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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 798-803, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical, laboratory and imaging characteristics of different subtypes of linear morphea (LM) , and to propose an appropriate approach to the diagnosis and severity assessment of LM.Methods:Clinical data were collected from patients with clinically and/or pathologically confirmed LM in Department of Dermatology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University from January 2018 to December 2019, and retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 107 patients with LM were enrolled into this study, including 63 with LM of the limbs/trunk, 22 with morphea en coup de sabre, 11 with progressive hemifacial atrophy and 11 with eosinophilic fasciitis. Disease severity was evaluated by using the modified localized scleroderma skin severity index (mLoSSI) and localized scleroderma skin damage index (LoSDI) scores in 88 patients, with the mLoSSI scores ranging from 0 to 51 points, and the LoSDI scores ranging from 0 to 40 points. Routine blood examination of 10 patients with eosinophilic fasciitis showed increased eosinophil counts in 4 patients. Thirteen (14.8%) of 88 patients with LM were positive for antinuclear antibody, with titers of ≥ 1∶320. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination showed ipsilateral cerebral hemisphere atrophy and contralateral white matter hyperintensity on T2-weighted images in 2 out of 4 patients with progressive hemifacial atrophy, myofascial thickening in 26 out of 28 patients with LM of the limbs/trunk (92.9%) , subcutaneous septal and myofascial thickening in all 11 patients with eosinophilic fasciitis.Conclusions:The preliminary assessment of disease activity, severity and prognosis of LM can be made by mLoSSI and LoSDI. MRI examination is recommended for patients with clinical signs of involvement of subcutaneous structures.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1357-1362, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the effects of a 12-month vitamin D 3 intervention on cognitive function and blood inflammatory cytokines in subjects with Alzheimer's disease(AD). Methods:Two hundred and ten AD patients were randomly divided into the intervention and control groups, with 105 patients in each group.The intervention group received vitamin D 3 800 U/day and the control group received a placebo for 12 months.Repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to evaluate the effects of vitamin D and placebo on cognitive performance and blood inflammatory cytokines at baseline, month 6 and month 12. Results:During the follow-up, serum 25(OH)D 3( F=712.086, P<0.001)and 1, 25(OH) 2D 3( F=372.038, P<0.001)concentrations in the intervention group were significantly higher than those in the control group.Changes in FSIQ, VIQ and PIQ between the groups, between different time points and with interaction between the variables taken into account were statistically significant(all P<0.001). Compared with the control group, interleukin-6(IL-6)( F=341.344, P<0.001)and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)( F=9.580, P<0.001)levels in the intervention group were significantly decreased, and the ratio of Aβ40 to Aβ42 was increased( F=4.617, P=0.010). There were interaction effects between group and time.Except for intervention effects, the baseline concentration of 25(OH)D 3 was positively correlated with scores of FSIQ( β=0.016, P=0.031)and VIQ( β=0.017, P=0.031). Conclusions:Daily oral vitamin D 3 supplementation(800 U/day)for 12 months may improve cognitive function and change inflammatory cytokines in elderly patients with AD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909004

ABSTRACT

Based on stimulus-organism-response (SOR) paradigm, this study proposes a conceptual framework of immersive virtual reality (IVR) learning model. To investigate the effect of IVR on learning process, this study has designed and implemented an educational application of appendectomy using IVR. The results indicate that IVR-based cognitive response, emotional response and learning results are significantly better than traditional learning. IVR learning model has a high level of immersion and user acceptance, and is expected to be employed to influence the learning satisfaction by the mediating effect of IVR presence in the future.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2059-2069, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887060

ABSTRACT

The active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine have been reported to possess significant pharmacological activity and played an important role in clinical treatments. However, lots of the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine suffer from disadvantages such as low solubility, high melting point and low stability that results in low bioavailability and limit its clinical application. Crystal structure plays an important role in improving physicochemical properties and efficacy of the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine. This review concludes the research advances of several crystal forms used in the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine in terms of polymorph, cocrystal, amorphous/coamorphous and nanocrystal. And the effects of crystal forms on the physicochemical properties and efficacy of the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine were reviewed. This research may be useful for the formulation preparation and development of the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885581

