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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317609

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the value of nutrition management in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 22 obese T2DM patients undergoing LSG from March 2013 to July 2015 in Fudan University Pudong Medical Center were collected. All the patients strictly followed the specialized instruction by nutritionists: diabetic and low calorie diet 3347.2 to 5020.8 kJ (800 to 1200 kcal) per day before the operation; low calorie liquid diet 2510.4 kJ(600 kcal) per day before operation for promoting gastric emptying; fasting diet before postoperative ventilation; clear liquid diet 1673.6 to 2510.4 kJ (400 to 600 kcal) per day after postoperative ventilation (liquid intake >2000 ml); low fat liquid diet 2928.8 to 3765.6 kJ (700 to 900 kcal) per day (protein 60 g per day at least, 2000 ml liquid) 2 weeks after the operation; semi-liquid diet 1 month after operation and gradually normal diet. All the 22 patients were followed up at 1 week, 1, 3, 6 months after operation on time. Changes of body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, body mass index(BMI), blood glucose indexes induding fasting blood glucose(FBG), 2-hour postparandial blood glucose(PBG), fasting C-peptide, 2-hour postprandial C-peptide, fasting serum inculin(FINS), 2-hour postprandial inculin(INS), HbAlc, blood pressure and blood lipid indexes were observed and analyzed before and 1 week, 1, 3, 6 months after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average age of 22 patients (10 men and 12 women) was 38.6 years (18 to 66 years). The duration of diabetes varied from 1 month to 15 years. Comorbidity included 12 patients of high blood pressure, 14 of fatty liver, 1 of coronary heart disease, 1 of gout, 1 of chronic thyroiditis and 1 of menstrual disorder. LSG was performed successfully in all the patients and no severe complications and transference to laparotomy occurred. As compared to pre-operation, at 6 months after operation, the average body weight decreased from (103.9±20.2) kg to (80.9±12.6) kg (t=6.294, P=0.000), waist circumference from (118.6±13.8) cm to (96.4±8.0) cm (t=6.331, P=0.000), hip circumference from (116.9±12.6) cm to (104.0±7.7) cm (t=3.854, P=0.000), BMI from (36.2±5.9) kg/mto (27.9±3.5) kg/m(t=5.630, P=0.000), showing a decreasing trend over time. There was no underweight patient after 6 months follow-up. As compared to pre-operation, at 6 months after operation, the average FBG reduced from (7.4±1.4) mmol/L to (6.0±0.9) mmol/L (t=3.172, P=0.003), 2 h PBG from (14.1±4.9) mmol/L to (7.5±2.2) mmol/L (t=7.026, P=0.000), FINS from (160.0±71.9) mIU/L to (43.8±20.8) mIU/L (t=7.259, P=0.000), 2-hour postprandial INS from (437.6±261.4) mIU/L to (140.5±104.6) mIU/L (t=5.858, P=0.000), fasting C-peptide from (1.1±0.6) μg/L to (0.7±0.3) μg/L (t=3.560, P=0.000), 2-hour postprandial C-peptide from (2.5±0.9) μg/L to (1.5±0.7) μg/L (t=3.865, P=0.000), HbAlc from (8.0±1.6)% to (5.9±0.6)% (t=5.953, P=0.000), showing a decreasing trend over time except FBG, 2h postprandial C-peptide and HbAlc(all P<0.05). FBG and 2-hour PBG of 16 patients returned to normal 3 months after the operation. Blood pressure and trigly ceride decreased obviously 6 months after operation compared to pre-operation with significant difference(P<0.05). At 6 months after operation, blood pressure of 8 comorbidity patients with high blood pressure became normal (8/12, 66.7%) and of 4 patients improved(4/12, 33.3%); B ultrasound examination revealed normal in 11 comorbidity patients with fatty liver(11/14,78.6%) and improvement in 3 patients (3/14,15.4%). Blood uric acid of the gout patient and the menstruation of the menstrual disorder patient returned to normal 3 months and 1 month after the operation respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As for obese patients with T2DM undergoing LSG, reasonable nutrition management is helpful to decrease body weight, and to obtain an ideal improvement of blood glucose and blood lipid levels.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bariatric Surgery , Blood Glucose , Physiology , Body Weights and Measures , C-Peptide , Blood , Physiology , Caloric Restriction , Combined Modality Therapy , Comorbidity , Coronary Disease , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Therapeutics , Diet Therapy , Methods , Diet, Diabetic , Endoscopy , Fatty Liver , General Surgery , Food, Formulated , Gastrectomy , Glycated Hemoglobin , Physiology , Gout , General Surgery , Hashimoto Disease , Hypertension , General Surgery , Insulin , Blood , Physiology , Lipids , Blood , Physiology , Menstruation Disturbances , General Surgery , Obesity , Therapeutics , Perioperative Care , Methods , Thyroiditis , Treatment Outcome , Triglycerides , Blood , Physiology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303863

