGFA, VEGFR2, ERK1/2, and ADAMTS4 in the model group were significantly higher than those in the sham-operated group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression of VEGFA and ERK1/2 was inhibited in each administration group as compared with that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the inhibition in the positive control group was stronger than that in the WTD low-dose group (<italic>P</italic><0.05) but weaker than that in the WTD high-dose group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Glucosamine Sulfate capsules suppressed the expression of VEGFR2 and ADAMTS4 to the extent the same with low-dose WTD but weaker than the high-dose WTD (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:WTD can relieve the articular cartilage injury in KOA mice, and the mechanism may be related to VEGF/VEGFR2/ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

7.
Gut and Liver ; : 500-516, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898444

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide, and it has diverse etiologies with multiple mechanisms. The diagnosis of HCC typically occurs at advanced stages when there are limited therapeutic options. Hepatocarcinogenesis is considered a multistep process, and hepatic macrophages play a critical role in the inflammatory process leading to HCC. Emerging evidence has shown that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are crucial components defining the HCC immune microenvironment and represent an appealing option for disrupting the formation and development of HCC. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of the polarization and function of TAMs in the pathogenesis of HCC, as well as the mechanisms underlying TAM-related anti-HCC therapies. Eventually, novel insights into these important aspects of TAMs and their roles in the HCC microenvironment might lead to promising TAM-focused therapeutic strategies for HCC.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886089

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the determination of cyanide in cassava starch by a continuous flow online distillation method. Methods Cassava starch was extracted with sodium hydroxide solution, filtered and then quantitatively analyzed with a continuous flow analyzer. The effects of extraction concentration, ultrasonic time, sample size and separation method on cyanide determination were investigated. Results 2.0 g samples were directly weighed and added to 100 mL 2 g/L sodium hydroxide solution for ultrasonic extraction for 20 min, and filtered with qualitative filter paper. The filtrate was quantitatively determined with a continuous flow analyzer. The linear relationship between cyanide concentration of 0 mg/L and 0.20 mg/L was good, r ≥ 0.999. The detection limit of the method was 0.01 mg/kg, the limit of quantitation was 0.03 mg/kg, the relative standard deviation was 0.26%-1.52%, and the standard addition recovery rate was 90.36%-104.19%. Conclusion The continuous flow online distillation method has the advantages of low detection limit, good repeatability, automatic operation, reduction of manual errors, and high analysis speed, which is beneficial to improve work efficiency, and can be used for batch detection of cyanide in cassava starch.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878702

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the nutritional literacy levels of the takeaway platform practitioners in Chengdu,the takeaway food nutrients,and the correlation between them.Methods We employed a multi-stage random sampling method to investigate the nutritional literacy levels of 100 takeaway platform restaurants in the main urban area of Chengdu and examined the nutritional components of hot set meals in each restaurant.A questionnaire survey was conducted on the nutritional literacy levels of chefs and food matching staff.The correlations of nutrient energy supply rationality with nutritional literacy level and set meal price were then analyzed.Results The total pass rate of nutrition knowledge of chefs/food matching staff was 61.0%.Only 2.0% of the set meals had reasonable total energy supply.The set meals with reasonable energy supply of available carbohydrate,protein,and fat accounted for 3.0%,62.0%,and 21.0%,and those with over energy supply accounted for 97.0%,26.0%,and 73.0%,respectively.The rest set meals provided insufficient energy.There was a positive correlation between the nutritional literacy level and the rationality of protein energy supply(r=0.414,P=0.003).Conclusions The nutritional literacy levels of chefs/food matching staff of takeaway food restaurants in Chengdu are moderate.The hot set meals on the takeaway platform have the problem of excess energy supply.The nutrition knowledge of chefs/food matching staff cannot effectively satisfy rational nutrition matching.The nutritional literacy levels of chefs/food matching staff showed no significant correlation with the rationality of nutrient energy supply.