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD +) digestive enzyme CD38 in normal and endotoxin-tolerant human monocyte THP-1 cell lines treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods:(1) Normal THP-1 cells: The experiment and control group were treated with 100 ng/ml LPS for 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h or phosphate buffer for 24 h, respectively. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot were used to measure the expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mRNA, CD38 mRNA and protein. (2) The induced endotoxin-tolerant THP-1 cells: ①The model of endotoxin-tolerant cells was established firstly by treating the THP-1 cells with 100 ng/ml LPS for 24 h. THP-1 cells treated with phosphate buffer were set as blank group. After further stimulating the two groups with LPS (100 ng/ml) for 3 h, mRNA levels of IL-6 and TNF were measured by quantitative PCR to determine whether the modeling was successful or not. ②In addition, the expression of CD38 mRNA were detected by quantitative PCR before and 12 h after LPS stimulation, and the expression of CD38 protein of these two groups were detected by western blotting before and 1, 6 h after LPS stimulation. Two independent samples t-test and repeated measurement analysis of variance were used for statistical analysis. Results:(1) In normal THP-1 cells, the mRNA expression levels of IL-6 and TNF in the LPS-stimulated cells were significantly higher than those of the control at all time points. And a higher expression level of CD38 mRNA and protein was observed in LPS-stimulated cells from 3 to 24 h compared with the control (mRNA at 3 h: 2.27±0.03 vs 1.00±0.18; protein at 3 h: 1.47±0.14 vs 1.00±0.16, both P<0.05). (2) Endotoxin-tolerant THP-1 cells: ①IL-6 and TNF mRNA levels in the model group were significantly lower than those in the blank group (both P<0.05), indicating that the endotoxin-tolerant THP-1 cell model was established successfully. ②Compared with the same points in the blank group, CD38 mRNA expression was upregulated in the model group before stimulating by LPS (14.18±1.19 vs 1.00±0.13, t=19.007) and 12 h after LPS stimulation (28.33±3.98 vs 7.61±0.88, t=8.803). Moreover, CD38 protein levels before stimulating by LPS (1.54±0.06 vs 1.00±0.10, t=7.796) and 1 h (1.59±0.09 vs 1.07±0.17, t=4.721), 6 h after LPS stimulation (2.48±0.09 vs 1.43±0.12, t=12.233) in the model group were all higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The intra-group comparison showed that in the model group the levels of CD38 mRNA at 12 h and CD38 protein at 6 h after LPS stimulation were significantly higher than those before (both P< 0.05). Conclusions:In both normal and endotoxin-tolerant THP-1 cells, LPS upregulates the expression of CD38, which is an NAD + digestive enzyme, and an indirect indicator of NAD + level in monocyte reinfection at the stage of immunosuppression. This study provides a preliminary reference for further investigation on the applicability of CD38 as a potential biological marker in the clinical diagnosis of neonatal sepsis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect on intestinal dysfunction of spinal cord injury (SCI) between the comprehensive therapy of moxibustion (moxibustion for opening the governor vessel and regulating the spirit) and rehabilitation training and the simple treatment with rehabilitation training.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with intestinal dysfunction of SCI were randomized into a comprehensive therapy group and a rehabilitation group, 30 cases in each one (3 cases were dropped out in each group). On the base of the routine western medicine treatment and rehabilitation training, the bowel training and rectal function training were provided, once a day in the rehabilitation group. In the comprehensive therapy group, on the base of the treatment as the rehabilitation group, the moxibustion was exerted at Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Mingmen (GV 4), Zhiyang (GV 9), Dazhui (GV 14) and Baihui (GV 20), etc, once a day, 30 min each time. In both groups, the treatment for 4 weeks was as one course and 3 courses of treatment were required. Separately, before treatment, after 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) and World Health Organization quality of life scale (WHOQOL-BREF) were observed and the clinical effect was evaluated after 12 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total effective rate was 88.9% (24/27) in the comprehensive therapy group, which was higher than 74.1% (20/27) in the rehabilitation group (<0.05). After 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, NBD scores were all reduced obviously as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all <0.01). After 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, NBD scores in the comprehensive therapy group were lower than the rehabilitation group (both <0.05). After 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of all of the domains (psychology, physiology, social relations and environment) in WHOQOL-BREF were higher than those before treatment in the two groups (all <0.01). After 4 weeks of treatment, the scores in the psychology and physiology domains in the comprehensive therapy group were higher than the rehabilitation group (all <0.05). After 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of all of the domains in the comprehensive therapy group were higher than the rehabilitation group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The comprehensive treatment of moxibustion and rehabilitation training achieves the better effect on intestinal dysfunction of SCI than the simple rehabilitation training and greatly improves the quality of life in SCI patients.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Spinal Cord Injuries , Therapeutics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871720