ABSTRACT

Along with the soaring prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) globally, metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) has been rapidly developing into a major surgical subspecialty. However, the indications, benefits and potential risks of MBS are still controversial so far. In September 2015, the 2nd Diabetes Surgery Summit (DSS-II() was successfully convened, and later on an international joint statement on metabolic surgery in the treatment algorithm for T2DM was released based upon the consensus reached in DSS-II(, aiming to serve as a new global clinical guideline. The DSS-II( joint statement was initiated and endorsed by 5 leading international diabetes organizations, including American Diabetes Association (ADA), International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Chinese Diabetes Society (CDS), Diabetes India, as well as Diabetes UK, and was developed by an expert committee comprised of 48 international authorities as voting delegates. Up to the date of publication, the DSS-II( statement has been officially endorsed by 45 international professional associations/societies, including 30 non-surgical and 15 surgical organizations. In this statement, the following six aspects were recommended to differentiate MBS from traditional bariatric surgery: 1)The primary goal of MBS is to treat T2DM and to reduce the risk of T2DM complications; 2) In addition to a 50% or more of excess weight loss and normalization of glycemia, outcomes of diabetes complications should also be considered as clinical endpoints of MBS; 3) For patient selection, body mass index (BMI), T2DM treatment, as well as long-term risks versus benefits, including its effects on cardiovascular events (CVD), should all be considered; 4) T2DM and its complications, as well as pancreatic function reserve should be assessed pre-operatively; 5) Major surgical options include laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), and bilio-pancreatic diversion with duodenal switch(BPD-DS). BPD-DS has the best outcome in T2DM remission followed by LRYGB, LSG and LAGB; 6) Glycemic variation should be intensively monitored, and if needed, managed following surgery. Clinical follow-up should be conducted at least once every six months within two years after surgery. For patients achieving complete remission from T2DM, diabetes complications should still be monitored within five years after surgery with the same frequency and protocols as pre-operatively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aftercare , Reference Standards , Bariatric Surgery , Methods , Reference Standards , Biliopancreatic Diversion , Blood Glucose , Physiology , Body Mass Index , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , General Surgery , Disease Management , Gastrectomy , Gastric Bypass , Gastroplasty , Hyperglycemia , General Surgery , Laparoscopy , Obesity , General Surgery , Patient Care Planning , Reference Standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Reference Standards , Remission Induction , Methods , Treatment Outcome , Weight Loss
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323563

ABSTRACT

Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus have already become one of the most serious society-facing problems. Since the first report in the 1950s, gastrointestinal surgery has greatly developed as the golden standard in obesity treatment. With the convincing research and evidence, it is found that gastrointestinal surgery not only can cause weight loss, but can relieve, even cure many metabolic diseases associated with obesity, especially for type 2 diabetes mellitus. The operational manners, including adjustable gastric banding, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, mini gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, etc., are proved to be safe and effective in treating obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and all of these operations can be performed with laparoscopy. Currently, gastrointestinal surgeons are focusing on the operation treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus, and more and more gastrointestinal operations are applied in many medical centers in China. However, there are a lot of details that need to be standardized. It is believed, with the evolution of surgical technique, standardization of diagnosis and treatment, and breakthrough in the basic research, the metabolic surgery will get more development in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bariatric Surgery , Methods , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Gastrectomy , Gastric Bypass , Laparoscopy , Obesity , General Surgery , Obesity, Morbid , Weight Loss
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450973