Subject(s)
Fast Foods , Humans , Literacy , Meals , Nutrients , Restaurants
10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 167-176, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Metabolic syndrome is a complex medical condition that has become an alarming epidemic, but an effective therapy for this disease is still lacking. The use of the herbal formula Huangqisan (HQS) to treat diabetes is documented in the Chinese medical literature as early as 1117 A.D.; however, its therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms remain elusive.@*METHODS@#To investigate the beneficial effects of HQS on metabolic disorders, high-fat diet-induced obesity (DIO), leptin receptor dysfunction (db/db) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-knockout (LDLR@*RESULTS@#HQS lowered body weight, fasting blood glucose and serum lipid levels and improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in DIO mice and db/db mice (P < 0.05). HQS also blocked atherosclerotic plaque formation in LDLR@*CONCLUSION@#HQS is effective for reversing metabolic disorder and has the potential to be used as therapy for metabolic syndrome.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847902

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) plays an important role in inducing differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in vitro and promoting neurological function recovery in rats with spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE: To observe potential molecular mechanisms of differentiation of BMSCs overexpressing GDNF gene and promoting neurological function recovery after spinal cord injury in rats. METHODS: (1) BMSCs transfected with recombinant target gene adenovirus were divided into Ad-GDNF-GFP transfection group, Ad-GFP transfection group and non-transfection group. Microtubule-associated protein 2 and neuron-specific enolase expression levels were detected by immunofluorescence in each group. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of GDNF, Wnt3a and Wnt7a protein in each group. (2) The rat spinal cord injury model was prepared by modified Allen method. The 45 Sprague-Dawley rat models were randomly divided into three groups. GDNF-BMSCs, BMSCs and PBS were transplanted into the site of spinal cord injury. The motor function recovery of rats was evaluated 4 weeks after operation. The morphological changes of spinal cord were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The local neuron-specific enolase, Synapsin I and glial fibrillary acidic protein were analyzed with immunohistochemistry. The expression levels of Bcl-2 and tumor necrosis factor-α protein were detected by western blot assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) BMSCs overexpressing GDNF gene could differentiate into neuron-like cells and express neuron-specific enolase and microtubule-associated protein 2 in vitro in the Ad-GDNF-GFP transfection group. The expression of Wnt3a and Wnt7a protein was significantly higher in the Ad-GDNF-GFP transfection group than in the Ad-GFP transfection group and non-transfection group. (2) The Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan score in GDNF-BMSCs group was significantly increased and the stenosis area was significantly reduced at 4 weeks after transplantation. The expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein and tumor necrosis factor-α in GDNF-BMSCs group was significantly lower than that in BMSCs and PBS transplantation groups, but the expression levels of neuron-specific enolase, Synapsin I and Bcl-2 were significantly higher than those in the BMSCs and PBS transplantation groups. (3) Wnt signaling pathway participates in the procession of differentiating into mature neurons derived from BMSCs overexpressing GDNF gene. After transplantation, the effects of BMSCs transplantation on spinal cord injury were improved by decreasing local inflammatory reaction, apoptosis and glial scar formation and promoting axonal regeneration.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872791

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the effect of icariin on damaged neurons from the perspective of endoplasmic reticulum stress, in order to explore some mechanisms for repairing damaged neurons. Method::PC12 cells were induced by nerve growth factor (NGF) to differentiate into neurons, and the positive rate of microtubule associated protein-2 (MAP2) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) expressions was determined by flow cytometry. The experiment was divided into 4 groups, blank control group: PC12 induced differentiation into neuronal cells, solvent control group: PC12 induced differentiation into neurons+ 0.1% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), thapsigargin group: PC12 induced differentiation into nerves Yuan+ 2 μmol·L-1 thapsigargin, and icariin group: PC12 induced differentiation into neurons+ 2 μmol·L-1 thapsigargin+ 0.1 μmol·L-1 icariin. The proliferation of the cells was detected by using cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) method, the apoptosis of the cells was detected by flow cytometry, the protein expressions of CCAAT/enhace-binding protein homologous protein(CHOP) and glucoseregulated protein 78(Grp78) were detected by Western blot, and the mRNA expressions of CHOP and Grp78 were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR). Result::Compared with the solvent control group, the thapsigargin group inhibited the proliferation of neuron-like PC12 cells induced by NGF, promoted apoptosis, and up-regulated the expressions of CHOP and Grp78 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the thapsigargin group, the icariin group can alleviate the inhibition of neurotrophic activity by thapsigargin, reduce neuronal apoptosis, and down-regulate the expressions of CHOP and Grp78 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Icariin can inhibit endoplasmic reticulum stress by down-regulating the expressions of CHOP and Grp78 and promote the repair of damaged neurons.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 361-364, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870814