ABSTRACT

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the most common retinopathy that seriously threatens the visual function of diabetic patients, and it represents a major cause of blindness especially among people in working age. Ocular VEGF inhibitors are most often used as a first line therapy for DME, and have revolutionary significance in improving visual outcomes. However, there remain 30%-50% patients who fail to respond to anti-VEGF treatment, and the need for frequent injections brings a substantial treatment burden to patients and society. Novel therapeutic strategies include improving efficacy and duration of anti-VEGF drugs, targeting inflammation, the plasma kallikrein-kinin system, the angiopoietin-Tie2 system, neurodegeneration and other alternative pathways, as well as using subthreshold and targeted laser therapy. It is still challenging in the individualized management of DME to identify non-responders to anti-VEGF drugs and to establish a standardized regimen for the switch from anti-VEGF therapy to anti-inflammatory or other alternative treatment. Further research and development of new therapies, as well as preventive and screening strategies, are needed to reduce the impact of diabetic retinopathy and DME on public health.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of event-related brain potentials (ERPs) for evaluating the effect of repeated high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in treating post-stroke depression.Methods:Sixty-four depressed stroke survivors were divided at random into an observation group and a control group, each of 32. Thirty-five healthy volunteers constituted a healthy control group. All of the patients were treated with 150mg/d of venlafaxine for 6 weeks. The observation group was additionally given rTMS five times a week for 6 weeks. Before and after the treatment, both patient groups were evaluated using the Hamilton depression scale (HAMD-17) as well as the visual P300.Results:After the treatment the average HAMD-17 scores of the two patient groups had decreased significantly, but with significantly greater improvement in the observation group. The total effective rate of the observation group after treatment (87.5%) was significantly higher than the control group′s rate (62.5%). Before the treatment the latency and amplitude of Cz and Fz in both patient groups was significantly delayed and lower than in the healthy group. After the treatment the average Fz amplitude in the observation group had risen and the latency had moved forward significantly compared with the other two groups. No significant differences were observed among the control group before and after the treatment. Before the treatment the average P2 and P3 latencies of the two patient groups were significantly longer than in the healthy group, while the amplitudes were significantly lower. After the treatment the average latency of P2 and the average P3 latency and amplitude of the observation group were significantly better than before the treatment. No significant differences were observed in the healthy control group.Conclusions:High-frequency rTMS can affect post-stroke depression. The MMN and visual P300 instruments can be used for rehabilitation evaluation.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846986

ABSTRACT

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are the most abundant immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and are critical for cancer initiation and progression. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) could notably influence the phenotype of TAMs through various targets and signal pathways during cancer progression due to their post-transcriptional regulation. In this review, we discuss mainly the regulatory function of miRNAs on macrophage differentiation, functional polarization, and cellular crosstalk. Firstly, during the generation process, miRNAs take part in the differentiation from myeloid cells to mature macrophages, and this maturation process directly influences their recruitment into the TME, attracted by tumor cells. Secondly, macrophages in the TME can be either tumor-promoting or tumor-suppressing, depending on their functional polarization. Large numbers of miRNAs can influence the polarization of macrophages, which is crucial for tumor progression, including tumor cell invasion, intravasation, extravasation, and premetastatic site formation. Thirdly, crosstalk between tumor cells and macrophages is essential for TME formation and tumor progression, and miRNAs can be the mediator of communication in different forms, especially when encapsulated in microvesicles or exosomes. We also assess the potential value of certain macrophage-related miRNAs (MRMs) as diagnostic and prognostic markers, and discuss the possible development of MRM-based therapies.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798745