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the short-term efficacies of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus,and to investigate the relationship between the body weight loss and the decrease of glucose of the 2 treatment methods.Methods The clinical data of 40 patients with obesity combined with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were admitted to the Changhai Hospital of the Second Military Medical University from January 2010 to December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 14 patients treated by LAGB (LAGB group) and 26 by LSG (LSG group).The body weight loss and the decrease of glucose at postoperative year 1 of the 2 groups were compared.The differences in the body weight and glucose before and after operation within groups were compared using the paired t test,and the differences in the body weight and glucose between the 2 groups were compared using the multiple analysis of variance.The correlation between the body weight loss and the decrease of glucose was analyzed using the linear regression analysis.Results Laparoscopic surgery was successfully done without conversion to open surgery or intraoperative complications.The operation time and volume of blood loss were (69 ± 16)minutes and (31 ± 14)mL in the LAGB group,(120 ± 15) minutes and (148 ± 48) mL in the LSG group.Complications including postoperative malnutrition,electrolyte disturbance,delayed gastric emptying,bleeding,anastomotic leakage did not occurr in the 2 groups.Two patients were complicated with abdominal incision fat liquefaction,and were cured by symptomatic treatment.(1) The body weight,body mass index (BMI) and waistline had a decrease trend.The body weight,BMI and waistline in the LAGB group were decreased from (117 ± 28)kg,(40 ± 8)kg/m2 and (118 ± 15) cm before operation to (94 ± 28) kg,(33 ± 8) kg/m2 and (92 ± 15) cm at postoperative week 48.The body weight,BMI and waistline in the LSG group were decreased from (119 ± 25)kg,(42 ± 6)kg/m2 and (123 ± 14)cm before operation to (74± 16)kg,(26± 4)kg/m2 and (86 ± 13)cm at postoperative week 48.The EWL had an increase trend in the 2 groups.The EWL in the LAGB group was increased from 7% ± 2% at postoperative week 1 to 53%± 24% at postoperative week 48,and the EWL in the LSG group was increased from 11% ± 4% at postoperative week 1 to 90% ± 20% at postoperative week 48.There were significant differences in the changes of body weight,BMI,waistline and EWL between the 2 groups (F =60.660,74.490,57.650,90.020,P < 0.05).(2) The levels of glycosylated hemoglobin,fasting glucose,fasting insulin,HOMA-IR,triglyceride,total cholesterol,low-density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein in the LAGB group were decreased from 8.1%± 0.8%,(8.4±0.6)mmol/L,(21±8)μmol/L,7.9 ±2.9,(1.68±0.50)mmol/L,(6.0±1.1)mmol/L (4.1 ± 0.8) mmol/L,(1.09 ±0.15)mmol/L to 6.4% ±0.8%,(6.3 ±0.3) mmol/L,(10 ± 3) μmol/L,2.7 ±0.9,(1.04 ± 0.09) mmol/L,(4.3 ± 0.8) mmol/L,(2.3 ± 0.4) mmol/L,(1.22 ± 0.09) mmol/L at postoperative week 48 ; the levels of glycosylated hemoglobin,fasting glucose,fasting insulin,HOMA-IR,triglyceride,total cholesterol,low-density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein in the LSG group were changed from 7.9% ± 1.0%,(9.0±1.0)mmol/L,(21 ±9) μ mol/L,8.5 ±3.5,(2.09 ± 0.70) mmol/L,(6.0 ± 1.2)mmol/L,(3.9 ± 1.1) mmol/L,(1.06 ± 0.21) mmol/L before operation to 5.1% ± 0.8%,(5.2 ± 0.4) mmol/L,(4 ± 1)μmol/L,0.9±0.2,(1.22±0.17)mmol/L,(4.2±0.8)mmol/L,(2.3 ±0.6)mmol/L,(1.30±0.13)mmol/L at postoperative week 48.There was a decrease trend of the glycosylated hemoglobin,fasting glucose,fasting insulin,HOMA-IR,trigluceride,total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein and a increase trend of the high density lipoprotein in the 2 groups.There were significant differences in the levels of glycosylated hemoglobin,fasting glucose,fasting insulin,HOMA-IR,triglyceride,total cholesterol,low-density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein between the 2 groups (F =57.650,74.270,36.750,42.960,10.870,30.650,32.560,11.490,P <0.05).The levels of glucose of the LAGB group at postoperative month 1 and 3 were influenced by BMI (b =0.543,0.753,P < 0.05),while the levels of glucose of the LAGB group did not be influenced by BMI at postoperative month 6 and year 1 (b =0.130,0.222,P >0.05).The levels of glucose of the LSG group did not be influenced by BMI at postoperative month 1,3,6 and year 1 (b =0.185,0.035,0.212,0.126,P >0.05).Conclusions The efficacy of LSG is superior to LAGB for the treatment of obesity combined with type 2 diabetes mellitus.The efficacy of LAGB is correlated with the change of body weight,while the efficacy of LSG does not correlated with the change of body weight.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254443