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is caused by a new coronavirus that infects the lungs. Although some patients with COVID-19 may be combined with neurological symptoms, there is no direct evidence that this new coronavirus can directly invade nerve system. A case of COVID-19 with tuberculous meningitis is reported to remind that when patients with COVID-19 present symptom of encephalitis or meningitis, a comprehensive pathogen examination is recommended.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868767

ABSTRACT

The disease burden of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains large both in China and globally.In particular,advanced HCC lacks of effective systemic therapeutic drugs.Recently immune checkpoint inhibitors such as nivolumab and pembrolizumab have been approved for second-line treatment in patients with advanced HCC by the U.S.Food and Drug Administration (FDA).Compare with traditional chemotherapy or targeted therapy,these novel pharmacological approaches have unique therapeutic features,such as durable response,delayed response and manageable safety profile with specific immune-related adverse events that require monitoring.We aim to summarize the characteristics of immuno-oncology therapies on aspects of long-term outcome,response mechanisms and assessment,safety,and special populations,based on clinical trials and real-world data on patients with HCC.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 226-229, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866799

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the antagonistic effect of Fengzhecao extract against human red blood cell (RBC) hemolysis induced by wasp venom.Methods:Water extract method was used to extract dried Fengzhecao and vacuum-dried to obtain Fengzhecao extract. It was diluted into 1 g/L for next use. Wasp venom was collected from the wasp workers. A, B, O, AB type healthy blood donors' suspended RBC solution was obtain to make washed RBC solutions and adjust the RBCs count (4.0-80.0)×10 9/L (the number of RBC counted on the hemocytometer is 1-20 cells/small checker). According to treatment factors, they were divided into the normal saline controlled group (NS group; 200 μL RBC solution+20 μL normal saline), Fengzhecao extract group (FZC group; 200 μL RBC solution+10 μL Fengzhecao extract+10 μL normal saline), wasp venom group (FD group; 200 μL RBC solution+10 μL wasp venom+10 μL normal saline), and Fengzhecao extract+wasp venom group (FCD group; 200 μL RBC solution+10 μL Fengzhecao extract+10 μL wasp venom), with 10 blood samples per group of every blood type. The solutions were put into the glass test tube respectively, and then into 37 ℃ water bath thermostat. After 10 minutes, the blood cell counting plate was directly observed under the microscope and the RBCs was counted. Differences in RBC count was compared between the same treatment factors of different blood types and between different treatment factor groups of the same blood type. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in RBC count between blood types under the same treatment factors. The RBC count (×10 9/L) of the type A, B, O, AB in the NS group were 5.567±1.368, 5.146±1.690, 4.577±0.774, 5.197±1.587 ( F = 0.852, P = 0.475), the FZC group were 5.751±1.489, 5.268±1.418, 4.727±1.174, 5.298±1.229 ( F = 0.987, P = 0.410), the FD group were 0.546±0.450, 0.804±0.428, 0.679±0.283, 0.846±0.453 ( F = 1.089, P = 0.366), and the FCD group were 5.532±1.330, 5.051±1.596, 4.589±0.879, 5.140±1.492 ( F = 0.820, P = 0.492), respectively. Comparison of RBC count between groups with different treatment factors of the same blood type was done. There was no significant difference between the FZC group and the NS group, indicating that the extract of Fengzhecao extract had no effect on hemolysis of RBC; in the FD group, it was significantly lower than the NS group (all P < 0.05), indicating that wasp venom had a significant hemolytic effect on RBC; but there was no statistically significant difference in RBC count between the FCD group and the NS group, indicating that the Fengzhecao extract antagonizes the hemolytic effect of wasp venom without affecting the RBC count; however, the RBC count in the FCD group was significantly higher than that in the FD group (all P < 0.05), further indicating that the Fengzhecao extract antagonizes the hemolytic effect of wasp venom. Conclusion:Wasp venom has a significant hemolytic effect which can be effectively antagonized by Fengzhecao extract and has nothing to do with the human ABO blood type.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the awareness of neuroblastoma (NB) with cervical lymph node metastasis in children patients by summarizing the clinical features of such patients and analyzing their survival situation.Methods:The research analyzed the medical records of 225 patients with cervical lymph node metastasis of NB from April 1, 2007 to May 31, 2017 in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University.The treatment were divided into 2 phases according to treatment time (one from April 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011 and the other from January 1, 2012 to May 31, 2017). The survival situation and treatment effect in each phase were analyzed.The following up time ended at Jan 1, 2018.Results:(1)Clinical features: total 225 cases admitted in the research with about 37.3% of all the NB patients.One hundred girls(44.4%) and 125 boys(55.6%). The age from 2 months to 147 months, the me-dian age of patients was 37 months.The age under 18 months were 27 cases(12.1%). The majority primary site of tumor was located in retroperitoneal(174 cases, 77.3%) and mediastinum(48 cases, 21.3%). There were 33 cases which metastasic site confined to cervical lymph node(4N stage, 14.7%); 139 cases (62.1%) with bone marrow metastasis, 159 cases (71.0%) with bone metastasis.The number of patients in high-risk group was 208 cases(91.2%), while the low-risk and the medium-risk group was 17 cases(7.5%). (2)Treatment effect and survival analysis: a total of 200 cases received systemic treatment and followed-up in our hospital.The follow up time from 2 months to 123 months, the median follow up time was 23 months.The 3 year overall survival (OS) rate of all the patients was 56.4%, the 3 year event free survival (EFS) rate was 52.0%.While the 5-year OS was 46.5%, and the 5-year EFS was 39.7%.According to the first phase of treatment(April 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011), the 3-year EFS was 49.6%, and the 3-year OS was 54.4%, the 5-year EFS was 39.5%, and the 5-year OS was 44.7%.According to the second phase of treatment(January 1, 2012 to May 31, 2017), the 3-year EFS was 58.1%, and the 3-year OS was 57.3%.The 5-year EFS was 48.7%, and the 5-year OS was 46.8%.About the 4N patients, the 3-year EFS was 71.2%, and the 3-year OS was 82.2%.The 5-year EFS was 61.5%, and the 5-year OS was 76.7%.Conclusions:Cervical lymph node is one of the most common distant metastasis of NB.More than half of the patient with bone or bone marrow metastasis.The prognosis of patients′ metastatic disease limited to cervical lymph nodes(4N stage), but still worse than the foreigner haver reported.The probable reason is the proportion of high-risk patients in the center is higher than the foreign research.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847777