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical symptoms and hereditary information of suspicious juvenile neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (JNCL) and determine the genotype in order to explore the diagnosis clues in the patients with ophthalmologic manifestations being initial symptom.@*Methods@#A case-control study was performed in this study.Two families were included in Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical in 2013 and 2017, respectively.Medical histories were collected and all participants underwent comprehensive ophthalmologic examinations, and the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was obtained.Fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were used to image the retinal signs, and visual electrophysiology was recorded to evaluate the visual function.Genomic DNA of 3 patients who initially visited to ophthalmologists and 5 unaffected family members were extracted.Whole exome sequencing (WES), targeted exome sequencing (TES), Sanger sequencing and comprehensive analyses of pathogenicity were performed to determine the genetic cause of the patients.This study was approved by Ethics Committee of Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (KYK-2017-7), and written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.@*Results@#All patients presented bull eye sign and disorder of pigment on the fundus photograph, and the retinas were thinning on the OCT image, indicating the diffuse retinal pigment epithelium atrophy of macula and loss of outer layer structure of retina.Three mutations in CLN3 gene were identified by WES, TES, Sanger validation and assessments of pathogenicity, including c. 154T>C(p.Y52H), c.982G>C(p.A328P) and c. 906+ 5G>A, among which p. A328P was a novel mutation.Patients of F1 family harbored the compound heterozygous mutations c. 154T>C (p.Y52H) and c. 982G>C(p.A328P), while proband of F2 family harbored the homozygous splice site mutation c. 906+ 5G>A, which was reported to be a pathogenic mutation of JNCL.Co-segregation and comprehensive pathogenicity analysis revealed that the compound heterozygous mutations in F1 family and the homozygous mutation in a splice site in F2 family were the genetic causes of their phenotypes.@*Conclusions@#A novel mutation in CLN3 gene for JNCL is identified, which expands the mutation spectrum of CLN3 gene.Considering the high clinical heterogeneity of inherited retinal diseases, especially syndromic cases, genetic test through next generation plays a vital role in diagnosis, guiding future treatment and prognostic evaluation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837556

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    Through comparing the therapeutic efficacy of robot-assisted surgery (RS) and conventional surgery (CS) for mitral valve disease by meta-analysis to guide the choice of clinical operation. Methods    Databases including The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) and Wanfang Database were searched by computer from inception to June 2020. The literature of efficacy comparison between RS and CS was collected. Two reviewers independently screened the literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data, and evaluated the quality of the literature. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4 software. Results    We identified 11 studies of RS versus CS with 4 330 patients. Among them, 2 212 patients underwent RS and 2 118 underwent CS. Meta-analysis demonstrated that compared with the CS, RS had longer cross-clamp time (MD=25.00, 95%CI 15.04 to 34.95, P<0.000 01), cardiopulmonary bypass time (MD=44.11, 95%CI 29.26 to 58.96, P<0.000 01) and operation time (MD=46.40, 95%CI 31.55 to 61.26, P<0.000 01). However, ICU stay (MD=–22.13, 95%CI –31.88 to –12.38, P<0.000 01) and hospital stay (MD=–1.81, 95%CI –2.69 to –0.92, P<0.000 01) were significantly shorter in the RS group; and the incidences of blood transfusion (OR=0.38, 95%CI 0.16 to 0.89, P=0.03) and complications (OR=0.73, 95%CI 0.57 to 0.94, P=0.01) were significantly lower in the RS group. Conclusion    Although RS has a longer operation time than CS, it has less damage, less bleeding, faster recovery and better curative efficacy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865998

ABSTRACT

Firstly, this paper introduces the classification of holographic projection by its concept and characteristics. Secondly, this paper investigates the present application status in medical fields like virtual surgery, medical diagnosis, telemedicine, doctor-patient communication, etc. It also analyzes the feasibility of applying this technology into medical education from three aspects of basic medicine, clinical medicine, and remote instruction.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865222