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG) for the treatment of obesity with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 32 obesity patients with T2DM patients undergoing LSG from May 2010 to February 2012 in our department were retrospectively analyzed. Their body weight indexes (body weight, waist circumference, BMI, EWL), blood glucose indexes [glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR)], and blood lipid indexes [total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C)] were measured 1, 3, 6, 12 months after operation and compared with preoperative levels. Improvement in complications was observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients completed operation under laparoscopy except 1 case because of abdominal cavity adhesion. The average operative time was (115.0±19.6) min, and the average blood loss (69.0±29.7) ml. No operative death, anastomotic leakage, or surgical site infection were found. The body weight, waist circumference and BMI at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery were significantly lower(all P<0.05) showing a decreasing trend over time. EWL showed significant increasing trend (P<0.05). During 12 months of follow-up, no over-low weight was observed. From 1 month after surgery, HbA1c, FPG and HOMA-IR decreased significantly (P<0.05). HbA1c and FPG maintained stable level at 12 and 6 months after operation respectively. FPG of 28 patients returned to normal 3 months after operation. Clinical complete remission rate of T2DM was 87.5%(28/32), and clinical partial remission rate was 12.5%(4/32) at the 12-month follow-up. Serum total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-C decreased obviously after surgery(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LSG procedure is a safe and effective surgical method in treatment of obesity with T2DM.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Gastrectomy , Glycated Hemoglobin , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Laparoscopy , Lipids , Obesity , General Surgery , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439582

ABSTRACT

Metabolic surgery for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus has been received more and more attention in the world.After the development for more than 10 years,metabolic surgery has been widely carried out in China.With the development and progress of the new field of surgery,many related problems have emerged.Besides absorbing foreign experiences,our own practical experience should be also gradually formed according to the patients,condition and the situation of the development of the discipline in China.Therefore,related questions were explored in this article,in order to promote the healthy development of metabolic surgery in China.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415997

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery on serum protein expression in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods Twelve patients with T2DM received gastrointestinal surgery at Changhai Hospital of the Second Medical University from June 2008 to September 2010.Their serum samples were collected at different time points(before surgery,1 week and 1 month after surgery).Total proteins were seperated by two-dimensional(2D)gel electrophoresis.The differentially expressed proteins were analyzed by mass spectrometry and bioinformatics.Results Protein extracts of the serum samples were separated on 2D gels successfully.Twenty differentially expressed proteins in the serum after surgery were screened out.Eight proteins were successfully identified,in which the expression of 5 proteins(Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor 1,Prohibitin,Alpha-1-anfitrypsin precursor,Serotransferrin precursor and Fibrinogen gamma chain precursor)was increased after operation,and the expression of 3 proteins(MAP3K12-binding inhibitory protein 1,Coronin-1A and Isovalery1-COA dehydrogenase) was decreased.Conclusions The expression of 20 proteins have been changed significantly in serum samples after laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery in patients with T2DM,and 8 proteins were successfully identified.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415995