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy with other treatments in relieving knee osteoarthritis pain and improving knee function in the elderly. METHODS: A computer search was performed on PubMed, Embase, CNKI, and SinoMed databases to compare the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave with the energy density of 0, non-steroidal drugs, and sodium hyaluronate for knee osteoarthritis. The search period was from the inception of the database to March 2020. Simultaneously, the obtained reference index was looked up. According to the incision and exclusion criteria, two researchers independently screened the literature. Visual analogue scale and The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index were the primary outcomes, and the Lequensne score was the secondary outcome. Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate literature quality. Data analysis was performed by RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: (1) Twelve articles were included with a total of 1 040 patients, and all of them were randomized controlled trails. (2) Meta-analysis results showed that compared with the blank control, extracorporeal shock wave therapy could relieve the pain score of patients with knee osteoarthritis (MD=-2.00, 95%CI:-2.25 to-1.75, P < 0.000 01), improve The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (MD=-8.45, 95%CI:-14.83 to-2.07, P=0.009) and Lequesne score (MD=-2.39, 95%CI:-4.24 to-0.54, P=0.01), with significant differences. (3) There was no significant difference between the group of extracorporeal shock wave and the group of non-steroidal drugs in terms of pain relief (MD=0.01, 95%CI:-0.48-0.51, P=0.95), but the effect of extracorporeal shock wave on improving knee function was better than that of non-steroidal drugs (MD=-6.56, 95%CI:-8.24 to-4.87, P < 0.000 01). (4) The knee pain (MD=0.22, 95%CI: 0.18, 0.25, P < 0.000 01) and The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (MD=-1.29, 95%CI:-3.61 to-0.74, P=0.003) were improved in the group of extracorporeal shock wave compared with the group of sodium hyaluronate. (5) There was no significant difference in the scores of Lequesne (MD=-0.21, 95%CI:-1.09-0.67, P=0.64) between the group of extracorporeal shock wave and the group of sodium hyaluronate in terms of pain relief. CONCLUSION: Compared with oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and intra-articular sodium hyaluronate injection, extracorporeal shock wave shows a better clinical effect on relieving knee osteoarthritis pain and improving knee joint function. The above conclusions need to be verified through higher quality and larger sample clinical trial result.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837618