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical symptoms and hereditary information of suspicious juvenile neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (JNCL) and determine the genotype in order to explore the diagnosis clues in the patients with ophthalmologic manifestations being initial symptom.Methods A case-control study was performed in this study.Two families were included in Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical in 2013 and 2017,respectively.Medical histories were collected and all participants underwent comprehensive ophthalmologic examinations,and the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was obtained.Fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were used to image the retinal signs,and visual electrophysiology was recorded to evaluate the visual function.Genomic DNA of 3 patients who initially visited to ophthalmologists and 5 unaffected family members were extracted.Whole exome sequencing (WES),targeted exome sequencing (TES),Sanger sequencing and comprehensive analyses of pathogenicity were performed to determine the genetic cause of the patients.This study was approved by Ethics Committee of Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (KYK-2017-7),and written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.Results All patients presented bull eye sign and disorder of pigment on the fundus photograph,and the retinas were thinning on the OCT image,indicating the diffuse retinal pigment epithelium atrophy of macula and loss of outer layer structure of retina.Three mutations in CLN3 gene were identified by WES,TES,Sanger validation and assessments of pathogenicity,including c.154T>C (p.Y52H),c.982G>C (p.A328P) and c.906+5G>A,among which p.A328P was a novel mutation.Patients of F1 family harbored the compound heterozygous mutations c.154T>C (p.Y52H) and c.982G>C (p.A328P),while proband of F2 family harbored the homozygous splice site mutation c.906+5G>A,which was reported to be a pathogenic mutation of JNCL.Co-segregation and comprehensive pathogenicity analysis revealed that the compound heterozygous mutations in F1 family and the homozygous mutation in a splice site in F2 family were the genetic causes of their phenotypes.Conclusions A novel mutation in CLN3 gene for JNCL is identified,which expands the mutation spectrum of CLN3 gene.Considering the high clinical heterogeneity of inherited retinal diseases,especially syndromic cases,genetic test through next generation plays a vital role in diagnosis,guiding future treatment and prognostic evaluation.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the relationship between yogurt intake and mortality risk from prospective cohort studies.@*METHODS@#The PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases were searched for all records related to yogurt intake and mortality risk [all-cause or cardiovascular disease (CVD) or cancer mortality] before October 1, 2018. The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Scale was used to estimate the quality of all eligible articles. The results of the highest and lowest categories of yogurt intake in each study were collected and the effect size was pooled using a random effects model. The dose-response analysis was calculated using the generalized least squares trend estimation model.@*RESULTS@#Eight eligible cohort studies were included in this meta-analysis. There were 235,676 participants in the 8 studies, and the number of deaths was 14,831. Compared with the lowest category, the highest category of yogurt intake was not significantly related with all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR)=0.93; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.85, 1.01], CVD mortality (HR=0.92; 95% CI: 0.81, 1.03) and cancer mortality (HR=0.97; 95% CI: 0.83, 1.12). These studies were homogenous, since the homogeneity test showed that I was 28.7%, 15.1% and 11.8%, respectively. However, yogurt intake ⩾200 g/d was significantly associated with a lower all-cause mortality (HR=0.88; 95% CI: 0.80, 0.96) and CVD mortality (HR=0.87; 95% CI: 0.77, 0.99) in the subgroup analysis. The dose-response analysis showed that yogurt intake of 200 g/d was inversely associated with all-cause mortality (P=0.041, HR=0.95, 95% CI: 0.92, 1.00) and CVD mortality (P=0.009, HR=0.92, 95% CI: 0.86, 0.98), and all of which were linear relationship (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This review provided the evidence regarding yogurt intake can reduce all-cause and CVD mortality. Although some positive findings were identified, more high-quality cohort studies and randomized controlled trials are warranted on a possible protective effect of yoghurt on health.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879226

ABSTRACT

Biodegradable stents (BDSs) are the milestone in percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). Biodegradable polymeric stents have received widespread attention due to their good biocompatibility, moderate degradation rate and degradation products without toxicity or side effects. However, due to the defects in mechanical properties of polymer materials, the clinical application of polymeric BDS has been affected. In this paper, the BDS geometric configuration design was analyzed to improve the radial strength, flexibility and reduce the shrinkage rate of biodegradable polymeric stents. And from the aspects of numerical simulation, in vitro experiment and animal experiment, the configuration design and mechanical properties of biodegradable polymeric stents were introduced in detail in order to provide further references for the development of biodegradable polymeric stents.


Subject(s)
Absorbable Implants , Animals , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Polymers , Prosthesis Design , Stents
16.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 21-26, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752807

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of miR-129 on the proliferative activity and apop-tosis of osteosarcoma MG-63 cells. Methods Thirty cases of osteosarcoma and its adjacent paracancerous tissues were collected. RT-PCR was used to detect the expressions of miR-129 mRNA and SEPHS1 mRNA. Western blot was used to detect the protein level of SEPHS1. After MiR-129 was over-expressed and knocked down,the cell proliferation was detected in MG-63 cells by CCK-8,and apoptosis was detected in MG-63 cells by Westerm blot and hoechest staining. Results In this study,the expression of miR-129 in osteosarcoma tissues was significantly higher than that in para-cancerous tissues(P<0. 05). Through the established model in vitro of miR-129 overexpression or knockdown,it was determined that the miR-129 mimetic and inhibitor concentrations were optimal for overexpression and knockdown at 50 nM and 200 nM, respectively. The possibility of binding between miR -129 and SEPHS1 was predicted by software,and the luciferase reporter assay further confirmed the binding relationship between miR-129 and SEPHS1. Knockdown of miR-129 significantly inhibited the proliferation of MG-63 cells and accelerated the apoptosis of MG-63 cells. Conclusion miR -129 plays a key role in regulating the proliferation and apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells by binding to SEPHS1.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733519