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of gastric bypass surgery in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a rat model. Methods Seventy-two 8-week-old GK rats were randomly divided into operation group, sham operation group, diet control group and control group (18 rats in each group) according to the random number table. Rats in the operation group and the sham operation group received gastric bypass surgery and transection and reanastomosis of the gastrointestinal tract, respectively. The food intake was set as 15 g/d for each rat in the diet control group, while rats in the control group were fed ad libitum. The levels of fasting blood glucose ( FBG), postprandial blood glucose (PPBG) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) were detected before operation and at postoperative week 2, 4 and 8. The levels of PPBG and GLP-1 were detected at postoperative week 2, 4 and 8, then 6 rats of each group were sacrificed to detect the apoptosis of islet B cells using the TUNEL method. All data were analyzed using the t test. Results In the operation group, the preoperative levels of FBG and PPBG were (16.2±0.8)mmol/L and (31.1 ± 1. L)mmol/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than (9.2± 0.6) mmol/L and (13.1 ±0.7) mmol/L at 4 weeks after the operation, and (9. 7 ± 0. 7) mmol/L and (12. 3 ± 0.7) mmol/L at 8 weeks after the operation (t = 20. 7, 49. 7; 18. 8, 39. 0, P < 0.05 ). The levels of FBG and PPBG before the operation and at 4 and 8 weeks after the operation in the operation group were significantly lower than those in the sham operation group, diet control group and control group at corresponding time points (t = 27.7, -57.8; 11.3, -59.9; -27.4, -48.2; -13.2, -52.7; -7.0, -24.9; -18.2, -56.4, P<0.05). In the operation group, the levels of fasting GLP-1 and postprandial GLP-1 were ( 10. 7 ± 1. 0) pmol/L and (42.5 ±1.2)pmol/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than (26. 1 ±0.9)pmol/L and (90.7 ± 1.7)pmol/L at4 weeks after the operation, and (25.3 ± 1.2)pmol/L and (90.4 ±2.0)pmol/L at 8 weeks after the operation (t=42.1, -92.4; -29.1, -72.7, P <0.05). The levels of fasting GLP-1 and postprandial GLP-1 before the operation and at 4 and 8 weeks after the peration in the operation group were significantly higher than those in the sham operation group, diet control group and control group at corresponding time points (t = 48.0, 61.9; 38.0, 62.2; 50.9, 65.2; 37.0, 48. 1; 27.5, 51.6; 17.5, 52.9, P<0.05). The number of the apoptotic islet β cells in the operation group was decreased with time. The apoptosis rates in the operation group, sham operation group, diet control group and control group were 5.9%±0.7% , 47.2%± 1.0% , 21. 1%± 1. 2% , 46.5%±1.4% at 4 weeks after the operation, and 6.3%±1. 1% , 47.2%±1.0% , 21.2%±1.2% and 46.0% ± 1.4% at 8 weeks after the operation. The apoptosis rates in the operation group were significantly lower than those in the sham operation group, diet control group and control group at corresponding time points (t = -82. 2, - 67. 0; - 27. 1, - 22. 4; - 55. 2, - 54. 6, P < 0.05). Conclusion After gastric bypass surgery, the level of blood glucose reduces and the level of GLP-1 increases which significantly inhibit the apoptosis of islet B cells in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415994

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of gastric bypass surgery for the treatment of nonobese type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods From November 2008 to August 2009, 40 patients with gastric diseases and nonobese type 2 diabetes mellitus were admitted to the Changhai Hospital, and their clinical data were prospectively studied. All patients were randomly divided into 4 groups; 10 patients received Billroth I distal gastrectomy +gastroduodenal anastomosis (BⅠ group) , 10 received proximal gastrectomy + remanant gastric esophageal anastomosis ( PG group), 10 received total gastrectomy + esophagoduodenal Y-anastomosis ( RY group) and 10received subtotal gastrectomy Billroth Ⅱ gastro-jejunostomy (BⅡ group). The length of hospital stay, pre- and postoperative body mass indexes (BMIs) , waist circumferences, levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG) , glycated hemoglobin ( GHbA1) , fasting serum insulin (FSI) and fasting C-peptide (FCP) of patients in the 4 groups were compared. All data were analyzed using analysis of variance, LSD-t test, paired t test or chi-square test. Results The clinical effects of the 4 different operative procedures on the gastric diseases were similar. The levels of FBG were (8.0 ±2.9)mmol/L before operation and (5.9 ±0.7)mmol/L after operation in the RY group, with a significant difference (t = 2. 342, P < 0. 05). The preoperative level of GHbA1 in the RY group was 7.7% ± 1.1%, which was significantly higher than 6. 9% ± 0. 6% at 2 months after the operation and 6. 1 % ± 0. 4% at 6 months after the operation (t = 4. 920, 3.012, P < 0.05). The preoperative level of FCP in the RY group was (1.30 ±0.54) μg/L, which was significantly lower than (1.95 ± 0.86) μg/L at 2 months after the operation and (2.18 ± 0.63)μg/L at 6 months after the operation (t =6. 063, 4. 651, P < 0.05). The levels of FSI in the RY group at postoperative month 1, 2 and 6 were (18 ±5) , (19 ±3) , (21 ±3) mU/L, which were significantly higher than the level of FSI [(11 ±4) mU/L]before operation (t =3. 158, 4. 502, 7. 517, P <0. 05). Preoperative levels of FBG, GHbA1, FSI and FCP in the B Ⅱ group were (8. 3 ± 1. 3) mmol/L, 7. 7% ±0. 9% , (13±4)mU/L and (1.34±0.48) μg/L, which were ignificantly different from (6.7 ± 1.2)mmol/L, 6.8%± 0.8%, (18±4)mU/L and ( 1.68 ±0.46) μg/L at postoperative month 1, (6.4 ± 1.3)mmol/L, 6.3% ±0.6% ,(18±4)mU/L and (1. 96 ± 0. 67) μg/L at postoperative month 2, and (5. 6 ±0. 7) mmol/L, 6.0%±0.3%, (19 ± 4) mU/L and (2.27 ± 0. 59) |μg/L at postoperative month 6 (t = 2. 468, 2. 598, 6. 028; 3. 055, 4. 586,4.572; 3.618, 5.860, 8.577; 2.300, 3.511, 3.943, P<0.05). The levels of FBG,GHbA1 and FCP in the 4 groups at 2 months after surgery were significantly different from those at 6 months after surgery (F = 4. 699,14. 378; 7.411, 29. 192; 3. 335, 9. 334, P < 0.05). The levels of FSI in the 4 groups at different time points were significantly different (F =2. 896, 7. 012, 11. 998, P < 0.05). Conclusion The efficacy of gastric bypass surgery for the treatment of nonobese type 2 diabetes mellitus is satisfactory.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385567