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the drug-resistant gene polymorphisms in Plasmodium falciparum imported from Equatorial Guinea to Shandong Province. MethodsFrom 2015 to 2016, blood samples were collected from imported P. falciparum malaria patients returning from Equatorial Guinea to Shandong Province, and genome DNA of the malaria parasite was extracted. The drug-resistant Pfcrt, Pfmdr1, Pfdhfr, Pfdhps, and K13 genes of P. falciparum were amplified using a PCR assay, followed by DNA sequencing, and the sequences were aligned. Results The target fragments of all 5 drug-resistant genes of P. falciparum were successfully amplified and sequenced. There were 72.8%, 18.6%, and 8.6% of P. falciparum parasites carrying the wild-, mutant-, and mixed-type Pfcrt gene, respectively, and all mutant haplotypes were CVIET (the underline indicates the mutation site). There were 20.0%, 61.4% and 18.6% of P. falciparum parasites carrying the wild-, mutant-, and mixed-type Pfmdr1 gene, respectively, and the mutant haplotypes mainly included YF and NF (the underlines indicate the mutation sites). There were 1.4%, 98.6%, and 0 of P. falciparum parasites carrying the wild-, mutant-, and mixed-type Pfdhfr gene, respectively, and AIRNI was the predominant mutant haplotype (the underline indicates the mutation site). There were 1.4%, 94.3%, and 4.3% of P. falciparum parasites carrying the wild-, mutant-, and mixed-type Pfdhps gene, respectively, and SGKAA was the predominant mutant haplotype (the underline indicates the mutation site). The complete drug-resistant IRNGE genotype consisted of 8.6% of the Pfdhfr and Pfdhps genes, and the K13 gene A578S mutation occurred in 1.4% of the parasite samples. Conclusions There are mutations in the Pfcrt, Pfmdr1, Pfdhfr, Pfdhps, and K13 genes of P. falciparum imported from Equatorial Guinea to Shandong Province, with a low frequency in the Pfcrt gene mutation and a high frequency in the Pfmdr1, Pfdhfr, and Pfdhps gene mutations, and the K13 gene A578S mutation is detected in the parasite samples.

19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 808-813, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823273

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThere are few reports about abnormal oligonucleotide binding fold domain protein genes (OBGs) affecting the initiation of DNA replication in hepatocellular carcinoma through the microchromosome maintenance (MCM) complex. This study aims to explore the roles of reverse-transcription-related genes (RTGs) in Hepatocellular Carcinoma cells (HCC) and the correlation between gene polymorphisms and abnormal gene expression.Methods We created a mouse model by injecting hepatocellular carcinoma cell line H22 (logarithmic growth phase) and dissected the tumor bodies from tumor-forming mice. The control group was treated by isotonic saline without H22. The healthy liver tissue cells were taken from the control mice. The total RNA of the H22 group and control group were extracted, and differentially expressed genes were analyzed. Screening of differentially expressed reverse transcription-related DEGs (RDEGs), GO and KEGG analysis of RDEGs. The interaction analysis of RDEGs encoded proteins, and the correlation analysis of RDEGs polymorphism and gene expression.ResultsThere were 193 differentially expressed RTGs in HCCs, which were involved in two biological procedures, three cell components, one molecular function, three signal pathways, and three functional sites; Its function is mainly concentrated in DNA replication, especially the construction of MCM complex and telomere complex in which OBGs participate in the initiation of replication. Most related genes had OB fold domains. The results also showed that both AS and SNV caused gene polymorphism was positively correlated with gene expression, and most OBGs in HCC had SNV phenomenon, but not occurred in healthy liver tissue.Conclusion Collectively, AS and SNV may be important regulatory factors for gene expression. SNV may particularly affect the function of OBGs in the MCM complex to abnormally initiate DNA replication in HCC.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): E004-E004, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817581

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus pneumonia, also known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is caused by a new coronavirus that infects the lungs. Although some patients with COVID-19 may be combined with neurological symptoms, there is no direct evidence that this new coronavirus can directly invade nerve system. A case of COVID-19 with tuberculous meningitis is reported to remind that when patients with COVID-19 present symptom of encephalitis or meningitis, a comprehensive pathogen examination is recommended.

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