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of partial pressure of oxygen in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension induced by meconium aspiration syndrome. Methods Retrospective analysis was performed on 58 patients with meconium aspirate and pulmonary hypertension from January 1,2007 to December 31,2016, 28 patients in the death group,and 30 patients in the survival group. Blood gas analysis about two groups of children with mechanical ventilation were collected at four different time points:before mechanical ventilation ( 0 h) ,12 hours after mechanical ventilation,24 hours after mechanical ventilation and 72 hours after mechan-ical ventilation. The 80 mmHg(1 mmHg=0. 133 kPa) in blood gas analysis of the partial pressure of oxygen was used as the boundary point to study the effects about different blood oxygen partial pressures on the length of mechanical ventilation time in the survival group. Results Blood gas analysis showed that there were no significant differences in pH,partial pressure of oxygen,HCO3-,and lactic acid before mechanical ventilation in the two groups,but the pH values were significantly higher in the survival group after 12 h, 24 h,and 72 h of mechanical ventilation(t values:-2. 07,-3. 48,-7. 11;P <0. 05). Partial pressure of oxygen were higher in the surviving group at 12 h,24 h,and 72 h than those in the death group(t values-2. 87,-4. 88,-11. 29; P<0. 05). The HCO3-values of the survival group at 12 h,24 h and 72 h were higher than the death group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t values: -3. 90, -5. 60,-5. 76,P<0. 001). The lactic acid of survival group was significantly lower than the death group at 72 h after ventilation (t=5. 12,P<0. 001). Compared with the death group,partial pressure of carbon dioxide in 24 h,72 h decreased significantly in the surviving group(t values:5. 67,7. 60;P<0. 05). In the surviving group,the partial pressure of oxygen was maintained above 80 mmHg in 18 patients and the mechanical venti-lation time was (7. 17 ± 1. 95) d. The partial pressure of oxygen was below 80 mmHg in 12 patients of the surviving group and the mechanical ventilation time was (8. 67 ± 2. 50)d. The difference was statistically sig-nificant(t =12. 02,P <0. 001). Conclusion In the treatment of newborn with pulmonary hypertension caused by meconium aspiration,maintaining a higher pH value and a partial pressure of oxygen higher than 80 mmHg may be beneficial to the recovery of children with pulmonary hypertension.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776519

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of optical genetic techniques on new neurons through the Wnt/β-Catenin pathway.@*METHODS@#Neural stem cells (ESCs)were extracted from the cerebral cortex of fetal rat and transfected by lentivirus carrying DCX-ChR2-EGFP gene and the expression of DCX of newborn neurons differentiated from neural stem cells were observed. All cells were divided into 3 groups(n=9): control group, NSCs+EGFP and NSCs+ChR2 groups. The control group was normal cultured NSCs (NSCs group); the neural stem cells in NSCs+EGFP group were transfected with lentivirus carrying EGFP gene. The neural stem cells in NSCs+ChR2 group were infected with lentivirus carrying DCX-ChR2-EGFP gene. After 48 hours of lentivirus infection, 470 nm blue laser irradiation was performed for 3 consecutive days. NeuN positive cell density(the maturation of neural stem cells)and the ratio of NeuN/Hoechst in each group were observed. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of MAP2, NeuN, Neurog2, NeuroD1 and GluR2. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of β-catenin and TCF4 associated with Wnt/β-catenin signaling channel. Verapamil (100 μmol/L, L-type calcium channel blockers) and Dkk1 (50 μg/ml, β-catenin inhibitor) were used to treat stem cells of the NSCs+ChR2 group and then the expressions of MAP2, NeuN, Neurog2, NeuroD1 and GluR were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#After 3 days of 470 nm blue laser irradiation, NeuN positive cell density(the maturation of neural stem cells)and the ratio of NeuN/Hoechst, the expression levels of the protein MAP2, NeuN, Neurog2, NeuroD1, GluR and the protein β-catenin and TCF4 associated with Wnt/β-catenin signaling channel detected by Western blot were significantly increased in the group of NSCs+ChR2, compared with NSCs and NSCs+EGFP groups. The expressions of MAP2, NeuN, Neurog2, NeuroD1 and GluR were remarkably decreased after treated by verapamil and Dkk1 in the group of NSCs+ChR2. It was proved that the opening of ChR2 channel producing cationic influx promoted the maturation of neural stem cells and induced by the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#Optical genetic promoted the maturation of newborn neurons through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Neural Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Neurons , Cell Biology , Optogenetics , Rats , Transfection , Wnt Signaling Pathway
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775765