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate laparoscopy for insertion of peritoneal catheters in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Methods Twenty patients of end-stage renal disease.During laparoscopic surgery,the peritoneal catheter was advanced into the abdomen by inducing thread.Results All procedures were completed by laparoscopy successfully. There was no intraoperative complication or surgical mortality. Conclusion Laparoscopy is feasible, safe, and effective for peritoneal catheters placement.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396598

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass(LRYGB)in the treatment of morbid obesity complicated with type 2 diabetes mellitus,and to discuss the mechanism of LRYGB in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods The clinical data of 30 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with body mass index(BMI)≥35.00 who had undergone LRYGB from January 2007 to July 2007 in Cleveland Clinic were prospectively analyzed.The pre-and postoperative clinical parameters wcl"e analyzed by t test.Results The BMI,fasting plasma glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin were significantly decreased 6 months after the operation(t=27.399,23.025.15.593,P<0.05).The cure rate at the end ofthe second month was 70%(21/30),and it was increased to 90%at the end of sixth month(27/30).The condition of the remaining 3 patients were improved.At the end of the second and sixth month',ffter operation,the BMIs of the patients who were cured by LRYGB were decreased by 27.89%±5.51%and 45.73%±2.82%.and the BMIs of the patients whose condition was improved were decreased by 35.65%±1.97%and 58.00%±3.05%(t=5.755,7.081,P<0.05).Conclusions LRYGB is effective in the treatment of morbid obesity complicated with type 2 diabetes mellitus.The curability of morbid obesity increases as the BMI decreases.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380942

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of getting retroperitoneal lymph node biopsy via technique of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery(NOTES)in human being with current available devices.Methods We performed trans-gastric endoscopic biopsy of retroperitoneal lymph node with the aid of laparoscopy in a 50-year-old man,who presented with abdominal pain and enlarged retroperitoneal lymph nodes and signed a written informed consent before the procedure.After routine anesthesia and abdominal skin sterilization,a pneumoperitoneum was induced with a Veress needle placed in the umbilical area,followed by the introduction of a 5-mm trocar.Gastral cavity Was sterilized with antibiotics and povidone iodine.Under laparoscopie optical control,we made a styliform incision in the anterior wall of gastric corpus with a needle knife,and enlarged the incision by a dilatation balloon and then entered the peritoneal cavity with a sterile endoscope.We got two biopsies from the enlarged lymph node with a heat forceps assisted by laparoscopy.The specimen was taken out by retrieval basket through the stomach.The gastric incision Was closed with metal clips.Results The biopsy by means of NOTES was successfully performed without intra-or postoperative complications.The diagnosis was confirmed as lymphoma pathologically.The patient received chemotherapy and was discharged on the sixth postoperative day.There was no short or long-term complication.Conclusion Transgastric access for laparoscopy-assisted biopsy of retroperitoneal lymph node is feasible and safe in human being.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592973

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the effect of Billroth Ⅱ gastrectomy on glucose metabolism in patients with gastric cancer complicated with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2 DM).Methods A retrospective study on the serum level of glucose in 7 patients with gastric cancer complicated with T2 DM undergone Billroth Ⅱ gastrectomy.The therapeutic regime for T2DM after the operation was also analyzed.Results Billroth Ⅱ gastrectomy was completed in all of the 7 patients by open surgery(3) or laparoscopy(4).No serious intra- and post-operative complications occurred in the series.The preoperative level of fasting plasma glucose(FPG) was between 6.6 and 9.0 mmol/L(mean 8.1 mmol/L) and glycosylated hemoglobin concentrations(HbA1c) between 6.8% and 9.5%(mean 7.8%).While 1 to 8 months after the surgery,the FPG decreased to 4.8-7.9 mmol/L(mean 6.4 mmol/L) and HbA1c 5.5% to 7.2%(mean 6.3%).According to the criteria from ADA,4 patients were cured and 3 were improved.Conclusion Billroth Ⅱ gastrectomy is effective for type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with gastric cancer.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554770

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of laparoscopic vertical banding gastroplasty (LVBG) on hepatic steatosis and metabolic abnormalities in morbidly obese patients one year after surgery.Methods A total of 11 morbidly obese patients with CT diagnosis of liver steatosis were studied to compare the following data before and one year after LVBG,including weight,body mass index(BMI),waist circumference,fasting plasma glucose(FPG),fasting insulin(FINS),insulin resistance index (HOMA IR), total cholesterol(TC),triglyceride(TG) and liver enzymes.Results With the loss of weight,BMI,waist circumference,FINS,HOMA IR and TG were declined,while liver CT values increased significantly after LVBG.The change of waist circumference was correlated with the change of FINS and that of HOMA IR significantly (P

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554032

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effects and safety of laparoscopic vertical banding gastroplasty (LVBG) in morbid obese subjects. The clinical data related to the metabolism of glucose, lipids and obesity in 26 obese Chinese patients with LVBG one year before and after the surgery were analyzed. The results showed that 1 year after LVBG, there was a reduction of 22.98?14.27kg in body weight, 9.31?5.13kg/m 2 in BMI, and a reduction of 47.19%?31.17% of body over-weight (EWL%) in these patients. BMI, waist, waist hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, fasting insulin, insulin resistance based on HOMA, triglyceride, cholesterol/HDL, ALT and blood creatine were decreased with reduction of body weight and BMI after LVBG. Changes in BMI and EWL% were significantly correlated with those of fasting insulin and insulin resistance. It is suggested that LVBG is effective and safe for reducing body weight and improving metabolism in the markedly obese patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411393

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of tension-free mesh-plug repair in inguinal strangulated hernia. MethodsUsing the mesh-plug materials (Perfix-Plug) of Bard surgical product company, we performed operation on 19 patients suffering from strangulated indirect inguinal hernia. In these cases,14 patients were older than 60,17 patients had other severe diseases,and 5 cases had small intestine necrosis. ResultsThere was no postoperative mortality. The only complication was scrotal haematoma which occurred in one patient. All the patients retrieved motility two days after operation except those who had intestinal necrosis and underwent intestinal anastomosis. The length of hospital stay was 2 to 4 days or 6 to 7 days respectively in patients without or with intestinal necrosis. The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 16 months, and no recurrence was observed. ConclusionTension-free mesh-plug repair has the advantages of safety, minimal invasion and rapid recovery. Meanwhile, this method can be applied to those with intestinal necrosis with satisfactory results.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-517786

ABSTRACT

0 8*!cm) found by ultrasound. As a result tentative diagnosis of Mirizzi's syndrome was established in 54 cases accounting for 0 56% of all LC patients.Results Laparoscopic procedure was successful in 46 out of 50 type Ⅰ cases. Four cases suffering from iatrogenic bile duct injury received primary repairment under laparoscopy. Fistulae repairment was successful laparoscopically in 3 out of 4 cases of type Ⅱ Mirizzi syndrome.Conclusion Type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ Mirizzi syndromes can be safely and successfully managed under laparoscopy in the hand of careful and skilled operators.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524376

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the nutritional status of morbid obesity (MO) before and after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), and the safety of LAGB.Methods LAGB was performed in 15 cases from Jun.2003 to Nov.2003.Patients′ nutritional parameters were determined before and 1, 3 and 6 months postoperatively.Results There was a significant reduction of weight and body mass index (BMI) ( P 0.05).Conclusion No major nutritional deficiencies were found following LAGB.It is an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity.

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