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out mutation analysis for a Chinese family affected with autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS).@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) was used to screen potential mutations within genomic DNA extracted from the proband. Suspected mutation was validated by combining clinical data and results of Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#A homozygous deletional mutation c.3665_3675delGTGCTGTCTTA (p.S1222fs) was found in the proband, for which her parents were both heterozygous carriers.@*CONCLUSION@#WES is capable of detecting mutation underlying this disorder and facilitating genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the affected family. A novel pathogenic mutation of the SACS gene was discovered.


Subject(s)
Female , Genes, Recessive , Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Muscle Spasticity , Mutation , Spinocerebellar Ataxias
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734933

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors affecting the prognosis of preterm infants with septic shock. Methods A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 114 preterm children with septic shock admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of the PLA Army General Hospital from February 2014 to January 2017. According to the outcomes, these cases were divided into two groups, the cured group and the death group (including those died after ineffective treatment and withdrawal of treatment). Clinical data including the general clinical data, perinatal risk factors, clinical features and prognosis of the two groups of children, as well as the occurrence of related complications were statistically analyzed by t-test, Wilcoxon nonparametric test, Chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability method. Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors influencing the prognosis. Predictive values of the indicators were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results (1) Among the 114 patients, 87(76.3%) were cured and 27(23.7%) were dead. (2) In the death group, there were more infants complicated with amniotic fluid pollution, anemia and thrombocytopenia (platelet count <100×109/L) and the C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were higher than those in the cured group [29.6% (8/27) vs 8.1% (7/87), χ2=6.618; 22.2% (6/27) vs 5.9% (5/87), χ2=4.665; 59.3% (16/27) vs 23.3% (20/87), χ2=12.546; 36.0 (1.0-80.0) mg/L vs 7.5 (1.0-25.0) mg/L, Z=2.400], while the hemoglobin level was lower [(122.2±43.3) g/L vs (140.5±34.4) g/L, t=2.260] (all P<0.05). (3) The percentages of infants with patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary hemorrhage and coagulopathy in the death group were higher than those in the cured group [81.5% (22/27) vs 60.9% (53/87), χ2=3.871; 37.0% (10/27) vs 12.6% (11/87), χ2=6.616;48.2% (13/27) vs 20.7% (18/87), χ2=7.847; all P<0.05]. (4) Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that amniotic fluid contamination, coagulopathy, patent ductus arteriosus and CRP level were risk factors for poor prognosis in neonates (all P<0.05). (5) A total of 77 pathogens were isolated from the 114 infants with 66 in the cured group and 11 in the death group. Pathogens of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi in the cured and death groups accounted for 37.9% (25/66) vs 3/11, 37.9% (25/66) vs 6/11, and 24.2% (16/66) vs 2/11, respectively. No significant difference in pathogen distribution was observed between the two groups. (6) The area under the ROC curve of CRP was 0.649 (P=0.024). When the cut-off value of CRP was set at 31 mg/L, the sensitivity and specificity for predicting adverse outcomes in preterm infants with septic shock were 0.802 and 0.556, respectively, and the Yoden index was 0.358. The area under the ROC curve of thrombocytopenia was 0.708 (P<0.001). When the platelet level was set at 94×109/L, its sensitivity and specificity were 0.767 and 0.593, respectively, and the Yoden index was 0.360. Conclusions Amniotic fluid contamination, patent ductus arteriosus, coagulopathy and elevated CRP are important risk factors for death in preterm infants with septic shock. Thrombocytopenia and persistently elevated CRP has predictive values for the prognosis of preterm infants with sepsis shock.

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